The Southern Mercury. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 27, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 6, 1893 Page: 10 of 16
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Oocupatlon of Women.
America had, in 1890, 2,700,000
bread-winning women and girls
working outside oi their own
homes. There were 110 lawyers,
165 ministers, 820 authors. 588
journalists, 2,071 artists, 2,136 ar-
chitects, chemists, pharmacists,
2,106 stock raisers and ranchers,
5,186 government clerks, 2,438
physicians and surgeons, 13,182
professional musicians, 56,800 far-
mers and planters, 21,071 clerks
and bookkeepers, 14,465 heads of
commercial houses, 155,000 pub-
lic school teachers (based on the
census of 1880).
It is not generally known that
Ward McAlister, the leader of the
self-constituted aristocracy of New
York, is a Georgian by birth. He
is about 60 years old, stout and
bald. He went to New York for-
ty years ago, and has for years
been something of an indispensa-
ble master of ceremonies in arrang-
ing social functions of importance.
He has no business, and yet has
no great wealth. In marrying a
Miss Gibbons he fell into a fort-
une; for her father held a steam-
boat grant from Robert Fulton, and
it is said she derives an income of
$25,000 or $30,000 annually from
wharf property which her father
acquired at that time. Mrs. Mc-
Alister never aDpears in society,
nor does she preside at her own
table when her husband gives
those grand dinners for which he
has gained notoriety, if not fame.
His daughter Louise has been do-
ing the honors for him.
when the old ones get full. There
are many different kinds of sort-
ers, but they all work on the same
Bits of Information.
There is not a wagon factory in
the whole of Mexico.
The cost of a one-man sea-div-
ing apparatus for a depth of 200
feet is $575.
American manufactures nine-
tenths of all the rubber goods in
In portions of Africa sugar of a
remarkable degree of sweetness is
now made of cotton seed.
Rice paper is made from a filthy
plant called tung-tsua, which is
found in China, Corea and Japan.
During the complicated process
of manufacturing stamps they are
counted eleven times in order to
guard against pilfering.
A Japanese novelty is glass pa-
per, which is said to combine won-
derful transparency with unusual
strength of tenacity. The materi-
al for making it is furnished by a
Japanese aquatic plant.
Saccharine has a rival. A new
substance called.vaizin is now be-
ing manufactured in Berlin under
a patent, and is claimed to be 200
times sweeter than sugar and free
from certain objectionable proper-
ties of saccharine.
How Oranges Are Sized.
There are hundreds of orange
groves in Florida, each producing
many thousand boxes every sea-
son. The oranges are shipped and
sold according to size, and there
are usually four grades, known as
number one, two, three, four. To
sort all these millions of oranges
would be a very long and tedious
job if it were done by hand, and
they would be imperfectly sorted,
too, for one could not judge by the
eye alone exactly what the size of
the orange is, and many would go
into the wrong boxes.
But to overcome all this difficul-
ty the orange growers use a simple
device called an orange sorter.
One newspaper describes it as
merely a long, inclined trough,
with different sized holes cut in
the bottom. Under the holes are
placed boxes. A basket of oran
ges is brought in and dumped in-
to the upper end of the trough,
which is just wide enough to allow
them to roll down in single file,
one after another. A they run b;
the first hole, which is very smal!
all the little ones drop through in-
to the box underneath. The reen
roll on, and in passing the second
hole, which is one-iourth larger
than the first, the next sised ones
drop through into another box,and
so on, by two more holes, which
only leave the largest ones in the
trough. These roll out at the
lower end and are oaught in a bas-
ket placed there to oatoh them.
All the men have to do is to go
around and put new boxee in place
Men Who Drink.
Men who are addicted to the use
of liquor are finding it increasing-
ly difficult to secure desirable em-
ployment. An intemperate man
is always unreliable, and sobriety
is coming more and more to be
valued. The employer can seoure
the services of plenty of men who
are Bober and reliable, and conse-
quently, even the occasional drink-
er is being more and more discrim-
The investigations of large trans-
portation companies disclose the
fact that many of the wrecks and
disasters on land and on sea have
been caused by the intoxication of
some one whose duties demanded
clear head and a steady hand.
The public prefer to entrust the
transportation of their goods and
the security of their lives to those
companies which bring to their aid
only sober and reliable employes.
Even where judicial and eco-
nomical management had previ
ouely failed to seoure the enforce-
ment of temperance regulations,
the fierce competitions of more ju-
dicious rivals are constantly ren-
dering imperative the more uni-
versal introduction of rules which
require the strictest temperance
upon the part of all their em
Sobriety is becoming so valuable
as a recommendation for prefer-
ment that those who cannot com-
mand such a testimonial are con-
stantly compelled to take the posi-
tions which secure only the most
arduous forms of manual labor at
the poorest pay. The young man
who today forms an appetite for
intoxicating liquors is unconscious-
ly, but surely, closing to himsel'
all the largest avenues to prefer
ment and success. The future oí
this country is unquestionably in
the hands of the sober, industri
oub and God-fearing young men o:
There are many coal mines of
whioh the galleries extend under
the waters of rivers, suoh as the
mines near Liege, in Belgium, of
which the galleries form a connec-
tion of the mines situated on both
sides of the river, regular subtera-
neous tunnels; but more remarka-
>le are those mines of which the
galleries extend under the ooean,
is is the. case with some coal mines
¡in England. More remarkable
still is one of the coal mines at
!Vanaimo, on Departure Bay, be-
yond Victoria, British Columbia.
This mine is known as the Well-
ington, and its galleries are situa-
ted six hundred feet under the
surface of the ocean, which here
surrounds an archipelago of islands
very similar to the Thousand Is-
ands, at the head of the St. Law-
rence river. The length of the
galleries of this mine is continu-
ally increasing, and extends at
jresent six miles under the Pacific
>cean. Nearly the whole popula-
tion of the town of Nanaimo,
amounting to nearly one thousand
is engaged in the mines, and earns
rom three to six dollars a day.
iberal as this appears to be, the
cost of living in that inhospitable
region is so high that miners can
only make both ends meet. A
peat drawback in these mines is
;he excessive amount of combusti-
>le gases, by an explosion of which
three years ago, one hundred mi-
ners lost their lives.
It appears that the coal mines
íere are more profitable than the
gold mines, even in Alaska (where
;hey are numerous), for the simple
reason that they can be worked the
whole year round, while the gold
mines can only be worked four
months in the year, so that the
miners must live in idleness eight
months, and that in a country
which cannot produce the necessi-
ties of life, which are all brought
: rom the United States, and there-
'ore burdened with heavy freight-
No More Fainting.
"I am going to faint—support
me, Mr !" the heroine of a
drama exclaims, whenever there
is an eligible gentleman near into
whose arms she may fall. That
for a certain class of women the
dramatist holds "the mirror up to
nature" is made apparent by asto
ry of "fainting beauties," told in
the memoirs of the Rev. Julian
Young, sub-chaplain of Hampton
The palace was not only a "show
place," but a residence for persons
of position but of limited means
From this fact the palace was
known as "The Quality Poor-
One very hot Sunday a young
lady, not a resident of the palace,
but living in the vicinity, fainted
in the ohapel during the service.
Sir Horace Seymour, a widower, a
Waterloo hero, of commanding
presence and strikingly good looks,
raised the prostrate lady in his
arms, carried her to his apart-
ments, deposited her on a sofa,
left her to the charge of his house-
keeper, and returned to his seat.
Strange to say, on the following
Sundays a young lady, each time
a different one, fainted; and on-
each occasion the same gallant
knight performed the same kind
office for the sufferer, and then re-
turned to his post.
On the last of these three faint-
ing Sundays, Lady Seymour, the
aunt of Sir Horace, said to the
chaplain after service, "I say, Mr.
Young, this fashion of fainting will
degenerate into an epidemic if it is
not put a stop to. With your per-
mission, I will affix, beiore next
Sunday, this notice in the cloister,
at the door of entrance:
"Whereas, a tendency to faint is
oecoming a prevalent infirmity
among young ladies frequenting
his chapel, notice is hereby given
hat, for the future, ladies so af-
fected will not be carried out by
Sir Horace Seymour, but by Bran-
combe, the dustman."
This warning produced the de-
sired effect, and the plague of
ainting beauties was stayed.
The "Katy Flyer."
Commencing June 18th, the Miss-
ouri, Kansas & Texas Railway will in-
augurate a daily solid through vesti-
bule train service from all principal
)oints on its line in Texas, Indian
Territory, Kansas and Missouri, to
Chicago. The train will go through
from Houston, Texas, to Chicago,
making the quickest time and afford-
ing the best service that has ever been
ered in the southwest. Those in •
tending to visit the World's Fair will
welcome this superior service with de-
light, and no pains will be spared to
make the "Katy Fiver" the most pop-
ular train running into Chicago.
Rates as low as the lowest, the quick-
est time and best service. For fur-
ther information, sleeping-car accom-
modations, etc., call on or address
Thos. G. Hammond, City Ticket Agt.
Dallas, Texas, or A. Faulkner, G. P.
& T. A., St. Louis, Mo.
Every Van Should Bead This.
If any young, old or middle-
aged man suffering from nervous
debility, weakness, lack of vigor
from errors or excesses will inclose
stamp to me, I will send him the
prescription of a genuine, certain
cure, free of cost. No humbug.
No deception. Address Mr. Thos.
Barnes, Newsdealer, Box 207,
Superior Advantages Possessed by the
Southern Female University,
LAKEVIEW, BIRMINGHAM, ALA.
The altitude of the University is 150 feet
above the city.
Elegantly furnished; heated by steam,
Electric lights and electric bells.
Supplied throughout with pure water.
Boats of latest improvements on Lake for
use of pupils.
Beautiful lawn tennis grounds,
Finest Natatorium in the country.
Chalybeate spring water; equal to those of
Virginia and Germany.
Over twenty States represented this scbolas
Faculty first-class in every particular.
Moral tone of School is all that could •
Preside! over by Misses E. & C. Janes<
Late principals Janes' Female Seminary, Cutb
bert, 6a., and Union Female College, Eu
H. O. Lamar, Business Manager.
One thousand Illustrated Catalogues will b«
issued June 1.
There is no school in the United States with
a more distinguished Board of Trustees. We
name them with pleasure:
Birmingham, Ala—Dr H. M. Caldwell, R
F. Manly, Belton Oilreath, Dr. B. D. Gray,
Major Joseph Hardic, Mark A. Myatt, Dr. F.
T. Hale, E. K. Campbell, Frank V. Evans.
Alabama—Gen J. T. Morgan, CoL W. C.
Oates, Hon. B. J. Beynelde.
Arkansas Gov. W. M. Fishback, Hon. L. A.
Florida—Gov. EL L. Mitchel, Ex- Gov. W.
K. Bloxham, Attorney-General W. B. Lamar.
G*ohgia—Gov. W. J. Nor then, Gen. John B.
Louisiana—CoL W. H. Jack, State Superin-
tendent of Education.
Mississippi—Gov. J. M. Stone.
Tbtkbssbk—Dr. G. A. Nunnally.
Tkxas—Dr. a A. Harden.
aad mention the Mercury
Write for catalogue i
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Park, Milton. The Southern Mercury. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 27, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 6, 1893, newspaper, July 6, 1893; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth185523/m1/10/: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .