The San Antonio Ledger. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 14, No. 2, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 16, 1867 Page: 1 of 4
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. ., .:V,. «.á
, FEBRUARY 16, 1867.
NO. 2. |
íones & huston,
attorneys at law,
§fcm Antonio, Texanr.
\vill practice tn tha District Court of thé 4th
'j'lHbial District, and adjoining counties, in tho
Supremo Court at Austin, and will attend to bus-
iness, generally, anywhere in the State. Office
in French's Building. 7i-Iy
Attorney & Counsellor at law,
OFÍlOK I MSN'S nl'ILDINQ,
4"Un r1/. Ilv/ rinuop.
ÍIU'J lil lil'll' O IJUJUWIIIU,
opposite the Court House,
Sail Antonio, Texas.
• c 8; WEST
JfOHH HANCOCK- -
hancock 8t west,
*ugl3-79'lyl AUSTIN', TEXAS.
j:s. VAN lie (¡RA AF F,
| ATTORNEY AT liAW,
San Antonio, Tex.
WILT, practico in tho Coui ta of tho 11th
Judloial District. _
J3T Prompt attention given to all businoss
entrusted to his care.
Office, North side of tho Military Plaza, in
the Jacob Linn building. (no. 1-ly
d. c. proctor,
Attorney «vfc xj^i/^ov,
WILL attend to business in the Counties of
Calhoun, Rofugio, Goliad, Victoria, Gon-
zales, Lavaca and Jackson. dco21-ly
A3laza House Motel
W. C. HANDLE ....Proprietors
WE hove leased this well known Hotel,
andafter having repaired and renovated
it for the comfort and convenience of tho publio,
will takepleasure in aocomraodating those who
may honor us with their patronage.
Wo have arranged to take care of mau and
beast, and will supply our customers with tho
best that the market affords. j26 twly
FRAI7K W. FEB
LATB CABllim HOUSE,)
INDIANO LA, TEXAS
OIILER k FEE, Proprietors. (70-ly
ISALNB CITY HOTEL,
PEICB, PIEEC>& Co., Proprietors.
JOHN J. PRICE,
J. F. PIBRCB,
DR. M. A. M'LÜOD.
WM. ASIILEY, Propretor.
walker w. berry,
ATTOKTViSV AT LAW,
San Antonio, Texas.
" Office opposite the Court-houso. in Jacob
Linns' Buildiog. jnlylO-nnM-tf
T. S. HAKUISOAI,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
San Antonio, Texas.
f-groffice.ia'first rooui, up stairs, opposite tho
CouYt-honae. no. 1-ly
WfiCH—Trevinio street, 'opposite tho Old
Cathodral; 72-1 y
john 8. m'oampbel^. *' c- tiivkna'
F. FAÜNT LK ROY.
McCi.mplicil, Faunt le Roy & Givens,
Attorneys and Counscl!ors-at-Law
GOLIAD. TEXAS 71-ly
- Wm. h. young,
ATT'> ItNKY AT LAW.
gSAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.
«a.'-™ to former fellow-soldiers throughout
"W 3833 "ERE. 9
:its' storo. Íw-n4if
TRAKKEL & NEUENDORF'S
■' ~ sonic ^Ilall. ITavo on band tho best bran-
dy, Whisky, Qin, Sherry, Olarot, l'ort & Cham-
pagne Wines, &4., &o., in the city. Call and try
//XiViitiii vi "REVASTER,
V Snu Anionic, Texas.
■ "S.1lfTT-,L practice in iho District Courts of tho
b Judicial Distriot and adjoining Couu-
in the Supreme Court at Austin.
>n Freuoh's Building 19tf
'sween, m. d.
n servicos to tho citizons of San
t w f^uipnio aúd vicinity, in the practice of
i Mfc 'icioo and collateral branches.
Cifice aft."tho Drug SI -re of Lindraillcr & Co.
C0T Residence—Mrs. Davidson placo, Flores
Dr. W. G. KINGSBURY,
* Opíiok: At old stand, noar French's Building.
Great Improvement in Artificial Ttetli!
Dr. K. in prepared to insert teeth on Vulcan-
ite, or Hard Rubber base, an article superior
to sold, and at greatly reduced prices.
Teeth filled, and all operations of tho mouth,
porformod in a superior mnnnor. nl-tf
Dr. J. Gr. WALKER,
Having located iñ san antonio,
respectfully tenders his professional services
fco the citizens, Speoial nttontion will be given
to tho peculiar diseases of Woraou and Obstetrics.
Having devotod a great portion of his timo for
the last 25 yoars to that particular branch of his
profession, he confidently hopes to give satisfac-
tion to those who favor him with their pttronago.
jt^*Offico at Lindmillor's & Co's Drug Storo.
RosUonoe fourth house above Methodist Church.
BY reaion of a failure to fulfill n contract
entered into with mo by a second party, aad
my own pecuniary inability to establish an infir-
mary in this City and at Boorne as oontomplat-
ed. I resumo the practice of Physic and Surgery
in San Antonio and vicinity.
July l-no61-tf WM. MADISON.
GEO. CUPPLES, M. D.
Office lit Mr. P. Kaltoyer's
Office Ileuns : 8 to 10 A. JÍ,
San Antonio, Feb. 7, I860. nol 1
(i.atu carterbhocse,) 1
the Foot of the Wharf,
J. I RUNDELL, Proprietor.
ST. JAMES HOTEL.
NEW ORLEANS, LA*
CHAS. E. SMEDF5S, Manager,
THE Manager will Epare neliher labor nor
expense to merit a continuaoe of tho liberal
support with which he has thus far been hou*, -.
C S. KE) CiE\, formerly of tho " Kellcy House,"
llousti . ; od Galveston, Texas, wili be found at
tho St. Jamos Hotel. dcc25-tf
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 16. J 807.
movements of the freed-
We notice of late that there has been a mi-
gratory movement among the froedmen, and tho
Seneral tendetcy bcouíb to bo Westward.—
[anv it is true, aro going to the swampa of
Florida, but most of them seem to be congrega-
ting to the great Mississippi valley, and t^uite a
reasonable snare of them cross tho Mississippi
aud como into the Black river country of Louis-
iana and to Texas. Says a late New Orleans
papor, 4,they often average one hundred daily
on the Ponehatrain railroad, on their way to
Texas." Tho migratory season is nearly over
now, and with some exceptions, the greater part
have settled down for the coming year. Although
many of the Southern Atlantic and even interior
States aro loosing their freedmen rapidly, wo
hear but few regrets. Tho attention of those
jeoplo has been called to the necessity of secur-
*ng labor from another source and agents are
now in Europe S3ouriog them. From all these
etrcumstnnoe« wo may readily conclude that the
L*otton crop for the coming year will bo but small.
The froodmen shun the cotton fields, as they
well know that there can bo no shirking in that
busienss. Many of tho froedmen have seourod
some means during the yonr past, and u«til that
monoy is spent, they will do literally nothing.—
Soiuo few will adopt the more 8on¿iblo course,
have their monoy depositod, and continue to add
to this availablo capital. That class of freed-
men will do well, for tbey hove a grand oppor-
tunity and command good wages, for they are
Wo notice that the Chief of the Bureau in
Texas, in a lato ordor, forbids, by higher au-
thority, Bureau agents from charging freedmen
making contracts and that the freodmcn
make contracts to suit themselves, and with
whom they ploase. This is as it should bo, and
now tho frcodman has as good a chanco as a
white man. Tho next Btep the freedmon should
nsw take, is to guard against a horde uf flattor-
ers and swindlers that are flocking around like
the locusts of Egypt, and for tho purpose of
swindling the unsuspecting frecdmsn and women
out of tho hard earned wages. We have had
them in our city, and sou e of thoui are here
now. But, as wo expect to «jet hold of some of
them before long, wo will no' entor iuto further
details until then.
3B2B JW KB.SB 5TK
ON CARCEL STREET,
Opposite the Market House,
HAS on hand the best Brondios, Whiskies,
Gin, Sherry, Claret, Por' and Cbnmpayne
Wines, Absynthe, Bitters, Sc., &o. Also, the
Cigar3 and Tobacco.
San Antonio, Feb. 7ih, 1886 nltf
THE COMMERCIAL SALOON
South side of Commerce St,
The choicest Liquors to bo had at all hours.
This establishment is under the management of
j. r. marmion.
The Gem Bar-Room,*
victoria, texas. 71-ly
r. a. vance. j. payne. 1) f. vano
Commission and Forwarding
indianola, texas. (71- ly
VANCE'S STORES, ALAMO PLAZA,
COMMISSI 11 Hill
dealer in dry goods, groceries,
hardware, ¿o- oetj-tf
B. V. TEEL, M. D.
Has resumed the practico of Medicine, Obste-
trics and Surgory. Particular attention
paid te secret disonsos.
OEBio at his residence, Northeast part of oity
on Floros street.
A. e. carothkrs, m. d.
OFFICE: R. II. Drvdon's Drug Store.
Residence, four doors below the Drng store,
on Quinta streot, in tho house formerly occupiod
by John Bo-*on, Esq.
9J3T Orders left at tho Drug Storo at all hour?
of the day or night, promptly forwardod and at-
tended to. je4tw&w-tf
San Antonio Lodge No. 11.
I. O. O. F.
Meets every tuesday evening over Mr
8. Sampson's store, Commerce street, near
the Bridge. All Odd Fellows in good standing
Ma respectfully invited to attend.
A. N. daiichy, N. G.
Cham.18 Yodrg. Seot'y i nfljl
The "o'connell" circle, of San Anto-
nio, meat* at the Court-hons. en Saturday
•venings at eight o'clock.
All communications relative to the organisa-
tion, aho&M be addressed tot the undersigned,
otiti-u-fiuT It McCOKMACK, 3„uy.
~ \ ■
r. m. forbes & co.,
Commission & Forwarding Merchants
and general dealers in
Groceries & Staple Goods,
VW Will make Cash advances on consign-
ments ofCotton, Wool, etc., to our friends in Now
Orleans and New York. (67-ly
a. j. ward & co.,
Cotton and Wool Factors,
Corner Strand and 24th st„
EDWARD THOMPSON, & CO.,
lft TCUOUPITOULAS STREET,
p. q. TÜN8TALL.
9. V, tunbtall.
TUNSTALL & B RO.,
N4. *01 Poyilras Street.
¿ ■, ,
oil is ¿aturatod with a foreign Gubstanoe it loses
none of this remarkable power for absorption,
and can therofore cerve as a vehicle par excel*
lence for the administration of drug?. The ex-
periment hns been tried with copabia and with
Iodine, and with very satisfastory rosults.—
When the ofl, saturated with iodine, was rub-
bed upon the palm of the hand, and the back of
the hand wi-ped with a piece of muelin, and the
muslin was tinged violet. M. Baleguer bolioves
that the eflicaoy of iodine, if administered in
this oil, would be so Immensely increased, that
a rational bope might bo entertained of its pow-
er to arrest tuberculiiation in the lungs and
prevent hemorrage. Among tho patients upon
whom he has tried this method, in the very «rst
stages of consumption, he has found the signs of
tubucular deposit diminish, tho rospiration be-
come freer, embonpoint suoced to emaciation,
and a general feeling of woll-belng to which tho
unfortunates had long been unaccustomed, begin
to establish itself.
M. Baleguor conoeals the name of this won-
derful oil, but he invites M. Plorry to experi-
ment upon it, and offers him his assistance in the
furthor elucidation of its oharaotorbstics.
TIKE CONGRE-SIONAIi MODERA-
From the latest reliable nows from tho doings
in Congress, we see that thoro seems to be a
shrinking) a halting in their onwaift ooursC to
the ruin of tho libertioa of our country, and this
roaction has *he teiidonoy to divide the party
seeking for a l¡l'j loase of power and plunder.—
We are told that this effect Í3 brought about by
the dread of the financial ruin that throatens to
overwhelm them. The lato telegraphic dispatches
inform us that petitions arc pouring into Con-
gress to stay their mad scheme of impeachment,
and in tho lato financial reports of the Now York
Journals they openly declare that the foverod
intermittent agitation in the money market
poiuts directly to the impoachment scheme fot its
Says the N. Y, Journal of Comiperce of Jan
25th, in its review of the dry goods raorkoU
"It is ovident that there is much anxiety in
commoroial circles in rotation to political
affairs, and but little disposition is manifested to
engage in any fresh oporations or to grant in-
During a mooting in Gonzales a few
weeks ago, held by tho froedmen, thore wi>s a
revival umo f , u.em, and all the eolored ctti-
«uns in that vicinity war tbar, to give thanks to
the Lord for thoir freedom. During the moot-
ing they became very much excitad, and tho
loud singing, shouling and praying had nttrnot-
cd tho Uicatlon of se.vora! young mon, who col-
ioctod in tho gallery during prayers, to witness
the scenes enacted by tho freedmon. Ono of
tho young m(yi noticed a big swarthy follow
standing below, taking no part in tho mooting,
hut with his mouth wide open, gaping around
The young mnn chowod tobnoco and wanted to
spit, and the thought struck him that it' would
be a fine bit o'sport and spit down on tho freed
man's faco, 51 'ng bis oyos and mouth full of to.
Uaccojuioo ./ast thon the prayer was endod
and thoy sí.-n 1- up the good old hymn;
'Como ye sinners poor and noody,'
Tho freodmnn ooiomencod shouting aad slop-
ping his harfJs on ¿is faco, and calling on his
God "To hah morcy on me, oh Lord hab nieroy
on (lis poor 'darkey." The preacher here ex-
claimed, "Uross do Lord, anodor ono has found
him, hab fai'h in ile Lord brodor, and do Lord
am gwino to hab''morcy on you." "It warn't
de Lord it v\s dot whito man up dure dat spit
tobacco in v. ; eyes!"
i... ■ .o . *
E3F° YTe^opy tho following practical ro
marks froiu the New Orleans Picayune,
as poculi.-.rty applicable, upon the impor-
tunes of gl inting corn and small grain,
believing that our future prosperity do
pend" *.pon the production of our own
'•brcau «.nd ntaSt.';
A sefisou te pact an I nnothor crop of
n has T
ae far as*'
on the woS'tij o.
had as woil iot^oeon made. A million
bales has b^f counted, worth at loa^t a
hundred mQiqijBjtf dollars. But it
gone—gonir'glinjrrariug to help other p"
pie; an 1 om'i'-yb^ií pockets. No muro
money is in ;hu SJinitn tiyin before it was
gathered. Somo'^^rwy'lftJi where is it?—
We point themi' "to tlW huge heaps of
frpi'ht.Td produce daiTv landed at the
w, irf, ' id "i''cíi, tho moment it touchcs
wh 'ó the rail roads
cotton has ttcn fdded to the records,'but
s .visible effects can bo seen
f^the Southern country, it
the Great Indian Massacre.
The New Orleans Picayuno of tke 2d
For the first time, we yesterday received
particulars of the wholesale slaughter of
Col. Fetterman's unfortunate command,
near Fort Phil. Kearney, and even now
tho account is mengre. James Cyphers,
writing to tho Louisville Journal, gives
the following history of the bloody uffair:
Fort Reno, Dakota Teiuutorv,
January 6, 18C8.
Herewith I give you additional and ac
curate information of tho terrible calami-
ty the 18th United States infantry on the
21st day of December, 180C, at or near
Fort Phi ip Kearney, in Dakutuh Terri-
tory. On that ill fated day the Indians
made au attack on the wood train of the
aforesaid post. Coi. II. B. Carnngton,
the commandant, sent out reinforcements
to assist tho guard of the wood trti i.
The Indians numbered fifty, tha reinforc-
ing party numbering eighty-one mon, in-
cluding effioers and citizons. As soon as
the Indians perceived that our mon were
in closo quarters thoy began to retreat.
Our men followed tbem. The Indians en-
tered u ravine, our men still following.
Tho Indians had two thousand warriois
concealed in the ravine. Tho troops were
permitted to enter the narrow defile until
they were carefully and hopelessly sur-
rounded. Then cotnmenoed ono of the
most terrible hand to hand fights ever re-
oorded in tbs history of Indian warfare.
Our eighty-one whites repulsed two
thousand Indians in three successive
charges; but the fourth chargo was too
much for them. Owing to. the overwhelm-
ing numbers and disadvantageous ground,
our men could sustain themselves no Ion
gor. They were killed and scalped to a
man. Not one was left to toll tho tale of
blood. Tho post was too wenk to send
assistanco to those poor follows. They
were horribly mutilated. There was but
ine oyo-wituess to this fight, Dr. Uvea,
being -it i. iistanco from those mi'- en-
gaged. lie stnUa that our men fought
desperately. The Indians kept a hundred
of t heir men busy carrying off their dead
and wounded. It is the supposition that
tho loss of tho Indians amounted to four
hundred killed and-wounded. This fact,
however, is not easily ascertained, as they
carry off their dead aud wounded on pur-
pose to keep theia from boing seou or the
Hero follows a Ii3t of the names of the
siain, but for this wo have not room. Let
us hope aud'j;ray tho cowardly murderers
may be ¡5united.
In the parish of Terrebonne, and like
wise in L-ifourcho, the people, some years
eince, paid considerable attention to bodg-
ing. They experiinentod with bois d'urc,
the Cherokee and Chickasaw rose, and
the pyraeanthus. Tho Cherokee ro^o has
becomo almost obsolete as a hedge,.plsnt.
It will turn cattle, but it iq a hideous pile
of trash, ar.d is a nuisance on'siiy planta-
tion. The Chickasaw rose i| an ever-
green, it is thrifty, hardy, lifts plenty of
8tiffand thorns, but if not closely pruned
every year, it makes a mountain of vines
and leaves. It requires t.OQ much labor to
keep it good ordor, hut we-imve sepneom-
plote and fine looking hedges made of it.
When neglected, tho plants, muny of
them, run up to trees.
But tho pyrucanthus appeSrs to be the
favoito hedge plant in the'purish of Terre-
bonne. From appearance there must have
hi en not much less than a hundred miles
of this hedging started or completed in
Tenvbonnn parish before tho war; -but'
most lines havo been neglected,'and have
grown up with weeds and bushes. Some
hedges were completed, and nicely shaped
and trimmed, and are now in good ordi*.
This plant is a beautiful evergreen, of
tho hawthorn species, full of thorps, and
cattle are not inclined to browse Or dis-
turb it. It is a shrub which is not in-
clined to grow to trees like tho bois d'orc.
One can easily pack a thousand cuttings
or more in a common grass bag, and these
planted in the fall or winter, will nearly
every ono of them iive. By planting the
rows a foot apart, and the plant a foot
distance in the row, and bcndiiig them
down after tho first year's growth, a thick
stand closo to the ground is secured; and
and as thoy grow lip they con bo ti iinmsd
square on each side and on tho top," form-
ing an ovorgre'ou wail of frost two to four
fcetiu width, and of nny height desired.
Tl-ose who havo hedges completo—and"
we saw a few very complete ones—say
they may be made to furnish ample pro-
tection against any kind of stock in i'Our
years from tho pjanting. And they are
decidedly the most ornamental hedge we
have seen, and they can bo kopt in order
better than any other.—Planter's Banner
street, which arc duo to the snmo cause, has also
influenced dealers, and there is some disappoint-
ment among commission housos at the backward-
ness of buyeis. The clamor for n high tariff ii
much less urgent tuun it was, and many of the
manufacturers would bo willing to let the mat-
ter rest, if peaco might thereby he restored."
Is thore any mistaking this language'! Th-
clamor for tariff is abating, so it seems that New
England is relenting. Now why is thio7 Simply
because they fear the depreciation of property
that must surely follow the financial crisis that
threatons tho country caused by their own mad
schemes. Thoy "would be willing to let the
matter test, if peaco might thereby bo restored."
How long a rostí Just long enough to see
that tho ruin of tho country would fill thoir
pockets and tako nothing out. Tho truth is,
theso cowardly miscroants, that have boon urg-
ing tho country on to ruin for gain, when they
now see that thoy enn tako "tho pound ot flesh,"
but must bowaro of tho penalty for going beyond,
thoy hnve misgivings, and would now release
tho dobt. Go on with too operation, no shrink-
ing now when you -see passing in review tho
ghosts of your own patricidal hands.
But this shrinking back at the horrors that
threaten tho country soems of late to havo
seizod and umanned tho supposed stout honrtcd
loaders cf the cowardly rabble of conspirators —
Says a lato number of tho Boston Post, in speak-
ing of a lato conference between Jobs Covodo
and Sooretary Stanton, on tho present political
prospocts, Stanton romar'ned:
"Ho oonfessed that, from tho very outset, tha
disputulions of tho Ejecutivo and Legislative
branchos of tho Government had caused him tho
liveliest alarm, which, sinoe the movement to-
wards impeachment, has increased to an appro-
houston of revolution and anarchy.
"I aided in placiug two millions of men in tho
field to put down tho robellion¡ throo hundred
thousand havo bitton tho dust, and au equal
numbor are cripple s throughout tho land, and
yet, «ith all this tremendous effort, and corres-
ponding sacrifice, tho country in my judgmont is
shadowed with the gloom of a darker hour than
was inoideat to any crisis in tho lato war."
Tho Post romarks that on saying this "tho
Secretary seemed completely unmanned, as ho
uttorod iho last remarks, and abruptly turned
from his visitors to concoal his emotionB."
Poor Stanton! Ho cow dreads the ghost that
his own orgorics has conjured up. It is a pity
bo had not thought of this a year ago, when ho
made his celebrated specch at tho timo tho mum-
bors of tho Cabinet wore serennded, in which ho
urged on Congress in thoir mad career. Now
like Saul,whon he was threatened with the army
of the Philistines, ho calls upon the ghosts of
tho dopartcd to assist him, and falls to the earth
at the sight.
We hardly can determine which is the greater,
onr admiration of tho wisdom and justice of on
overruling Providenco, that has Ihus brought
such wicked mon, like Saul, to soo the swift de-
struction that threatons them for their acts, or
our disgust at the oowardly offeminoey they ex
hibit when the dangers face thetu that thoy havo
so long been bringing upon the country. These
mon, like Dantou and Kobespiero, now fear their
own nocks will be brought to the guillotino they
have erected for others; whilo tho Now York
and New England capitalists fear for their pock-
ets, for thoy have large investments in Govern-
ment Bonds! '
We si ill hopo and believo that our Govern-
ment, guidod by tho President and Supreme
Court, until the people ore sufficiently aware of
tho danger, will triumph; but it is still a ques-
tion with us whether it would not ho better for
theso two branches of the Government to give
way to the fanatical Congressional rabble, and
let them at oooe destroy tho Constitution, over-
ride all power, and thus inaugurate a revolution
which would certainly follow. In this ovant,
although a bloody drama would be enacted, we
believe a Government would bo established,
springing directly from tho people) whereas, as
affairs are now going on, wo have but little as-
surance that ordor and security will ba produced,
and at the same time we aro gradually gliding
luto a central despotism where tho States and
Ihe people will loose all the rights once guaran-
tied to them by the; Constitution of the fathers
of our country.
The v.- ol liecord, a paper nr.ted for
its' mauly ..nd high-tonsd course, in en •
diiavorin^ 'i pro.uote oeaoe aud morality
among tha • _ p!c, sayi>:
We see that many of our exchanges
the fftrtwitji tn eP°nfc out in unmistaka
Then . . .e answer to "Whero has tho
cotton gono?" Verily, wo are working
only for our victuals atid e'othes, and un-
less a different policy is adopted by our
country people, and the agricultural sit-
uation is changod, that is all wo will
Is it not possi-jle for us to learn wis-
dom from past experience ? Has not fif-
ty years of experiment pointed out tho
proper course to follow? Look at the
thousands of millions worth of the South-
ern product that was paid for in gold,
and how much of it remained at the timo
of tho unfortunate separation of tho
States. Not even enough could be found
to satisfy tho desires of tho pooplo's But-
ler. Is this always to bo the case, or is
there a timo coming when the clink of
something pure—some surpluB will be
loft to delight us with its glitter and
charm the car with tho now almost for-
To every thinking man the way is clear
to wealth. AU know the route; for
there oro no orooks in it, and can be
easily followed by thoso who uro tlotor-
mined. Everything that is needed for
success is given by the Creator. Tho rich-
est lands in tho world, and a climate
suited to the growth of everything, is Iho
heritago of tho Southern people. No
people can be self-supporting half so
easily as tho people of tha South. Ev-
erything that is needed can bo easily
made hero. If we would, improvo on tho
present, we must muko our bread and
meat first, and then givo tha rest of our
time to cotton. In that way only can
any advance be made.
There is no other wuy, and wo mijrht
as well begin to travel it at once. We
havo trusted too much to cotton. Our
hopes for years were based on nothing
elso, and oven now, when what onco
did seem a realts is vanished like a
dream, wo are still hugging the strange
delusion as on idotic mourner sbwly
dying of grief at tho grave of a lost
In tho name of common sense let our
planting people grow their own corn and
mako their own bread and moat. Do this
first and givo up tho exploded idea that
"Cotton is King." And when home
wants are supplied then grow cotton, and
tho country will grow rioher.
If the whole South could be induced
to adopt a self-sustaining policy by ma-
king their own food and raiment, and
givo the balunce of their time to tho
culture of cotton, no people on earth
would bo as rich as wo would soon be.
But if our planters aro determined, as
the'y soem to bo, to follow the old
route, there is nothing more to hope
for than wo have already got. In that
case our history is written. Who wants
A WniTB Deeh.—Captain Vining, of
Cherokee county, Texas, has presented
the editor of tho Rusk Observer with the
hide of a ''milk whito'' deer, kiilei^near
that place. It had boen frequently seen
by hunters during tho fall and winter,
and was an object of mucli curiosity. It is
tha first whito deer we ever heard of,
exccpt in fairy tales, and the famous one
A recent letter from Paris to the Now
York Evening Post, says;
M. Baleguor addresses a communication to M.
Plorry, in La Courier Medical, describing the
properties of a new oil, that seems endowed with
a marvellous facility for traversing animal mem-
brenca. If a faw drops are poured into the palm
of the hand and the palm rubbed with a finger,
the oil is soen seen oeilng through tha back of
the hand. The same exparissent tried on the
fore-arin, produces the same result, When tho
■ - X
The New York Tribune rebukes Con-
gress for performing ''orgies twice as
outrageous as negro minstrels, with the
addition of indecency, which the latter
would soorn." This strong language re-
fers to the depot tment of some of the
members during the recent Bight session.
Thackeray says: "Only women thor-
oughly know the insolence of women to-
wsTd o& another."
'in- I1 ■ ' nf_. t-UM
rockless disregard of human life now so
rifo in ourStato. This i•: right. It is the
imperative duty of the press to do so.
There is nothing gained by disguising
facts. It lsexpccted that tho proas will,
in a great measure, mould public seMi
nient. Then let its voice bo hoard on the
sidn of law and order. Let its iufluonce
be felt in every part of our State in bo-
lialf of virtue and morality, and in un-
measured condemnation of thoso who
would throw off the restraints of all law,
civil and moral, and soon wo shall havo a
d'fforent state of society. Tho standard
of morality should be elevated among us.
Virtue should be rewarded and vioo pun-
ished. Every mi' ' who has at heart the
welfare of society, jfcould let his iniluenee
bo felt especially at this timo, that evil
doer6 mny bo led to fool that thoy arc
under the reign of civil law, and that
there is sullicient moral virtuo loft in the
community to oxeeuto that law when
* "d" * 1
A Secret Wohtii Kkowinq.—An able
writer gives utterance to tho following
valuable secret: This looking forward to
enjoyment don't pay. For what I know
of it, I would as soon «base butterflies for
a living, or bottlo up moonshine for cloudy
nights. The only way to bo happy is to
take the drops oi happiness as t'jod gives
them to us every day of our lives. The
boy must learn to bo happy while ho is
learning his trade; the merchant while he
is making his fortune.
If ho fails to learn this art, ho will be
sure to miss his enjoyment when ho gains
what ho has si^bed for.
War will a Corpse!
By order of the Secretary of War, Gen.
Grimn has assumed the office of Assistant
Commissioner of the Freedmon'B Bureau,
relieving Gon. ICiddoo. Gen. Griffin for-
bids the contemplated honors boing para
to tlie.remains of Gen. A. S. Johnston.
Is it not almost timo that we ceased
fighting d'.ad men? Or have we a host of
Grjfflns still remaining who are anxious
to gain blunhing honors by squabbling
over a coffin, and shooling a military
order at a band of mourners 1
One would think that after tho body
of Gen. Johns in had rested two years
in Now Oriel's, the odor of sanctitj -ft
by Butler's ' presence .might eUmiL-..'"
from the rabtilious dust all traces of
disloyalty11 -nd render it perfectly safe
to be buried, with or without honors, in
But GrifEu commands at Galveston;
Griffiu is anxious for fame, and Griffin
issues a pronunciamiento—p.id wo hopo
the country is safe. Griffin deserves
sword of lath, and a crown of guano. If
Griffiu could bo ordered to Fort Laramie
and let loose a similar order against tho
Siotix and Cheyenn'is, what a crowd of
redskins would be killed by the jawbone
of anas8l—Alton Democrat, 28th.
Ttte WcsriinN Railtíoad.—The Board
of Commissioners of the Columbus, San
Antonio and Rio Grando Railrond, under
the charter granted at the recent session
of the Legislature, met at Gonzales on
the 17th ult., and organized by electing
D. •?. M. D.irst, Chairman, and Leo. Wil-
lis, Secretary and Treasury. Books were
opened, and J. W. Stell, Esq., appointed
agent of the Board to obtain subscrip-
tion of stocks. Tho sum of $300,000 is
required to bo subscribed by the ohartcr
before tho company can organize. Copt
Stell will proceed to canvass for subscrip-
tions to make up this amount. He will
visit Galveston and Houston, touching at
Ilarrisburg soon, for tho purpoio of soli-
citing subscriptions, and wo unite with
tho Inquirer in bespeaking for him a
kindly reception and substantial aid.—
GOIN'O Ilosm —Tho steamship Hewos
arrived from Indianola this morning with
fivo companies of the 38th United States
colored infantry on board, en route for
Norfolk, Va., to be mustered out of the
servico. Glad to hear it. Wo don't
want any mora military negroos in Texas
They don't mako good oitizens.— Galves-
Neoro Emigration.—The Charleston
News estimates the number of negroes,
farm hands, that have left South Carolina
fur Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas,
Tcxastnd Florida altwonty-five thousand,
A sailor, not accustomed to society,
said to his partner afttr a waltz, ''let me
tako you back to your supercargo."
An old lady who imagined that the sea
must bo dirty because so many people
bathed in it, was consoled upon being in
formed that it washed upon the beaoh
Dr. Cummings, who predicts Ihe world
wili be rolled up like a scrolljyithin th'oc
years, bao recently rented a house for ton
Splinters from the Boston Post.
Somebody in the N. Y.. Tribuno ia-
fortns us that''immense forces, imperfect-
ly explained on tho hy, thesis o^au ever
shifting vacum, dwell in tho atir- isphoro.
and we are continually surprised by their
Forney's Press is terribly agitated be-
cause some ái'mir^r of Jt-ff. Davis has
presented that man with a cane. Caning
Forney would of course bo reprehensible.
The brilliant youth out in Oregon, who
penned tho following, is not expected to
survive: "Tho b^st and bravest of the
lund aro hunted down by thoso frothing
bell hounds of fanaticism, who como like
Griids from the pit, red with conflagra-
ti:n, and sheoted with lurid flame, to
bring fresh disaster and death among us."
A negro in Virginio, who farmed, "on
his own hook," last year, netted thirty
cents on his tobacco crop.
The editor of a Newborn paper informs
the publio tiint ho doesn't keep a bank
and hasn't any good clothes.
A negro deacon, distinguished for his
piety, has been stoaling largely from tho
Massaoit Ilcuse, Springfitld.
A Traveling Editor's Outfit.—Ac
cording to a Nashville paper tho valise
of one of the Louisvillo editors recently
fell from a cab in that city, burst open,
and tho following contents woro found
laying aboutlooso on the pavement wheri
they had been spilt, viz: 2 clean 6hirts;
dirty do; 1 dirty pair drawers; 1 hymn
book; 2 packs playing cards; 1 bottle
whiskey; 1 prayer book; 1 bootjack; 1
brace pistols; 3 scraps candles; 1 pockot
testament; 1 razor and strap; 1 Bhaving
brush; 1 cake soap; 1 vial sweet oppopo
nix; 1 photograph of a eolored girl and
lock of kinky hair, and 4 copies of the
"Right of Way." We givo this catalogue
to show tho march of improvement, and
as proof of how much better traveling
editors are oil'now a days than of old.—
It is within our rocollection when an Ar.
kansas editor lost his entire
HOW IIK Ll'ST HIS 1A11,
'Gentlemen," said a tall Kentucl
hauling up, and leisurely taking his
in a vacant chair, '-doi t make fun of
4ha:- dog, if you ploase," and with a
of profound melancholy and touchi
pathos be added, uiilcss y'ou want to
Of eourpo not, sir, if you dislik
But pray, how did ho become ourtaii
WSll, gentlemen, I'll Jell you," *"
tho Kentuekian, roplenlslflng the sp
hollow of his cheek with a quid of tc
That thar dog was the greatest b'
ter of Kuintuck. A faw years ng'
to tako my riflo and Old Riptea".
arternoon, and think nothit/"
ton b'ars. Ono cold day in *'
winter, boin' troubled a gc
old he-b'ar that used to caí
by the dozen, started with
termined to kill tho old r.
the attompt. Well nrter
about two miles in the wi
sudilen came right smao'
with his wife and three
I could'nt shoot em s
know'd if I killed eitl.
t'other would make at nu
thoy were mortal hungry.
Rip, what'II we do!' Rip'_
was sayin,' and without wallii.
any confab ubout it, he guy
jitohed right in auiong them. * Wit:
lei fly at life she b'ur, ns I knriv
was the worst'of tho two wheé thi}
Over she rolled as dead as a i
el. Rip ho hitched on tbo b'ur, and t
had u mighty tussel for about five 4 .
ules, when the b'ar began to roar
like blue murder. I ran upytiieñ antl
nockod his brains out with e butt-end H
of my rifle. The cubs wy.a so skeored ^
and cold thnt'I killed 'etn'ail in tow min-
ute-s wiih my knife, Jlut Rip took on ter-
rible about my nooki*ig "of the b'ar on tho
hoad. At fust I thooght that ho was go- ;
ing^o tackle on me, and snys i, 'Kip,
that's downwright ungrateful.' With
that he snesked off in a huff, but I could
easly sen iie was terrible mad yet. Well;
1 left nil tho b'ars on tho ground conclu-
ding to cull back with tbo neighbors for
em as soon ua I could let 'cm know. Oa
the way homo, Rip kep' ahead of mo.—
Every timo ho thought lioyr I killed tho
old b'ar, bis tall would stand right up on
end—ho was so powerful mad. It was
gettin' on to ni^ht and beg-in togrow free-
zin' cold. About half a mile from this
house, Rip ho'carae to a halt, thinkin' he'd
have another look back to tho diroctjon of
the b'ars. The scent of 'era raiseil his
dander wuss than ever. His tail stood
right squar' up, as stiff as a hoe handle.
Jus'then it comes oa cplder than ever,
Rip's tail friz exactly as it stqod. I was
in a bad fix—I had no fire to thaw it.—
While I was thinkin what I'd do to get it
down agin, a buck deer sprung up aud J|r
darted nght'over fence about fifty yards
ahead. IV liJ not wait to bo told whar
to go. but ;• Aed evil bent artor tho deor.
I cracked a ay with my rifle and just
raised tho fuza bstweon his horns. As
soon as Rip got to the fence, ho thought
h'd make a short cut, so lie dashed right
through, but his tail wos so brittle that it
broke off between tbo rails. Poor old
Rip was dono for good. He never had -r.
tail to show uftor that—it broke his feel-
ings as \v i -' 1 as his tail, and that's how ho
came to los* it. A nd now. gentlemen, I'm
gettin' a iittlo dry, ard if you've no ob-
jections, we'll take a horn.
M. Pouchet recently read before the
French .'liaderny of Science an interest-
ing paper on the subject of how death is
prodrc(,-d by freezing. Tho author's in-
f troné? s" tie:
1. 1 hafe ''o first phenomenon produced
by cold is^-qn'raotioi. ' tho capillary
vessels to such ■ ertci lat a glóbulo
of blood canuO' ■*'" /jaeso vessels,
therefore, TVmttiO'C^. etnly empty.
2. The cold plx,0(. -on is an altera-
tion of tho blood gfoBuif Wish amounts
to their complete dis.
3. Eve.y animal com
absolutely dead, end ns
4. When only a part iB' -y
port is destroyed by ganf/rcn''
5. If the part frozen is no]
and only a few disorganized
ules pass into circulutio
0. Hut if on the conli
part is of considerably ex p:
mass of altered globules br-
circu ntion when tho part is
idly kills the aiiiu nl. •
7. For this reason r
may live a long timo '
conuilion, simo (ho
not get iiito oifeulati
rapidly as soon bs
8. In all ensns of conge
due to the alteration o."
ules, and not to any effoct u
9. Any rosults from vtres
the less rapidly the frozei
ed, the more slowly alter!
their way into tho oirculai
greater the chances of tbo reoov<
this city; end the sum total was as fol
lows: a dirty shirt, a bowie knife, a plug
of tobacco, a deck of caids, and a pamphlet
on draw-poker I —N. O. Pic.
Oranges now load many treoo in thii«
parish, and their golden fruit looks tempt
ing to the passer-bf. No fruit treo ou
earth can bo more beautiful than tho
orange loaded with its yellow, luscious,
autumnal prop, hanging upon branches
amidst thousands cf glossy leaves of Iho
richest hue.—Planter's Banner.
T. M. Cardoza, a negro, and teacher of
colored schools in Charleston, S. C., has
swindled different persons out of sums of
money, amounting in ail lo $2,500, by
forging tho name of S. P. Bennett, a war-
den of a colorod Episcopal church
Charleston, who was sent North last fall
to raise funds felt the support of that
church. Cardozi, on being arrested, ad-
mitted bis guilt.—Galveston News.
Punch is eternally pitching
poor railroad contractors. Hi
A person of gentlemanly f *U
recently brought beforo the Lor'"-;
charged with an attempt to pit 1
A gonllcman stated in evidence
whilo waiting to cross towards the BmP
ho happenod lo put his hand into his pbok-
ct and found the prisoner's there alsd
Ho immediately gavo him in charge.
Tho pohcemau who took tho pris.n^
in custody staled that his pockets
searched, but nothing «as found on tr
Prosecutor stated thai ho had lost notb
Tho prisoner, being called on for '
defenco, said that ho nad lost bis glov
and put his banda in tho prosccnto
pockets f<,r warmth.
His Worship said that ho could not D'
cept that explanation.
The prisoner then added tfc'ait be was
railway contractor, and possibly the force
A hard llff
that cf a coblcr
His Worship immediately discharged
'Don't got abovo your businew ./
ittuy said to the shoemaker who v . ^
measuring l r ancle to «certain i
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Thompson, S. C. & Thompson, H. C. The San Antonio Ledger. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 14, No. 2, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 16, 1867, newspaper, February 16, 1867; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth179471/m1/1/: accessed April 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.