Tri-Weekly State Times. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 7, Ed. 1 Monday, November 28, 1853 Page: 3 of 4

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route east and west, span-
ning onr continent from north to South,
embracing 20 degreess of latitude;
penetrating every State and Territory
in the Union, with all of its numerous
local, sectional and tributary roads con-
verging to a focus within our State,—
then will be exemplified to the world
a new problem in mechanichal arts, an
inverted artificial Mississippi, crossing
its natural prototype at their centers of
utility and vieing with each other in
their subserviency and accommodation
to the will of man ; gathering strength
and influence with its accumulating
commerce and travel, in its onward
march to its ultimate terminus at San
Diego upon the Pacific. Here again is
presented a new field, and this port
and road will elicit the commerce of a
new world. On the left, lies in exten-
sive chains, the silver mountains of
South America, from whose bowels a
continual stream of silver has been
flowing into the Old World for centu-
ries past. On the right, stretching far
to the north,«lies oar own golden coast,
impregnated with all the natural ele-
ments oi greatness. In front, the Pa-
cific is studded with gems of a rich and
opulent.traffic. Still beyond, the East
Indies and the Asiatic coast—here the
wealth aud skill of an hundred ceutu-
ries are gathered and hoarded, and lay
entombed'amid their countless millions
of people, which trade and treaties will
unlock and resussitate, and give an en-
ergy and activity, to iheir character,
commerce and social relations hereto-
fore unfelt, unknown and unapprecia-
ted. ■ . .
The cost of this road is an important
feature, and presents itself to the minds
of capitalists with great force and ef-
fect. We have the reports of three dis-
tinguished Engineers upon this subject.
Mr. McAlpin of New íork, makes the
cost of this proposed road from the
Mississippi tothePacific at $39,000,000
—Mr. Emery at 32,000,000, and Mr.
Marcy at 31,000,000, all of whom are
scientific and practical men, and per-
haps better acquainted with the prop-
er route, obstacles to be surmounted,
and the true cost, than any other per-
sons in the United States. The great
advantage this road has, and will main
tain with capitalists, in preference to
the more northern route, by Fulton,
Cairo, &c., is the distance from our eas
tern border 220 as to 550 miles on the
latter route, and one thousand miles
above by water, and if we look to the
navigable waters of Red River, it will
be as 20 to 550 miles of railroad con-
nection with navigable waters indis-
pensably necessary for the transporta-
tion of iron, machinery, cars. &c.. ma-
king an additional cost of .12,000,000
more from distance alone; and for con-
tinuing it after it reaches Fulton, (or
any other point on our N. E. border)
through our State will amount to 15,-
000 per mile more, and continually in-
creasing in amount for every mile com-
pleted west; besides presenting an
anomoly in trade, subversive of well
known and long established laws gov-
erning the agricultural products of the
South which invariably seek their near-
est port of shipment.
And, again, if the New Orleans and
Opelousas route is selected for the main
trunk, some of the objections just urg
edare equally as applicable, particu-
larly with regard to distance, cost, etc.,
it being from 350 to 400 miles to our
border upon different latitudes propos-
ed for said road entering our State.—
Besides, it would be out of the great
liae of travel and immigration; and cal-
culated to cut off a large portion ol
our agricultural product that would
naturally find a ready market at our
own and more immediate porta. These
objections exist with more force
against the two last roads, as main
trunks for the Pacific road, than as aux-
iliary branches to increase the divi-
dends of the central route, for when
once built, each will look alone to its
profits for remuneration, and whether
the concentration of said roads be in or
out of the State, its extensive connec-
tions will give its bonds a standing in
the financial world that no other stocks
have, or in all probability ever will ac-
quire. Estimates have been so fre-
quently made of the profits that wou!d
arise from the construction of this road,
that I almost despair of saying any
thing new upon this subject. Mr. Mar-
cy estimates the nett profits accruing
opon the completion of this road at 20
per cent„ independent of the bonus of
lands that will be granted by this State
and the General Government in the
territories through which it will pass.
But the great benefit arising from the
same, and the direct profit accruing is
to our State. eoUeativelv—fey defining
its entrance on the I3asi, near parallel
32 1-2 degrees as previously indicated,
from its contiguity to Red River this
road could be built to the Brazos or
Colorado rivers before it could reach
our border from any other quarter, at
a less cost of $15,000 per mile, which
is a fact that no railroad man will de-
ny. Its central position and direct
connection with all the great Southern
roads ; identified with us in feelings,
habits and institututions ; the fertility
of our soil, salubrity of climate and
facility with which nature has furnish-
ed the grade for the intersection of our
coast roads, penetrating and develop-
ing the agricultural resources of the
finest grain, cotton and grazing region
in our State, or perhaps now unexplor-
ed on earth ; settling, populating and
bringing into market a vast domain,
(over which the wild Apache and Co-
manche have roamed undisturbed for
ages past.) causing the speedy distri-
bution of millions of dollars among
our citizens for labor and {supplies.—
A spring-tide of immigration will fol-
low ; an influx of wealth; a new im-
petus to trade and commerce and new
towns and cities will spring up at al-
most every depot. These are a few of
the mighty results that will prove the
wisdom of the present legislature, and
cause the coffers of our State and peo-
ple to overflow with that abundance
that forms the wealth of nations. With
these prospects in view ; these great
objects to attain; these grand results
to consúmate ; say, if our State can or
should hanger dwell upon the proper
course to pursue, when our adjoining
sister States, guided and controlled by
towering intellects arc stretching every
nerve in pnshiug their preliminary sur-
reys across inhospitable deserts to con-
trol and secure our natural route, and
rob us of the golden prize that is al-
ready ripe, and hangs ready to fall into
lap of our people, unless we spurn the
precious boon from intermedling and
external interest from abroad, or inter-
nal dissensions and sectional jealousies
from within. Our future destiny is in the
hands and safe keeping of this Legis-
lature ; with them alone is it to say if
our future progress shall be onward
and upward; or if a leaf from the pa-
ges of the past shall form a transcript
lor the future.
W. R. D. WARD.
Austin, Nov. 24, 1853.
For the iexas State Time .
THE WIFE'S VIGIL.
by c. r. sc.
Oh tarry a while—let us leisurely scan
yon cabin away on the prairie—
It seems as 'twere shunning the haunts of man,
Tis so sullen, and lonely, and dreary!
Nochinkingthe rough logs between,
Deltly daub'd up with plaster of mould,
No door— oh ! it never hath been
To shield from the blast and th3 cold!
Are mortals now sheltering there,
'"Mid such loneliness, cheerless and gaunt9
Even so—'tis the home of a giant despair—
'Tis the birthplace of sicknessand want!
Oh lift that rent blanket a minute,
That plays such poor part for a door,
And gaze on the dwellers within it-^
Say, what doth thy vision explore 1
Oh! heed not the lightning and thunder—
Oh! heed nut the rain and the aleet—
Gaze on in duuib stupor, nor wonder
Why thy heart-throbs tumultuous beat!
How chill isthe chamber of death—
How dark are the depths of the tomb!
But the souls of the inmates that craz'd roof
beneath,
Outrival their horror and gloom!
By that darksome and desolate hearth,
A mother sits weeping and sighing—
While two shiv'ring prattlers, crouch'd low on
the earth
At her feet, are so bitterly crjing.
And alas! how she tenderly hushes
That sweet babe that clings to her breast,
While her lean hand so tremblingly brushes
Her tears, lest they trouble its rest!
How fast those few embers are quenching—
Down the chimney the cold rain is pouring—
Thrjugh the roof it is streaming and drenching,
While without the wild tempest is roaring.
The night —how inclement and cold—
Ah me! how her children 'tis fright'ning,
As pea; upon peal of deep thunder is roll'd,
'Mid the broad lurid flashes of lightning!
Yet, oh God! 'tis a vigil of love
That sorrowing mother is keeping—
And pray'rs of deep ferror are wafting above,
'Mid the might of her want and her weeping.
Pray'rs of love—righteous Heav'n ! For whom
Are such orisons piously utterM *
For a drunkard—in accents of woe and of
doom
The loud rolling thunder outmuttered !
Yea! for one, «whose drear home hath long
vanish'd
From his heart, or his soul's mental vision—
Who, scorn'd by his peers—from their dread
orgies banish'd,
Stalks abroad 'mid the wide world's derision!
What to him r.re that wife's burning tear* ?
What to him, though that fend heart should
break ?
: What to him the deep woe; that she bears
UneooiDUininjriv skill for t
"Oh! my husband! when, when wilt thou come,
Thine own with our sorrows to share?
'Twere far better borne 'mid thy own dear
home,
For love is still welcoming there!
Where art thou, dear husband? oh, why
thus unkind ?
My God! this is bitter to bear!
Oh! where ?"—the thunder and hurtling wind
Howl wildly and fierce—"oh! where ?"
He is grovelling in squalor and tatters, .
In a grocery corner, sunk—
And to any one there, oh! not much it matters
If the wretch be now dead, or dead drunk.
O'er his brutalized heart, not a thought may in-
trude,
As his swinish repose he is taking,
Of those innocent babes, beseeching for food,
And that womanly hearty that is breaking !
Aostik, Nov., 1853.
THE CÁFITOL.
houston, texas.
THIS well known Hotel, situated in the most
healthy part of the city, has undergone a
thorough repair. Ten new bed-rooms and a
large Social Hall have been added. The house
is now in all respects equal to any in the State
for comfort, both in winter and summer.
There is no bar in the House; but a well fur-
nished one is convenient. I have employed a
cook unsurpassed by any. A well furnished
and attended stable, with plenty of cistern wa-
ter, attached to the premises. An Omnibus will
be always ready to convey customers to and
from the boats free of charge.
I respectfully solicit the patronage of the pub-
lic. I promise my customer? fare equal U any
in the State, and if I fail of my promise, I will
make no charge.
T. B. J. HADLEY, Proprietor.
Oct. 29,1851. 16:::tf
WlMilAM OLIPHANT,
Watch-Maker and Jeweller,
CONGRESS AVENUE, AUSTIN, TEXAS,
|| AS located permanently in this city. He
W has on hand, and will continue to keep, an
assortment of fine Watches and Chains for la-
dies and gentlemen; Breast-pins, Ear-rings,
Gold Pens, Gold Thimbles, Spectacles, and
other articles in his line of business. He will,
trom time to time, make such additions to his
stock as th¿ wants of the market may require.
Hedetermined to sell cheap, and will war-
rant any article to be what it is represented.
He is in daily expectation of the reception
of a large number ot Clocks, Tools, and mate-
rials. 27
r R. W. MARTIN;
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
sam auou§ti e, texas.
Will act as General Land Agent for the
State, and as Collecting Agent for Eastern
Texas,
March, 16. 1S53. ]no40l
GUSTAVUS KIRCHBERG,
Blacksmith and Wagon Maker,
Congress Avenue, Austin, Texas,
HAS on hand a fine lot of material in his
line of business. •
He manufactures the celebrated Illinois
ploughs, known as May's patent^ which are of
a verj- superior quality.
For the purpose of making these ploughs, he
has engaged the services of a first rate me-
chanic, who has long followed the business,
and whose work will be warranted.
Gunsmithing will, as heretofore, be neatly
and promptly executed.
Jan. 12, 1853. [26:tfl
ALLEN <& BAGBY.
Storage and Commission Merchants.
CORNER OF MAIN ANO COMMERCE STS
Houston, Texas,
eAVE the moat exteuíive and secure accommo-
dation for atorase of Cotton a Merchandise,
imtnedialeiy adjacent to the Steamboat Wharf.
au*. so *
THE PRESIDENT'S HOUSE.
3* mrs. smith, wioow of the lat* j. S.
s o. smith,
Corner of Main and Preston sts.t oppo-
site the Post-office, Houston.
Rates of Board,
Per month, with Lodging, $16 0C
Per month, withoat Lodging, 14 00
Per day, (no40) 1 fl
RICE & NICHOLS,
HOUSTON, TEXAS,
Wholesale and Retail merchants,
REEP constantly on hand every description oí
Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware and Cutierv.
c6:lv Houston. Atwu«t 30.
WALSH'S LIVERY STABLE.
THE subscriber would
respectfully inform the pub-
lic, that he has ejected com-
— 'modious stables and car-
riage houses, that he is amply supplied with
provender, and is prepared to receive horses
at livery—which will be under his personal
superintendence. Horses kept to hire. He
also keeps on hand and for hire, at reasona-
ble rates, carriages and buggies. Strangers
wishing to hire, will be expected to give se
curity.
aer Stables north-east of the Orleans
House. D. WALSH.
Austin. Dee. 8. 1852. f22:tf]
w. 8. oldham. j. f. marshall.
Oldham & Marshall,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
city of austin, tkxas,
PRACTISE in the district courts of the
2d and 3d judicial districts, and in the Su-
preme Court of the State, and in the Unit-
ed States district eonrt at Austin. They
will also act as land agents and attorneys for
soldiers, or other hairs who are entitled to
lands under the laws of tho Republic of Tex-
o a A
F. BRICHTA,
DEALER IN
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Ready-made Cloth-
ing, Boots, Shoes and llats.
Also, keeps constantly on hand a well se-
lected stock of Gentlenen's and Ladies'
Furnishing Goods of every description.—
Corner of Pecan and Brazos streets.
Austin, Nov. 17, 1853. [1]
r. w. peirce. r. p. kelly. j. x. peirce, jr.
IMPROVED DAGUERREOTYPES.
Peirce, Kelly Peirce
U AVE associated themselves together,
in the Daguerrean art, in the city of
Austin, and are prepared to execute life-like
likenesses, of the latest and most approved
styles.
With long experience and close attention
to this most beautiful art, we feel confident
in saying, that our pictures will compare
both in the life-like expression of the per-
sons taken, and the blending of the colors
to nature, with those taken by the best ar-
tists in the United States.
daguerreotype excelsior i!
This imitation of "Miniature on Ivory,"
is the most beautiful improvement in the
art, and the most discerning eye but seldjm
distinguishes this from the reality.
Our instruments are the best, which ena-
ble* us to take pictures in all kinds of wea-
ther, and from the smallest for the ring to
the full size
We could give numerous complimentary
notices of our skill in the art, but only soli-
cit ladies and gentlemen to visit our room,
(over Morris' store on Pecan street.) where
they can examine numerous and elegant
specimens that speak for themselves
Austin, Nov. 18, 1853. [l;3m]
NOTICE
IS hereby given, that at the September
term of the Probate Court for Travis
county, 1853, David C. Edmiston was ap-
pointed administrator of the estate of Wm.
G. Shawn, dee'd. Persons who hold claims
against said estate are therefore required to
come forward and present them, and those
who are indebted to make ^kyment.
DAVID C. EDMISTON, Admr.
Nov. 14, 1853. [l:6wl
J. H.1LLIES & CO.,
Importing and Shipping Merchants
3ui?20 stsand— gtfvarfob'
NEW GOODS.
PALL AND WINTER, 18 53.
SAMPSON ¿f HENRICKS,
RESPECTFULLY announce to the citizens
of Austin, and Travis county general-y,
that they are now offering the LARGEST
and BEST ASSORTED stock of goods
ever shown in this county, which they will
sell at the lowest remunerating prices. The
stock consists in part of fancy and staple
DRY GOODS,
to which they particularly invite the atten-
tion of the ladies.
CLOTHING,
of every description, for gentlemen. Also,
boots and shoes ; hats, caps and bonnets ;
umbrellas and parasols ; paints, oils and
glass ; stationery and fancy goods , hard-
ware and cutlery ; india rubber goods ;
carpeting and oil cloths ; wood and tin
ware; plows and corn-shellers ; cooking
and parlor stoves; agricultural implements;
saddles and harness ; crockery and stone
ware ; furniture, etc., etc. Together with
a full assortment of
groceries;
and all otheyr articles necessary ||in a com-
plete stock.
S&, Particular attention is requested to
our superior stock of Watches and Jewelry.
sampson & henricks,
October—[no 17tf] Austin, Texas.
ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE.
AT the September Term of the Pro-
bate Court of Travis County, the
undersigned was appointed Administrator
of the estate of James Belden, dee'd.
This is to notify all those indebted to
said estate, to come forward and settle the
same ; and those having claims against tho
estate, «to present them duly authenti-
cated within twel ve months from date, or
they will be barred by law.
REASON B. PUMPHREY.
Adm'r estate of James Belden, dee'd.
Austin, Oet. 8, 1853—fnol7l
CASTINGS; side and ham Bacon;
Flour ; Sugar; manilla Rope and
x Cut Saws, just received and for sale
bv June 24 G. W. HANCOCK.
Miss c. e. townsend would
respectfully inform her patrons,
friends, and the public, that the 5feh term
of her school will commence on Monday the
5th September, 1853. Having built a larger
and more commodious building for her school,
she can accommodate a larger number of
scholars than before. Parents and guard-
ians trusting children to her care may be
sure of her best endeavors to promote their
intellectual and moral improvements.. All
the branches taught in eastern seminaries
will be taught in this school.
For terms of tuition and other informa-
tion apply at the school room near Judge
Oldham's, on College Avenue, Austin, Tex-
as. For reference apply to the following
patrons of the school:
Col. Thos. Wm. Ward; Gen. Johnson;
T. H. Duval, Sec'y of State; Capt. Connor;
TV*. Fr*Mrtn«. L Hont riP:4©1
LOST.—The lost certificates of hiv
rights of Young and Ewing Caruthers,—
Young Caruthers 1-3 of a league, Ewing
Caruther^ an augmentation of abojjjt 370
aores, issued Dy theBpa*¿-trTTland Com-
missioners ofJi&asWngton county.
Unless heard of within the time prescribed
by law, I wiM apply to the proper depart-
ment for duplicates.
ALLEN CARUTHERS,
Admr. of Young & Ewing Caruthers.
Oet. 29, 1853. 20-9w.
AR TIS T
qharles lavender, w Paris, would
respectfully inform the citizens of Austin
that he has taken rooms, and is fully pre-
pared to paint any portraits that the citizens
may^honor him with.
Austin, Nov. 1, 1853. 20
r. m. m'alpin. p a. mills a.
R. M. McALPIN & CO.,
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in Wines and
Liquors, 7 Canal st. Row, and 20 Com-
mon st., New Orleans.
%\TE invite the particular atfentiou of Mer-
* * chants and Planters to our very largo
and well selected stock of Fresh Groceries.
Nov; 4, 1853. [2-1:1 y
v
LOST OR STOLEN.
COME time during the month of October, ten
^ head oí mules, with Mexican brands, left
the range near the residence of Alfred Smith.
Any person delivering any or all of said mules
to myself or Alfred Smith, on Walnut Creek, or
(jiving information in regard to them, will be
liberally rewarded. WM M. FARROW.
Nov. 5, 1853. [21:3t#]
NOTICE.
THE undersigned has located perma-
nently in this city, and" will clean, repair
and warrant watches and clocks, and repair
Jewelry, Musical Boxes and Accordeons.
For Sale.—Eight day clocks, Jewelry,
gold and steel pens, razors and strops, pock-
et and table knives, door locks and latches,
hammers, candlesticks, coffee mills, flower
vases, powder, letter paper, flutes, needles,
sewing silk, silk gloves, small silk shawls,
vest and shirt buttons, toilet soaps', together
with a great variety of other articles too te-
dious to mention, which will be sold very
low for cash only.
Shop on Congress Avenue, two doors
above the late Lamar Moore's briek house,
N. B.—A lot of medicine on handL
JOSIAIÍ BISHOP.
October 22, 1853. 19m3
j. f. spencer; .
DENTAL SURGEON,
from shreveport, louisiana
IN tendering his services to the inhabitantso!
AUSTIN, and its vicinity, and asking for a
portion of iheir patronage, deems it prop-
er to remark that his attention has been
given to DENTAL SURGERY,in its va-
rious branches, for many years; and that
during this time he has practised in different
parts of the country, giving, wherever thus
engaged, entire satisfaction, and receiving,
as evidences of ability and success, high
commendation and approval. To those per-
sons who have had unfortunate experience
in the way of improper and unskilful Den-
tal operations, it is necessary * to say, that
operations on the teeth, unless performea
properly, are. dear at any price. That no
art can entirely réstore, and no money suf-
ficiently recompense the injury which is fre-
quently caused by unskilful treatment of the
teeth. He would call the attention of those
who are so unfortunate as to have carious
teeth, to the great object of h pride and
exertion of endeavoring to excel in the im-
portant art of saving them. Millions of
teeth are now annually lost which might be
saved, by timely and judicioas treatment.
BSu. Ladies visited at their residences, if
required. He would farther remark,' that
he has permanently settled in Austin.
Office and residence on Congress
Avenue, ooDosite the Methodist Church.
NOTICE.
NM. LUCKETT, the administrator of tho
• estate of Robert C. Todd, deceased, has
filed his.application, praying that an uncon-
ditional headright certificate for three hun-
dred and twenty acres be issued to the heirs
of the said Robert C. Todd. Notioe is
therefore given to atf persons that uuless
good cause is shown to the contrary said cer-
tificate will be issued by the County Court
of Travis County on the third Monday in
November next. A. B. McGILL,
Clerk C. C. T. C.
Austin. Oct. 29. 1853. 20
THE SWISHER HOUSE.
I^HE subscriber has rented the above
well-known house, and will take
possession on the first day of October next.
He will be prepared to entertain travelers
as well as it can be done in this part of the
State. The table will be furnished wit^ all
the market supplies. Every possible atten-
tion will be paid to boarders and travelers to
render them comfortable.
A plentiful supply of provender will be on
hand at all times, for horses. One of tho
best ostlers in the State has been employed.
lit short, the determination is to accommo-
date persons as it SHOULD be done, andi
to leave nothing undone that will give sat
isfacti,on to patrons.
S G- NORVfcLL.
Austin, Sept. 24, *53—-nolfttt
f UST recei*«d s d ft*
*■ Boots, bv
dwm, i'y
Austin. V-x? I. U53

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Ford, John S. Tri-Weekly State Times. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 7, Ed. 1 Monday, November 28, 1853, newspaper, November 28, 1853; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth181711/m1/3/ocr/: accessed August 10, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

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