Semi-Weekly Courier-Times. (Tyler, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 87, Ed. 1 Saturday, October 30, 1909 Page: 3 of 8
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30, ItM.
THE lit FIGHT
OKLAHOMA RANCHMAN OFFERS
SIXTY THOUSAND DOLIiARS
TAKE PUCE ON
Has Presented Matter to Governor
Haskell Fur His Apr^val—An-
other Big Offer.
New York, Oct. 25.—Blda for the
proposed heavyweight championship
battle between Jeffries and Johnson
are beginning to loom up. An offer
oí $60,000 cash purse was made to-
day by a representative of Jos Mil-
ler, head of the 101 Ranch at Bliss.
Miller had already placed the mat-
ter before Governor Haskell of Ok-
lahoma, with a view to obtaining his
An offer of $75,000 wall received
last night from Sid Hester, manager
of the mission Athletic Club, of San
Mr. and Mrs. Morgan rtatliff of Ty-
ler spent Sunday with her parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Sherman Martin
Tyler came out Sunday to visit his
Miss May Swarm spent Saturday
and Sunday with her home folks.
Mr. and Mrs. O. Tinea and children
spent Saturday and Sunday at Omen.
Rev. and Mrs. Street of Mineóla vis-
ited her parents this week.
Dr. and Mrs. Miles went to Tyler
Miss Fannie Wood went to Tyler
Geo. Smith went to Tyler Wednes-
Mrs. B. M. Swann spent several
days in Tyler visiting her sisters.
Mrs. A. Hemming visited her daugh
ters at Tyler this week.
E. Wood, Missee Mary Ray and
Pyrno Wood left Friday for tiro Dal-
Dr. Wisdom and daughter, Eliza-
beth, left Friday to visit tho fair.
Roy Swann loft Friday for the Dal-
Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Swann spent
Sunday In Tyler visiting his parents,
Mr, and Mrs. W. D. Swann.
COUNTY ATTORNEY OF HILL CO.
HACKED BY MCDONALD,
Hillsboro, Texas, Oct. 25.—County
Attorney Frnzier this afternoon filed
suit in the county court against Ring-
ling Brothers' circus for collection of
taxes claimed by Slate Revenue Agt.
Bill McDonald for the years 1904, 0
McDonald !á here with the Ring-
lings and announces he will soon file
a blanket suit covering all taxes
due the state for performances in
The taxes will amount to several
BEX CAIN RECEIVES IM-
PORTANT LEGAL SUMMONS.
Ordered to Appear at Homo Coming
and Barbeeuc at
Ben B. Cain, vice president and
generatl mana ge i of the <¿fc.il f, Texas
and Western railroad company, has
received an "official citation" issued
by the "Court of Henderson," de-
manding his appearaneo at the cele-
bration or thu completion o£ the Timp
¿on. Henderson and Northwestern
railroad, October 38. Tho citation Is
strJetly in legal form and was served
through tnc> mail by ' Special Deputy
Phsrifi T. Brown.
The l Under/son committee in
charc of the celebration includes D.
R. Harris, John R. Arnold, F. H.
Turner, W. P. White and E. E.
Several ithcr Dallas citizens who
ar> natives of East Texas and the
Henderson community have received
Mr. Cain has maf.o a reply in legal
form admitting the jurisdiction of tho
Henderson ctlzens arc preparing to
serve barbecued beef to 10,000.—Dall-
as News. 0 o
FILINGS IN THE
COUNTY CLERK'S OFFICE.
(Reported by White Abstract Co.)
Real Estate Transfers.
Parker & Pinkerton give bond for
title to E. P. Rosen6tein and wife for
lot 5, block 26, Bast Tyler, $760.
P H. Evans and Grace Howard.
Cary Warren and Vadie Kennedy.
C. J. St roups and Laura Wairen.
M. M. Whitney, at Tyler. Sept. 25.
EAOT TEXAS SHIPPERS JOIN
WITH LOUISIANA TOWN IN
TEXAS RAILROAD RATES
Aiding Louisiana Officials in Figlit to
Destroy the Present Freight
Shreveport, aL., Oct, 25.—A num-
ber of East Texas merchants arrived
here this morning to co-operate with
Shreveport merchants in a mass
meeting tonight in combatting rates
fixed by tho Texas railroad commis-
sion alleged to be discriminatory
aganist Shreveport trade.
The merchants' protest will be used
by Assistant Attorney General Pleas-
ant in his fight to destroy the sched-
CARRYING OUT HTS THREAT.
Fort Worth Postmaster Refuses
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 25.—Post-
master Lon Barkley this morning en-
forced the first part of tho threat to
withdraw city miail carriers If the
city neglects to erect street signs. Ho
refused applications of two residen-
tial additions for carriers because
streets were not marked. Barkley has
given the city until November 15th
to placo .signs and retain the delivery
Everybody that sowed turnip seed
after the rain now have a good stand
of turnips up.
KIrksoy Turner has gone to Gaines-
ville to visit his brother, Monroe Tur-
A. J. McKay and Perry Smith are
visiting the Dallas fair.
Mr. and Mrs. Smith of Tyler spent
Sunday night and Monday at the
home of Uerr.vman Fletcher.
Aunt Sallie Brooks is on the sick
list, to the regret of her many friends.
Mrs. Monroe Turner and children
have returned to their home at Gaines
Miss Sallie Morgan of Western
Texas, Is a guest at the home jf Mrs.
John Woodley of Pleasant Hill is
at work for W. F. Hallmark, making
Frank Knight spent part of this
week at Mt. Sylvan, visiting his sister,
Mr*. Joe Reaves.
Perry Smith visited in New Har-
Mrs. Reaves has pone to Larue to
visit her daughters, Mes dames Claude
Price and Sa.m Philpot.
SUED FOR TAXES
SMITH COUNTY OFFICIALS EN-
TER SUIT FOR $4IMI FOR
Acting upon Instructions from Rev-
enue Agent Pill McDonald, there has
liten i'l?d a suit for $400 against
Rlngling Bras,' circus for back taxes.
Tho papers have been forwarded and
will be served in the circus people
Tho ?40<• ' fir back tnxex, as stat-
ed above, i. y having paid taxes for
two performances given hist Saturday.
This circus is having a great deal
of trouble along the tax line, and at
many place? some of their horses
were levied on for tho alleged amount
duo for taxes. Tho taxes sued for Is
where the circus paid for onlv one
performance, who they should havo
paid for two, according, to Capt. Mc-
Donald's constrtictlon of th<^ law.
Tho circus people claim they give a
yol can get a heaHB^contlnuous perforSfflfc^and that ono
Oh, you kid - ,
for 98c at the forced sale of Uek-t ¿dmlt^the holder to tho da-
Jas. R. Adams. tf and night performance
CONVICTS AT COIL MIHES
TREATED LIKE GALLEY SLAVES
Legislative Committee Finds That
Brutal and Inhuman Treatment
Exists in Mines
Feet of Many Men are Rotting Off
Calvert, Texas, Oct. 25,-—After see-
ing the state convicts in tho coal mine
near Calvert, forced to dig seven tons
of coal a day while standing in water
ha'f-knee deep, viewing the feet of
the men as they had be-on warped and
cracked by continued standing in wa-
ter and having ascertained by a thor-
ough examination of a large num-
ber >f convicts, as well tus the offi-
cials over them, that young fellows
not yet cut of their teens are flogged
with the leather bat for their inabil-
ity to meet the task of seven "tons a
day, the members of the sub-commit-
tee Investigating tho state peniten-
tiary system denounced this mine aj
an "old time hell hole."
The men are compelled to wear
their wet shoes outside of the mine
as well as in it, and though they dis-
card their wet suits as soon a3 they
come out of the mine, they hang
them up in the dressing house and
don them again when they go back to
work. Generally the clothes are still
wet when put <m again, except in tho
winter months, when they are frozen.
It was ascertained by the commit-
tees that the men are frequently com-
pelled to put on frozen clothes when
they start out again in the winter
The State's Contract.
The state of Texas has a contract
with the owners of the mine that
each pickman shall dig seven tons of
coal a day, except in the arched en-
tries, whore only six tons daily are
demanded, and because of the great-
er hazard in this work than on
the farm the state receives from tho
mine owners $44 pev month per man
instead of $31 per month per man a.s
is demanded oy the state for farm la-
Many of the fellows who are una-
ble to make their daily task have
been severely flogged and in order to
avoid a repetition of this cruel treat-
ment, they have resorted to buying
extra coal from their more proficient
fellows, who are able to do more than
tho dally task.
One convict, a few months after
having b(vn flogged for his failure
to dig tin? required amount, stole
away into one of the deserted tun-
nels in an effort to escape and was
killed there by tho coal coming in on
Feet in Horrible Condition.
After viewing the bad effects the
continued 'standing in water and wear
ing wet shoes lias on the mi n'.- l'eet,
the committee ordered the following
do scription entered on the records of
"We find that many of the men
have sore feet from working in
water in the mines Their feet aro
wrinkled, scaly, cracked, parched,
shrivlled, very red to and above the
ankles, and the outer skin apparent-
ly dead, Tho top >f the feet look as
if they had been painted with io-
dine, and tho bottom of them is as
black as that rf a negro."
There was no evidence produced
before tho committee that the mine
had ever been inspected.
Ent and Sleep Like Hog*.
Almost as revolting as the cruel
treatment and the poor conditions
under which they have to labor was
the revelation of tho manner In
which the moil havo to sleep. As
the laborers cOnro out of the mino
thoy talr? off their mining clothes and
put un a transfer suit which they
wear all the time while they aro on
the. surface It Is In these clothes that
they have to eat and sleep for two
weeks in succession before a . hango
of any kind is allowed. Reeking
with dirt and grini", it is easy to con-
clude that the beds In which they
sleep are little better. Tho following
description of the el >thcs was mado
in the committee's records:
"The shirts on some of tho men look
as If thoy might htnrc been washed
two years ago if ever at ill. There
are no buttons on tlvm they ¡ir-
black and greasy in appearance all
the stripes aro obscured in the ':-t.
grease and grime, and all ovldon
of any color havo been eliminated,
the trouarars are greasy, dirty, muddy
and black in appearance.
them do not fit the men and are held
up around tho waist by r.on; eshi^
nails and other contrivances. 0 No
b^twy^j^wprhfflicrs a£p furnished. They
•> too Jfirge aSS tos f?ng and do
not by any means fit the wearers."
Disgustingly Filthy Beds.
it was was very difficult to deter-
mine what color the bed clothing had
ever laid claim to. A disgustingly
filthy appearance chaaractcrized it on
the day of the committee's visit,
though it was shown that pillow cos-
os aro changed every Saturday. Men
are denied the use of night gowns,
except for two of the summer months
>f the year. Tho convicts said they
weer allowed night gowns fcr this
length cf time and when the commit-
tee asked to see the gowns worn dur-
ing the summer months, the sergeant
by the aid of the steward, found
them tied up in big sacks and stored
away upstairs. The men testified that
they were never given any underwear.
Many of them said bedbugs were so
bad that It was difficult to sleep at
night, and the Indications were that
they told the truth.
Under the orders of the sergeant
the men are compelled to shave once
a week and to have their hair clipped
once a month. II a convict has n .
razor of his own ho must pay the bar-
ber in the prison to r;havc him. Five
cents is the charge for both shaving
and hair cutting and it' the patron of
the tonsorial parlor hasn't the nickel
he is compelled to surrender his week
ly allowance of tobacco to the barber.
The committee was too busy to see
if an individual towel is used for each
occupant of the barber's chair, but
the steward admitted that ho furlsh-
ed only two towels twice a week in
the prison occupied by tho 105 men!
Men Cursed and Abused.
The committee was informed dur-
ing its investigations that tho convicts
are cursed and abused, a.s well as
punished with the whip, and as an
evidence of the general attitude which
they sustain toward the camp one fel-
low who used to have to wade tho
river when there was ice on the
edges, when he was working on a
convict farm, declared he preferred
that to tin? mine.
Large fans keep a good supply of
fresh air in the min.s most of the
lime. The watel in the mines is duo
to seepage and cave-ins. There is
some sort of a system of drainage In
vogue and some pumping is done to
remove the water, but this is entirely
inadequate to the needs >f the situ-
But with all the defects of Utv
camp there are .some redeeming feat-
ures about it. The prison room is
sufficiently large for the accommoda-
tion of the men; there are nine largo
windows on both the north and south
sides of tho house, which give tho
best ventilation of any prison yet vis-
ited; the dining r >om is largo—and on
this occasion was clean—and the men
made very little complaint about the
food in any way.
The miners are paid 20 cents per
ton for all the coal they mine over
seven tons a day and the money they
earn m llu's way runs from $1 to $1:1
per month. When repair work needs
to be done on Sundays the sergeant
calls for volunteers and thoy are paid
at the rate of $1.50 per day for what
A good supply of artesian water
provides the camp with plenty of
pure water and the conveniences of
Shower baths and flush toilets-—two
sanltaiy provisions not found by the
committee elscwhen—are provided.
Captain Williamson, who has been
In the penitentiary service for twen-
ty-seven years, testified that ho was
dismissed by tho governor In 1902 for
cruel treatment of his men upon the
complaint of citizens of Dallas coun-
ty. lTo denounce# the contract and
lease, system >f handling convicts, be-
cause the stat' is unable, through a
short-timo contract, to compel the
contractors to provide the same equip-
ment for the care of the men which
the state aoffrds at the penitentiary
The mine hero product, a good
quality o! lignito. Tho vein is about
six feet thick and tho mine has been
In operation f«;r several years-. It In
owned by the Southwestern Coal and
WA NT E D— Information concerning
Jame* It. Jones, an old resident o"
Smith county. Box 2 17. Center,
as. ^ r\ "7
Bulek aut imoblle.q and Moon Tiros
buggies always please, sold
HANEY COTTON SEED
Improved and perfected by W. T. Haney
of Winona, Texas. This cotton is pro-
ducing this year on bottom land 1 bale
per acre and on thin upland 1-2 bale
per acre in spite of adverse crop condi-
tions. Orders for these seed can be
placed with either Smith & Marsh Co.
at Tyler or with W. T. Haney, Winona,
Route 2, at $1.00 per bushel until sup-
ply is exhausted.
We recommend these seed.
SMITH & MARSH CO.
Farmers, Beef Peddlers and
We are glad to notify you that hides are higher
again and this is the 4ime of year its pays ev-
eryone to kill his surplus yearlings and cows as
w eather Is cool and favorable for disposing
of the meat, and the hide alone is a good profit.
We are paying now and until further notice, 9
cents per pound for green hides which means
from $3 to $5 for an ordinary hide.
Tyler House Fur. Co.
South College Street.
Golenternek & Davidson
MULES! MULES!! MULES!!!
Three cars of fine young Mules are
now in our lots, ages 3 and 4 years
Come early and get your choice
We are receiving two cars of
Buggies and three cars Wagons
and the largest stock of Harness,
saddles and leather goods in Tyler.
In fact, our stock of General Mer-
chandise [is the largest in East
Texas, covering the space ¿of seven
full store rooms.
We Sell For Cash and on Time
HUGHES & PATTERSON
rnil I) \T CALDWELLL
j:\TS MATCHIÍS AM) 1>II>.
N'crto Woman Who Saw fJlrl Chow
ins Tlicm Didn't Know They
Brown & McFftdand.
Cal lW' II, Tex., Oct, 2".—Late Sat-
urday tho two-year-old child of Mr.
find Mrs. dim M add ox of this place
accidentally got hold of pome matches
and oto them. .She was .-non very
pick, and died front tho effects of the
poison. A negro woman .-aw tho
little one eating them, 1>ut did not
know they woro poison until It was
too lito ior anything to he done that
could save the child's life,
1)1 KS IX IIATIÍ Ti n.
Well Known Writer Vpliv/.luted liv
ruines From Healer.
■N'o.-hvllle, Tenn., 'let. 2"i.—Whllo
O v .
taking a bat hat hi-- home near here,
Howard Ií ihlnsón? n magazine and
newspaper writer, was asphyxiated bv
fumes from a gx- wa^Tf heater. AIi.
Rol^nson was 2S years of age and was
for a time connected with dall.v
newspaper wor kin New Xirk.
l''oit «ALE—Tho Fielder farm.
acres, about two-thirds cleared
In good .state of cultivation, good six
room house and barn; one tliree-
i ooiii tenant iiou.se; soforal acres
I termuila pasture. Nice ,- pring branch
runs through woodlan,'. nice location
and healthy; live mili íorthwest of
Tyl' r, on b'*t public road In tho
county. Two mile from Swan. I'rlco
$10.00 per acre; ene-fourth cash;
terms to .suit on balance. Worth
double this price, but belongs to sov-
eral heirs and thoy want a division
Of the estate. Oscar McFarland, Ad-
ministrator, Tyler, Texas. tf
SALK—1'oland China hogs, two
bred sows and lot of fine slioats. I.
N. < rows, Route •>, old pli' iio 233
The New Capital Hotel.
The New Capital Hotel at Tyler,
U M. Green, proprietor, ia tho best
hotel Tyler has ever had, servLn*
the best meals, having the best rooma
and best bwls and the very beet aer-
"tees. KatS are $2.00 per day,
single meals 50 cerits, and you ft
your nwney'a worth . Front oí Clt>
library. ~ ^
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Lindsey, S. A,. Semi-Weekly Courier-Times. (Tyler, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 87, Ed. 1 Saturday, October 30, 1909, newspaper, October 30, 1909; Tyler, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth179596/m1/3/: accessed January 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.