The Weekly Southern Intelligencer. (Austin City, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, August 4, 1865 Page: 1 of 4
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«Hrfn It but * imp of biuj lifr?'
, •! U o'< , ...
Vadnwday and Friday, at 6
, every Monday, Thunday,
day and Friday, at 6
1 a Digeat of the
of Texas, in force,
itM under e eh amended or
n the daemon* of
of tie United
) bearing upon
I, M to «how
r alphabetical bead , analytically
trraoged, ih<* law in force, slid
. .ebts depend, o* wbich have been
k ial d«ciiioi«; ao •* to enable the
Jie Cuurta, to consult, ■■
the old law, tba nsi«ehie£
erins; the articles and the
j rf¡ «itk'nii, ha been observed ;
been roforsnce, by the Supreme
if the United átate , to either the
: OWJjiun if White, their number-
d, so to render many
L i will not be «o, when thane
i an appendix, which will
I United Btatea, and aucb
ate State " aa will be of
p a work bna been em:
neof the best legal mind ,
i of research «*♦
In* coul.i make J1,
■■ a Dollars
, Bfidit will be tent to their
;e be li t , the 6a|
l!y wishing o in-
1'seted to pay in advance,
g, will be at
or special amnesty, and to
g my services in the Eastern
t Will pi esentsupérior advantage ,
necííáarily involve soma «íxpenae
t Austin, or to I- A.
Notice will be
^ to me
bUíh this notice, at the
mmm' ' ■
in copies of the
I or PROVOST ttt HAH All (IENKHAL. I
¡ , June 28,1863.. J
t time. Their
, render wlch
, until per
9 USpiCM Of
burae in mind,
la well sap
„ , of LIQUORS,
, Mexico, coosistinr, in
', French Brandy and
Wine and Hock
and Arrie Punch; old
au*juiu Mm Anisette, and other assorted Liauors.
Also Choice Can Fruits, embrftsliw Pine Annies,
Peaches,, Peara and Prunes; nKgftysters, Sardines,
Pick'es, Worcester Sauce, Pepper Sauce and Tomato
ratt'aniff8^ V¿,lnl* T0fc,c00 HtT n Cigars, Oar
TheEMle&loM , formerly called the "Arcade,"
is oa the Avenue, omioeite die old SwMier house, and
has been purehaaed by the Proprietor and newly
fitted up j and is one of the finest Saloons in the
Sunny South. If you don t believe it, call and see,
where you will find the accommodating and attentive
John Robinson officiating. A. H. BARNES.
: A. PITTS-.
PITTS * HENfUCKS, _
mission Merchante, and
tin, Tbxm. WUI
ment, for sale or
and all kinda of
ronajfe of ¡
ve cm eonsicn-
Orders tor Mer-
attention. Every kind
MM ,,. llMl. . ins put
parties desiring to dispone of goods at auo-
will receive prompt
f Business attended to. We «oírit
E M. Pease, John Hancock, Geo. Hancock, Bremond
Si Robinson. Austin; H. E. McCulloch, Beguin; C. R.
U*reo'' Henrieks & Marshall, Houston;
W. C. Philips & Co., Gaiteston; Geo. Barnard, Wa-
co; C- K. Hall, Baatrop
1-4 ' July S7,*ie65.
WL. N1TS0HKK & CO., Upholsterer and Mattrass
• Makers. Have re-opened their Shop on Con-
gress Avenue, oppoeite K Tillm*n'« Confectionary,
where they are prepared to make and repair
MATTRAS ES AND PURNWURE of all kinds.
Pianos polished at short notice. Bed Furniture of
all kinds made to order, including Bed Clothing.
Old Furniture and Buggies repaired, and sold on
eommiuion. Gentleman wanting office* furnished,
o.R"_bo aceommudfted to their entire satisfaction.
l~W Tertn# c«ah. Country produce taken at mar-
ket price . 1 3—ot38
WM. H. OARR, Auctioneer and Commission Mer-
chant, Austin, Texas. Having been engaged in
the above business for the last ten years, can refer tn
T. Austin, Allen k.
all Austin (uerchants, and to Wm
Fulton, Houston; Searcy át Carter, G.W.Crawford
& Co., Galveston; C. K. Hall, Bastrop Sampson fc
Wells, San Antonio. XW Goods sold at Anction or
private sale, and beat market prices obtained. Con-
signments respectfully solicited.
Austin, July ¿8, 1-4
>TW4 bar k situated on the Avenue,
Kutherforí " ~ *
* Hector's. I?
A ii'-* -pv ... —
Havana Cigars and No. 1 Virgini^ Tobaoco. Gen-
tlemen who desire to be servad by an attentive bar-
keeper, in an orderly house, are solicited to call.
Best Saa Antonio Heer on-hand.
f C- PETMECRy, takes this method of informing
the citiien* at Auitin and vicinity, that he has
openaa hi* ¡ribop o On&greea AVnmta, Mill door to
the Avenue Hotel, where he is prepared to make and
irpair all varieties of fire arms. He solicita a share
of patronage, assuring all who may patronize him,
that his terms, and the execution of his work, will
give satisfaction July 5, 1865. 1-1—ot9^
WH. SHA up, respectfuHy announces to the eiti'
• zona of Austin and surrounding country, that
he has resumed his business of Painting, Glazing and
Paper Hanging He may be found at his old shop,
opposite Tillman's,, where he will be pleased to re-
ceive order for work.
Amtin. July 7,1865. 1-1—ot25
O ít. SWENSON, (formerly of Austin) Commiaiion
V Merchant, No. 48, Carrondelet St., New Orleans,
store No. 89 Texas Street, Shreveport For sale er
exchange for Cotton, Wool or Hides, (by the whole-
sale,; Dry Goods. Boots, Shoes, Hats. Rope, Nails,
Coffee, ftc. Advances made on Cotton and Wooi,
by W. A Wyman, Agent 1-8—ot5
, or in
. /andTtni _
r the issues, shall
i clsi* for suoh
of the common-
that ti e
SAI. SWENSON, Ceinmission and Forwarding
• M« iThmit, No. 48 Carrondelet St., New Orirans.
W ill roceire any produce consigned to him for sale, or
execute any order for Merchandise, acoempanied by
cash or shipment of produce to cover, for the best in-
terest of his patrons.
New Orleans, June 14,1865. 1-2—otl8 ■
f 1ABINKT MAKING —We have established oar
yf selves one door below Wm. Oliphant's Jewelry
EstaMishment, on Pecan St^ and are prepared to
execute all work In our line on the shortest notice, in
a manner lurpassed by none, for CASH. Orders for
undertaking promptly filled, and Hearse always on
ENGLAND It BfANNlG.
I carry but
■■i j circular ne
n*. A. ASS1G would respectfull;
" citizens of Austin and vicia
nentlv located in Austin, and offers his professional
service* to the public. He can be found at all hours
(when not professionally engaged) at his Drug Store,
In the Swenson Building, Congress Avenue, where
be will keep a constant supply of tresh Drugs and
CITY, FRIDAY, AUGUST 1 1865.
DMTAURANT AND BEER SALOON—the under-
ettention of the traveling
public, and all others to the fact, that he has just
opened a No. 1 Restaurant and Beer Saloon. Day,
week or month boarders, can be aeeommodatcd in
the most satisfactory manner. He will
ot PBUITB AND
T'ONARIES, Cigars and Tobacco, &«., fte.
1«3—ot5 J. Ú. KELLER
ÍU8TIN LODGE, No. IS, A. F. ft A. M—StMed
~ nee tinas every first Saturday night, each month.
Bro. Geo. W. G. Browne, W, M. Broi J. M. Mansfield,
J W. Bro, D. W. O. Baker, J. W. Bro. Swante
Paha, Secretary. 1-8
f ONE STAR CHAPTER, No. «, R. A. M , R.&&
li M.—Stated meetings every second Saturday night
in each mouth. M. F.. Henry Thomas, H. K . E. M.
H. Bowers, K. E. J. T. Haynes, 8. Cemp. Swante
Palm, Recorder. 1-8
ftOLORADO ENCAMPMENT, No. 4,
V (Meetings last Monday, 3 e'oloch,
months ot Fehri*ar#r M«T. August a
Sr. Kt. B.
Sr. Kt. Charlea Gil
Palm, M. Disp.
. p. m., in the
August and November.
Sr. Kt. E. M. Pease, G.
M. of P. Sr. Kt Swante
HOTEL.—This cummodious and
* *iouse has again been opened for the
in of the public. Situated in a pleasant
and retired part at the city, It presents many advan-
tage* to all who may wish a quiet and orderly borne.
Term moderate. M.E.PAYNE.
Austin, July 8,186.1 ^ ll-ot8
tABDhit * a, contthiiDg pa
0 be left with ¿am C- Scott at)
4--ot5 ir' LI
a quiet n
a variety of
cali and «*
Tailor. Thankful for past fa-
t respectfully inform the public
DBSspWlAtéved to the room formerly occupied
by Mr, Fearod, where all burines* ia hi* line will be
promptly kttonded to, and on liberal latms.
Anrttn, July 1 , I8&- W
>ING.—Mrs. rifrne can ««commodate a few
ntlemeu with board, at her dwelling on
jet She h#i rooma for two families, if
roorw are plcaaantly situated, aod in
Dlt. J. II. HEKNDON, office up stairs, Room No. 1,
ZHIers Building, Pecan St Mc* ages ean be left
at the * ie of Ut. Emanuel, in his absence from his
—A pair of
v'u'T'fJ.ir^A" — 7 ■ f^Trv-
•HANDLER, K. W., utom«y aM Councilor (at
> Law. A *:in. . M
WfclW, M, H., At ornay at Law, Austin, Tesas,
Office on Oongruss Avenue. M
ET, S. G., Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
pm'lf.J., AA L HH
at ijtw, c Avenue,Austin.
Attorneys and Counssl-
oey et Law, Noi l, A**'*
The Curreacy Daring the War.
The gigantic struggle through which we
hare just passed, will ever present a memor-
able era in the history óf our country. The
financial condition of the South has been at
once novel and startling.
In the early part of the contest, the gov-
ernment at Richmond to meet its pressing
wants, provided for the issuance of an im-
mense amount of paper money.
This being pat into the hands of army
contractors, quartermasters and conamissarieg,
quickly found its way to every part of tbe
south. Now ensued a scene in commercial
history difficult to describe. Gold and silver,
ever fearful of being depreciated by being
brought in contact with revolutionary money,
immediately withdrew from the public gnze,
and crept into the safe of the merchant, and
the stocking of the countryman.
In no respect behind, the several Slates is-
sued a large amount ot their noteB for circu-
Following tbe example of the Richmond
government and the Sutes, and big with the
importance of the occasion, each county of
each State poured its offering into the public
lap in tbe shape of a large amount of couuty
warrants, to be used as money, in sizes vary-
ing from twenty-five cents to ten dollars.
One would suppose that money would now
,ve been sufficiently plenty for all practical
et; "bue no—every man in business from
the first merchant in the city down to the ne-
gro barber thereof, impressed with the pov-
erty of the community, threw out upon the
public, bushels of shin-plasters which be
coolly ¿ave you in exchange for yeur state or
Confederate money: and blandly assured you
that it was quite necessary for the public
welfare, perfectly solvent, and «a elegant cir-
What, did it signify that his next door
neighbor who sold lager beer, would not re-
ceive it, but assured you that Ait money was
current ^throughout the city: or that tbe
druggist over tbe way who sold you a box of
pilla, declared that both were worthless; and
that he had only issued his tickets to supply
a great demand for small change.
This only argued uncharitableness, and de
tracted nothing from the intrinsic valae of
the circulating medium.
▲ perfectly anomalous condition of things
presented itself. Scores of men who sever
had an hundred dollars in coin at a time in
their lives, opened «hops, got a box of tobac-
co, a barrel of whiskey, and a few remnants
of dry goods; and began making paper
money by the thousands.
Bvery individual sovereign in the land, no
matter bow ragged his breeches, had his
pockets full of money, and could accommo-
date you to anything you wahtál, fróm a Con-
federate fifty dollar note down to a twenty-five
cent county warrant ; or from a five hundred
dollar four per cent, bond down to a ten cent
« Sour lake volcanic springs " shin-plaster.
This was the state of things in 1862. Dur
ing that year Confederate money fell to twen-
ty-five cents on the dollar.
In the ensuing year, 1863, it fell to ten
cents on the dollar: and in 1864, by the first
of July, it bad reached a point when it was
worth but two cents on the dollar or fifty for
Tbe existence of tbe blockade which .tbe
United States government had enforced since
the beginning of the war, prevented the mon
etary affairs of the Sonth from seriously af-
fecting the balance of the world.
Thrown eatirely upon their own resources,
the people depended upon themselves, and
tbe immense debt due by tbe government,
was due almost entirely to its own citizens,
who regarded its settlement as doubtful, and
as a matter of small consequence.
During all this timo direct taxet were levi-
ed apon the currency to better it.
These taxes, wbich for amount exceeded
all that history records, being ten, twenty,
thirty or even fifty per cent, were submitted
to and paid by tbe people with a resignation
which the patriarch of Uz might well have
The following scene wbich tbe writer has
located in tbe principal drag store of one ol
onr southern cities will serve to show the
reader bow business was transacted in those
days. Tbe reader may he assured that ft is
not, overdraw! iti ajty material point:
DRAMATIS FIMOS AS.
1st Proprietor exempt by being ovar fifty
24. John his clerk, oonseript, exempt by
3d. Charley, half-grown negro.
8cene opens ia the morning.
Enter proprieter Wearing
coat, and an air of settled determination ;
and Charley habited in a pair of breeches
one leg ot wbich is shorter than the other.
Fnp. « Charley, sweep out the establish-
ment ''—having sprinkled the floor with
" aqua pura."
Charity. 11 Here massa, de miee been mak-
a ness of federate money I spec."
" Damn those miee, heft's several
twenties gone; very well, go o* with your
Prop. « John please go out In town and
find out the value of Confederate money this
morning." Olerk goes and in a few minutes
Clerk. 44 Worth forty tor one this morn-
Prop. " Very well. Be so good as to step
around to tbe tax office, and ascertain if any
taxes are due this morning, and how much."
Exit clerk, and enter customer elad In a
spuirrel skin cap and six-sbooter.
Ciut. " Got any quinine?"
Prop. " Tes—do you want a bottle."
Cut. " Yes—how much is it? "
, Prop. " Pour hundred and eighty dollars."
John. 41 There are several taxes to pay to-
day, quarterly tax on sales, thirty per cent,
on profits, five per cent, ad valorem, and in-
Prop. " How mnch do they amount to ? "
" About ten thousand dollars."
" All right, he so kind as to pay
Mr. M. T. fuastall, probably the oldest
printer hi the South, saya the Quid Nunc, la
residing In Houston county. Ha. Is about 80
years old. Ha founded the Tennessee Ga-
aette, at Nashville, over 5ft years ago.
President Linéala was a mason and odd
The Bellville Countryman is rsvkedk
When girls go shopping, sajs an eachange,
they should not take their muthass along to
carry the bundlee.
The young mea of Crockett banre organised
a histrionic association There ia not ener-
gy enough in Austin to get out of a shower
of rain. ^1
The News saya thai the grave of a child in
Houston has ban dug up by somebody, and
the coffin opened, though tha contents
matned undisturbed. Object not
A theatrical company from New Orleans
are performing In Houatom
The Item saya the courthouse at Madison
burned to the ground. The records destroy-
ed. Supposed to have been done by impli-
cated parties with a view of destroying evi-
dence against them., JEtí' '
Clark James Webster, of Grant county,
Ky., aged ?4, is living with his fourth wife,
is the father of 45 children; has 80 grand-
children, and 27 great-greats. Nappy man.
Gen. Granger's headqtwirters be at
Slavery is no more. As to who is respon-
sible for tho change, or the means employed
to bring it about, It is useless, for present
purpases, to enquire. The fact exists, and
with the fact aloue we propose to deaL
The change, as it affects both our social
and political systems, is certainly a great
one j and its magnitude alone is Sufficient to
force its serious consideration «pon reflectin?
miude, Wise men will be affected by it, i"
they are by all great changes in nor
affairs. They will look the fact full:
calmly in the face, exercise their rear
faculties upon it dispassionately, and.
no biljs upon the future payable in >
misery unless forced to do so. That
within its V^iiom limits could ha
made perpetual, no sane man bal
that it could baW S term <
cxteadiug.nvea as far into the fotur
terra of its actual existence reaches a'
past, few will admit. All could rea
at some time its existence must tc *
and any who would take the trouble t
on the snbject, could see bow, had the
try remained at perfect repose, it« destr
must of necessity have been accomplish
Tbe natural growth of the slave race in .
section to which it was confined—ohaineu
down—would inevitably have produced the
result. The lengib of time required for tha-
complete accomplishment of the end by that
^^■1 means is a matter of speculation. But if we
note for his laudanum, which the proprietor ' consider the fact that already—prior tc 186G-—
hands to Charley with an arder to paste it j the bal&aco of emigration was in favor of
and put it where the mice can't get it. i the free States—we mean, that a larger num-
Eater a very small boy with a very large j ber of persons natives of slave States .settled
pipe in his mouth, and a bowie knife in his j permanently overy year in tbe (Vee States,
belt, who enquires if that establishment re- (than there were of persons born iu the free
deems its shin-plaster*; and having received j States who emigrated to tbe slavo States—
an affirmative answer, produces a torn bit of wo are forced to the conclusion that short
time, perhaps a half century would bore been
the utmost limit of its esieUuce. Thus its
" How do you take new issue ? "
" Twenty for one."
"How do you take one hundred
dollar bilis ? "
Prop. " Interest or non-interest ? "
Cutt. " Non-interest."
Prop. Forty for one, , with an additional
discount of 33} per cpnt., and ten per cent,
further deduction for each month since July."
Cust. " How much would that be ?"
Prop. " Uoodnep? knuws—tbere'i a slate
and pencil, figure it up yourself."
Cust. " How do you take fives 1" J
Prop. " Same as new issue."
Eater another customer.
2<l Cust. " I want one ounce of lauda-
Proprietor—takes a black bottle capable of
holding about a quart, and having poured out
an ounce of laudanum into a broken gradua-
ted glass measure, puts It in the bottle, stops
it with a corn cob, and sets it before the cus-
tomer who asks the price.
Prop. "Twenty dollars."
2d Cust. " How do you take one hundred
dollar interest bearing notes ? "
Prop. " Really I don't know their value."
2 d Cust. " What are state warrants worth?"
Prop. " Ten for ons."
2d. Customer—pays a torn twenty dollar
paper on which the number 26 can with dif-
ficulty be deciphered.
Having received five Confederate postage
stamps for this, he retires
Exit customers leaving proprietor and clerk
Prop. With emphasis, u we're a great na-
John—with equal emphasis, u unquestion-
The corn crop in North Carolina is good:
tbe wheat bad.
A Russian lady reoently presented tbe
Pope a pair of slippers, in which were plaoed
I$0,0OOf. In bank notes. Iiocal dares her to
do him that way.
The present va'uation of property ia Cin«
cinnati, is $48;250,000—an inorease of $14-
000,000 over last year.
ualwal death wnn rapidJ.v approaching, whito
the systetá of labor itself shutting out, « it
did In a great measure foreign emigration*
from our section, deprived na of the means to
administer that palliative, (not to tha disenso
itself wbich was past remedy, but to tbe na-
tion in whose political system it existed) the
only one, in the state of the life, that could
render tbe demise of the patient at nil endur-
able to tbe stieoessors. Por supposing its
existence to bnve been prolonged fifty years,
and the race to have increased at the same
ratio it bad increased for half acentniy past,
would not its natural death at the end or
that pariod have resulted in the pfr<nann*i
find exclusive occupation of the Slave taction
by the slave r*ce i it aocma so to me as be-
yond a peradveuture. ft.
Gent. Braxton Btuoa.—TlifsoUIaml
prominent citizen of Loniaiana, wboec
White laborers are all the g* in Houston, fortunes have been so varied during tüe
Forged bonds ou Cook county have beon ¡ ^ arrived in our city by tho
negotiated 10 tbe amouat of $20,000
Eighty-four thousand pensions have been
The yellow fever is reported at Little Wash-
ington, V. 0.
Tbe school interest is exciting aUentior.
throughout the State. All right.
The 74th New York are guarding Monnt
Vernon. The plaue is accesible to visitors.
Cotton is selling at Marshall at 30c. i the
specie price is 20c.
Gen. Ector has gone to school teaching.
He is principal of the Henderson Masonic In-
stitute. Success to hira.
Col. Sexton is at bis home in San Augus-
Mobile boat yesterday morning, and is
stopping at tbe St. Charles. Oen,
Bragg is in excellent health, and look
its though ho could "give 'em a little
more grape" yat, as in tho more hab
cyon and glorious days of the Republic.
Like all general of the Confederate
army, be recognize tbe march oí
events, and is only ambitions now to re-
tire, M before the war, and fallí!I the
dutíei o< an American citizen —Pwa-
The man who first discovered the OoiA in
Califirni*, was J.W. Marsha!!, Orí
who botlf. Oaptaia Suter's saw Will.
Water common?? Sijwnds wbeo converted
into stoam to 1700 times i!d hu"k
- . 1
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The Weekly Southern Intelligencer. (Austin City, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, August 4, 1865, newspaper, August 4, 1865; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth182332/m1/1/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.