The Southern Mercury. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 2, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 12, 1893 Page: 15 of 16
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January 12, 1893.
SOUTHERN MERC UK Y,
MATIOHAL FARMERS ALLIANC1 AMD INDUS-
H. L. Louck, President, South Dakota.
Marion Butler, Vice-President.IN. Carolina.
L. K. Taylor, Secretar;-Treasurer, Tennessee.
Ben Terrell, Lecturer, Texas.
T. L. Louck, Chairman,
i. Leonard, Missouri,
taiih Page, Virginia.
I. E. Dean, New York,
R. C. Deming, Pennsylvania,
P A.Southwortli, |
A. R. Cole,
r. W. Beck, i Judiciary Department.
M. D. Davie. j
L. P. Featherston, j
Mann Page, > Legislative Committee.
W. F. Qyinne, i v
The Secretary and Chairman of Executive
Board are located at 239 North Capital street,
Washington, D. C.
The President's office is 344 D. street, Wash-
ington, D. C.
President, R. A. High, Blooming Grove, Texas.
Vice-President, S. C. Cranberry. Austin, Tex.
Sec-Treas., Miss Fannie Moss, Cleburne, Texas.
Lecturer, H. 8. P. Ashby, Smithfleld, Texas.
Gen. H. K. McCulloch, Seguin, Tx I
O.L.Clark, Huckaby, Texas. > Executive
J. W. Biard, Lonore, Texas. ) Com.
Kvan Jones. Dublin, Texas, I
Jno. O'Byrne, Oladewater Texas VJudiolary
B, F. Sterling,
Nation \l Economist, official organ Nation-
al Farmers Alliance and Ipdustrial Union,
Washington D. C.
Adopted at Ocala and Reaffirmed at Indian-
apolis and Memphis.
1 (a) We demand the abolition of national
(b.) We demand that the government shall
establish sub-treasuries in the several states
which shall issue money diroct to the people
at a low rate of tax, not to exceed 2 per
cent per annum, on non-perishable farm
ftroducts and also upon real estate, with prop.r
imitations upon the quautity of lana and
amount of money.
(c.) We demand that the amount of the cir-
culating medium bo speedily increased to not
less than 850 per capita.
2. We demand that congress shall pass such
laws as will effectually prevent the dealing in
futures of all agricultural and mechanical pro-
ductions; providing a stringent system of pro-
oedure in trials that will secure prompt
conviction and imposing such penalties as
Shall secure the most perl'eot compliance with
J. We condemn the silver bill recently pass-
ed by congress, and demand in lieu thereof
the free and unlimited coinage of silver.
4. We demand the passage of laws prohibit-
ing alien ownership of land, and that congress
take prompt action to devise some plan to ob-
taita all lands now owned by aliens and foreign
syndicates, and that all lands now held by rail-
roads and other corporations in exoess of such
as are actually used and needed by them be re-
claimed by the government and held for ac-
tual settlers only.
5. Believing in the dootrine of equal rights
to all and special privileges to none," we de-
fa) That our national legislation shall beso
framed in the future as not to build up one
lndustnr at the oxpense of another.
(b.) We further demand a removal of the
existing heavy tariff tax from the necessities
of life that the poor of our land must have.
(a) We further demand a Just and equitable
system of graduated tax on incomes.
(d.) We believe that the money of the
country should be kept as muoh as possible
in the hand9 of the rpeople, and hence we
demand that all national and state revenues
shall be limited to tho necessary expenses of
the government economically and honestly
0. We demand the most rigid, honest and
Just state and national governmental control
and supervision of the means ef publio com-
munication and transportation, and if this
control and supervision does not remove the
abuse now existing, we demand the govern-
ment ownersnlp or such means of communi-
cating and transportion.
7. We demand that the congress of the
United States submit an amendment to the
constitution providing for the election of
United States senators by direct vote of the
people of each state.
First We demand a uational currency, safe,
sound and flexible, issued by the general gov-
ernment only, tk full legal tender of all debts,
public and private, ana that without the use of
banking corporations, a just, eauitable, and
efficient means of distribution direct to the
people at a tax not to exceed 2 per cent per an-
num, to bo provided as set forth in the sub-
treasury plan of the Farmers Alliance, or a
bettor system, also by payments in discharge
of its obligations for public improvements.
Wo demand free and unlimited coinage of
silver and gold at the nrcsent legal ratio of lfi
We demand that tho amount of circulating
medinm be speedily increased to not less than
$50 per cftpitH.
We demand a graduated income Iax.
We believe that tho money of the country
should be kept as mueh as possible in the hands
of the people, and hence we demand all state
and nat'onal revenue shall be limited to the
necessary expenses of the government econom-
We demand that postal savings banks be es-
tablished by the government for the safe de-
posit of the earnings of the people, and to
ind. Transportation \baing a means'~of
land a public neoessity, the govern-
ment should own and operate the railroads in
the interest of the people.
The telegraph and telephone like the post-
office system, being a necessity for the trans-
mission of news should be owned and operated
by thé government in the interest of tne peo-
The land, Including all the natural
sources of wealth, is the heritage of tho people
and should not be monopolized for speculative
purposes, and alien ownership of land should
be prohibited. . ,
All land now held by railroads and other cor-
porations, *n excess of their actnal nerds, and
all lands now owned by aliens, should be re-
claimed by the government and held for actual
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jA. Bov.tharn Mercury, Dallas, Tazas.
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Park, Milton. The Southern Mercury. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 2, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 12, 1893, newspaper, January 12, 1893; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth185499/m1/15/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .