The Texas Ranger, and Brazos Guard. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 16, 1849 Page: 3 of 4
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<z\)t feas Banger, & Brazos ©narir.
It has denied, as long as concealment was
practicable, the existence of malignant epide-
mics within its limits, thereby endangering the
health, and destroying the lives, of divers good
citizens of these counties.
It has obstructed trade by refusing its sup-
port to the improvement of roads, and the
building of bridges.
It lias erected a multitude of new brick build-
ings, and imported swarms of clerks and col
lectors to harrass our people and eat out their
It has effected to render the merchants inde-
pent of, and superior to the planters.
It has combined with others to subject us to
a most ruinous monopoly, foreign to our cus-
toms and inconvenient to our purses, giving its
assent to acts of pretended necessity.
For quartering large bodies of live Yankees
For protecting them from punishment for any
deception or artifice they should practice on the
inhabitants of these counties.
For cutting off our trade with all parts of
the world, except Houston.
For imposing wharfage on us without our
For depriving us, for a great while, of the
benefits of navigation.
For threatening to turn the waters of the
Brazos into the diminutive rivulet, emphati-
cally styled Buffalo Bayou.
For breaking down our own merchants, and
declaring themselves competent to trade for
us in all instances.
For charging us three dollars fare to Galves-
ton whenever they have no competition.
For killing our oxen, and wearing out our
For producing an unnatural state of warfare
between the wagoner and his team, constrain-
ing the driver to become the executioner of his
oxen, or else to stick in the mud, indefinitely.
For giving but 4 1-2 cents for cotton, When
it is worth G 1-2 in New Orleans.
A city, the character of which is thus mark-
ed by every act which may define a monopoly
and a humbug, is unfit to do the trade of an
industrious and honest people.
Nor have we been wanting in attention to
our Houston brethren. We have warned
them, from time to time¡ of attempts (gener-
ally successful) by their merchants to gouge us
deeper than the law allowed* We have re-
minded them of the circumstances of our emi-
gration and settlement here. We have ap-
pealed to their native justice and magnanimi-
ty, and we have conjured them by the tics of
our common interest, to disavow these mono-
polies and extortions, which would inevitably
interrupt our commercial comicction and cor-
respondence. They too have been deaf to the
voice of justice and of interest. We must
therefore acquiesce in the necessity which de-
nounces our separation, and hold them, as we
do the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in
We, therefore, the counties situated on tho
Brazos river, appealing to the good sense of
the world for the propriety of our course, do,
in the name and by the authority of the good
people of these counties, solemnly publish and
declare that these thirteen counties are, and of
right, ought to be free and independent; that
they are absolved from all commercial alle-
giance to the city of Houston, and that all bus-
iness connection betwen them and the mer-
chants of Houston is, and ought to be, totally
dissolved; and that as free and independent
counties, they have full power to levy war,
conclude peace, contract alliances, and estab-
lish commerce, build steamboats with stern
wheels, clear out rivers, ship cotton and sugar,
and charge wharfage and drayage thereon, and
to do all other acts and things which indepen-
dent counties may of right do. And for the
support of this declaration, we mutually pledge
to each other, our corn, our cotton, and our su-
President of the Convention.
For the Ranger.
M . E ditos. — Amidst the march of im-
provements, and the great impetus which your
press, and the arrival of the steamers, seem to
have imparted to the energy of the public ¡¿a
tliia town and vicinity, I propose to say a
word in favor of an interest, in which I conceive
mainly depend our ultimate prosperity and hap-
piness; an interest upon which every relation,
social, political, commercial, and moral, is bas-
ed, apart from which we strive in vain for that
attainment to which our advantages seem, at
present, to invite : I mean education, the pro-
per cultivation of the minds of the children and
youths of our town and the surrounding coun-
try. And here I would, as a member of this
Community, felicitate myself, and congratulate
Che country upon the advantages we so happi-
ly possess upon this subject. Notwithstanding
the numberless embarrassments under which
we have been compelled to struggle, as a peo-
ple, wefcave not been unmindful of our best
interest in this particular, and have not failed
to cherish and foster in our midst an institu-
tion ample in its adaptation to our wants and
an institution capable of affording
Masonic fraternity true to the best interest of
their country, and for the do fusion and success
of the nobl£ principles upon which their own
institutknfstands, have nobly contributed to the
permanency and usefulness of the school, by the
erection of a suitable building, well adapted to
its uses,]ht the same time most generally con-
tributing to its success, by their friendly over
sight, and charity; and lam pleased to add, by
the procurements of the serv ices of a teacher,
in every icay competent. H. B. Hurlburt, Esq.,
the present principal, lias (if I mistake not,) had
cliarge of the school for two years ; his capabil-
ity to teach, his manner as an instructor, and
his habits as a man, have not to be learned,
they are known, approved, and appreciated.
Competent assistants are in connection; in short
we lack nothing but a generous patronage.
I would not arrogate too much to our own
school, nor would I in aught disparage the sur-
rounding schools of our own and the adjoining
counties, but must in all candor claim for the
" Washington Masonic Academy advantages
fully equal to any similar institution in this, or
any other State. Its locality, in point of beau-
ty of scenery, of retirement, with general lo-
cal advantages, is unsurpassed. The tone of
society, the health of the country, the mail fa-
cilities, with the present improving condition
of our town, all conspire to make it, if not the
best, at least equal to any, and can in confi-
dence bespeak the countenance and patronage
of a liberal public; may we not then hope for,
and in certain expectancy, calculate upon a
corresponding energy and effort, in behalf of
this, our highest interest, and in the assurance
of its beneficient influence, "witness the march
of mind and intellect, in advance of the great
moral and physical improvements to which the
growing importance of our beautiful and inter-
esting country so peculiarly points.
My limits being exhausted, I close, with the
hope that the Ranger will always be found
on duty in this cause. Yours, Z.
For the Texas Ranger.
Why not become a Son of Temperance?
Mr. Editor : But a short time since and it
required a man of more than ordinary moral
firmness, seriously to propound the above inter-
rogatory to his neighbor; intemperance had
become even fashionable among us, or, at
least, to such an extent had it been evinced,
that if it had not ceased tobe regarded as a vice,
it was so general to meet an inebriate in the
street,—so common, that we did not look upon
it with half the horrors it deserved, and it failed
to elicit feelings of regret, those pure disinter-
ested throbbings of philanthropy that should be
found in the bosom of every good man, seemed
to be lulled to sleep. So habituated had
we become to the sight of a drunken man, that
the awful consequenccs of the vice were lost
sight of. There seemed to be a sinful apathy
pervading our whole community upon this sub-
ject, a general willingness to tolerate an evil
that could not be remedied, a general acquies-
ance in a custom too universal to be uprooted;
not to the iliterate or vicious was it confined,
but it extended to every class of men in our
community, the professional man, the mer-
chant, the mechanic, the stripling, whose chin
had not even announced the approach of man-
hood—and here, sir, I would gladly stop, but
truth forces me to add that sometimes were to
be found in this groupe, those who professed
the mild and peaceful religion of our Saviour,
all congregated at our bar rooms, engaged in
the destruction of their health, strength, wealth,
temper, character, mental faculties, their use-
fulness here, capacity for business: in short,
everything that could enoble and elevate us
above the irrational part of the animal crea-
tion j had *.o yield a passing obedience to this
all-destroying, degrading and slavish custom ;
none seemed to have sufficient firmness to at-
tempt to stay the fell-destroyer in his progress.
The timid wife shrunk at the approach of her
drunken husband, lest he might discover the
tear of sorrow in her eye; the mother turned
aside to weep in sorrow, and send up her ori-
sons in secret to her God, for the salvation of
her boy; the little innocent, who had not even
learned to lisp the sacred and endearing name
of father, ran and hid at his approach; the
care-worn father, at the sight of his reeling and
staggering son, was forced to turn aside, and
acknoWlédge to himself that his teachings (if
any)Jiad been confined to precept, and not ex-
aifiple, that he too was a frequenter of grog
shops. The minister of the Gospel might
sometimes be heard, though in a gentle whis-
per, admonishing the intemperate of the awful
consequences of his sin—and in our private in-
tercourse with each other, occasionally might
be found a broken-hearted wife, a distress-
ed father, or a disconsolate mother, in gen-
tle, mild, and persuasive accents, endea-
voring to stay a loved one in his down-
ward course to ruin, but even these were
rare instances of interference—-it seemed to be
regarded as a general evil that must be endured,
the incubus was too great to be removed. The
temperate drinker, he who drank in modera-
tion, was the most vociferous in decrying
and railing out at the sin of intoxication,
while by his moderate drinking, he was
contributing more to the perpetuation of the
evil than any other man: the poor unfortunate
and deluded drunkard would take him as an
example,' and deceive himself with the fond
hope that h$ too could drink and not get drunk,
that he could quaff off as many glasses as his
temperate neighbor, that a certain quantity
was as necessary for his health, as vital air to
his existence, that a certain quantity must be
imbibed to produce a certain effect, that end
attained and he would cease to drink, and re-
turn home with his temperate dram-drinking
neighbor. I fear that these temperate drink-
ing men will have much to answer for, in a
coming day, n«l if the truth could be correctly
ascertained, it would be found that they have
and every department in
A«d now while we seem to step up, and
nay with propriety, cómtemplate growing, and
in our variedjelations and
we not prove truant to this, to
first and greatest duty, hut in true, Texas
and sea), foster and nourish our school;
nothing for complete success. The
contributed more to fen <
than Father Mathews*
done to extinguish it.
Editor, a new era
scourge with which we
about to be removed,
! fire of intoxication,
ice society has
it, thank God, Mr.
iwned upon us, the
been afflicted, is
íe which seemed
to be going over the whole country, like the
besom of destruction, is rapidly disappearing;
the sin of intemperance is rapidly waning.
" and young,
There are now many
rich and poor, high and low,
who do not think that it now
ordinary exertion, or an extra
firmness, to ask our erring
Son of Temperance, it is not
as a task, but is regarded as a pi
and the most modest and timid
now be heard every day at our
streets, even in the bar rooms, admonishing,
advising, and imploring their friends to become
Sons of Temperance. He who has grown
gray in the serv ice of Bacchus, is now constant-"
ly heard thundering in the ears of his friends,
the awful consequences of intemperance. The
young, who used to assemble nightly to play
ace uchre for whiskey, are now efficient recruin
ing sergeants in the cause of Temperance, an
find other and larger, more useful and interest
ing books, than the one of only fifty-ttco pages.
The hammer and the saw is now heard where
silence reigned a short time since, the lawyer
at his books, the merchant in his store, the far-
mer's calls to town not so frequent as they used
to be, the doctors services not so often needed
—and some ladies too I wot of, are more cheer-
ful, look better, more healthy and prettier, and!
arc more frequently escorted to church by the J
sterner sex : in short, one who has not visited
us for six months, could not fail to recognize
the change—the groceries are no longer the
points of concentration, the poor drunkard is
now seldom or ever seen in our streets, dram-
drinking has ceased to be our vocation, busi-
ness that will pay us has taken its stead, that
will pay in something more agreeable than
headaches. The preachers can now find atten-
tive listeners, and plenty of them too, in the
old dram drinkers and ace uchre players?
Would you know, sir, whence this wonder
working, magical change? For the informa-
tion of yourself, and readers, I will inform you.
The Sons of Temperance, with a firm, bold and
upright front, have buckled on their arms and
have waged war against King Alcohol, and
even the youngest, weakest, and most timid
sons hesitate not to cross lances with the most
sturdy followers of Bacchus. The same God
now reigns, that nerved the arm of David for
the conflict: he has given us tongues to speak
and persuade, and opened the ears of the err-
ing wanderers to listen, and they not only hear
but believe, they are daily ranging themselves
under our banner, and prove themselves effi-
cient and valiant fighters. Those who were
loudest in the Bachanalien revell a few months
ago, have now become leaders in the gallant
little band of the Sons of Temperance. Unity
of action, and devotion to the cause, must en-
sure success. Victory is certain, and e'er long,
the sway of Bacchus will have departed the
land, his throne will come toppling to the
ground—and if you will occasionally give me
a corner in your paper, you shall have an ac-
The Steamer Brazos is expected this
G. W. P. has said many good things, and
among the rest lie says that a newspaper is
like a wife, because every man ought to have
one of his own. Come Dick, Tom and Harry
and do your duty.
Married.—In this city, on Wednesday
evening, the 3d inst, by Rev. Mr. Baxter,
Maj. B. F. Rucker, to Mrs. Norwood, all of
From the flattering solicitations of numer-
ous individuals, we have determined to Pub-
lish a weekly journal of the above title in
the city of Washington, (on the Brazos) Tex-
In declining to trumpet the praises of the
"Texas Ranger" by a loud blast, there are
nevertheles, a few notes of introduction which
ce to the intended Journal demand to be
led. It is theeariiest object of the Publish-
er—and that object he will steadly and " assid-
uously endeavor to carry out—to take a dig-
nified stand in the world of Journalism; and,
whatever defects he may unwittingly fall into
in respect to the materials of the Ranger,
these shall never consist of any thing that
would be inconsistent with the established
proprieties of social life; and although he may
give his own views briefly and independently,
on the great political questions of the day, lie
trusts never to be found degenerating into
such abuse as characterze too many of the
newspapers of the age.
The undersigned flatters himself with the
possession of a considerable experience in
Newspaper management, and with a strong
desire to please—as his basis for the hope of
public encouragement; and it is trusted that in
securing the services of gentlemen of fine talents
and great political research, as regular con-
tributors to this Journal, a sufficient guar-
antee is offered for the quality of "The Texas
The political advantages of Texas are too
obvious to escape the attention of any one.—
„ , - • -r ó r rr, . J A*yast region, including from three or four
count of the rise of the Sons of Temperance m ^ndre(1 thouSand square miles of the most
our commmiity, and of their progress.
A SON OF TEMPERANCE.
To Remove Oil.—If lamp oil be spilled up-
on a dress that will not be injured by wetting,
lay it immediately in a small tub of cold water.
A portion of the oil will be seen to rise to the
surface; then pour off the water, replace it with
fresh, and still more oil will be seen floating on
the surface. Again pour on the tub anew, and
repeat the process till no more oil can be dis-
covered on the surface. Then take out the
dress and dry, and iron. No washing is ne-
cessary. If lamp oil, tar, or any other grease
is spilled on a white dress it can be eradicated
by washing and boiling in the usual manner.
[New Ilaven Journal.
Painting Houses.—Paint a
xenor or TTtrnmngs tarc m
ter, will endure twice as long as when appli
ed earlyiñ summer in hot weather, in the form-
er case it dries slowly, and becomes very hard
like a glazed surface, not easily affected after-
wards by weather, or worn off by the beating
of storms. But in very hot weather, the oil of
the paint soaks into the wood at once, as into
a sponge, leaving the lead nearly dry, and rea-
dy to crumble off.
Sympathy.—We are affected with delight-
ful sensations when we see meadows, flowers,
and trees. There must be some rooted mel-
ancholy in the heart, when all nature appears
smiling alxmt us, to hinder us from corres-
ponding with the rest of the creation, and
joining in the universal chorus of joy. But
the pleasure is still heightened, if we have
helped to raise a heart drooping beneath the
weight of grief.
Francis was the first monarch who intro-
duced ladies at his court. He said, in a style
of true gallantry, "that a drawing-room with-
out ladies, was like the year without the-
spring, or rather like spring without flowers.''
Scandal.—A disposition to scandal, is a com-
pound of malignity and simulation. It never
urges an opinion with the bold consciousness
of truthj but deals in a monotonous jargon of
half sentences, conveying its ambiguities by
emphasis. Its propagators lay a mighty stress
upon the " may be's," and " I'll say no more,"
"let us hope not," they do say," "and time
will show;" thus confirming the evil they ef-
fect to deplore, more under the semblancc of
pity and prudential caution, than they possi-
bly could in any shape, short of demonstration.
Observe the greatest reserve with persons of
this description; they are the hyenas of socie-
ty, being perpetually prowling'over reputation
which is their prey, lamenting, and at the same
time enjoying the ruin they create.
The cholera or the disease which has been
styled the cholera, is abating in New Orleans,
and the few cases that occur are said to yield
readily to medical treatment when a physician
is called in the early stages of the disease.—
The California fever seems to have supplan-
ted all other fevers, and the papers are filled
with accounts of the gold region, and the ex-
peditions of emigrants to the bay of San Fran-
Emigration.—A gentleman, just from Ken-
tucky, called at our office on Tuesday, and said
that the emigration to Texas, this season,
would be very large—that he had leit behind
him, between this place and Memphis, not less
than a hundred wagons. Since then, several
movers, with their wagons, have passecvthrough
We see by an article from the Bonham Ar-
gus, which we copy, that a considerable body
of emigrants is passing through that toWn,
crossing at Beals and other points above this.
To Perfume Linen.—Rose leaves dried in
the shade, cloves beat toa powder, mace scrap-
ed ; mix them together, and put the composi-
tion into little bags.
" Why do you not hold up your head as I
do 1" inquired an aristocratic' lawyer of a labor-
ing fermer. "Squire," replied the farmer,
"look at the field of grain; all the valuable
heads hang down like mine, while those that
have nothing in them,' stand upright like
He that ruleth his spirit, is better than he
that taketh a city
productive land in the world—enjoying a de-
lightful climate—people in a great measure by
the flower of our gallant Southern and Wes-
tern chivalry. Few portions of the globe are
to be found so rich in soil, or so capable of be-
ing rendered the happy abode of an indus-
trious and civilized community. For beauty
of scenery and salubrity of climate, it is not
surpassed. It is peculiarly adapted for an
agricultural and pastoral people. And no por-
tion of the world can be found that will yield
more readily with moderate labor, to the wants
of man. No wonder, than, that the enterpris-
ing citizens of other States are pouring into
this land of promise like an impetuous torrent.
As we intend giving, from time to time, a
fair and impartial description of Texas, through
the columns of the "Ranger," we hope to re-
t apniied to the ex-jjc&ivejj. Jiheml natiojiaga from .the citizens of
autümn-orTñ Win- 'Wic Statesassuring them that the paper
shall be well worth the subscription price.
The first number of the "Texas Ranger"
will be issued in January next, and published
weekly at three Dollars per annum or two
copies for Five Dollars, to be paid invariably
The Journal will be printed on superior pa-
per, with new and beautiful type; it will con-
tain as large a quantity of matter as any-other
Newspaper in the State; the letter press will
be diligently and carefully read, to free it from
typographical errors, and the press-work neat-
ly and clearly executed. J. LANCASTER.
BRAZOS & WASHINGTON
A RE now successfully navigating the Brazos
j\_ river, between Washington and the mouth
of the river, and are prepared to receive freight
and passengers at the different shipping points.
Arrangements have been made for speedy
re-shipment between Brazos river and Galves-
ton, by good sufficient sail and steam vessels.
It is intended that one of the above boats
shall leave Washington as often as once a week.
For freight or passage, application may be
i JosErn H. Wood, Washington.
Harris & George Butler, Velasco
George Butler & Brother, Galvémbn.
January 11th, 1849. janl6-tf
Arrival & Departure
A List of Letters,
REMAINING ill the Fost Office at Wash-
ington, Texas, on the first day of Jaanuary
1649, which if not taken out in three months,
will be sent to the General Post Office as dead
Allcorn John, 1
Arrington W. W., 1
Bohen W., l
Bleehcr I. G., 1
Buffington P. C., 1
Barker J. A., 2
Burchard F., 1
Brown W., 1
Brown J., l
Bales A., 1
Colburn H. J., 1
Calvert J., 1
CarotliersA. C., 1
Cox Jas., l
Duncan J. II., l
Duncan L., * 1
Faqua S., l
Fisk P. i
Adjutant Gen. Tex, 1
Glenn J. R., i
Graham J. T., 1
Gofie G. M., l
Greer M., 1
Greenwood T. C., 1
Gerolt V., i
Greer N. 1
Hodge J;, l
Harris P., 1
Ilaller J. or W., 1
Howth W. E., 1
Home J. L., 1
Ilolliday S., 1
Hanks J. S., 1
Harrison J. C., 1
Jackson M., 1
Johnson M., 1
Miller Col. R. C.,
Aliddleton J. W.,
MeFarland W. Y., 7
Neville 11. AV.,
Pearson T. II.,
Perry S. L.,
Pineknev T. S
Peter P. C.,
R ion Luke
Robertson Capt. J., 1
Smith T. D., 2
Sellers N., 1
Shepard L., 1
Shepard E. S., 1
Sypret Col. 1
Siseo John, 2
Slierrod AV., 1
Sherrod A., 2
Trask F. J:,
Tucker J. C.,
AVilcox J. M.
Ward T. S.,
AAliitfield J. O.,
Wilson L. J., 1
B. F. RUCKER, P. M.
AVashington, January 16th, 1819.
¿J ALYESTON MAIL via. Houston, Ham-1
\J len' and Perrymans. Arrives 12 M. on Tues-
days and Fridays. Departs at 1 P. M. same
AVestern Mail, via: San Antonio, New
Iraunfels, San Marcus, Austin, Bastrop, La
Orange, Rutersville, Shultz's Store, Montville,
aid Independence. Arrives on Tuesdays and
Iridays at 12 M. Departs on the sames days at
1 o'clock P. M. The above mails are carried
it four horse coaches.
Eastern Mail, via: Nacogdoches, San Au-
gtstine, Crocket, Huntsville and Anderson.-—
Arrives on Tuesdays and Fridays 12 M. De-
puts same days at Í P. M. Carried in two
Northern Mail, via: Boonville, Wheelock,
Eeloggs, Franklin, Springfield to Meltons.—
.Arrives at 11 A. M. Departs same days at 1
B M. Carried oh horse-back.
Southern Mail, via: Chappel-hill, Travis,
Skreáringens, San Felipe, Richmond, Big
Geek, . Brazoria to Velasco. Arrives at 8 P.la.
os Tuesdays. Departs next day at 6 A. M.
[n accordance with the regulations of the
P«=t Office Department, the above rfiention-
ed Mails will be closed half hour previous to
the* time set apart by law for their arrival.
B. F RUCKER, P. M.
THIS Academy is situated in one
of the most favored sections of
Texas; in point of health, it is not
surpassed by any other portion of
the country, situated on an eminence that
overlooks the surrounding country, and in the
inidts of a beautiful and pleasant grove, that
affords a delightful retreat to the student,
away from everything that has a tendency to
draw off the mind from study.
The Academy building is new and com-
modious, 48 feet long, by 22 wide, and two
stories high. This institution is under the con-
trol of the AVashington Lodge.
The Academic year is divided into two ses-
sions of five months each. The first session
will commece on the third Monday in Janu-
The course of study pursued in the Acade-
my is thorough and well adapted to fit the
student for the practical duties of life. The
pernicious practice, that prevails too much in
our Academies, of hurrying the student through
his studies without sufficiently understanding
them, will be strictly guarded against. To ef-
fect this, the teacher will give tlie classes fre-
quent and thorough reviews, by this means
they will be able to ascertain that each stu-
dent understands what he is studying;
Weekly excrcies in composition and decla-
mation will be required from the advanced stu-
dents, while everything like sectarianism will
be strictly guarded against, it will be the con-
stant care of the teachers to instill into the
mind correct principles.
The Trustees assure the public that none
but competent and experienced teachers will
be employed, and that they are determined to
make the school deserving the very liberal
patronage it has received.
Terms of tuition vary from eight to fifteen
dollars per session.
Board can be had in private families on the
most reasonable terms.
Dr. T. J. Heard,
J; L. Fakquhar Esq.,
AV. P. Rutledge,
T. P. Siiapard,
Washington New Store.
ALFRED J. AUSTIN & Co. are now
opening and will be receiving a complete
assortment of fresh and seasonable merchandize,
consist ing of
Dry Goods and Groceries,
Hardware and Cutlery;
Boots and Shoes,
Saddles and Saddlery,
Hats and Caps,
Queens and Glass AVare,
Ready made Clothing,
Fashionable Dress goods, in great variety,
Cashmere, Thibet, Wool and AA'orsted
Gloves and Hosiery,
Bonnets, with trimmings,
A great variety of fancy goods,
Together with ¿Imost every description of
Negro Goods, and articles for Plantation use.
This establishment is opened with a view
of keeping up a permanent supply of goods
suitable to this market. The patronage of the
Planters, and others of the surrounding coun-
try, is invited. We offer them our assurance
that they will be dealt with fairly;
Washington, Jan. 14th, 1849. janl6-tf
New & Staple Goods.
N CHEEK, grateful to the public for their
, patronage, now offers at his old stand in
the town of Washington, a general assortment
of Merchandize, consisting of Dry Goorls,
Cutlery, Crockery and Queens-ware, with á
good a«sortment of Groceries, all of which have
been selected with care, and acfeptation to this
market. His prices and terms, he hopes to
make suit his customers. Give us a call and
see for yourselves.
Washington, January 10th, 1849. 1-tf.
The Old Store.
rnilE subscriber offers his grateful aelulowl-
X edgements to his old patrons, and the pub-
lic generally, for their .former liberal patronage,
and begs to assure them of his readiness and
ability still to serve them. His stock is com-
plete, consisting of well-selected and seasona-
ble goods. He is at the old stand opposite the
Washington, Jan. 10th, 1849.' janl6—tf
Brazos River Steam Association.
THOSE subscribers win have not yet com-
pleted their payments towards the ■ capital
stock, will please do so without delay, aud re-
ceive their certificates, either at the office of
the Secretary, at AVashington, or frdm an au-
thorized ageut of the Association.
" L. M. 11. BUTLER, President.
JosErn II. AVood, Secretary.
Washington, Jan. 11th, 1849. janlG-tf
Columbus Insurance .Company*
NEW YORK AGENCY!
C An TAL 4- s URPL US $220,000.
ixsi kaxce on the brazos.
\LL shipments to our address, to and from
any j>oiut or place on the Brazos river,
from AVashingtoiUo Galveston, will be covered
by insurance in the above company under the
General poliey held by us:
Geo Butler & Brother, Galveston,
Harris & Geo. Butler, Velasco.
AVashington, January 16th, 1819. j-tf.
GEO. BUTLER & BROTHER, Galveston.
HAR11 IS & G EC). BUTLER Velasco.
WILL make cash advances ou Cotton, Su-e
gar, Hides, Arc;, consigned to their friends
in New Orleans, New York and Bdstpn.
AVashington, January lGth, 1849. 1-tf.
GEO. BUTLER & BROTHER, Galveston,
HARRIS & GEO. BUTLER, Velasco,
YTTILL make cash advances on cotton, su-
\ V gar, ñides &e., consigned to their address;
all property shipped by theln or consigned to
them will be insured from the time of lading uu-
der their general policy of insurance.
AVashington, January ICth, 1849. 1-tf.
Tiie undt r.-igned, having been appointed
agents for Hull iV Speer, of Pittsburg, are
pre)wired to take orders for their unrivalled pre-
mium ploughs, of all patterns and sizes.
(ieoroe Butler Sc Brother, Galveston.
January 11, 1819. janlG-tf
DURANT if HUTCHINSON,
Attorneys & Counsellors at Law,
WILL practice in all the courts of the third
Judicial District, and in the counties of
Grimes, Montgomery, and Houston. All bus-
iness entrusted to them will receive the strict-
est attention. jan 10—1 y
SR. ROBERTS, takes this method of in-
i forming the public, that he is still nt his
old stand in AVashington, where he Will bj
happy to meet his old friends and the tjavel-
ling community generally. He is prepared to
accomodate transient persons aud boarders, on
the most reasonable terms.
He lisis a good Stable, well supplied, attach-
ed to his premises;
Washington, January 10th, 1848. 1—tf
rpiIE subscritor would inform,
' _i_ the public that ho hat* op *ned
a Livery-stable in this place,
well provided with the best
provender, experienced and careful ostlers. Ho
will buy and sell horses, and will always l e
able to furnish Saddle or Jiarncss horses, at
the shortest notice, and at moderate rates.—
Hire must be paid in advance, and strangers
will be expected to give security for the return
of the horse, or deposit his value with the keeper.
Washington, January 16th, 1819. 1—tf
MY donation claim from the . Republic of.
Texas, for 640 acres of land; number not',
recollected, issued by the board of land com-
missioners of Fort Ben«f County, in the year
1839. If not found in sixty days, I will apply
to the proper authorities for a duplicate.
W. J. C. PEARCE
AVashington, January 16th, 1849. 1-tf.
THE undersigned would respectfully inform
his friends and the public generally, that
he has, and intends keeping on hand a gener-
al assortment of work in his line of business
He will at all times keep a good supply of
Hope's best Saddle Trees on hand, which will
enable him to rigg them to order, and at the
shortest possible notice. Reparihg done with
neatness and despach.
II R. CARTMELL.
Washington, January 16th, 1849. 1—tf.
THE undersigned takes this method of re-;
turning his patrons his sincere thanks, and.
to assure them of his readiness still to serve,
them and the public in all things pertaining to
his business, at his old stand in this place.
Work done with neatness and despatch, a(
prices corresponding with the times.
AVILLIAM P. RUTLEDGE.
Washington, Jan. 10th, 1849. jaul0-ly
THE subscriber, thankful for past patronage,
takes this method of informing his friends-
aud the public, that he has fitted up his new
shop, and will be at all times ready .to do his.
work with neatness and despatch, cdrrésppíúL
ing to the taste of his patrons, and the liieet
fashions of the day. JOHN BURSSEY.
Washington,, Jan. HSth, 1819. ,
To the Public^ ' «.
1AIIE Subscriber continues tore pair till kinds,
of AVatches, naipcty, Patent, Lever, Du-.
plcx, Horizontal and Musical Repeaters. Du-.
ring forty-three years experience, he thinks he.
is, or fit least ought to be, competent to give
Washington, Jan. 15, 1849. janlft—tf
ALL persons having demands against the
Estate df James J. Spann, late of
AVashington County, deceased, will present,
them within the time prescibed by law to thcj
undersigned, duly attested, and those indebted
to said Estate will make immediate payment
to JOHN K. SPANNj
Adm'r of J. J. Spann.
Washington, Jan'ry 9th, 1819. 1-tf.
ON the 10th day of November last, in New
Orleans, a draft on AVrightl AVilliarts &
Co., for ninety-five dollars, payable on demand,,
given the undersigned by Wiley Nelms, of Hen-
derson, Texas. .AlsO an order from Jefferson
Davis, of Mississippi, on Messrs. Laughlin &
Co., of New Orleans, for seven dollars, (daterf
not recollected.) This is to warn all jjersons,
from trading for the above claims, and also to:
reqtiest those, gentlemen who are authorized
to liquidate the same, not to pay any one but
the undersigned. >
January 1st, 1819. 1-tf
Almanacs tor 1849. .
JUST received, and for *ale at the Texas,
Ranger office, the Crockett, and Rough;
and Ready Almanac for .1849, calculated for
the meridiau of Texas. J. LANCASTER. .
• Washington, Teiss, Januar/, 1849. 1-tf
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Lancaster, J. The Texas Ranger, and Brazos Guard. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 16, 1849, newspaper, January 16, 1849; Washington, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth181514/m1/3/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.