Velasco Daily Times (Velasco, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 85, Ed. 1 Tuesday, March 15, 1892 Page: 2 of 4
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THE DAILY TIMES.
ISSUED EVERY MOUSING IIY
GOODMAN 8 MCFARLAND BROS.
From Times building, corner Front
and South Second atreet.
Single copy i) cents
One week 15 "
One month SO
One ycur- In advauce •5-00
One year In advuuee Ift.OO
Six months 8.00*
Three months 400
All subscriptions will be promptly attended to.
Adveutibino:—Rates made known
on application. Ail aubRcriptionH
and advertising must be paid
weekly. Foreign and transient ad-
vertisements in advance. No devia-
tion from this rule. No advertise-
ment will be received after 6 o'clock
The Daily Times will be found for
sale on all trains, boats and by all
Entered at the post office at Velasoo,
Texas, as second class mail matter.
All communications should be address-
ed to Daily Times, Velasco, Texas.
THE OEM OF THE OOA8T.
Fort Worth Gazette; October 2Htli: Tiib Vej.ah
co Times in the «em of the coast. Eight page*,
all home print, full of news and an bright and
refreshing as the gnlf water*. Tim Times has a
fine plant, Is edited by Qoodman & McFarland
Bros..and floats'on Its raflst-lievd "Deep water
aet—not a promise. Success to The Timkh,
M0I LAW IN TENNESSEE.
The inob law in Tennessee is
now in vogue and has been for
years. The latest infuriated body
of unknown men to do the lynch-
ing act wreaked vengeance a few
nights since upon throe negroes
confined in the Memphis jail
charged with murdering four depu-
ty sheriffs in a locality near
Memphis, known as "The Curve,"
while fulfilling their duty in at-
tempting to arrest a worthless
drunken negro. The mob forced
their way into the jail in the dead
hours of midnight, and took the
negroes out to an old field near
the city and shot them to death.
Their bodies, as they lay with
their faces heavenward, when day
light dawned, were mute remind-
ers of the terrible work, but not
the slightest trace of the perpe-
trators oí the daring deed could
be found- Mob law is ruinous to
the upbuilding and prosperity of
any state, and should be suppress-
ed. In the mean time the courts
should give justice to whom jus-
tice is due, and not allow the sil
ver dollar to predominate.
-dig that canal.
The Texas legislature convened
in extra session yesterday at high
noon, and it is said that the solons
are there in great droves.
Every member and all who wish
to join, should attend the meeting
of The Times Democratic club to-
night, as business of vital impor
tance will be transacted.
Senator Kimbrough, of Dallas,
is strictly for Hogg and Chilton,
notwithstanding the fact that his
constituents are unanimously for
Clark and Mills. The senator will
be in the soup after this term, if
he is not careful.
The members of The Times
Democratic club will meet in the |
Smith building to-night at S o'clock
sharp, to hear from the committee
appointed at the last meeting to
draw up the by-laws and consti-
tution. Come out and hear the
Brenham Banner: The Demo-
cracy of Brazoria county held u
rousing and enthusiastic meeting
at Velasco on Saturday night at
which patriotic resolutions were
adopted endorsing Hon. U. Q.
Mills, and instructing their repre-
sentative to cast his vote for tli.it
matchless leader of tariff reform
for the United States Senate.
A FEW FACTS.
In another column of to-day's
Times will be fouud a communication
from Dr. E. S. Weisiger, champion-
ing the cause of Dr. Swearingen, our
present S.ate health office. Dr.
Weisigur takes oflunae at The Times
because it called Dr. Hwearingen a
"quack" in speaking of the State
health department. Kight here it
might be said that we have uo retrac-
tions to make and will prove with
official data that our assertion Immi-
nently just. It mieht be said how-
ever that we did not refer to Dr.
Swenriijgen as a "quack," as a prac-
ticing physician uor to hia personal
record, but as chief executive of the
quarantine system of Texas upon
which the assertion was based and
we will give facts to justify and vin-
dicate the attack. In his communi-
cation Dr. VVeisiger says: "No one
acquainted with Dr. Swearinger and
his official acts can say that be is in
Here is where Dr. Welslger makes
a broad and flaccid assertion as
will be proven by the following facts.
It will be remembered that from 1837
to 1867 there never was two yeara con-
secutive in the cities contiguous to
our coast between the dates that yel
low fever was not epidemic in some
one of them. Dr. Robert Rutherford
seeing how the people were being
butchered and the state rapidly being
torn to pieces by the ravages of this
dreadful scourge, went to work and
organized the present quarantine sys-
tem in 1878 and was appointed state
health officer in 1870 by Governor
Roberts and since that time yellow
fever has never invaded Texas but
once—in the year of 188'2—while the
high and responsible office of state
health officer was being filled by Dr.
Swearengen, who Dr. NVeisiger says,
"his official acts are in no way defi-
cient." Under Dr. Swearengen's
wise (?) rulings yellow fever entered
Texas from Mexico and became a very
serious matter and would have swept
the state scattering ruin and death
among her happy And prosperous peo-
ple had it not been for the effective
and skillful work of the United
States Marine Hospital service. That
the invasion of this epidemic was
duly tracible to the non-enforcement
of the rules governing quarantine
and for want of executive ability of
the officer (Dr. Swearengen) who had
been entrusted with the direction of
our only source of protection will be
readily seen from the review of tho
history of this epidemic and its man-
agement. It is clear that our State
quarantine system under 'the direc-
tion of Dr. Swearengen when tested
by invasion of a dreadful scourgo was
such a complete failure that Governor
Roberts was compelled to invoke the
aid of the United States government
for effective service to stay the dread-
ful plague and as proof that the IT. S.
marine hospital service did protect
the people of the state and did stand
between them and a dreadful scourge,
and that the state management was
negligent and inefficient, a few ex-
tracts from the statements of Surgeon
General Hamilton of the U. S. Marino
Service in the report of the secretary
of the treasury on the administration
of the quarantine service, Feb. 23,
1884. Ata meeting of the committee
on public health of the house of rep-
resentatives in regard to the epidemic
"At the time we took charge in
Brownsville rofugeswere leaving that
city fleeing across the river from Mex-
ico, and it was necessary to establish
what wo termed an outer line. This
line extended from Laredo to Corpus
Christ! on the south line of the rail
road and was about three hundred
miles long. It was intended to keep
it open for ten days until we could get
our forces in Brownsville. The sur-
geons, supplies, etc., Hie shorter line i
then being established there, the up-
per line would be discontinued. That'
line was therefore established as a
preliminary measure. Refuges were
stopped, and examined; some actu-1
ally had yellow fever while traveling
on this road, extending from Browns-
ville to Corpus Christ!; they were iso-
lated by Dr. Spohn's order. In the
mean time a revenue cutter stationed
at Galveston was directed to take
supplies to Brownsville; she started
with the supplies, nurses, assistant j
surgeons in charge of Surgeon Mur-
ray of the marine hospital service.
On his arrival in Brownsville he
opened a Hospital, took entire charge,
furnished all the medicines and treat-
ed all the sick that would apply or
were sent there; night and day those
men worked to accomplish what the,>
did, and to save life. In about fifteen
days, for it was not practicable to do
it sooner, a shorter cordon line wa$
established extending from Santa
Maria on the Rio Grande to the mouth
of Arroya Colorado at the gulf. After
that had been established, as we
deemed a.suffieiedt length of time to
demonstrate no yellow fever was out-
side of t he Hue, we intended and en-
deavored to discontinue, as mv orders
will show, the outer Hue. But in the
mean time the epldcmlc spread ou the
Mexican side ol the river. I extend-
ed from Matamoras to Mier, Guerro
and other place#. We were obliged
to seize the small boats on the river
and to excercise on arbitrary authori-
ty, which however, was sustained by
the govern* of Texas."
It will be^jeeu by the careful read-
ing of this that the surgeon general
when he uses the word we, means
the United States Marine Hospital
Service, and that they were doing the
work necessary to protect the lives
and business interests of the people
of Texas, notwithstanding there was
a well organized state quarantine sys-
tem, with laws and appropriations
and an executive officer, who was
near the scat of the epidemic from the
first appearance of the fever. Again
as proof that we had to rely wholly
upon the U. S. government or be
scourged, we quote Governor Roberts'
letter to Hon. John M. Tar bell, mayor
ol Pensacola :
"Executive office, Austin, Texas,
Oct. 17, 188ar-Sirs; Your communica-
tion of the 11th inst., requesting a
written opinion fiom me on the effi-
cacy of the cordon thrown around
Brownsville by tjie marine hospital
authorities has been received and af-
fords me great pleasure to submit the
following in answer: The immediate
effect of the cordon was to allay ex-
citement along the border counties
Other quarantine Hues weredrawn by
the county and state beyond the cor-
don referred to, but as iufection never
reached the reserved guards it is con-
clusive evidence that the marine cor-
don was not brokeu. The few cases
of yellow fever occurring on ranches
adjacent toBrownvilleand within the
circle of guards, would force the infer-
ence that, the poison would have
reached the interior but for the quar-
antine. All things considered the
effort made to protect the state from a
general epidemic was a perfect success
and the people of Texas gratefully
appreciate the intelligent and prompt
assistance rendered by the marine
Again we quote from a statement
by the citizens of Brownsville and
"That Dr. Murray and the marine
hospital service deserve the gratitude
of the entire people of Texas, and the
former should be held in special re-
gard and receive substantial proof oí
which he is held.
Statement of citizeus of Hidalgo
oounty, Texas, May 1, Í883, with
seventy-two signatures, an extract
from which is as lollows:
"With a river frontage of one hun-
dred and fifty miles or over, with nu-
merous crossiug places easy of access
to guard, with Carmargo and Mier
and numerous large ranches on the
river bank thoroughly infested with
yellow fever, from which, perhaps two
thousand persons died, we owe our
safety to the unremitting vigilance of
the qarantiue guards. That they
were well organized and effective in
the discharge of their duties is due
entirely to Surgeon R. D. Murray and
his assistaut in this county. To their
careful attention we" owe the safety of
our lives and that of our families."
Extracts from statement of acting
Assist Surgeon Finney of the marine
hospital service to Surgeon Murray
March 21, 1883, is as follows :
"The mayor is correct when he says
the disease spread among the ranches,
and was seldom fatal, but he neglect-
ed to add that its mildness was prin-
cipally due to the prompt attention of
the marine hospital service."
Extracts from statement of acting
Assistant Surgeon J. E. Burke, ma-
rine hospital service, to Surgeon R. D.
Murray, March 24, 1883, is as follows:
"According to the decision of the
governor of the state, Surgeon Mur-
ray and the deputy state health offi-
cer had 'absolute' control of quaran-
tinematters and all authority of the
state was invoked by him to sustain
Maj'or Tabell's questions to Mayor
Carson in regard to the Texas epi-
demic of 1887 and Surgeon Murray's
answers to same, March 8,1883:
Question —How long after the dec-
laration of the epidemic before the
cordon was completed?
Ans.—Yellow fever existed in
Brownsville aud Matamoras early in
July. The disease Avas considered epi-
demic in Brownsville August 7; the
marine hospital service relief party
arrived August 27; the Arago cordon
was placed around Brownville during
Ques.— Do you think without the
cordon and its influence the plague
of yellow fever would have been any
Ans.—Ves, the devastation would
have been terrible; the influence of the
cordon brought peace and healing to
Brownsville and the district within
theArogaand aided in preventing
the fever from passing into Texas
along a river distance of two hundred
miles. Had Thomas Carson been on the
alert in June I would not have the
task of writing this."
Surgeon Murray of marine hospital
service makes clear that with proper
vigilance at the Matamoras Ferry in
June the yellow fever epidemic would
rot have existed in Texas. The state-
ments of the surgeon general of the
I'nited States Marine Hospital Ser-
vice and Surgeon Murray of marine
hospital service and their assistants
with statements of citizens in the in-
fected districts as quoted show plain-
ly that the State quarantine servlce
under Dr. Swearingen's management
was a complete failure and that the
state of Texas would have the
drapery of sorrow and death cast
about her by the negligence and in-
efficiency of that service. If the dis-
ease in its rapid progress of destruc-
tion aud death had it not been stayed
and obliterated by the efficiency,
skill and executive ability of the
officials of United States Marine
In conclusion, we hope that our
friend, Dr. Weisiger is thoroughly
satisfied that he ha<j been led astray.
More anon, if necessary.
MARTENS X 8ILVEN,
ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS,
LEWIS R. BRYAN,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW.
(Office Over Postoffice)
Will practico in the eou rts of Brazoria, Matagor
da aud adjoining counties.
The Reporter says a great many
of Abiline's leading business men
who were ardent supporters of
Governor Hogg two years ago,
I are now rampant Clark men, or
"anybody to beat Hogg." Such is
the cry from all over the state.
It is quite refreshing now to
note the change in the editorial
tone of a vast number of the East
Texas daily papers. Two years
ago there were only four papers
east of the Houston and Texas
Central railroad that were opposed
to Hogg and that made an aggres-
sive fight against his policies, his
methods and his attacks on capi-
tal. Those papers were the Live
Oak News, of Hunt county, the
Marlin Ball, under the able man-
agement of T. C. Oltorf, the New
Birmingham Times, edited bj
Chas. A. Edwards, and the Lime-
stone New Era, by McFarland
Brothers. The course of these
papers have been vindicated by
the results of Hogg's adminstra-
tion and this year two-thirds of
the East Texas press oppose Hogg.
EVERYBODY CALLS ON
G. H. VICE
FOR THE FINEST KINDS OF
Beef, Mutton, Pork and Sausage
On S. 2il But. Avenue A and B.
<^Wc deliver orders to nil Bestaurants, Chop
Houses, etc. Would he pleased to have you
give ine a call.
FORMERLY OP GALVESTON,
Han opened a shop in this city, with hcadquar-
t rs at Gordon A Harrison's furniture store,
where he is prepared to tit you with a suit of
clothes of the latest style. No fit no pay.
AGENT FOR LEMP8 BEER,
VELASCO, . TEXAf.
lee Cold Beer Always ou Hand, All Orders
Corrected Daily by Bartlett & Wil-
liams. Commission Merchants.
(Successor to Atkinson it Williams.]
Boyd & Mayfield,
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS.
Office over Miller & Matkin's Drugstore.
Store, Cor. Ave. Cand S. 2d Sts.
The poor treated without charge from 4 to 6
and from 7 to 8 p. m.
Vela sco, - ex.
R. E. MURRELL,
Vki.asco; Texas, March 15. 1892.
Trade duritur the week has been q title dull
tut was <|iiitc active to-day. The supply of
I country produce is small,
We quote best straight Pattent Flour at 5,75.
Following were the ruling prices for March 14
Chickens •-•liens at 4.50.
Axle Grease Diamond 55 and GO. Golden (¡5
Ammunition . Powder 6 1-2 and Blasting
.'¡.10; Shot Drop, per sack, 81.(JO and 31.75; Buck
1 85 and $2 10.
Bagging and Ties. Bagging 1?4 and GK—
and 8; Arrow Tie 1 50,
Beeswax i 20c; Yellow 10c
Houey in comb 15@20c; per bucket ÍI.75.
Bacon-Short clear, 7?*: Breakfast 10c,
Butter—Western 22!ae and 24c; Fresh Texas
Country 10c and 20e; Fancy Creamery 27c and
Bran—91c for 100-tb sack lots at mill
Candy Plain Stick 7!¿; Mixed 8!i; Fancy
Mixed, in pails 9c, in cases 11), and 13.
Can Goods 21b standard ; strawberries 81.35;
pineapple, standard. 81.35; seconds 81 15; pears,
standard, 81 35; peaches, standard. #1,40; seconds
81.25; 3lb standards 82.00; blackberries 95c M;
marrowfat peas 81,40 and 81,45; Lima beans 81.10
and 81 15; corn ranges from 81 10 Ut8l .45; toma-
toes '¿lb 90c, 3lb #1 15 to 81 20: ovtesrs, light
weight, lib 75c, full weight ltbDSc to 81 05;
sahuon, Itb standard, 81.35 and 81 75: apples. 31b
cans, 81 35; corned beef, lib, 81 65, 2tb 82 50.
Chipped Beef 82 50.
California Can Goods peaches, 2'i lb 82 75c
pears 82.00; apricots 82 20; plums 81.95; tila;k
cherries 82 95; white cherries 82.90: grapes 82 00
Cheese—Western cream 11 and 14 V: Swiss 30c.
Coffee—Ordinary, 10c; good ordinary, lliJi to
19c; fair. 17'ic; prime, 19V; choice, 19?ic; Cor-
Corn meal. 3 .40; grits 83 00. hominy 83 50.
Candles. .Star 10',' and i le; parall ne 12 and
Dried Fruits—Peaches, evaporated, 14@15c;
evaporated impeded 9 and 10c apricots, evap-
orated 13 and 14c; apples, evaporated, 10 and lie.
Eggs, case included, 15c
Flour—Best Patent, 5 25. to 5.75
I Fruits, etc—Apples 8375. and 83.75; bananas
1.50 and 82; citrous 27'ic: Louisiana organges
! 3 00 to 3 .75: pineapples 81.50 per dozen: Cali-
j furnia pears 83 75 to 4 00; coeoanuts 84 per 100
I (lame Ducks, per down, 1 25®81 50: Snipe,
i per dozen, 8(ic to 81 00: Squirrels per dozen 81.00
to 1 10. Venison carcass, 0,','c; hams,11c; sad-
I die 19c.
IIay---Choiee Western Timothy 818 and 819 in
I 100 bale lots: Forney 815 to 816
I Hides—Dry Hint selected 7c- salt5c; wet salt Sc.
Hams—Standard brands, 10c and 10'i: Califor-
i Lard—Rcilned tierce, 57£c: cans in cases, 6 @
fi.'a: fancy 2c higher
Molasses—Centrifugal fair 20 and 22l,<; prime
25 to 27c; choice 31 to 33c Open kettle, fair 33c;
prime, 35c: choice 40 Syrup 35 to 40c.
Onions—Spanish, 81 75 per crate: Western,
81.35, per bushel.
Potatoes Western 85 to 90c: sweet potatoes
Poultry IIens83 50aiid 4.00: cocks 2.75 and
3 (HI- turkeys 811 to 814.
Kaisins California M boxes 82 00: California
LL boxes 82 25 to 82 50.
Ri<-c—Louisiana head, fiVc; prime 5,'s'c.
Halt---Otarse, 81.10; tine 2 00.
Sugar--Stnndard granulated, 4ti'@4* e; strndard
A 4s,c: loi f 5 , Louisiana yellow 3V: white
1' Open kettle, as quoted, fully fair 2V: good
Ciiir 2 to 2 11-16: common to good common 3,t:
Centrifugal off t.> cholee white 3 #; prime
yellow clarified 3'¿ to 3 9-16; seconds2S to 2 3-10
Vegetables■••('hnicc northern cabbage, ¡82.75
blaekeyed peas or white Means IV.
General Land Agent
Dr. J. V. Braham
Bridge and Crown Work a Specialty
Office Hours: From !) to 12 a. m.
and from 1 p. m., to 5 p. m.
Office, Cor. Ave. C and South 2d St., over Mav-
Held & Shannon's drug store.
Lunch served at all hours day or night.
JOHN KEMPE, Proprietor
. A. MOB, Mil,
OFFICE IN IUMLBIN0 with
Cor. Ave. b and South 2d St
OPPOSITE HOTEL VELASCO.
DR. G. S. SMITH
Office: Ave. B, Opposite Hotel Velasco.
C. G. SHOELER,
WATCHMAKER i-I AND I-I JEWELER,
Watch carving from photographs. Call and ¡ex-
amine my goods.
R. O. COPELAND & Co
DEEP WAETR JEWELERS.
Avenud C, next U> Snyder building, cany a line
of Watches, Clocks, .lewelery and Silver-
ware. All repairing «lone prompt-
ly and Satisfaction Guaranteed
W M Ilol.l.ANl'
W T lf-vy
Holland & Levy,
VELASCO, - • TEXAS.
Tfie Fíáeity and Casualty
Aootdent, Insurnnoe Co.,
OF NEW YORK,
O. S. Cleveland,
Agent for Velasco and Quintana, Texas,
Office at Quintana.
I: deliver : policies : on : taking : application.
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Velasco Daily Times (Velasco, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 85, Ed. 1 Tuesday, March 15, 1892, newspaper, March 15, 1892; Velasco, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth185226/m1/2/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .