The Ranchero. (Brownsville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 49, Ed. 1 Saturday, December 17, 1864 Page: 1 of 2
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BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, C0NFEDE1ÍATK STATES OF AMERICA, DECEBI I',Elt 17, 18(14.
' Tit© Latest News
Clinton, La., Nov. 12.—Fivo traus-
liorta loaded with Yankee wounded have
corno down Wlnto river and gone to New
Orleans. This indicates fighting soniowhcro
in northern Arkansas. Eight transports load-
ed with troops and two parrot-gun batte-
ries havo left Morganza for White river.
Tho Yankees landed at Bayou Sara a few
days ago, and commenced pulling down
houses and carrying thó material to Mor-
ganza to build winter'quarters. While
there they committed such outrages upon
. ladies that thirty of them havo been put in
irons, nnd the olliccrs who permitted it arc
to bo cashiered.
Tho Memphis Appeal, Montgomery Ad-
vertiser, and many other leading Southern
papers, havo taken strong grounds against-
tho recommendation of tho President to re-
peal all exemptions. They contend thut
such a measure would destroy the indepen-
dence of the press,find place all power in the
hands of the President. They also strong-
ly object to his recommendation to free tho
forty thousand negroes which he calls for,
to be employed as laborers in the engineer
and pioneer departments.
, Twenty-four Yankee prisoners were cap-
tured a short time since by Capt. Foot at
Union Station, on tho Memphis and Ohio
Railroad. By this capturo Capt. F. secured
.forty carbines and pistols, and forty com-
plete cavalry outfits and thirty-eight good
Sherman on tho 14th, was in Atlanta
with about 35,000 men. It was rumored
that lie was about to start for Charleston
or Mobile. Wheeler with his entire cavalry
forco, together with Ivcrson's and the
whole of tho Georgia militia, aggregating
2f ,000 men, were in tho neighborhood. No
fears entertained from a very reliable source.
Capt. Semines reached here at one, p. si.
New York, Nov. 4.—The bark Albion
Lincoln put into this port this morning,
with tho captain and crew of tho ship
Shooting Star, from New York for Peru,
and barks M. L. Potter, from Bangor for
Mcttevillc, and Emma Hall, from Cardenas
for Now York, all of which vessels were
burned by tho pirate Chickamnuga,.
The Mark L. Potter was burned Oct.
30th, and tho Shooting Star and Emma
Hall on the 31st.
The bark Albion Lincoln wa3 captured
by the Chickamnuga and bonded for §18-
New Yomc, Nov. 5.—Owing to tho
largeness of exporta to-day, gold opered
quite strong. .At 10 a. in., the quotation
was 235%, subsequently reaching 211, and
it lluctuated from 239 to 211 1 j at the close.
Tho morning papers have letters from va-
rious corps of (¡rant's army and Sheridan's,
but they contain no news.
The Herald's special with Gregg's caval-
ry, says two French officers, detailed by
Emperor Napoleon to visit America to noto
the improvement in the cavalry service, arc
at Gen. Gregg's headquarters.
Buffalo, Nov. 5.—It is reliably, ascer-
tained that the propeller Georgian has been
purchased by the Confederates in Toronto,
and is being strengthened and armed some-
where on tho Canadian shore for the pur-
pose of sinking the steamer Michigan and
making piratical excursions on the coast.
She was ostensibly purchased by a house in
Toronto for 1 ho Western trade. She came
into Buffalo harbor on tho 3d inst., to havo
some part of her machinery repaired, but
left soon after. She was without any de-
scription of freight. We are prepared for
Suspension Bridge, Nov. f>.—There is
great excitement on the American sido in
anticipation of a raid. The citizens are
arming, and'goods and valuables are being
removed by special train. Troops arc ex-
Boston, Oct. 8.—The United Slates
sleamer Kearsagh arrived here last night.
She brings in as prisoners of war tho chief
engineer and boatswain of the Alabama,
ami I ho surgeon and sixteen men of the pi-
Empress Theresa, A. C. Bird, E. J.
Lewis, nil destroyed by tho rebol Olustee.
Lieut. Ward, commanding pirates, took
possession of everything valuable. Olustee
is an iron screw steamer, ono hundred tons,
schooner rigged, two scre -vs, very fast.
Tho Manchester Guardian announces tho
confirmation of the report that tho steamer
Laurel, which recently sailed 1'rom Liver-
pool with a cargo of arms and ammunition
and a number of Semines' men, did actual-
ly transfer her cargo to a large new steamer,
called (ho new Alabama, in tho Bay of Fun-
che!, Madeira, and that the said new stea-
mer then stood oil' towards Bermuda. Tho
report is also confirmed by a dispatch from
Madeira to Liverpool.
CiTAMnRnsituuo, Pa., Nov. 15.—Some
rebel guerrillas having crossed the Potomac
evidently with (lie purpose of plundering
the border, I he citizens of Chambersburg
held a large meeting this evening and or-
ganized 1 hive field companies for defence,
one of which is in lie armed by its members
with first class repeating rifles. Companies
were also promptly organized to-day in
Green Crstie, Waynesboro and Mercers-
burg. and all of tlicin will bo completely
armed to morrow.
A New York dispatch of thó lOthsnys
Early luts certainly been reinforced; another
bat lie is expected between him and Sheri-
Washington*, Nov. IS.—Gen. Sherman
is fairly under way in the execution of the.
. bold military programme lately indicated,
lie had his tlart several davs be fore Hood
was awaro of his movement, and has com-
pletely destroyed tho railroad in his rear
between Chattanooga aud Atlanta.
It is understood that Gen. Thomas has
north oí the Tennessee a forco amply suf-
ficient, not only to prevent any aggressive
movement on the part of Hood, but to as-
sumo himself tho offensive, and inflict severe
punishment on tho rebel forces.
Gen. A. J. Smith's division of the 15th
army corps, which distinguished itsell in
tho Red River campaign, and which has
lately been in Missouri, has been transferred
to co-operate with General Thomas agaiust
I lood and Forrest.
Gen. Howard hus gone to Memphis to
take command of Sherman's old department,
Tennessee. Gen. Morgan L. Smith will
take command of tho post of Vicksburg,
and Gen. Bodge of tho district. Gen. Dana,
recently at Vicksburg, will now ussume
command of tho lOtli army corps, with
headquarters at Memphis. Gen. C. C.
Washburno is in command of tho district of
West Tennessee, aud Gen. Bucldand in
charge of tho post of Memphis.
Buffalo, Nov. 5.—A letter rccei ved
from a friendly Canadian, dated Drum
mondvillc, near Niagara, gives prrticulars
of the designed raid on Buffalo, which only
failed, ho says, through tho promptness of
Two Confederate officers, named Macl#
and Dcnino, had charge of the affair and
all arrangements were completed.
They had ono hundred men in Buffalo,
who had been coming for n week previous,
and were quartered in different boarding
places. At a signal these men, by means
of Greek lire, would fire tho city at vari
ous places, and then proceed to work to
murder ami pillage.
Though the plan failed, it is notabnndon-
cd, and they swear they will yet destroy
Washington, Nov. 14, 18(54.—Politi-
cal circles are full of peace rumors just
now; there is reason to believe, however,
that most of them have been started to
cllect the New York gold market. The
latest rumor is to the effect that a secret
meeting of disaffected rebel officials, in-
cluding Ex-Senator Topmbs, Vice-Presi-
dent A. If. Stephens, Governor Brown,
Howell Cobb, Mr. Boyce of South Caroli-
na, and others, who have agreed to mjjke
a tender to the Federal Government look-
ing to a re-uniting of the States upon some
basis that will be satisfactory to both par-
tios The story of a commission being ap-
pointed by Mr. Lincoln to wait upon the
rebel authorities nt Richmond is also cur-
rent., together with still another report that
Jeff. 1 >avis and his associates will be invited
to send a commission to meet a federal
commission in the city of Louisville, to see
if it is possible to bring about a reconcilia-
tion. It is not to be disguised, however,
that, notwithstanding these rumors,and the
apparent willingness of members of the
administration to give them confidence, no
sane man here believes that anything will
come of them. Mr. Lincoln is"personally
objectionable to the people of tho South,
and his counsellors arc looked upon with
suspicion. So long as thoy_ have armies
in tho field, some of which are as yet un-
subdued, there is no reason to Relievo that
the Southerners will submit. They will be
willing to amuse tho North and the world
with a pretense of negotiating during the
winter months when military movements
cannot bo carried on, but tho aims and ob-
jects of the two sectionsof tho country are
so much at variance and aro so irreconcila-
ble that it, is beyond the power of diplo-
macy to harmonize them. There will be
no peace; but instead of that, a niitcli more
cruel and destructive war than any which
lias yet been waged.
All reported quiet in front of Peters-
The gunboat Sassncas has returned from
an unsuccessful pursuit of the Confederate
A New York dispatch says the Confeil-
ntCs attacked tho \ ankee pickets at Atlan-
ta, on Nov. Iltli, killing nnd wounding
two. The next day two attacks were made
on Atlanta. Our artillery being brought
within 100 yards of the Yankee works. The
result is not stated.
Lincoln has dispatched Mnj-Gen. Wal-
lace, who commands in Baltimore, tosco'
that slavery no longer exists in Maryland.
All who persist in holding their servants
arc fined,.the fines arc for tho benefit of the
negroes, which, if not sufficient for their
support will Ifh increased by forced contri-
butions on well-known citizens.
Tho (7onfederate ofiiecr Major Wolf,
who was to bo shot in retaliation for the
murder of Major Wilson, has been respited
by order of General Roseeranz.
All furloughs of Yankee officers were
ordered to terminate on tho 14th ult.
It is stated that it is not. yet certain that
General MeClellau's resignation has been
Captured guerrillas are now placed on
the Orange and Alexandria trains,as a pro-
tection agiiinst theattacksof our guerrillas.
Tho New Orleans correspondent of the
New York Herald, dating Nov. 1st, gives
the following Texas items :
There are now about fifteen hundred bales
of (Jon federa to pot ton at. Brownsville,
awaiting shipment to foreign ports.
Gen. Slaughter succeeds the rebel Gen.
Prnyton in tho command of Brown ville
district. Cn|. Ford still commands the
rebel troops, numbering about eigiit hun-
One hundred and nine rebel deserters re-
ported themselves in one day to tho Ailcri
can Consul at Matamoros. It is quite ¿mi-
llion for fifteen or twenty to desert fromlthe
rebels in one day.
The rebels have obtained a rifle 12-
pounder and' a smooth-bore 6-pounden at
Brownsville, and four moro rifle pieces are
Cotton is arriving at Matamoros in Irge
quantities, and sells readily from 33 t 40
cents per pound. There is not a siglo
pound of sound cotton either hero cat
Matamoros, there being no shed to sto ¡ it.
It has been damaged by tho constant ain
that foil.for the last three months. Ty re
aro moro than eighty largo vessels lyiflg
ouiside taking cargoes of tho staple.
tdk he11bls insult our consul.
Tho French guard tho residenco of our
consul, Mr. Pierce,and he is protected from
the insults of rebel desperadoes by Frondi
soldiers, who accompany him wherever In
goes about the city of Matamoros.
[The French have no such dirty jobs to
Tho correct returns of tho late election
show that McClellan only carried Now
Jersey, Dolawaro and Kentucky with only
21 electoral voles, against 208 obtained by
Lincoln. [The vote in many of tho States
is believed to have been close and Lincoln's
majority small, the result generally in-
suring Democratic gains as compared with
the last election.] Butler has been relieved
of his command at New York.
New York, Nov. 18.—Late.—rcacc
propositions will be presented to the rebels.
Early's force has fallen back from Fisher's
Hill, leaving only his cavalry in Sheridan's
front. Mosby's guerrillas are committing
great depredations, continually killing and
capturing. Our forces withdrawn from
Atchafuluya, La. Four blockade runners
loaded with cotton captured on tho Texas
coast. City full of rumors of Sherman's
movements." Panic in gold. Ten thousand
prisoners at Fortress Monroo to be ex-
changed. Butler has resumed commnud of
the army of James river.
No official information from Shcrnmu.
but Richmond papers say lie is near Macon,
Gold 215. Washington, N. C., occupied
by Federals. Steamer Tallahassee arrived at
Nov. 23.—Gold 224. California steam-
ers are now convoyed by gunboats for pru-
dential reasons. Tho rebels have got on
Lake Chnmplain, New York. Matters at
Petersburg remain iu heretofore. Tho
Dutch Gap Canal ¡3 about to be opened.
Richmond papers of the 22d contain dis-
patches from Macon, saying that on Sunday
' ist Sherman was within eighteen miles of
that place, marching on that city. It was
believed that Macon had fallen.
The Cliickamauga has completed her re-
pairs and sailed from Bermuda.
Canity is improving.
Tho evening dispatches say that Sher-
man's army on the 19th was within thirty
miles of Macon, marching on that city.
Thus far lie has met with littlo opposition.
Tho campaign is progressing favorably.
Tho latest intelligcnco represent Hood
with 35,000 men in the vicinity of Florence.
Dick Taylor joined him with lO.OOOmcn.
Beauregard is at Corinth. Nothing later
from tho Valley.
Nov. 25.—Tuesday-last 15,000 infantry
ind a division of cavalry had a six hours
light with tho rebels at Road Hill, in the
Shanandoah Valley, our forces wore com-
pelled to retire. Loss not known. The
rebel Congress has passed a bill to call out
the militia of one State, for sixty days, to
go to tho defence of other States. Slier-
man is inarching, with two columns, one 011
Augusta, and one on Macon.
Sherman is devastating the country as ho
goes. The rebels are mining heavily be-
fore Petersburg; immense quantities of
powder have arrived there from tho South.
Brazil has broken oil'relations with the
United States on account of the Florida
Nov. 29.—Fivo hotels were set 011 fire
at one time in this city last night, supposed
by rebel incendiaries : tho St. Nicholas, St.
John , Lal'argo, Astor House, Lovejoy's,
Belmont lloijso and Barnum's Museum.
The Richmond Whig of tho 24th says
that Sherman lias passed Macon and Au-
gusta, and will move towards the Atlantio
Washington, Nov. 18.—A determined
eflort is about to be nindc by tho Adminis-
tration, to bring about an understanding
with tho Confederacy. Commissioners will
be appointed to meet rebel Commissioners.
Army of Northern Virginia, Nov. 15.—
Richmond papers say that Hon J. A. Sed-
don says that General Breckinridge reports '
that on Nov. 13 lie turned Bull Gop. Tho 1
enemy attempted to retreat with Vaughn
and Duke's commands. He struck their
column nnd routed it, capturing several
hundred prisoners, ten stand of colors, six
pieces of artillery, caissons and horses com-
plctc ; fifty loaded wagons, ambulances and
Macon, Ga., Nov. 22.—It is still unde-
termined whether the enemy will make
another ntlack on tho city ; it is believed,
however, that no further attempt will be
Bodies oí cavalry are still in the neigh-
borhood for tho purpose, it is supposed, of
covering tho operations of the enemy upon
tho Central railroad.
A fight occurred to day at Griswoldville
between the Yankee cavalry and a part of
Wheeler's command, the result was highly
creditable to our troops.
Tho enemy aro still in tho vicinity of
Clinton. Wo hear skirmishing is continu-
ally going on.
I'lie designs of tho Yankees will proba-
bly be developed to-day. Reports of deser-
ters and prisoners aro conflicting. The
enemy's infantry aro still moving eastward
in tho direction of Augusta.
TI10 city is remarkably quiet and confi-
dent. It was reported at Jackson, 011 U10
24th ult., that tho enemy was in large forco
at Big Black the evening before, destination
supposed to bo Jackson. A row nt Mem-
phis in which thirty negroes were killed.
It will be seen by tho above dispatch
that Macon had not been captured 011 the
22d ult., though an attack seems to have
been made and repulsed. Clinton, where
the enemy's forces wcro on tho 22d, is sonic
90 miles Southwest from Atlanta, and be-
tween Maeon and MilledgcvHIe, aud 15 or
20 miles from cither.
Augusta, Nov. 14—Ex-Governor Ham-
mond is dead.
Richmond, Nov. 10.—Lincoln carried
all the States except throe.
Camden, Dec. 4.—Tho Clarion of the
19th is received, but it has 110 dispatches.
I regard all the above news about Sher-
man's movements as very unreliable. Wait.
Richmond, Nov. 18.—To the people of
Georgia: You have now tho best opportu-
nity ever yet presented to destroy the ene-
my. Put everything at tho disposal of our
Generals—remove all provisions from the
granp of the invaders and put all obstruc-
tions in his way—let every citizen with his
gun and every negro with his spado and
axe do tho soldier's work. You can destroy
tho enemy by retarding his march. Geor-
gians, be firm and fear not.
(Signed) I). IT. Hill.
I most cordially approve of tho above.
(Signed) Jas. A. Seddon.
Corinth, Nov. 18.—To the people of
Georgia : Arm yourselves for the defence
)f your native soil and rally around your
patriotic Governor, and your gallant
soldiers. Obstruct and destroy all roads in
Sherman's rear and flank, and his nnny wWj
soon starve in your midst. Be confident.,
•esoluto, and trust in Providence, and Buh-
icss will soon crown your efforts. I hope
¡0011 to join you in dofcnce of your homes
(Signed) G. T. Biuureoard.
Savannah, Nov. 21.—A dispatch from
lacon says tho enemy crossed the Ockmul-
ifn in forro yosioi-íliiy, night utiles on?t. of
ndian Spring, forty thousand strong. Tho
.'cutral Railroad near Griswoldville was cut
II tho 20th. The telegraph between Sa-
annali and Macon, and Gordon and Mil-
cdgcvillo is cut. lion. Jamison Sillmau,
t>[ Vale College, is dead.
Fortress Monroe, Nov. 2(5.—The rebels
havo been constructing earthworks, which,
jwlicii completed will shorten their lines 11
miles without endangering Richmond. Lee
fvill send troops to check Sherman.
: Running tiik Baookade at Wilmino-
on.—The following account of tho perils
find profits of blockado running at Wil-
mington, is taken from an English paper :
"From a passenger on board tho Flamin-
go, we learn that tho blockading squadron
iff Wilmington consists now of 0110 hun-
dred and seventy vessels, so that it is a
ivonder that any vessel can escape such a
lioso blockade, and, indeed, it is very diffi-
cult and dangerous work. There arc now
ibout forty steamers engaged in running
llio blockade. There is plenty of cotton
llways ready for dispatch, but nono grow-
ing, as every man between the ngc of six-
teen and sixty is obliged to serve in tho
"The Yankees have removed all the lights
Approaching the harbor, and everything
that will enable the Confederates to find
their way into safe quarters. Tho- conso-
Iptcncc is that, besides a pilot every Con-
federate ship has to carry a signal-man who
works the ship by agreed signals, with
which he alone of all on board is acquaifit-
ed. When the ship is going to run in .he
makes a signal to tho shore look-out., who
then lay down range lights to guide the
vessel in.. These only burn for a very short
time, or they would bo aids to the enemy
as well as to the friend.
"There has been one man killed while
engaged in running tho blockade. Ifo was
a signal officer and a southerner, on board
tho Old Dominion. Ho was down below,
drinking a cup of tea in the steward's pan-
try. While there, a shell burst over him,
and ' took off his head as clean as a whistle.'
A very large number of the men engaged
on both sides arc Englishmen.
"It is a most profitable business when
successful. Tho officers rcceivc £1000 a
voyage. One officer has run the blockade
twenty-seven times, and he is now in Eng-
land with 11 property estimated at .010,000.
The ships engaged in running the blockade
are splendid steamers, which run at the
rate of thirteen to fifteen knots an hour."
Goon Moví:.—It is stated that Colonel
Ould, C. S. Commissioner for Exchange of
Prisoners, is now 011 the eve of entering in-
to fresh negotiations for an agreement
which shall secure for each Government the
right to furnish its soldiers, in tho hands
of the other, such a supply of warm cloth-
ing and blankets as may be required for
comfort during tho approaching winter,
and a stated ration ol meat, bread, coffee,
sugar, pickles and vinegar, so that actual
physical suffering shall not be added to
those that are inseparable from imprison-
Tiik Campaign in Front.—Thus far
Hood has out generaled Sherman. What-
ever turn tho campaign may take hereafter,
its progress up to tho-present status has
passed through a series of mortifying dis-
appointments and defeats to the Federal
arms. Tho defiant movement which ex-
posed Macon, Augusta aud Montgomery to
the courngo and enterprise of tho enemy
was not seized by him asan advantage, and
has not proven, as it might havo done, a
disaster to us. On tho contrary, it is dem-
onstrating precisely the calculations which
Gen. Hood relied 011 when ho opened tho
campaign, and is verifying the wisdom of
Tho demonstration against Middle Ten-
nessee was excellently planned. Whether
General Hood ever intended to cross tho
Tennessee river is not to the purpose, sineo
tho course of things has taken a different
shoot. Tho operations of Forrest and tho
approach of our column toGunther's Land-
ing, looked very much like an advance 011
Nashville. It deceived our own people (a
consummation, by the way, almost as desi-
rable as that of deceiving the enemy), and
it deceived Sherman. It sent large bodies
of troops to defend the Chattanooga rail-
road, divided the Federal army and opened
an avenue which Hood lost no time in
securing. Suddenly tho scene was shifted
from Cedar Valley to the line of the State
road, and, after taking possession of Resaca,
Dalton and Ringgold, wo havo a clear field
and a reduced disparity of numbers before
Meanwhile, Sherman floundered like a
marine in deep water, lie firstreconnoi-
tered the Chattahoochee, coming in and out
of his den by fits and starts, lie then ran
up to Marietta. Next ho fortifies Kenne-
saw with new pick axes, and completes his
task in time to hear of our pouncing down
upon his garrison at Altoona. Resolutely
ho faces towards Rome. Two days lie
wastes in lino ol battle here, engaging our
cavalry, while tho main body of our army
alighted at Dalton Gaps. His next step
will doubtless be a reunion with Thomas,
and this may bring 011 a battle, and we
trust in God, a victory for Hood and his
Our means of information arc neccssarilv
scant. Wo receive rather hints than details
from the army. But us far as we can judge,
from the light beI'oro us, Hood has used
Sherman up mentally, scientifically strate-
gctically. Wo trust he may daelroy him
physically; for of all the dogs in Christen-
dom, of "romance or history, this sairio
Sherman is tlie most ignoble, unchaste and
currish, perhaps.—Montgomery Mail.
"Over the Border."—As tho Adjutant
General of tho Confederacy has uncere-
moniously hushed tho regular army corres-
pondents' efforts in mid-song, by "general
orders," we aro compelled to enlighten our
readers as to tho situation, and what our
army is doing, by any avenue that opens.
Through private letters to friends, and from
information brought by parties 1'rom the
front, we arc enabled to give this much of
what has happened: Wo tore up the
Georgia Stale road from Acworth to Al-
toona and captured tho latter pluec and a
largo amount of supplies, which wo were
compelled to leave without destroying, and
then struck the road at Dalton and Cal-
houn, tearing it up cllectually to Tunnel
Hill, with several miles of tho Cleveland
road. Tho surrender of Resacca was de-
manded, but, tho enemy refusing, wo pass-
ed it without a fight. Dalton surrendered
without alfeht, as we have before mention-
ed. We ehptured Til ton and garrison, but
have not been able to ascertain tho exact
number. Tho fort at M ill Creek Gap fired
uiioii two different flags of truce. The
enemj' abandoned all his forts up to Chatta-
nooga. Out informant states thut thcarmy
is now en route for Nashville, via .
Our troys are wild with enthusiasm,"havo
plenty to eat, and live on Yankee rations,
wild regard Gen. Hood a young Napoleon.—
Tho Richmond Whig of Oct. 25th
publishes the following:
. Yesterday, while in search of war items,
a friend called our attention to a young
man of fine face and form, clad in a modest
cavalry uniform, remarking, "there is one
of the bravest fellows that over mounted a
horso or wielded a sabre." Two hours had
scarcely elapsed before wo found oursclf
again near a group of which ho was 0110,
and, without eavesdropping with original
intent, wo were the listener to a discussion
in which lie was a prominent participant.
The subjdet seemed to be whether, apart
from pride and priuciplc.aman whose life
is worth saving, would ever faeo bullets.
He remarked—arid 110 one could look upon
him without discovering, as our friend had
Raid, that ho was one of "the bravest of the
brave"—that lie never went into a fight and
saw comrades fall around him that it didn't
require all his pride and senso of the duly
IiO'Owed a bleeding country to sustain liiin.
And ho udded : " In bnttlc I always pray
that, if I am killed, tho prayers of my good
mother for my salvation may be answered."
Every 0110 of his frivolous companions
seemed to paya silent reverence to the faith
of that soldier boy in tho efficiency of his
mother's intercession in his behalf.
If all mothers, like his, would so live as
to impress their sons with an abiding confi-
dence in the truth of tho religion they pro-
fess, there would lie no nsc for works of
Arch bishops and other learned Prelates 011
the evidences of Christianity.
Calhoun.—We copy tho following well
written tributo to tho immortal Calhoun
from the Richmond Dispatch :
Wo do not believe that a truer patriot—
taking patriotism in its sense of forty years
ago, when it meant attachment to tho
Union—ever lived than John C. Calhoun.
He saw the cloud when it rose out of tho
sea, and was 110 larger than a man's hand.
Ho saw it, and ho pointed it out to his
countrymen : but it was beyond their hori-
zon. As it marched and spread, it grew
blacker at every step of its progress ; yet,
even after it had burst in thunder upon the
earth, (hero wero millions who still could
not, or would not, see tho deadly nature of
the storm. Mr. Calhoun applied ull tho
energies of his mighty intellect for years to
arrest tho progress of an evil which he felt
assured must end iu the destruction of tho
Union, and ho failed. We have novcr doubt
ed that the conviction that nil his labors
had been in vain materially shortened his
life ; yet he went down to 'the grave with
the reputation among tho majority of his
countrymen, of a decided disunionist—of a
man whoso whole existence had been one
long bold plot against the Union. Never
was tho memory of a man so unjustly
Now, however, that his ear is closed for-
ever to tho voice of regret and recantation,
it begins to be seen what he really was.
This war has fully developed, as facts, what
he foresaw as probabilities years ago. Lot
Mr. Calhoun's life bo read by tho light of
this war, and it will be acknowledged*that
the theory ho taught, and tho measures lie
proposed, wcro the only theory and the only
measures which could, by any possibility,
havo saved tho Union. They were rejected,
overlooked, despised ; and disruption and
war wero the consequence. We could not
see then that they would save the Union.
I le could. Wo can all sec now they might
havo done it, for they would have rcmov'ed
those very causes which produced its ruin.
Why, indeed, should not Mr. Calhoun
luvvo \vished to save the Union ? 1 lo was
one of tho most distinguished men it ever
produced. When littlo moro than a boy,
he stood in tho House of Representatives
abreast of Clay and Lowndes. When but
thirty, he was Secretary of War, and was
at the time regarded as the most remarka-
ble man of tho whole country. Ho render-
ed his name immortal by his speeches, uml
they wero all delivered ¡11 the Federal Con-
gress. In a word, there is not ono name,
tlmt of Washington excepted, 'which in
more connected in glory and interest will
the old Union than that of Mr. Calhoun.
To suppose that he wished to destroy it, is
to suppose him guilty of a design against
tho monuments of his own famo. If ho
wished to leave it, it was because ho saw
that it 110 longer answered the objcct of its
creation, but had been perverted to the de-
struction of one-half the country.
The Prospect.—The gloom of the ene-
my, occasioned by the protracted, exhaust-
ing and futile efforts to conquer us, some-
times leads tlicin to an honost perception of
the truth as to their prospects. Tho fol-
lowing is from a late speech of Gov. Seymour
of New York :
Now, yon know that monstrous army wo
gave them nino months ago has been so
nearly annihilated that another call for fivo
hundred thousand men is mudo upon us,
and we aro not ¡11 as good condition as wo
wcro then. That part of Louisiana and of
Arkansas west of tho Mississippi river that
was wrested from them has resumed tho
offensive, nnd invaded Missouri itself. Tho
great army of Sherman that attacked and
captured Atlanta, has its rear communica-
tions attacked and endangered by largo
bodies of rebels. Go into Virginia, and
what do yon find there ? Instead of tho
army of Lee reduced down to ¡1 skeleton,
us it was a year ago, it has sustained itself
thus far with force and great power, and it
is strong in numbers to-day. Now, 1 believe
that, notwithstanding your political preju-
dices, you will admit that our armies have
done their work. We, in common, with our
Republican friends, have honored the names
of Grant and Farragut, Sherman, Sherri-
dan, nnd all the heroes of the war ; but wo
all cannot deny that their efforts have been
unsuccessful, and the blame is not with our
Dates op Secession.—Tho Richmond
Dispatch plaecs Georgia next to South
Curolinn in ¿lie order of Secession. In a
note to §5,100 of the "Georgia Code," tho
compilers say : The following is tho order
in which tho several States sccc<lcd from
the United States, to wit:
South Carolina, December20th, 18C0.
Mississippi, January 9111,1801.
Alabama, January 11th, 1801.
Florida, January lltli, 1801.
Georgia, January 19th, 1861,
Louisiana, January 20th, 1801.
Texas, February 1st, 1801.
Virginia, April 17th, 1801.
Arkansas, May Otli, 1801.
North Carolina, May 20th, 1801.
Tennessee, Juno 8lh, 1801.
Missouri, August 11th, 1801.
&3yTlio News of tho 7th announces that
Capt. Yancey, formerly on tho staff of Gen.
Mogruder, but who has since been serving
with Gen. Walker, is down with the yellow
fever. We trust he may recover at an
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Maltby, H. A. The Ranchero. (Brownsville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 49, Ed. 1 Saturday, December 17, 1864, newspaper, December 17, 1864; Brownsville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth179337/m1/1/: accessed April 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.