The Texas Countryman. (Hempstead, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 29, Ed. 1 Saturday, August 17, 1867 Page: 1 of 4
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HEMf STEAD, SATURpAY, AU45UST 17. 1867.
F J. COOKE,
NtUry Prblk, Cur^aB^r,
^«d General Land Agent,
HEMPSTEAD, AUSTIN CÍO., TEX^.
through Iht Post-Ojfut or
otherwise promptly mttsmded to.
jT Bivt bow on Ageacjr m*bj c
1 LotauátnctiofLand far Sale here,
wtfek are offered on e
Jufr 18tk, 1887
J. E. llrysKKT V.L Houowxt^
' "DSKBEIIT & HOLLOWfeLLr
„ HEMPSTE^p. ,
Aifs-rt* Couirrr. Tcxah. 9944f
B. F. ELLIOT^T,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
(24 tf Aoatii C«utf Texas.
DIL J. L. CUNNINGHAM,
rff^SiC/JX <r SURGEON.
HEMPSTEAD, TEXAS. - .
Oflic* at Kemper, Stose « ft! Drw
«tore.—Sleeping appartmroU it W. H.
btorka residence. Unattended tonight
' CHAS. T. KAVANAIKJIÍ,
Austin Cuunty, Tesas.
Agreement , Contracts, Deeds, Deeds o
Trust, Mortgages, Wills, &c., &c., neatly
executed. Impositions properly taken
and promptly returned. Affidavits, ac-
knowledgements ef Married Women, Pro-
testa, ana aD other Notarial acts.
J. CHESI.ET. GEO. w. JOHSSOS
Cheslcy & Johason,
A TT ORNE YS AT LAW,
Austin County, Texas,
ty Office in the Court House «£3
A. P. & E. W. THOMPSON,
ftttMuyi aa* Counsellor at law.
Ueuviue - *sd ..Houston,
Aurtta Co. Harris Co.
Will practice in the 1st, 3d & 7th District
A. P. THOMPSON
Will orgme and brief cases in the Supreme
Court<at Austin, Ti ler and Galveston.
apr20 tf '
J. W. Manning, Proprietor.
PilHE .above House is now
X ready for the accommoda-
tion of guests and the traveling
public, iiein? cent rally sitn ated
it is convenient to the Court Moose and
all other public offices.
The table will be provide with the
be«t-tiie market affords/ and every effort
I to make guests comfortable, ■
HENS.Y KA STROP,
HAS commenced business in this place.
He has for sale
SADDLES, BRIDLES, GIRTHS,
HARNESS FIXTURES, ETC.
Work done on short notice with neatness
■ The trade supplied with materials.
b. f. huchee,
this ¿I3TIHGÜ1SHE1J QUARTER HORSE
WILT. STAKD THE PREStST SEASON
At B. MINTON'S, .
Near Industry, in the Forks of Mill Creek.
HE will be admitted
to Mures at $5
the Leap,$¿0 the Season,
\ and $30 the Insurance.
Money to be paid when
the Mare is served, or good note given
when served by the leap or season.
Every care will be taken to prevent
accidents, but I will not be responsible for
any w hich mav occur.
INDIAN ClílEIí1 is a deep sorrel, with
a small star on hi3 forehead, no otilar
white; fifteen and a half hands high; ei^ht
years old; of large bone, heavy muscle,
and great stamina.
INDIAN CHIEF was si re J by Levia-
than, jr.—dsm, Mar}" Caldwell, the cele-
brated Quarter Mare of Kentu ky; she f>y
the mi owned Old Arcby. He has des-
cended from a luug an-l unbroken line of
first class hcrse¡>, u feet which will strike
the reader forcibly whea he is Reminded
that Isdia:;. Chief—the best, son of hi.i
sire or dam, was by Boscon,thebr-t soil of
imported Dionea, the best son of Ffcirizel,
one of the-best eons of the gieatest of
A. r. FI5HER.
June 7th. 18GT>-3 n:.
MCKER & GROSS,
' - f .« j*<■ *• . .
Adjóining Hutchins' House, No. 2
• West Franklin St. '
Orders and consignments solicited.—
Terms cash or city acceptance.
A full supply pf "everything in the line
constantly ou hand oí the best quality.
• _ i < —T *4' .-Jf-Í-T* ¿-K-
k u c! c r urd> ©roue,
2Ipot§c!er, it. dcmmifftoná fíaufífcte
5íácbjlt í^üre itfCcn iem £utc$;n3
¿auje, Sío. 2 2Bcft granfUn^irafi?, .
2luftr5flc trcrteit gcwüuf^t.
íetma: 33a¿t StaDt s2ccc|}'
BP (Sin oIIt¿ íager on Ser beftett
Oualitat ttirb fortrca&rcnfc gt^aUen.
A. BERIXGr & BBC).,
dealers in .
Sash, Doors, Blifids, Sodding,
And all sorts of Lumber andlVindoto-Glass,
At the Texas Lumber Yard,
Cor.Milain & Prairie Street,
B. T. & C. A. HARRIS,
A TTOR NE YS A T LA IF.
Austin County, Texas.
1. G. Searcy, . H.H. Boose.
SEARCY &. BOONE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
H Grimes County, Texas.
J. P. OSTERHOUT
.ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Austin County, Texas.
Z Hrsrr .'N. Holland.
HUNT & HOLLAND,
ATTORN E YS AT LAW,
Acctin County, Texas.
w:l. cockc, m. o. e. t. bqxkey, m. d.
DRS. COCKE & BONNEY,
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS,
AUSTIN COUNTY, TEXAS,
HAVING had great experience in
Surgery, aw prepared to" operate
< oo a*d treat all surgical diseases.
21,83,35 & 27 Broadway, N.Y.,
Opposite Botcting Grtea,
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN.
THE STEVENS HOUSE Is' well and
wifely known to the traveling pnblic. The
location ía especially suitable*to merchants
aaá husinrss men; it it in close proximity
to the business part of the city—it is on
t ha highway of Southern ana Western
travel—aad adjacent to all the principal
Railroad and Steamboat depots.*
Tim Stkteis House has liberal acom-
modations for over 300 guests—it is ^ytl
famished, and possesses every modern
improvement ibr the comfort'and enter-
tainment of its inmates. The rooms are
■pacióos and well veutilated—provided
with gas and water—the attendance is
prompt and respectful—and the " Uo is
generously provided With every «leacacy
of the season—at moderate rates.
The noma having been refurnished an¿
remodeled, we are enabled to offer extra
tacihtiM for the comfort and pleasure of
GEO. K. CHASE & CO..
J uus 28th, 1867.—6 mo. Proprietors.
J. G. TRACT, Ptbusbeb.
Notice of Co-partnership.
rpHE undersigned having associated
JL themselves in the business of Whole-
sale and Eetail Merchants in LWlville,
Austin County, at rhe store recently occu-
pied by W. E. Lciix, the bu>iuess will
hereafter be conducted ia the trm-namc
of Miller &Ll hx.
W. E. LÜHN,
MILLER &> LUHN,
Dealer in '
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
HATS, BOOTS, SHOES, CROCKERY,
CONSISTS OF A NEW AND WELL
selected stock of Spring and Summer
bought after the great decline of Dry
Goods in New York.
25 p'ses India Head Domestic;
20 " Star Mill
* 15 " Sprague Pr'ts, Summer Style!
10 " Amaskeg *■ " ''
10 " Garner • ' "
10 " Amaskeg Tick;
15 " Cottonade;
25 " Swiss and Organdine;
25 " Muslin;
100 doz Coat's Spool thread;
2 casesiCij Brocans;
2 " Lad. Calf Shoes;
Men arid Lady's Slippers;
50 Scale begins for Cotton Uins and
20 doz Steel Hoes & Garden Rakes
10 " Hamesand Collars.
Now is Your Time !
2 ft. 4 in.
3 ft. 10 in.
2 ft. 10 in.
4 ft. 6 in.
2 ft. 10 in.
5 ft. 2 in. *
2 ft. K'h1-
ii it. (Tin.
2 ft. 10 in.
5 ft. }0iu.
3ft. 4 in.
5 ft. 10 in.
3 ft. 4 in.
6ft. 6 in.
3 ft. 4 in.
7 ft. 2 in.
7 ft. 10 in.
15 & IS Lights.
15 & Id
FELDER & SHIFMA*. ALLEN' LEWIi.
FELDER, SHIPMAN & LEWI
Cotton and Wool Factors,
Liberal adcantes made on Consignments fyp
Sale or Shipment to our Friends in New
Orleans, Nets York and Liverpool.
Bagging, Hope and Iron Ties Furnished.
1^? COTTON GINS!
We are new prepared to fill all orders
for these Celebrated Gins. They need
no puffing. They grow upon the soil
with cotton, and know exactly what cot-
ton wants. Have nil improvements
that are of any benefit. Nothing for
show, ti c tciii run them against any Gin
ihat is made.
Mr. Pratt is making a few of these
Gins this year. They are particularly
adapted for trashy fotton. They were
having a great run on the Mississippi
River before theVwar. Run somo heavier
and gin faster than his other Gins.
Orders promptly attended to.
T. MATHER & CO.,
Sole Agents for Texas.
Galveston, June lllth. 1337.
Lone Star Depot.
ROBINSON &, CO.
Booksellers and Stationers,
and general dealers in s <
. Galveston, Texas.
COTTON AND WOOL FACTOR,
. - - • 1 '
STRAND. GALVESTON, TEXAS.
Liberal advances will be made on cm
sigtunents of produce to my address lot
sale here, or for shipment to New Orleans.
New York and Liverpool.
Capt. N. W. Bush, formerly of Austin
county, advises his friends that he will give
his personal attention to their consign-
ments, to the above vGim, and ensure sat-
iVansoái and 6'ido-Lights.
2 ft. 6 in.
aft. ti in.
2 it. 10 in.
£ ft. 10 in.
Cft. 8 in.
6 ft. 10 ill.
6 ft. 6 in.
7 ft. Gin.
8 ft. '
We arc also prepared to furnish Sup-
plies, Bagging, Knpe and Ties oil the
growing crop. Consignments solicited.
Prompt attention given to ail business- en-
trusted to our care. No speculation in
Cotton. Quick returns of all sales.
T. MATHER & CO.,
Cotton a:¡d Woo! Factors,
june 2' no22-Gmcnti:3.
51. J. MAFSIE. B. J. SMITH. V/. D. CLKX IXASD
MASSIE, SMITH & CO.,
Suzccsscrs to A. Scssums.
GENERAL COMMISSI* N
IMPORTES &. JOBBERS IN
Foreign and Domestic Di y
GENT'S FURNISHING GOOI >S.
Boots &. Shoes, Hats, Notions, &c.
Olñfl. Elnm & Co.
55 Warren Street,
Ags-kaltnral Implement Depot,
St. S e r t n g & S r o.,
Gejraá Suatter g). ft t ,
39 ^rftirte^ttflfe, Gcfa son ÜJliíam St
$a(en ftcts ias 6cbeutenfte
Soger son fcrtigm genfiem, Síjüren,
íjlintá uní) ¿í>ingle3, fo ic ftílc erten
§ol; an ^anb; iseí^e ¿te ju ten tiiiigften
Schcrülus & Barnard,
A G'R ICULTURAL
IMPLEM E IN TS
LABOR-SAVING MACH INERT.
A. SESSUMS & CO.,
GALVESTON and HOUSTON,
COTTON aad WOOL FYCT0RS,
Bagging, rope and ties always
on hand, and will be furnished at
iowapt races to their patrons. Especial
care given ti,> the sale of Cotton and Wool
to their address at Galveston or Houston.
Parties shipping their Cotton can obtain
Permits under their Bonds, or draw on
them for amount of Taxes-
. Wool Sacks Furnished.
May 31,16G7.—3 m.
CloiMag ai Wholesale*
rilO reduce our large stock, which, by
the addition of the large amount of
Goods brought up by H. Miller, from
Galveston, has become too extensive for
a country store, we will sell our surplus
Boot* and Shoes,
For cash, at effet and carriage prices
CF Country Dealers and Peddlers are
invited to give us a call and get ourprices.
MILLER & LUHN.
Dwly. per year...... $16U. S. Curreucv.
Tri-weflly, per year. 9 M •*
Weekly, •* • ; 3 •« 4,
SILLER & LÜM,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
HAVING completed my arrangements
with the manufacturers, I am now
able to sell FOR CASH as low as any
house in Tesas. Please call and examine
my stock which comprises all of the lead-!
ing article?. g-^-'y. I
STRAUB'S Wheat and Coi 11 Mills.
ALBERSTON & DOUGLASS, Cotton
TheBuckeyc Mower and Rcrper.
Hydraulic Clothes Washer and Wringer.
Corn ancl Cotton Planters.
SKINNER'S Fatent Gang Plows, &c.,
Franklin street, below Hutchius' House,
"l^J^ANUF^pTUEER of every dcscrip-
ESSRS. I. BERNSTEIN & CO..
formerly of Alabama, have on haud a fiilí
and complete stock of Spring and Summer
Clothing. ¡íThey manufacture their own
clothing, and propose to sell as cheap as
any house south of New York. Country
Merchants w ill f¡r.d it to their interests to
give them a call. Tremont street, opposite
Suter's Building, Galveston, Texas.
a ® M
PEEL & D U M BLE,
HYDRAULIC, UNION ANDIíOTYCLOTHES
Fu e Proof Safes.
at Manufacturer's Prices.
The Great Floto—Southern Clipper.
Come and See Us.
j. g. BOOTn. w. m. bennbtt.
BOOTH & BENNETT,
Advertising and Collecting Agent ,
Strand, Galveston, Texas.
BP Subscriptions and Advertisements (or
all Texas Newspapers solicited.
Orders taken for all Jdnds of Job Printing.
Agents for the COUNTRYMAN.
W. BELL, of Texas,
MABIE, MURRAY &. MORGAN,
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS AND SHOES,
14 WARREN ST2EET,
7 doors from Broadway,
Levi J. Mabie,
Cyras J. Murray,
Geo. W. Morgan.
J. A. SMYTH,
STRAND, GALVESTON, TEXAS.
All work will be guaranteed for Twelve
Months, aud no second charge made.
1 ^ Watches injured by incotnpeteAt
THE SURRATT TRIAL.
Surratt was brought into the court
room at 1 o'clock, ca Saturday las;
the 10th itst., aud assigued the
scat occupied by him during his
trial, beside his conocí!. He came
intQ.tlie court sailing, and seemed
in good spirits, as he chatted with
Merrick made an allusion to the
repórt that an attempt would be made
to rescue him, whereat the prisoner
seemed much-amused. At five min
utes past 1 Judgo Fisher resumed
his st^át on the bench. Marshall'
iVdlipe decided to bring the Jdry
down. By this lime the room was
ranch crowded. Tje^ury was brought
in at eight minutes past 1, and by
direction of Judge Fisher the names
of the jury were called^ Middleton,
the cierk, addressing the jury, said :
Gentlemen of the Jury—Have y'ou
agreed upon the verdict ?
Todd, foreman—We have not been
able to agree,
Judge Fisher said: I have receiv-
ed the following letter from the jury:
To Hon. Geo. n. Fishes, Judge of the
Sir-—The jury in the case of the
U. S. vs. John If. Surratt, most re-
spectfully state 'that they stand pre-
cisely now as when they first ballott-
ed upon entering the room. They
are nearly equally divided, and are
convinced that they cannot possibly
make a verdict. We deem it our
duty to the Court and to the country,
iu view of the condition of our privati
affairs and situation of onr families,
and in view of the fact that tins health
ef several of our number is becoming
seriously impaired under the pro-
tracted confinement, to make this
statument, and to ask your Honor to
dismiss us at once. Most respectfully
submitted. [Signed by the jury!j
After the letter was received, Judge
Fisher ashed if anything was to be
said on either side, why the jury was
not to be discharged.
Bradley said the prisoner did not
consent, and if (hero was any dis-
charge, it would b« against the pro-
test of i!.e prisoner,
Carrington sail he wonld leave
the whole matter with the court.
Fisher.said bo had already receiv-
ed two or three notes oí' a similar
tenor to the one received ; if th^re
was any possibility, of them igret ing
lie would not object to keeping their.
For a reasonable time, but as he was
informed they could not possibly
agree lie would discharge them. The
Jury accordingly was discharged ten
miuutps past One o'clock. The Jury
then left the Court room. Judge
Fisher then immediately read the
I have a very unpleasant duty to
discharge, but one which I can't fore-
go. On the second day of July last,
during the progress of the trial of
John II. Surratt for the muider of
Abraham Lincoln, immediately after
the court bad taken a recess until the
following morning, as thn presiding
Justice was descending .from the
bench, Joseph H. Bradley Esq. ac-
costed Lim in a load and insulting
manner, charging the Judge with
having offered him (Bradley) a series
of insults from the bench from the
commencement of the
J udge disclaimed any
whatever of passing any insult, and
assured Mr. Bradley that he enter-
tained no other feeling but those of
respect. Mr. Bradiey so far from ac-
cepting this explanation or disclaim-
er, thereupon threatened the Judge
with personal chastisement as he un
derstood him. No court can adminis-
ter justice of live if its Jurges are
to be treated with personal violence
on all occasions whenever the Coun-
cil may be excited by an immaginary
insult. The offense of Mr. Bradley
is one which his years will, not palí-
ate ; it can't bo overlooked or go un
punished as contempt of court. It
is therefore ordered his name be
stricken from the rolls of Attorneys
practising in this Court. Mr. Brad-
ley immediately rose to his feet and
asked if the Court had adjourned.
Fisher: "It has not sir!" Bradiey:
"Then sir, iu the presence of the
Court and this assembly I hereby
pronounce the statement just made
by the Judge as utterly false in every
particular." Cries of adjourn the
court. Mullen said : ''This court; is
Bradley—Well, then, I will say
Fisher (rising to leave the bench)
"You can say what you please, sir,
and make a speech to the crowd if
Bradley—You have no authority to
dismiss mt from the bar; that must
bo the act of the Judges of the Su-
Judge Fisher made a reply, which
was iuaudibie to our reporter, and
left the room, followed by a crowd oí
persons, proceeded to the street and
stood the note was a challenge.
erai policesprang info the car, uu
officer McKinney stepped to the side
o. ^r. Bradley, and kept in that pósi-
to n while he remained in the car.
Lerving the car, Mr. Bradley paused
.hrongh the crowd and entered his
omce, followed by several friends. A
1-rge crowd immediately gathered at
the coiner in front of his office. After
remaining in his office a tew moments.
Bradley camn out, arm in arm, with
his brother, Charles Bradley, of the
National Bank of the Republic, and
proceeded down Louisiana Avenue.
Ia the meantime Fisher res«tned hi* 1
seat in the car, and camino **! fhe
pernsai of the note while the car mov-
ed ofi. Nonu of his personal friends
had entered, a:i(l a great deal of ap-
prehension was manifested of a per-
sonal encounter betweten the Judge
and the deposed lawyer.
Movements are afloat to indict
Bradley for sending Judge Fisher a
challenge, offered during thedifficulty
which lead to Bradley's debasement.
The jurors for conviction in Sur-
ratt's case, are Todd, Snyder, Mc-
Lean and Barr.
Etc., Etc., Etc.
WOOD STIRRLTS, workmen will bo carefully attended t .
i- r*~ ! andmade as Kow.
! and made a?
HOUSTON, TEX AS.
Ample Accomodation for Guests.
Ladies'.apartments fitted iir in the best
style and especial arrangeuieu ts made for
their comfort. The proprietor is deter-
miued to make this a fist class In tel. He
only askB the public to give the house a
JULIUS ALBE RT,
Formerly of the Rusk Hous.>, may be
found at the Metropolitan. glO—tf
MILTON & CO.,
Factors, and General Commission.
Receiving fy Forwarding Merchants,
39 COMMERCE STREET,
opposite [soon to be] iroy bridge,
PROMPT attention given to filling
orders for Goods, Merchandise, etc.,
accompanied with cash, or' any kind of
saleable produce. Remittances made
promptly on sales.
We are now prepared to furnish all
kinds and qualities of Cypress, Fine and
Oak Lumber (dressed end rough),
Shingles, Sash, Blinds, Doors and Build-
ing Material generally.
Orders,accompanied with consignments
of Cotton, Wool, Hides. Flour, Bacon,
etc , will be filled at once and forwarded—
not waiting for sale of produce. No pains
spared to realize full market value, and
orders filled at lowest cash rates.
" Honesty the ' Best ■ Pulley "—" Live and
ImL.vc, our Mjj'jes. fentered a car,'Bradley also follow-
commissioxs reasonable i od nnd 0!fpr,d the Wi and handed
f ^ ¡Fisher a note, which be opened and
5? The "t Mechamos engaged and , u,1(r..n tn ~paJ JVadlev then
ready to execute all work in thrii line. ; ** eart.
COPPER AND BISMUTH* I2Í
. NORTHERN TEXAS.
The recent discoveryNof large veins
of rich copper ore in Archer county
by some members of the Texas Min-
ing and Manufacturing Company,
whose office is at Weatherford, adds
largely to the mineral wealth of the
State. There are some very rich
specimens of this ore in the. State
Cabinet, which will yield about sixty
per cent of metallic copper, according
to a report íeceived by Gov. Throck-
morton, of some which he sent to
New York for analysis.
The ease with which this ore can
be obtained, renders it. much more
valuable than it would he were it in
hard igneous rocks like those in which
th"Lake Superiort/opper occurs. The
ore isfonnd in loose masses over a large
extent of country ia Archer and the
adjoining counties ; but the princi-
pul deposits and veins are near the
center of Archer county, and we think
no Veins of it have been found else-
where. Near these veins loose masses
lie scattered over the surface. From
one vein the Company are said to
have excavated several tons of the
ore in a few hours. The company
have already located upwards of twen-
ty thousand acres of copper ladus,
and are making preparations to smelt
the ore, which will tring into exten-
di ve use the bituminuous coal in the
adjoining county. of Young. The
copper interest of the State will pro-
bably prove to be next in importance
to that of its iron and coal, both of
which are already known to be worth
uiany millions of dollars.
We have received specimens of
Bismuth which is a very rare miner-
al, and is associated with the copper
at a certain place in this region, the
exact locality of which we are not
yet fully advised. It is said to be
abundant, and if so, will add another
argo item to the known mineral
tores of Texas. It has not been
found in any large quantity in any
part of the United States until re-
cently in the Northern part of this
Slate. Most, if not ail, the bismuth
nsed in this country, is obtained from
Germany, where it occurs at the rato
qf seven per cent., mixed with cobalt
ores. It resembles silver in weight
and hardness and al«o somewhat in
color, but its gray white color acquires
a slight reddish tint on exposure to
the air. It is easily melted) and forms
valuable alloys with tin and l«ad.
Its rarity curtails its use, which
would be much more extensive were
the bismuth more common. Its price
is higher than lead, but how much
higher we cannot tell.
This copper and bismuth, the Bel-
knap coal, and the great gypsum de-
posits of the upper Red River, render
it certain that Railroads penetrating
'to -that section; will have a very
large freight busines-.
S. B. BUCKLEY.
Austin, July S, 1S67.
Iloirt^n, Jane, g?l lr
Porpixü the Question*.—A party
of ladies and gentlemen were laugh-
ing over the supposed awkwardness
attending a declaration of love, when
a gentleman remarked that if ever he
offered himself he would do it in a
collected and business-like manner.
"For instance," he continued, ad-
dressing a lady present, 4'Mi?s Smith,
i have been two yeara looking for a
wife. I am in receipt of about three
hundred a yenr, which is on the in-
crease. Of all the ladies of my i:c->
quaintance, I admire j ou the most ;
indeed, I love yon. and would gladly
make you my wife." "You flatter
me by your preference," good humor-
edly replied Miss Smith, to the sur-
prise of all present ; «'1 refer you
to my father." "Bravo !"' exclaimed
the gentleman "Well, I declare!"
said the ladies, in a chorus. The
lady aud ¿rentleman, good reader,
wtre married soon after. Wasn't that
a modest way of'coming to the point.'
I, e-, l"eij¡and alady-bke meibod of taking a
I left the car, around whtch an exc.ted ^ at Wg ^ ? 6
I crowd had ptthered. It was uaatr 1
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Osterhout, J. P. & Hartley, Thos. The Texas Countryman. (Hempstead, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 29, Ed. 1 Saturday, August 17, 1867, newspaper, August 17, 1867; Bellville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth180272/m1/1/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.