The San Antonio Ledger. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 37, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 9, 1854 Page: 1 of 4
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y '.'I J ,'V
flcuotet) to Stgrirnlture, íllisallang, CiUratum, (ftmtal information an& tl)c interest of tlje State.
TERMS $3 PER ANNUM.
SM ANTONIO, BEXAR COUNTY, TEXAS, FEBRUARY 9, 1854.
For the Ledger.
The DlYiue Majesty.
by rev. wm. h. seat.
The seaman, on the vessel's deck,
With glances all around him cast,
Btholds his bark, a little speck,
Amid the skies and ocean vast.
The eagle cleaves the upper air,
Eyeing yon far off globe of nre
His weary wing confines him ther®j
Still gazing, he can soar no highr.
Nor can we grasp the Infinite,
Nor soar to being's central Sun ;
When lost afar in dazzling light,
The travel is but just begun.
""sand, and a thousand globes,
v/e as the small dust in His hands,
created l ights are but His robes.
Unnumbered hosts, His little bands.
The iniaWty wonders of His pow'r,
Are leas than nothing in His sight,
As to ei«raity an hour,
As to immensity a mite.
O Greatness ! wondrous, infinite,
O Majesty ! without alloy,
O glorious, uncreated might!
O utter boundlessness of joy !
Great as Thou art, Thou dost in love
Thy tium'rous little creatures bless;
Thoi; source of bliss to those above,
Thou -iver of earth's happiness.
Eterna! Father, as Thy own,
E'er may I love Thee and obey,
Help mo to worship Thee alone
And b* my All, through endless day
SAN ANTONIO LEDGER.
bcükke fc west, Proprietor®.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY Í, 1854.
Awfui. Calamity.— In Dayton.
Ohio, on. the 5th of January, a large
thm ;'.<>ry ^building, occupied asan
iron and stove store, fell in with a ter-
rible cr-ish, burying a number of per-
sons'in the ruins. A clothing store
adjoining wascrushed in, burying sev-
era' ¡persons. The Methodist church
was also badly injured. The persons
hurried were recovered, seriously but
not dangerously injured, except two.
who wit': killed by the fall.
Kc iUitky Senator.—The Legisla-
ture of Kentucky have elected Hon.
John J. Crittenden, to the Senate for
six y*"trs4rom<he 4th of Maicli, 1855.
II** w as elected by a strict party vote,
with the exception of one democrat,
who represented a whig constituency.
We undertook this morning (says
the Galveston Ci'vilian) to procure a
list of the lawyers now in this city,
with business in the Federal and Su-
preme Courts; but gave up the eifort
in despair. Their name is legion.—
We are told that if ancient Nicholas
should cast his net over this "former
stamping ground of Lafitte and his
pirates" he would get it full, provided
ii did n : break and the scaly prey
did not s ip through the meshes.
fV A ball was given at Columbus,
< i no, in honor of the inauguration of
Gov. Med ill.
The Cincinnati (Ohio,) Typo-
graphical Union, have started a paper
called the Cincinnati Daily Unionist.
Success to the enterprise.
The Varlley is of the opinion
that the establisment of a line of
steamers to ply between Corpus Christi
and New Orleans, would afford a
>od investment for men of means,
¿larris 4c Morgan having withdrawn
their steamers from the Texas coast
West of Indianola.
Mr. Day, a gentleman of color,
who claims to be nearer white than
black, has been admitted into the
Legislative hall of Ohio, as reporter
for the Aliened American, a paper de-
voted to the elevation of the colored
A third set of teeth, 7 in number
has just been cut by Mr. H. Howel
aged 75 years, residing in Mariot
District, S. C.
The Native American partjy of New
Jersey, have nominated Joe. Haywood
as their candidate for Governor
A negro fellow in New York,
ha* swindling the ladies out of
their pocket change, by professing to
be a mt dium and able to name the
successful numbers that would draw
largo prizes in the lotteries. After
gammoning '¿hem thus, he would in-
troduce a white man, a Southern gen-
tleman , engaged in the lottery busi-
ness, who would demand an advance
of $50 or $100, for which he prom-
ised to give the numbers named by
the medium, which he generally fail-
ed to do. The police were set upon
track of these worthies, and broke
their swindling operations.
Inaugural of Gov. McRae.—Th«
new Governor of Mississippi, in his
inaugural address, asserts, in the
strongest terms, the doctrine of State
rights, "based upon the individuality
and sovereignty of the several States
as coequals in the confederacy;" and,
as next in importance, the principle cf
In connection with these doctrines,
and as an example of their faithful
application, he cites the decision by
the people, at the late election, against ^
the payment of the Union Bank bonds.
In rega rd to State affairs, the Gov'r
is for a system of common schools to
be provided by the State; for giving
encouragement to the development of
agricultural science, and in favor oí
aiding works of internal improvement
by all aid which the State can give,
outside of direct taxation.
The Pacific Railroad scheme he op-
poses as a Government measure, to be
built by appropriations out of the
Treasury, but favors it as an individ-
ual enterprise, to be aided and encour-
aged by the Government in all con-
Officers of the Grand Lodge
W. M. Taylor,
J. C. Harrison,
J H. Roiigers,
d. G. m.
S. g. w.
j. g. w.
DISTRICT DEPUTY GRAND MASTERS.
NAMES, PLACE, DIST'CT A OFFICE.
JaiTK-s Sorley, Galveston, First,
J. B Banks, Weberville, Second,
A. M. Lewis, Brenham, Third,
S G. N-wton, San Antonio, Fourth,
T. G. Broocks, Si Augustine, Fifth.
J. F. Taylor, Marshal, Sixth.
HenrySampson, Houston, Seventh,
B. W. Gray, Mt. Pleasant Eighth,
A. E. McClare, Palestine, Ninth,
W. P. Milby, Indianola, Tenth.
J.F.Crosby, El Paso, Eleventh,
S. Power, Brownsville, Twelvth.
F. L. Barzaza, Wheeloclf, Thirteenth.
E.B.Nichols, Galveston, Grand Treas.
A. S. Rutt¡ven, Houston, Grand Sec.
Cha- Gíllett, Anderson, Grand Chap.
J. S. M< Gee, Seguin, "
M. G. Cotton, Ssn> Antonio, Grand Mar. .
P. R. Lilly. Andarco, " "
F. B. Sexton, St Augustine, " Orator.
W. E. Oaks, Cor-iicana, G. St. Bi-ar.
W. H. Mil wee, Paris. G. Sd. Bear.
J. F. Williams. Ru< S.G. D.
W C. Ch -nev. H ndersor , J G. d.
J. M. Anderson Austin, G. Steward.
Cha*. Hummel, San Antonio, " "
L. G. Harmon, Tarrant, G. Purs'vnt.
J. R. Bracken, Crockett, G. Tyler.
The next Grand AnnualCommunication will
beheld in the city of San Antonio, Bexar Co.,
EC5= Our town is rapidly improving.
The population is double what it
was twelve months ago, and its
business and trade are daily increas-
ing. The spirt of improvement con-
tains unabated. From some indica-
tions, we think our citizens are awak-
ing from the folly «of hauling lumber
from the pine country, to build houses,
when tliey can be built of brick more
than 10 per cent cheaper. Brick of an
excellent quality is made immidiately
in town, and at a moderate expense.—
One of the citizens of town, we
learn, has contracted for a large brick
tenement, designed for a hotel, and
we trust that others will not be slow
to follow the good example.—Dallas
Early Death.— Herder, the
quiste German writer, says:
Early in the morning a maiden went
into the garden to gather herself a fine
rose for a wreath. They stood there
in beautiful clusters of closed and
half-clo^d buds, wafting odor from
their cups, which were full of the
morning dew. "I will not pluck you
yet," said the maiden; "the sun shall
open you first, then you will bloom
brighter and give out a stronger and a
She came at mid-day, and saw the
fairest roses fretted by the worm, wilt-
ed by the heat of the sun, faded and
withering. The maiden wept over her
folly, and the next morning gathered
her wreath early.
God calls his loviest children early
out of this world, before the heat of
the sun withers them—before the
worm touches them. The paradise
of children is a high degree of glory;
the most upright man cannot set foot
in it, for his soul has already been
A " stretch" of the imagination
is dreaming you are being hanged.
ECjr* The only motive for nnitingthe
Atlantic with the Pacific is a loco-
S3 " Cominsr events cast their
shadows before." The Empress of
France is wearing loose dresses.
Cousin Sally Dillard.
BY HAMILTON c. JONES.
Scene—A Court of Jnstice in N.
A beardless disciple of Themis ari-
ses and thus addresses the Court:
" May it please your worship, and
V'ou, gentlemen of the jury, since it
las been my fortune [good or ¿Sad, I
will not say ] to exercise myself in
legal disquisitions, it has never before
oefallen me to be obliged to prosecute
so direful, marked and malicious an
issault—a more direful, wilful, dan-
gerous battery, and finally, a more
liabolical breach of the peace, it" has
seldom been your duty to pass upou,
one so shocking to benevolent feelings,
as that which took place over ar Cap-
tain Rice's, in this county. But you
will hear from the witnesses."
The witnesses being sworn, two or
hree were examined, and disposed
of: One said he heard the noise and
lid not see the fight; another tKat he
saw the row, but did not know^whe
struck first; and a third thut he was
drunk, and couldn't say much about
Laicyer Chops—I am very sorry,
gentlemen^ to have occupied your
"me with, the stupidity of the .witnes-
ses examined. Had I known, as I
now do, that I had a witness in
attendance who was well acquainted
with all the circumstances of the case
and who was able to make himself
clearly understood by the court and
jury, I should not so long have tres-
passed upon your time and patience.
Come forward and be sworn, Mr.
So, forward came the witness, a fat,
chubby-looking man, a leettle corned,
and took his corporal oath with an
Chops—Harris, we wish you to tell
about the riot that happened the other
day at Captain Rice's ; a good deal
of time has been already wasted in
circumlocution, we wish you to be
compendious, and at the same time be
explicit as possible.
Harris—giving the lawyer a know-
ing wink, and at the same time clear-
ing his throat—Capt. Rice, he gin a
treat, and Cousin Sally Dillard, she
came over to our house and axed me
if my wife she moutn't go. I told
Sally that my wife was poorly, - being
as how she had a touch of the rheu-
matics in the hip, and the big swamp
was in the road, and the big swamp
was up, for there had been a heap of
rain lately, but howsomever, as it was
she, Cousin Sally Dillard, my wife
moutgo. Well, Cousin Sally Dillard
then asked¿ne if Mose he moutn't go.
I told Cousin Sally Dillard that Mose
he was the foreman of the crap, and
the crap was smartly in grass ; but
howsomever/as it was she, Cousin
Sally Dillard, Mose he mout go—
Chops—In the name of common
sense, Mr. Harris, what do you mean
by this rigmarole ? Do say what you
know about the riot.
Harris—Captain Rice, he gin a
treat, and Cousin Sally Dillard, she
came over |p our house and axed me
if my wife she moutn't go. I told
Cousin Sally Dillard—
C^ops-'-Stop, sir, if you please, we
don't want to hear anything about
Cousin Sally Dillard and your wife—
tell us about the fight at Rice's.
Harris—Weill, 1 will sir, if you will
Chops—Well sir, go on.
Harris—Well, Capt. Rice he gin a
treat, and Cousin Sally Dillard she
came over to our house and axed me
if my wife she moun't go—
Chops—There it is^^ain ; witness,
please to stop.
Harris—Well, sir, what do you
Chops—We want to know about
the fight, and you must not proceed
in this impertinent story. Do you
know anything about the matter be-
fore the court ?
Harris—To be sure I do.
Chops—Well goon and tell it; and
Harris—Well, Captain Rice he gin
a treat, and Cous—
Chops—This is intolerable. May
it please the court, I move that this
witness may be committed for con-
tempt ; he seems to be trifling with
Court— Witness, you are now be-
fore a court of justice, and unless you
behave in a more becoming manner,
you will be sent to jail ; so begin and
tell what you know about the fight at
¿farm—(alarmed)— Well, gentle-
men, Captain Rice he gin a treat, and
Chops—I hope the witness may be
ordered into custody.
Court — (after deliberating ) —Mr.
Attorney, the court is of opinion that
we may save time by telling the wit-
ness to §o on in his own way. Pro-
ceed, Mr. Harriss, with your story, but
stick to the point.
Harris—Yes gentlemen, well, Capt.
Rice hfe gin a treat, and cousin Sal-
ly Dillard she come come over to our
house and axed me if my wife she
j moutn't go f I told cousin Sally Dil-
lard that my wife she was poorly, be-
ing "as how she had the rheumatics in
the hip, and the big swamp was np ;
but. howsomever, as it was she, cous-
in Saily Dillard, my wife she mout
go! Well, cousin Sally Dillard then
asked me if Mose he moit go. I told
cousin Sally Dillard as Xose he was
the foreman of the crip^'nd the crap
it was smartly in grass,^t howsom-
ever, as it was she, cous/ Sally Dil-
lard, Mose he mout go. %o'they goes
on together, Mose, my wfe, au$. us-
in Sally Dillard, and thejfcamu tthe
big swamp, and the big.*
up, for there had been a
lately. ' But-beinfl; as U
Sally Dillard and Alose, ,
folks, they walked across tíie viv
my wife, like a dratted fool, :ucké> up
her clothes and waded right through,
cotched a cold, and has had the rheu-
matics ever since, and thats all I know
about the fight.
Enterprise.—-Horace Greely, in
an account of his recent visit to Indiana
has the following in reference to a new
enterprise of Henry L. Ellsworth, no
less famous as a scientific tiller ot the
soil, than as the former head of the pa-
tent office. MrGreeely saps:
He is gathering peach stones, for
which he in paying fifty cents .per
bushell, and will plant fifty bushells
of them in the centre of a great prairie,
which he is breaking up. There they
will grow luxuriantly and soon bear,
when he will have the peaches gatherd
and dried by women corn on shares,
and sow for foui or five year*, growing
corn or some other crop among them,
and thus keeping the land in good con-
dition.— Then he will cut down the
trees for fuel and have a new growth
from the roots. Thiy he believes the
cheapest and quickest way to get fuel,
where it is most needed, besides pro-
ducing an abundance of dried frjiit, of
which thore wis never half enough in
this country. We trust this enterprise
may be crowned with success.
The Gunnison Massacres—The St.
Louis Democrat has a long article on
the subject of the| massacre of Cap.
Gunnison and his party, and expresses
the opinion that the outrage was
perpetrated not by the Indions, as
stated, but by Mormons in disguse.
The editor says;
We have conversed upon the suhjecj
with several old mountaineers, men
who have spent a larae portion of
their lives in the Rocky Mountains,
and who are familiar with the Indians
of that region ; and they have informed
us that the facts and circumstances,
as stated in the published accounts of
the affair, indisate most strongly that
it was not the work of Indians. In
the first place, the murder could not
have been commited by the Parvants,
he tribe inhabiting the region ofc
ountry in which it occuieá; becausef
Kern and others of the partp were kil-
led with fire arms; and thoso^idians
have no guns, and do not understand
their use. The Utahs live aemote from
the spot where the tragedy was per-
formed; and besides, they are at peace
with all whitemen, except the Mor-
mons. Bealé and Heap passed through
the country of the Utahs without
molestation of any kind. On the
contrary, they were kindly received
game was killed for them, and the
Indians informed made war only upon
the Mormons who had taken away
their lands. Gunnison also had pass-
ed through the country of the Utahs,
and they made no ataok upon him.
There are other and sjill stronger
circumstances, which, are conclusive
of the fact that the murder was riot
committed by them. Prominent among
these, is the fact that the slain were
not scalpod. The scalp is the Indian's
trophy. To the warrior it is more
valuable than booty. The accounts
say that the bodies were mijilafed;
that both of Gunnison's p y « were
cut off, and one of K 'This
proves that the authors oí'"™* deed
were not too much hurried tft have
A TermoiUr at Ike Chrfittl Macs
7 .* :
As we weue sitting in ti picture
gallery of the Chrystal Pulace—
taking memoranda of its contents, a
tail ill-dressed Vermonter, attracted
probiibiy by the benignity of our vis-
age addressed ds.
f> Stranger, what rnought they
charge to let a feli^n this'ere show?"
" Why do you ask you paid at the
entrance did you not? "
" Y-a-a-s! I di'nt pay nothin'; ef
you see anythin' green 'bout me
jest you write will yew? "
"How did you gain admittance
' %a-ll y-vf see, I traded with
j out there for a Herald, and gin
'him an extry cent to holler fire! and
when the man with brass thing on his
coat looked round I kinder edged in
Of course we expressed our indig-
nation, and were about to leave him
when he seized our button-hole saying
" Say, Mister, don't be riled, guess
they'i never mis it. You talk so all-
tired honest, guss you must be a news-
paper feller, been taking notes aint
yew? I've heard about this short
We assented and he resumed:
"Mought yewr name be Greely
bebause I seed a nigger wench looked
jest like a fewgitive nigger, and ef she
is, its a bully chance for you to spread
— won't cost nothi'n nufher.
We denied that imputation, when
"I allers like newspaper chaps,
'cause they are 'so clever. Been in
the fiife arts myself; taught school
three winters—eighteen dollars a
month and boarded 'rounds" -
We next stopped to view the fine
specimens of perfumery, which were
busts made of solid soap. "Hullo!"
said Yankee, nosing the goods," guess
these is máde of grave-stun, aint they?
"No, they are made of'soap. "
Before we could prevent him, he had
pinched it to satisfy himself.
A few steps brought us to the statu-
ary, vv he: e a nlimber of persons were
silently gasing at Powers' statute of
the Greek Slave.
" Mister," said he after, after gasing
a moment, pointing to the chains upon
her wrists, " what's that critter hoppled
for?" • • ^ ^ '
The bystanders roared; and we
endeavored to explain to him the na-
ture of the sutjjec% and to prevent him
from handleing it, as he was bent
upon doing, pointed to the placard
requesting visitors 'not to touch the ar-
" Don't touch the articles, repeated
he, Why shehairCt got the first darnd
article ábout her. "
\Ve left. AT. Y. Commerce.
I wandered in a roaj dream,
Where Danube's waters poor ;
And there I saw ihe Cresent gleam,
Upon the farther shore.
When lo! it seemed to pale and trane,
Aad through the sky go down ;
Athwart the flood I leapsd amain,
And clutched a Turkish Crown.
Oh ! tr«t not visions, when, to ii
Ambitions ther incline ;
That Cresent bright it horns will fill,
Whilst I shall draw in sine.
SCj=* " Miss will you take my arm?*'
^ La. yes, and you too.
Can't spare but^the arm, inissf' re-
plied the bachelor.
"Then," said she, '• I can't take it.
as my motto is to go the whole hog or
SCjP Dr. Elisha Tucker died Thurs-
day evening, Dec. 29 t>f paralysis, i?
the 59th year of his age, at the res-
idence of his son, J. Henry Tucker,
Cumberland, Md. Dr. Tucker was
one ®f the most efficient and widely
known and bslove preachers of the
Tom Hood defines publicsen-
timent—" The average prejudice of
mankind." He had seen a thing oi
A boy about six years of agr,
entered a shop in Dundee, a few days
ago, and asked for a pound of canary
seed. As he had 119 money to pay for,
it, the shopkeeper (to whom the boy
was well known) wishing to ascertain
whether he had been sent by his
parents or. by any other party, asked;
—" Is that seed for your mither, my
mannie?" "No," said the boy, "it's
for the bird."
ttjp A Paris correspondent tells us
what we consider a good story:—
One of the most celebrated members
of the Paris bar was consulted, the
other day, by a young practtiioner, on
an obscure point of law. "I cannot
give you a positive answer, young
man," replied jhe advocate, "I have
once pleatjeAone way, and once the
other, and 1 gained my suit, each
td3" Look heah, Sambo, you gol
dat quarter dollar you owes me?"
" La, Cuff, 110; money scarce, so
many stopperages in Mobile, dere aint
no money in circumlatation."
what de nation
with tune or a
may be worthy of
was coming upu |
a pint of slacked
The Route to California via
New Orleans.—It. is stated that, at
a very early day, strong efforts will
be mabe to procure a contract for car-
rying the mail between New Orleans
and San Francisco, by the Ramsey
route, via Vera Qraz and Acapulcó.
It is also said, that arrangements
will be completed in a few* months to
carry passengers and mails by this
route from New Orleans to San Fran-
cisco in thirteen or fourteen days.
A Whig cotemporary says that upon
a democratic Congress rests the re-
sponsibility of refusing to purchase
Mount Yernon at the expense of the
nation. Yery well. The same re-
sponsibility rests upon every Congress
before the present; but because the
representatives of the people now re-
fuse to enrich a set of huckstering
Yankees, who have conspired to spec-
ulate in the bones of the Father of the
Country, there is a clamor against the
Democracy. Let it come. It may
cause this matter to appear in its true
colors. k %CMttan.
Col. E. L. Meriwether, respectfully
invites the great English hunter Sir.
George Green, who is on his way' to
Texas, to Houston county. .Ool. Meti-
wether says he should be glad to try
his native hounds against the inwortpd
ones of the Baronet, and can, dlfer aS
were carried away. Papers are vaf- lair a field for sport, either in the wide
ueless to an Indian. He never takes roiling prairie or woody dell, as *
" sportsman could desire, and hishouw,
barn, stables, kenuels, etc., are the
service of the great Euglish sportsotyjyú
scalped their victims, if they
chosen to do so r for an arm is more
difficult to remove than a scalp.
Another circumstance is that notes,
surveys, and other papers of the party
"O, sho, Sambo,
them away, and usually scatters them
upon the ground as useless.
By whom, then, was this bloody
and atrocious crime committed ? Capt.
Gunnison's party were in the midst of
the Mormon settlement, and we think
there is more ground for suspecting the
Mormons of the murder, than there is
for supposing it to be the work of
Indians. Their acts in this State and
Illinois show them to be utterly de-
praved; their morals are infinitely
more bad than any Indian tribe. We
know of no Indians who telerate
adultery and promiscuous intercourse
between the sexes. The Mormons not
only tolerate these things but make
them a part of their religion. When
morals of a people are thus polluted at
the fountain head there is no depth of
depravity into which that people may
SCf® The doctors of Washington 03 ,
Ga., have struck for higher fees^ They
published a fee bill in the Saoders-
ville Georgian, from which it áppéarb
that hereafter they will charge for
mileage in the day 75 cents, afid si
night $150. During inclement weath-
er in the day they will charge 1 50,
and at night $3. They also publish-
ed their bills for all other kinds of
medical and surgical service.
Ed3"I say, printer, do you take
" What's the reason—ain't it good?"
"Why don'Uyou take it then?"
: «Can't get it.®
you got to do wid
pay up, pay up !"
"Well, look heah, Cuff, me hear
massa tell more dan tvveety dat same
tale; and 1 aint seen a gentleman treat
him like you me. Act like a gentle-
man if you is a nigger."
, tC/* A fellow from Kentucky, went
the other day into the store of a fash-
ionable milliner in Canal street.
" Have you any skirts?" asked he
"Plenty of all kinds," answered
"What do*you ask a cord?" said
" A cord ?" replied Madam W.
"Yes—I want about a cord—up in
our diggins the petticoats and things
has gin out. I see you advertise
"Corded skirts," and I thought while
my hand was in, I:d take what you
had corded up."
The milliner fainted.
Interesting to Betters. — A
case was recently tried in one of the
New York courts, in which John
Fay sued John Britton for the sum of
$62, which he had been placedin Brit-
ton's hands, as stakeholder in a bet on
the fight between Yankee Sulivan and
Morrissey. She facts were proved
and the Judge said the statute, was
imperative, and he therefore gave
judgement for the plaintiff in the sum
of $62 50 and costs.
Fort Worth.— Sinne thervacuation
of the post by the U. S. troops, it has
been laid out into a town, and is al-
ready a flourishing village. Fort
Worth is one of the most picturesque
delightful locations in the State. Sit-
uated at the junction of the West and
Clear Folks of Trinity — beautiful
streams of pure chrystal water—on
au elevated bluff that commands an
almost boundless view in every di-
rection, of surpassing beauty, it com-
bines the advantages of delightful
séenery, healthy location, pure water
etc., in an eminent degree.
* We learn that M. T. Johnson, one
qf the proprietros of the town, designs
orecting a large and commodious
academy in the town, and offering
subh inducements as will secure tne
•services of competent teachers to take
charge of an institution of learning.
Col Johnson's proverbial liberality
and public spirit, well fit hinufor such
an enterprise, and we know of no place
in the State combining more, or great-
er advantages for such an institution.
with the exception
he middle of the
eft that I might
liming in the hill was beneficia? t^fhv,
crop. The after treatment was th *
¡ ame during the season.
Harvested separately^ i¡ie
that were limed, and
them four that were
situation precisely the
result #as a fettle
i'm «mount of «bip.-jp fans
'«inch was , *tr •
K. i .ilNQ
Bllsvnrth, Mahoning Co.,
P. S. To prevent crows nod
birds pulling up corñ, keep
supply of 11 scattered on the
for them to eat, as they
for a living if tkey can get
I have, tried it with success
When sod ground is ploughed7 i
tiie Fall or Winter, we do not
to plough it agdin in the
therefor , as a security against
the lattc r parr of November, or _
cember, January, or February, ift
ground is not trozen, is as good a tim^
as Autumn. In December, 1852,1
ploughed a field for corn, with roUftt.
furrow slice, and to the depth often
to fourteen iuches; and although snow
covered the grounu of m< sc of it to the
depth of three or four inches while 1
was ploughing, the operation was so
well performed, that a friend of mui
one Week after the work Was done,
thought it appeared more like asum
mer fallow that had jusf been cros>
ploughed than like sod. Altheugh the
morws were numerous in the soií.
thousands were seen perished in th"
cold. Their winter retreat was broken
up, and I lost but a few hills of eon*
by them. S. EDWARDS TOLD.
Lake Ridg, Tompkins Co., N. Y.
Horse vs. Male.
Ma. Editors—1 have seen a good
many communications in you? pap'r
showing the advantage of mules over
horses. I wish to give you a few fire
side calculations of an old farmer on
the subject. Suppose a farmer to star:
with a team of ten mules, which wili
cost, say $1,200 ; the losses wouk:
amount to at least one in two years
which,* at the same price, would l>~
$60 a year to keep up the team. Sup
pose another, to start with four horse*
and six mares, costing $1,000;
ought to raise not less than twocoltf a
year—the costs of raising which "js.
say $40. As I have allowed that fivr
mules would die in ten years, I wfli
allow that eight horses would die iit
the same time, which would leave th'
farmer twenty-two horses at the end
of the two years. He ought to have
sold during the ten years twelve c"
these at $1,200 j now deduct the cor•
of raising. $480, which*would mak
his team cost him $280 during the ten
years. Whereas if he were to attemp-
to raise the mules, he woujd have to'
buy mares, which, added to the eos;
and trouble of raising them, would
make it cheaper in the end .to buy thr*
mules. But where >are the mares t"
come from if we all raise mules? They
say .that mules live longer, stand abusé,
and eat less than horses. I have dis-
posed of the long life in allowing
eight horses to die in the same limp
that five mules would. l ean allow
nothing for abuse to either; and as for
eating less, I have not found it the
case; because I can turn my horses
out on grass every night fox six months
in the year, besides all times when
they are not used, and hsve always
found the old saving true about mules.
" that there was but two places for.«
mule—the stable and the harness:''
for as soon as he is turned out he will
get into mischief, consequently he will
eat more grain in a year than a horse
beautiful aad desirable FARM,
on the eui ride of tbe Salado, 4} m..-«
of San Antonio, on which (beva is a ae* aad commo-
dious stone DWELLING, together with all
•ary Oat-building* thereon.
Applj « Groeebwck e Sl Freoch'e, or Vwt fc
Bre., or on the premises to
35 F. MULLEN.
Í. Ran a way ft
' émy of I
: 45 yea ra, faia
. or 101o«hea I
to. I will pa j the
fined,fa an * jail oat of
again ; or $25 ia the State,
paid for any information
Bastrop empty, Jas.
1 We of
San Feb , 2
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The San Antonio Ledger. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 37, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 9, 1854, newspaper, February 9, 1854; San Antonio, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth179394/m1/1/: accessed April 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.