Southern Mercury. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 38, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 21, 1899 Page: 7 of 16
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TRACY AT TYLER.
Col. Harry Tracy of Dallas for the
past month has been actively engaged
in lining up the Populists in Texas in
anticipation of the battle royal which
will take place next year. He has
his subject well in hand and is hurling
• political dynamite into the ranks of
the old party. His argument >s simp
ly "sarchin" and unanswerable. He
spoke at Tyler, the spawning ground
of the gang which has well nigh ruin-
ed Texas, on Friday last. We haven't
space to give his remarks in full but
quote from the Tyler Courier as fol-
Among many other statements Mr.
Tracy said substantially:
In 1888 when Texas railroads made
their own freight rates, every class of
freights that came into or went out
of Tyler, in less than car loads lots,
came in, or went out, as they do now,
under one of five classifications. 1st
classs freight in 1888 from Galveston
to Texas common points was 85 cents
per 100 lbs. The railway commisssion
raised it to 95 cents per 100 pounds;
2nd class freight was 77 cents per 100
pounds. The commission raised it to
86 cents; 3rd class was 64 cents, com-
mission rates 72 cents; 4th class then
57, now it is 68 cents; 5th class was
47 cents; commission has raised it to
52 cents. In other words the
railroad commission has made the
railroads charge and collect from the
people more than 8 1-2 cents per hun-
dred pounds for every pound of
freight they have hauled into Texas
common point territory, in less than
car load lots, more than they charged
when the railroads made their own
"In car lots from the same points,
and to the same points in Texas, the
railroad commission has raised the
rates existing in 1888 more than 6
per cent, on car loads, and on less than
car loads the commission has raised
the rates more than 10 per cent.,
which amounts to an annual increase
in freights charges of more than $3,000,-
Notwithstanding these undeniable
facts the democratic state platform of
1896, promulgated at Fort Worth, de-
clared that, "Freight charges to the
people of Texas have been reduced
more than $3,000,000 since the rail-
road commission began operations.''
The fine humor of this plank is seen
when it is remembered that John H.
Reagan, who signed the Fort Worth
platform, as chairman of the commit
tee on platform, was then and is now,
chairman of the railroad commission
in Texas and ought to have known
whereof he spoke."
"The freight rates in Texas, made
and maintained by our railroad com-
mission, are more than twice as high as
they are in the states of Georgia,
South Carolina, Illinois and Iowa, all
agricultural states. Why is this? Let
those who are responsible for it an-
swer. Lumber In car lots in Georgia
for 150 miles is 7 1-4 cents per 100
pounds, in Texas, 18 cents; our lum-
ber tonage Is twice as much as our
cotton tonage. Flour in car lots In
Georgia per 100 miles Is 11 1-4 cents.
In Texas for the same distance it is
27 1-2 cents. Plows in car lots in Geor-
gia for 150 miles Is 35 cents per 100
pounds, in Texas the rate for the same
distance is 60 cents. No one familiar
with the topo'graphy of Georgia, South
Carolina, Illinois and Iowa and their
climates will pretend to assert that
railroads can be built or operated
cheaper in those states than in Tex-
The freight paid by the people of
Texas is much more than $32,000,000
annually. Now it is seem that the
people of Texas pay annually more
than $16,000,000 more than Georgia
pays for the same service, mile for
mile, pound for pound and class for
This explains why the Texas far-
mer is not as prosperous as the Geor-
gia farmer, who pays $2 to $4 per acre
for fertilzers, while the Texas farmer
This also explains why Texas can-
not secure manufactories. From Jan.
1st to June 1st, 1899, 105 factories lo-
cated in the South, Texas failed to se-
cure a single one, nothwithstanding
Texas produces one half the hides,
three-fourth of the wool and one-third
of the cotton crop of the Southern
Let Texas build a state road and op-
erate it from Red River to deep water
on our Gulf coast. It will not cost
more than $4,000,000 to build and
equip it. If convicts are used in its
construction it will not cost over $3.-
000,000 in cash.
We have $3,000,000 in cash in the
state treasury—take that and with the
convicts build it. If it is determined
to build it with free labor, let the
state cash $1,000,000 of bonds now
held by the state and build it without
borrowing a dollar.
Then let this road make a rate uie
same as Georgia and every other road
will make the same rate. This will
save more than $16,000,000 annually;
then discharge our railroad commission
and do business on business principles
and Texas will soon be supplied with
factories of all kinds. Then farmer?
can diversify their crops with profit
Under present conditions diversifica-
tion amounts to a huge joke on the
in the L,ead.
The Leading Stove Dealers off the United States sell Charter Oaks.
If no Dealer In your Town does—WRITE DIRECT TO US.
CHARTER OAK STOVK AND HANOI CO., ST. LOUIS.
STICK TO THE OMAHA PLATFORM
For the benefit of Bro. A. T. Sur-
ber, for the promotion of the reform
movement, and all concerned, will say
In reply to his political whims in the
Mercury of September 7:
We all have our whims and pet
measures. Were we to load down the
Omaha platform with them, it would
have been better If the farmers and
laborers had never met at Omaha. If
we allow the friends of reform to tag
on each their pet whims, soon our
matchless declaration set forth at
Omaha would be meaningless and un-
recognizable. The Omaha platform
conforms to human needs and the
teachings of Jesus Christ. Let us be
careful what we add to or take from It.
Bro. Surber would trifle with Individ-
ual Interests. The Omaha platform
does not. This, perhaps. Is why he
calls It a makeshift. He condemns
glltterine generalities, yet he seems to
be full of them. Liberty will be a
mockery when our laws prohibit the
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CHARLIE HODGES, Prop.
JOE LAYNE, Day Clerk,
individual from loaning his money or
collecting rents for his farm, when
not physically able to work for him-
self. The suggestion of Bro. Surber
would be nice for our enemies to slap
us in the face with, in the coming cam-
No, brother, let us not stop to trifle
with individual interests; but let us
give our time, our thought and our
whole soul to check corporate monopo-
ly .trusts and the secret conspiracies
of the money-changers, which have
brought the present conditions upon
us. Organize, educate and agitate,
that we may be better prepared to
fight our enemies from our fortress,
the Omaha Platform.—Buck Barry.
Walnut Springs, Texas.
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Park, Milton. Southern Mercury. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 38, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 21, 1899, newspaper, September 21, 1899; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth185821/m1/7/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .