The Southern Mercury, Texas Farmers' Alliance Advocate. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 48, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 28, 1889 Page: 4 of 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
TEE SOUTHERN MERCURY! DALLAS. TEXAS, NOV. 28, 1889.
The Southern Mercury
(ONI DOLLAR A YEAR IN advance)
——.Published by the . -
STATE ALLIANCE PRINTING
mBAS THIS OABEVULLY.
* Patronize thoM who advertí with us.
Advertising ratos furnished on applloatlon.
Always mentlou Tbi M kmc o it r when writ
■up to advortiaers.
* Kcepbusineea matters mDerate from oor-
respondent* Intended tor publication,
Kiamine the figure on the label on jrour m>
ver and aee that your time la oorreot
It will take about three week iiub-
(erlptlona are aent before the subscriber
names will appear on the re*ular mating
Whan sending notices of chango of *<Mrew.
ea, unless the old n- well aa the new address
Ib given, we cannot pay any attontlon to such
Mako money or'lors. drafts and all remit*
tanoes payubfii to the order of Tub SoothbhN
Mibuuhy. and address all letter to Tu
Socthkrn Mbiicury Dallas Texas.
Renew your subscription, so you won't miss
any copies, as wo can't always furnish baa*
numbers; the figures on the label on your pa-
pe* will tell when your timo is out
Bol ore writing to the editor, understand
fully what you want to say, then say it in as
lew words as possible, sign your name and
Articles intended for nublloatton must be
written only on one side of the paper, and the
real uame of the writer signed to it. not m-o-
essarlly for publication, but as an evidence of
An obituary notions sent to Thb Southern
WRfiCDKv for publication, unless uooompa^
Died by the cash to pay for mime, will not bo
printed. Tho charges for prli ting obituary
notices aro one cent per word for arch word
in excess of llftr.
When sending subscriptions to Thb Manen-
hy pleuvu mention tho word uknbwal in con-
nection with all names sent when the party la
already a subscriber, liy paying striot atten-
tion to this you will cooler a favor upon the
business ottfeo of Thb Mbucdhv.
When writing for Tub Mhhuuky conoerning
rnanck or audhbbh, or any failure to re-
ceive your papers promptly, or oonoerulng
money sent in l'or subsbrlptions, please men-
tion your postofHoe, the date of your former
let ters, and also tho date of the pi in led rocolpt
which wo sent vou, and ulu-ays address your
inquirios, complaints, etc.. to
anil your communication will reooivo prompt
Entered at the post office, Dallas, Texas, as
second-class mall matter.
When writing to the Mercury uonp
any subject whatever always address
your letters to " The Southern Mercury,''
Dallas, Texas, and not to any individ-
ual. Make remittances payable to
"The Southern Mercury." By com-
plying with this simple request, your
letters will be insured prompt attention.
If you want to be free irom tho oppres-
sion of trusts, vote as you pray. <
We will send The Mekcuky from now
until January 1st 1801, for only one dollars.
Wb will aend Tub Mkkcuhy from De*
cember 1st to January 1st 1BD1 for only one
Tbb rural 'deestrlots" will take a big
hand In affairs ol stale next summer. It is
well for the candidate to know tU is now.
The farmer who opposes capital oppose
his own Interest, but the fanner who wil-
lingly submit to the oppression of capital-
ist ha lost hU m iu hood.
Thb wire-puller ol the primarle will be
Incontinently sat down upon when the
people aaaeuible next summer to select
representatives to the conventions.
Ovbb crop of cotton means ignorance
for furmers' children and ignorance means
slavery. Then diversity your orops and
give your children chance for life.
The Mehcuky will nnuounoe in a few
weeks It new features for 1800. It will
suffice to say here, that It will be made th
very best paper In the whole south, a a
Wb otter a cash premium of 940 for the
largest itat of yearly subscribers prior to
January 1,1890. Bo lar 2 1 the larg-
est list received. Almost anybody ought
to beat 28. Can't you?
The Mbhoury will begin a free for all
disousslon ol tUe commission amendment
about the first ol January. We Invite all
our correspondent to join us, and we
promise you a lair show.
Amono the mauy good things in store
for our readers fn 1800, are a seilns ol arti-
cles on "Successful Crops—What they are,
and how Cultivated," aid a serie of paper
on "Money Crops of tho South."
You can do the Alliance cause a groat
nervio by increaalng the aubaorlptlon
list ol The Mercury; we offer you itaa free
gift, a 92.26 book l'or a club of ten aub-
aoribera. See "Ad." In another part ol'
A C1TT without It millionaire 1 the ex-
ception to the rulo. A villaje without it
pauper* would be at great a show a Bar-
num's inormaid. Yet there Is notblug
wrong with tho financial polloy of till
Wb need better road , and better road
we wlU have. But there 1 a right and a
wrong way to «eeure them. The Mekcu-
bt 1 arranging for a serlsa of artlolet on
the county roada which will be ot special
interest to our people.
Thb formation ol combination and
trutt are the order of the day. They are
as commonplace as police court proceed-
ings ot any large city. While they are not
a matter of news to the people they are
getting In their work all the same.
Now that the cotton season Is over let
•aoh farmer make a few figures and see If
It would not pay better to raise more grain
and stock. See II you cannot raise tour
bogs as cheap as one bale of oottob, and
give your children a chance at school.
A fabmeb asks what be should plant In
order to escape the cormorant trust. Pop-
corn and okrata the only prodnot l lt,and If
three farmers in Texas should plant a erop
of either a trust would be formed Ib time
Don't feel uneasy,
PRESIDENT FIELDS SPEAKS.
To Presidenta of County Alliances.
I am dally in receipt of requests Irom
brethren In different parts of the state lor
authority to organizo sub-Alliances In their
respective counties. Realizing the Impor-
tance of a system In this department of our
work, I respectfully refer you to seotlon 3,
article 18 of our state constitution, and
urge immediate action wherever its en-
forcement will not conflict with prear-
ranged contracts. Section 10, Art. 15,
of the amended constitution gives the
County * ct urer th e same authority as
conferred by Seo. 2, Art. 18. I would sug-
gest that whsre the County lecturer can-
not give the subject that personal atten"
tlon necessary to the building up of our
order, that you contract with some broth-
er to enter the field at once, a required in
Sec. 2 of Art. 18 above referred to, and tbe
State Alliance will assist In bearing the
burden aa soon as in a condition to do so.
This plan is working wejl wherever tried.
Travis oounty is a notable Instance where
success has attended all our efforts through
J. D. Fields,
President State F. B. A. of Texas.
Manor, Nov. 27,18S1).
We will send The Mercury from now
until January 1st 1801, lor only one dollar.
The rich aro getting richer, the poor are
getting poorer. Kacb millionaire makeB
one hundred thousand paupers; but,
brother, don't complain, as tills is the
making of somebody, and you have the
promised inheritance in tbe sweet by and
Our efforts to increase the circulation of
The Mercury by offering premiums, are
being responded to far beyond our ex-
pectation . W e hope that every truo Alli-
ance man InTexai will at least tend us In
ono new lubscriber apiece, that will satis-
If the seoretary of each and every sub-
Alllatrce In Texas will s*nd his name and
address to this office we will send a bundle
of sample copies ot The Mercuby, which
will do more to revive the interest In the
Alliance cause than anything that we can
We continue to buy our school books
from the big comb ne publishers and Job-
bers, notwithstanding tbe state could fur-
nish the books at one-half the price paid,
aud at the same time give employment to
the students in the mute school who are
anxious to learn the book business.
Mr. S. O Daws, seoretary of the Farm*
ers State Alliance ol Texas, was in the city
on Monday aud oailed on The Mekoury.
Uro. Daws reports tbe Alliance in u flour-
ishing condition all over the state and tbe
outlook most promising, both for the Alii
anco and The Mercury.
Do not forget to tile > our order for a
copy of tho second uunual report of tbe
Uureau of Agriculture, which will be out
lu few weeks. Delay may prevent you
from seeing a oopy. Address Hon. L. L.
Foster, Austin, Texas,and he will tile your
order and send tho book ss soon as printed
The condition of a large number of far'
mors of tbe state Is attributable to tbe dis-
regard of the first principles of political
economy. It is apparent to the most su-
perficial observer that tbe farmer must
raise his own bacon, flour, molasses, etc.,
before he ean expect to be the complete
master of the situation.
What fools our revolutionary fathers
must have been, to kick at such a little
thing as duty on tea, and raise a national
trouble which took all hands seven years
to settle! We, their children, have more
sense than that. We pay 47 per cent tari 11
on Imports and 25 per cent more than we
make as Internal exactions. Our labor in-
creasing, our wealth decreasing, our homes
passing from ou r possession and our chil-
dren growing up In Ignorance, but we
thank tbe Lord for nenr .
The Mercury uesirus to return thanks
to those who have lavored us with such
liberal lists of subscribers that we ha re-
ceived during tbe pa t month. Several
brethren and slstor have already earned
our "Premium Book," whloh will be ent
them a soon aa wo can get a supply on
hand. We hope that eaoh and everyone
will do their best to send ut in subscrip-
tions. Eaoh subscription reoelved helps
us that muoh nearer our atra In contem-
plated improvement in The Mercury.
The Dallas News has made another of
its characteristic ouilaught on Attorney-
Goneral Hogg In tho Central railroad lnnd
matter. The attempt of the News to di-
vert the attention of the people and the
oourta from the real itsue involved, will
prove futile. The attorney-general has
never written a letter advising Commis-
sioner Hall to do anything; but he did make
a courteous request of the commissioner.
This and nothing more. Tho causus belli
ot the News' attack wilt be fully known by
tho poople In timo to take part In tho con-
flict, and the News is now informed that
The Mercury speaks authoritatively on
So long as the farmer remains satisfied
to lot the lawyer tarnish the brains, the
bankers the money and the farmers the
muscle, all things will run smooth and
lovely, but let the farmer oomplaln at the
lawyer and he is oailed a tool; let blm ques-
tion tbe banker and be is called a political
demagog ue. This joint stook ot abuso is
'ssued out so liberally that the farmer soon
becomes odious even in the eyes of bis
brethren, In tbls way the Interest of the
msjority is often sacrificed. The farmer
has begun to read, think and demand for
himself. The master may be reluotant to
let blm go, yet the proclamation bas gone
forth, and the agricultural Interest of tbls
country must be fires. If this Is a govern
ment of the people, for the people and by
the people, and the farmers ot Texas bslng
80 per oent of the population, why should
they not make their demands known
at the ballot box, Instead of sup-
plicating at the feet of these sclf-constl-
tutod masters who ought to be their sort
FABMERS AND LEGISLATION.
A writer in tbe Prairie Farmer has tbe
following to say regarding educating our
boy and girl that tboy may become use-
ful citizens of society and tbe state:
When 1 go to town Saturdays I sse
crowds of young men in overalls spitting
tobacco juice over the sidewalks, and often
snterlng the saioous. 1 also see a great
many young girls in HUfltting finery aud
giuss beads, and the town boys will tell
you these boys snd girl are ''country
Jakes." The face of these boy and girl
are not mnrked by the reflument ot educa-
The farmers hold meeting where they
can get together and bowl over the oppres-
sion of farmeii and gileve that they can-
not get legislation for themselves, and It
looks ss It they had a pretty tough time,
with uotbltg but lawyers and bankers in
tbe legislature. But, my farmer friends,
why did you not send aman, and a farmer,
to the legislature!1 I think I bear some one
ssy: "There ain't anybody wi know, iio
larmer, that Is educated so he could speak
up lor us, unlet it would be Judge ,
and he Is in with tbe bunker; and besides,
we are all a littlo bashful in convention
and such places.
Now, my larmer friends, how would It
do to hold some kind of meetings to find
out a way of gettlug along without littlo
Tom, Dick and Harry to pick up potatoes
this tall, so tliey might begin sunool at the
very beginning, and not put tbem so far
behind their classes as last fall? Can you
not spare a horse for you eldest to utteDd
town school? Can you not use your influ-
ence to get a nine-months' sohool Instead ot
six. And see to it that your children are
there every day, and see, too, tbat your
teacher ha better a third-grade certlflcate.
1 am not lure 11 all states permit third
Children are so handy about a farm, It Is
so easy to persuade ourselves that we can-
not spare them tblt half of the term. If a
larmer happens to have a child of remark-
able brain and push, he might study Latin
and plow corn at the saine time, and leave
tbe farm at tbe 11* st opportunity. Itest
assured he won't be a larmer; too much
work and no pay. Thus the brains go to
Now, I cannot believe that farmers are
not as well able to spare their children as
town people; but In our country, at least
there are not many boys whose grammar
would not disgrace ua in tbe leglslatun •
Aud those boy* could tell you a Btory ol
being kept at home from school to herd
cattle, attend orops, etc.
I um not saying there are no educated
farmers, and no fajniers that educuto their
oblldren, but my picture la a common one;
and aa long ai> it is a common one, I am
aft aid the farmer will be oppreBBed and
tiave no legislation.
If our littlo turiner could see a few more
farmers in prominent soolal positions every
ambitious child would not leave the farm.
Uut as long as tbe farm children only get a
lew month ol district school every year-
just timo to review what they forgot dur-
ing tbe long vacation—we won't have
many farmer in prominent aoc^jtl posi-
It is the oppression ot Ignorance that is
grinding tbe farmers down. To be sure,
(armera read more than formerly, but there
is great room for Improvement, and partic
ularly throughout the newer portions of
the West the children are kept at homo at
work the greater part of the time; and
when they do get out and away irom the
constaut toll, their pent-up spirits And vent
In vice or mischief closely allied to it. 11
this constant toil is necessary to oiir chil-
dren, to the exclusion of an eduoation,
then let us howl so It can be heard from
pole to pole; for If we cannot spare gur
children the time to attend a free school
«ve are truly oppressed.
A DISTINCTION WITHOUT
Itecently the New York press vouchsafed
to the country Information to the fffect
that the "days or trusts" wore numbered,
and tbat these great combines reoognlzmg
the growing strength and influence in tbe
public mind of the Inherent prejudice in
the breast of every freeman against trust
organizations and metiiods, had about con-
cluded to mako a virtue ot necessity and
voluntarily dissolve. The pioneer in this
work or reformation and resolving (as was
then supposed) of the trusts into their
orlglual constituent elementa of competi-
tion waa to be performed by the cotton oil
trust, whloh a few yeara since had accom-
plished the feat of forcing all the oil mill
ot the country to become members ol' that
concern on pain of bankruptcy for tailure
to do so. Other great truata were to fol*
ow ita example, so the country was as-
sured, and the people were about to cou-
grátulate themselves on the results of anti-
trust agitation and sentiment, but lo! the
future plan of tbe trusts appear to be ol
an entirely different character, and instead
of contemplating a surrender ot the far-
reaoijlug power of forcing proilts in spite
of the laws ol irade consequent upon abil-
ity ot vast aggregations or capital to con-
trol the markets In particular linns, they
are ouly preparlug to strengthen and forti-
fy themsolves by taking advantage of the
opportunities ottered lor so doing by the
Incorporation laws. Thus tbe oottou ol|
trust will convert itself into an ordinary
corporation by calling In all of its outstand-
ng certificates and substituting In their
stead the stock of the corporation. In
short, it will change Its name, but not its
character. It will be as ready as ever to
erush out competition of every sort, and
dictate the price to be paid for cotton seed
and Its products. It will, however, be
more detiaut of public sentiment aud less
rcgardlul of public rights and intereata aa
an Incorporation, provided for and sanc-
tioned by tbe laws of nearly every state lu
the Union, than It was a trust. In that ca-
pacity It was regarded as a conspirator
against the freedom of commerce, and in
tbe judgment of many able lawyers, pun*
lshable under tbe oommon law. It was in
common with trusts in general, In bad
odor, and something had to be done. Tbat
something bas been done, but tbe country
will not be benefited thereby. Kven men
who regard the trust as a menace to tbe
welfare of the country will see nothing
wrong In It ss an Incorporation. Nay,
more. They will be ready to defend it as
a perfectly lawful enterprise. It can do
the same things, but a whit more as an in*
corporation than It did as a trust, with this
Important difference: As a trust Its acts
very things tbat so aroused tbe public con-
science against It as a trust. It Is a dis-
tinction without a divverencs. It is
however, a sad commentary on the charac-
ter of our incorporation law , which
havo been extend id from tbe original idea
underlying their origin, which waa to pro*
vide for the consolidation of capital suffi*
cient for great public enterprises, beyond
the ability ol individuals to accomplish, to
the Incorporation of everything under tbe
sun, even to cburohes, where the waning
piety of the membership Is not strong
enough to worship understanding^.
Doubtless all the great trust* will soon
be converted Into incorporation and plying
tbe vocation of atifling competition or par-
alyzing and cruibing out altogether new
enterprise under the full «auction ot law.
This will not, however, be aa unmitigated
evil if It shall result in a closer icrutioy of
the incorporation laws of the several states
and an awaking of tbe publlo to a realiza-
tion or what Is possible under them as
they now exist.
"HOGG'S SUIT AGAINST THB
Under the above caption deipatohei
were recently sent out from the atate cap-
ital stating in aubatance that Land Com-
missioner Hall would soon begin tbe issu-
ance of patents to tbe Central railroad for
lands granted the company under the six-
teen sections per mile act, notwithstand-
ing the protest of tbe attorney-general on
file in his otllce. The reason for this pro-
posed action was that tbe "thirty days"
generously "allowed" by tbat officer to ibe
state's representative In whloh to take the
necessary legal steps to assert what be be-
lieves to be the state's rights In tbe prem-
ises has "about expired." It will strike
most people as a little peculiar that ono
officer of the state should limit tbe time in
which another is to perforin an official aot
the result of which may be the recovery of
millions of acres of land to the atate. Co-
operation betweeu atate officers in a mat-
ter involving so muoh to the people, would
suggest itself as tne proper course, at least
to outside observer . But the most
peculiar and confusing tblng about the
whole matter Is tbat the State Laud Com-
missioner is reported to be unable to find
the owners ol the Central railroad certlii-
eateson which no Is so anxious to Issue
patents, the company clulming to have Bold
thein all. The dispatch alluded to says :
"Tbe trouble now is said to be in finding
the real owners of the land covered by the
Central scrip • * ."
It will occur to most people that If the
owners of theso certliicates are in need ol
their lands and are In a hurry to procure
patents the land otllce is alwuys accessible
and they are presumed to know where It is
located. Then again, 11 the land commis-
sioner Is unable to find tbe owners he
should at least extend the limit of time
graciously allowed the attorney-general in
which to bring suit for the caucel
latlou ol such of these certificates
us were Issued on the ooustruction
ol sidings aud switcues until
suoh time as the lost owners can be
toiind. Tbe land commissioner in his con-
troversy with tbe attorney-general stoutly
maintained that innocent purchasers of
these certificates would be the principal
uulfcrers In any suit brought to recover
these lands. If these alleged Innocent
purchasers are not corporations in the na-
ture ot a wheel wltblu- a wheel, to whom
tho company was forbidden by law to ali-
enate its lands, why dou't tboy come up
and demand patents on their lands 1 Some
of time certificates are twenty years old,
and no patents have ever been demanded
ou them. Who ever heard of an actual set-
tler In ueed of laud upon w hich to found a
home purcbaslng a laud certificate and let.
ting it remain unpatented for twenty years?
And yet we hear that the lnnooent purchas-
er aud aotual settler are the principal de-
lendants in this contest.
THE POLICY OE THE MERCURY.
The Mercury In its lssuo of October
3d presented to Its readers what it desig-
nated as its policy touching all questions ol
public concern. We have seen no reason
why The Mercury should deviate from
the principles annunciated. We regret
that The Mercury should be mlarepre-
in this matter, aud to put at rest the ques-
tion ol Its policy for all time to come, we
reproduce the editorial. Thb Mercury
has no caadidate for office within the gift
of the people of this great atate. Wben
the time comes for action The Mercury
will be found with the people, and it will
give such assistance as it deems prudont
and wise in aasiatlng tbe peoplo in select-
lug public aervants who are the friunds of
tbe people. The following outlines our
The Mercury Is striotly the property
of the Farmers State Alliance. Its utter-
ance are simply tbe utterances of that
powerlul organization. Whatever cause
it adopts or principle it represents, it is but
voicing tbe expressions of tbat order. In
politics it is ueutral, and so it will continue
to be. it does not represent tbe teachings
of either ot the groat parlies. It does not
wish to do so; It has a higher mission. It
represent s thn will of the people; It is con-
ducted in their interest; it la sustained by
them; It is the friend of the people—their
paper. Can a paper have a higher mission?
The Mercury will be outspoken, bold
and aggressive. It will expose rraud and
corruption wherever It finds it, in high
places and in low places. It will advooate
principles and not men; measures and not
names. Should either of the great parties
espouse these principle* It will be well for
tbat party. But in espousing tbese prin-
ciples that party must not lose sight ol the
fact tbat men selected for office should truly
represent these principles. Declaring fer
a line of policy in a platform and electing
men for offico opposed to tbat policy are
two different things. Tbls Is what to, a
certain extent, bas been done too long for
the good of the state and tbe
people. Platform* are good in
their way; tbey arc as good as
party promises; tbe people want deeds.
They wl.ll get them or a new deal. In get*
ting tbe latter they wUl get the former.
Tbey want as their public servan ts men of
nerve, BjlU and Integrity; men wbo wilt
truly represent the will of the people; men
who will be governed by law and justice;
men who will represent tbe state and ob-
serve their oaths.
The Mercury is constantly in receipt
of Inquiries regarding the consolidation ot
the Farmers Allianoo with tbe proposed
organization to be known as the Farmers
and Laborers Union of America. The fol-
lowing 1 the oharaotcr of Inquiries re-
Dodge, Texas, Nov. 11, '80.
Will Thb Mbkcoby please inform its
readers of Walker county ou what terms
the Farmer Alliance of Texas agreed to
unite with the propoaed organization to
bo known a tbe Farmer und Laborer
Union of America, if any.
2. Jlow will tbe Alliance stand If con-
sol i (Aon Is not effected at St. Louis, as I
undmtand tbat the term* ol consolidation
are hinged on certain conditions!1
3. Does this consolidation embrace the
Knights of Labor!1
An early reply will greatly oblige.
Yours iraternaliy. etc.
In reply Thb Meboury will Inform Its
correspondent thai the artioleaof consol!-
drtlon were ratified by the adoption of the
'Resolved, That tbe Farmer Alliance
ol Texas ratify articles or consolidation,
provided we are alio wed to retain the words
"Farmers Alliance," lu place of the words
"Farmers and Laborers Union ot America"
wherever it appears in the constitution and
by laws of tbe proposed consolidated or-
In answer to the 2d question, we will
atate tbat If the convention at St. Louis re-
fuses to accept Texas lato tbe Union ou
tbe conditions implied and plainly stated
In tbe resolution adopted by the State Alli-
ance in August, the ellect will be simply
tbat the Alliance of Texas is still
the Alliance, without any connection what-
ever with this consolidated organization;
and if tbe St. Louts conventloo does agree
to the union of the Farmers Alliance or
this state, as provided lor lu the resolution
above quoted, the State Alliance will bear
the same relation to the Farmers and La-
borers Union as tbe sta e of Texas does to
tho government af the United State. This
Is the teuchlngs ol Bro. Evan Jones, presi-
dent of tbe proposed Farmers aud Labor-
ers Union, and Dr. C. W. Macune, presi-
dent of tue National Farmers Alliauce and
Bro. J. D Fields, president of the State
Farmers Alliance of Texas, and tbe opin-
ion of Bro. Dixon of Travis, the author of
the resolution providing for consolidation.
3. The last question is still in doubt.
There is amove on foot, however, to em-
brace the Knights of Labor in the Union.
A NÓBLE SPEECH.
Among the very best speeches made at
tbe recent Atlanta meeting of farmers was
delivered by Col. 11. J. Sledge ol Kyle, Tex.
as. The speeoh was published in full in
The Constitution of Nov. 16th, and we re-
gret that its great length prohibited our
publication of it complete. It is so full of
good things that to take extracts rrom it
is impossible, as where to begin and where
to end, would be bard to determine. We
take the liberty however, of quoting tbe
speakers closing remarks:
The wealth of Bubylon, or Carthage, or
of Thebes, would be but as dross beside
the prosperity of tbe redeemed south; be-
cause tbe richness of those cities was but
tbe results robbed from the labor of slaves,
while the wealth dt tbe south would be but
the just return ol labor of well requitted
freemen, who knew their rights and had
the courage, the manhood, the intelligence
und tbe endurance to demand and main-
tain them. A glorious pioture could be
presented of soutbern prosperity, and the
grand possibilities which might arise from
this golden gilt of nature to the people or
the south, but it would be out of place
here. It is euough to say, that the future
prosperity of the south, aud her people
rosts In intelligent and perfect co-opera-
tion among her cotton producers. The
grand objeot to be achieved, is the abso-
lute control of her cotton crop by the in-
dustry which produces it, and their relief
trom the power which dictates to them the
price tbey shnl racelva lor thl ■ Indispensa-
ble article of commeroe and necessity.
SOME EVIL EFFECTS OF COUBINES.
According to recent statements the value
of cattle has been forced down by the great
combination which now practically con-
trols the meat supply of 05,000.000 people
Irom an average for the whole country of
$28.52 per head in 1884, to 17.05 in 1889
This great loss to tbe cattle growers has
not benefited the people, for th* price of
beef haB remained stationary aud the mon-
ey has gono into the pookets of the great
combination whlcb controls Chicago, St.
Louis, Omaha and Kansas City markets.
According to the figures of the agrloult.
ural department for 1888-80, the total value
of oxen and cattle la the United States de-
creased $14,500 000, viz: From $611,750,000
to $597.250.000. The aotual aumber of cat-
tle increased between 1888 and 1889,650,000.
While the tables of tbe agricultural de-
partment show tbat the average value of
cattle in 1884 and 1885 was $23.52 and $28.-
25 respectively, and In 1889, it bad deoreas*
e i to $17.06. nevertheless it is but fair to
atate tbat in 1880, the average per capita
value ef cattle In tbe United Statea, accord'
ing to the aame authority, was only $16.10,
nearly a dollar less than in 1880.
A BUSINESS FLAN.
In another place in this issue of The
Mercury we give place to a communica-
tion from President Fields to tbe county
presidents, urging them to aot immediate-
ly on tbe requirement ot Art. xlil Seo. 2,
which reads as follows:
"There shall be one lecturer appointed
by the president In eacbeounty, whose duty
shall be to lecture and organize In bis
county, and each oounty snail make ita
own arrangements for bis pay."
We are proud to know tbat the president
of our state organization manliest such an
interest In Its complete success. He Is a
business man and bas proposed a business
plan, which, It followed, will double our
membership within tbe next few months,
besides giving strength and stability to all
We suggest to president of county or*
ganlzatiois that hs should also urge each
person selected according to Art. xlil Sec.
9, to call the attention of tbe farmers ev-
erywhere to Thb Mbrcuby. We are
fighting tbelr Battles and they should
strengthen onr influence by extending Ita
Wb will send The Mbrcuby from De-
cember let to January let 1891 tor only
ALLI AS OB PROGRESS.
Tbe Manufacturing Alliance broke
ground on tbe 35th lnat. tor their magnifi-
cent building. The structure will be
poshed to completion and It la hoped that
everything will be la chap* to begin oper-
ationa Ib the string. Fioirawosms tobo
For Thb Mbboubv.i
What We Need.
by j. m. eennedy.
We need reform. We need It badly. We
should reform our mode of living—make it
better and less expensive. Tbi may he
dune in divers ways. Reform tbe present
mode of voting. Belorm the monetary sys-
tem. Reform the present ay stem of elect-
ing executive officera. Crush out the na*
tiunal banks, which control tbe currenuy
and thereby control the price of our com-
moditlea. They are tbe barborer of trusts,
pools, and monopolies that rob tbe masses
to eurlch themselves exclusively and per-
petually. We bad no trusts till tbe nation-
al banks came Into existence. They are
the tire ol four-tilths ol' the present exist*
ing evils. Tbe government ha* m ide them
rulers over our mouoy and thereby vested
them with power to dictate the price ot our
products, by increasing or decreasing the
volume ol money, and they generally de.
crease It when It is to their interest. The
volume ot money is increasing all the time
whan considered with tbe Increase of pop-
ulation . It requires more money to run
'he government (the people) than ten years
ago, because our business Ib greater. Yet
the amount per capita now ia smaller than
ever before. And of course business must
wane as tbe supply of money is what makes
business; without it we would have no in*
terchange of commerce. It is the prohibit*
■ng power. The Incentive of the people.
In it we "live, move, and we have our
being" physically speaking. It is but nut*
ural to suppose then that as tbe supply in-
creases or diminishes, so will our property
rise and tail.
They that own our money will also own
us. This Is true. It is also true that tbls
government aud its subjects ure owned by
monopolies, instead of being a govern,
ment of the people and for the people and
by tbe people It Ib manifestly a monarchy
of monopolies for monopolies and by mon*
opolles. Crush them out! Stamp them in
the dust, tbey "bite like a serpent and
sting like an adder." We must rid the
government of them. Wo must vote them
down. If we don't, perpetual serfdom will
be our doom, like tho peonea ot Ireland.
The aame cauaes subjected them to bond-
age that are now operating upon us. Ac-
cursed be tbe cause that produced these
national machines of highway robbery and
tbelr offsprings, tbe tiusts, combines, &o.
Jefferson and Jackson warned the people
of their impending evils, but tbey heeded
the not. The hardest tight ever waged
against banks was instituted and carried
on by "Old Hickory." No nmu, however
great and renowned, can claim to bo a dis-
ciple of Jackson and lavor national batiks.
The very idea is absurd. The moBt pow-
erlul, in lact, the only weapon we can em-
ploy against our enemy Is tbe ballot, and I
earnestly appeal to the readers of Thb
Mercury and all, to atudy these queationa
thoroughly, and join in the crusade against
the common foe and victory will be ours.
Let us support ouly such measures us we
know will redound to our interest and to
the re-establishing aud final perpetuity of
a i «publican lorm of government as found-
ed by our forefathers, which guaranteed to
Its subjects "equal rights to all and special
privileges to none."
The power la our. It is delegated to no
one else but tbe people; so let us free our
country. Jaoksou said, "It is to yourself
you must look for safety and the meana of
guarding aud perpetuating your free Insti-
tution . Let us follow Jackson and tree
American Reaouroes Exhausted by the
Use of Foreifrn Luxuries.
Statistics prove that tbe United Statea
pays, as tbe difference against it In its
trade relations with the Central and Soutb
American countries, the enormous sum ol
$100,000,000 per annum. This balance, ol
course, alter lurnishiiig what they waut
from us, must be paid in the precious met*
als. This drain becomes the more alarm*
ing when we take into account the charac-
ter ol the products we consume, which are
in the liae of the luxuries, coffee, sugar,
tea and the tropical irults.
A prominent coffee dealer wbo has been
operating on the New York coffee ex*
change has retired irom that Institution
on the ground tbat the option dealings
and speculations so enhance the price of
coffee artificially, that tbe people are being
robbed out ot about. $30,000,000 a year more
than Is justified by the actual value of the
product based upon supply and demand.
Adding to the above the balunce ot trade
against u with European countries which
bas been the prevadlng condition or our re'
latlons lor several months, the present
stringent condition of tbe money market
may be accounted lor.
While examining our relations with our
foreign neigbbora, wa may well view tbem
with alarm, in view of the tact tbat the en*
tire aurplus of our farms come so far short
ot paying the balance against us that our
immense mining resources of precious
metal products are exhausted to make good
tbe deficiency. Add to this the evils of
tbe centralization of capital at home In the
bauds of trusts and combines, which are
paying tribute to produce profits to the
middlemen never posalble.
Will the wealth producers of this nation
consent to be wholly sacrificed or will they
so completely organize tbat by a concert of
action they can, by practicing a little self*
denial along ce tain Unes, beat the trust?
The same co-operative measure might e«
cure legislation punishing tbe conspirator
against tbe rights ofthe people.—Western
A revolution is rumored In Cuba.
Tbe min rry of tho republic of Uraguay
Plymouth church, Brooklyn, will install
Dr. Lyman Abbott a pastor.
The czarowltc ha gone to Venice In-
Tbe itrlklng dock laborer at Tilbury
have relumed work.
Searle, tbe (culler, 1 in Australia dan-
gerously 111 with typhoid fever.
-Very destructive rains are reported la
the Yaagtce valley, Cblns.
A line of steamers 1 talked of between
Florida and Rio Janerio.
Tbe NClonal Palace at Saa Salvador
wltb the government archive are com.
pletely destroyed by fire.
M. 8ardou|obtala damage* af one fmas
nrom ail Blass. for the publication of "Li
Toaaa," baton tha play had bcea y«r
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
The Southern Mercury, Texas Farmers' Alliance Advocate. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 48, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 28, 1889, newspaper, November 28, 1889; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth186115/m1/4/: accessed June 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .