Southern Mercury United with the Farmers Union Password. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 25, No. 22, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 1, 1905 Page: 1 of 8
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UNITED WITH THE
FARMERS UNION PASSWORD
- = " " — | ' r—=
Farmers Union Password Established 1003.
Southern Mercury Established I88O.
Southern Mercury and Farmers Union Password Consolidated May lv I9O0.
Vol. XXV. No. 22
Dallas* Texas, Thursday, June U 1905
$1.00 Per Annum
Condensed Notes of Work. The Boys
at the Forks of The Creek Heard
The address of T. E. Howard, County !
Sercetary of Fannin County "nlon
Hash, Tex., not Bonham.
At a meeting of Camp Cou, XT" ion
May 15, a resolution was adopted 1|(-
Irig to the establishment of a wareh |
for the benefit of the farmers of Crn*p
county. Bros. P. M. Reaves, S. P. Hal-
ley, T. P. Bynum, A. C. Russell and.
S. H. Rogers were appointed to de-
velop the matter, and report at r.ext
meeting of the County Union.
"The boys in old Hunt are 'standing
pat' on the original contention. We
will be on hand in Dallas, July 6, and
probably at Fort Worth. The Mer-
cury-Password is a welcome visitor."
Jno. 'Frey, Commerce, Tex.
"We stand pat for Union, principles
'down here In Cleburne county, and are
determined to keep up the fight for the
farmers' rights." John phlllips, Pear-
"Our Local is comparatively young,
but the nineteen members are all good
meen, and have the true spirit of
Unionism. Bro. Mallett, that earnest
veteran from Cleburne, was with us
at our last meeting, and made us an
enjoyable talk. We have a splendid
Bet of officers, whose hearts are in
the work. Wte win be pleased to have
visiting lecturers call on us at cny
time convenient to them. The fann-
ers generally are more interested in
this farmers' movement than in tny
movement that has developed in a
long time. The rains and storm last
week damaged our crops greatly. Many
are reducing their cotton acreage con-
siderably, and will plant other stuff
to the utmost limit. Success to The
Mercury-Password." T. N. Gordon,
President, Grandvlew, Tex
"1 am still holding my cotton, (ten
bales). Hope the price will strike 10
cents before I have to sell." D. C. Hud-
dleston. Paradise, Tex.
"Egypt Local held an Interesting
meeting May 20. We rejected Sections
15, 25, SO and 31 of the proposed Fort
Worth constitution. Our Local Is
growing, and enthusiastic. Attendance
very good. We have a Union store,
and save much by purchasing our goods
there. We are planting but little cot-
ton, but are widening out on field
crops for stock, feed, etc. Much at-
tention 4s being given to raising hogs,
and we hope to make a shipment of
hogs from this section this fall. As
the range Is good here, it costs but
little to keep stock In a fairly good
condition. Our county* Unions will
meet June 30 with Enon Local. Sus-
cess to The Mercury-Password In its
stand for the people." J. N. Haw-
thorne, Secretary, Egypt, Tex.
Organizer J. H. Alsup, writing from
Lott, Tex., says: "I organized a Local
at Durango last Wednesday night, and
another at New Salem on Saturday
following. The calls for work are In-
creasing. The farmers in this section
ere waking up to the importance of co-
operation and concerted action. The
Union offers the remedy."
Bro. J. W. Griffin of Folsom, I. T.,
writes that his Local wants a good
gin man to locate there to handle their
cotton. He says 100 farmers are with
hiin in this request. For particulars,
.write J. W. Griffin, Folsom, Tex.
"The farmers of Falls County are
waking up to the Importance of act-
ing together for mutual benefit and
protection. We have several Locals
nntl a District Union. On the 4th Inst,
a TiOCfil with twenty-eight members
was formed at Lott by State Organ-
izer Allen. Send us blanks and In-
structions. and we wi'll get up a club
for The Mercury Password." Jas. Bur-
ford, Lott, Tex.
"I am a veteran AlMance man, and
Ish to do all I can to push the cause
of the farmers to success. There Is
great interest manifested among the
farmers of Hill county for the Farm-
ers' Union. Wo need badly a good or-
ganizer. There is much work to be
done along this line in Hill County,
end no one at work now. We hope to
have an organizer at the work In this
county soon. Let's watch as we'l as
juay, and havn no one represent us
l>ut true and tried, dyed-Jn-the wool
farmetrs. Success to Mercury-Pass-
word." A. A. Eubanks, Secretary. Me-
"On May 1, Strawn Local. No. 849 by
resolution by unanimous vote, rejected
thft amendments to the constitution
proposed by the Fort Worth meeting."
V. E. Daniel, Secretary, Strawn, Tex.
"The Farmers' Union at Stacy, Tex.,
In conjunction with the Woodmen camp
«t that place, will have a joint picnic
near Stacy on .Tune 10. Everybody in-
vited, and a good time promised " R.
B. Fletcher. Stacy. Tex.
♦"Cuba Local of Wise county had an
able evening May 27. After at-
rig to the regular business of the
Van inventory of how much cotton
still being held by tl>e members
was made and in contemplation of <i
3. '.e June 16, next. The iownthen Join-
CO. j,. a feast of Ice cream, cake, etc.,
'• It ■ b was participated in by the fifty
o. more members present. For a whilo
we forg.ot our many grievances ami
sorrows. We all feel encouraged at the
outlook for better Unionism among
those who support the world by their
toll. J. M. Coursey." Route 3, Decatur,
"It Is gratifying to see the fanners
of Texas taking such interest in our
organization. It means that we can
free ourselves from the speculators and
grumblers. Our Union has thirty-two
members now, and growiing every meet-
ing. We must assist one another in
vxsry way possible." J. M. Stevens,
Secretary, Pankey, Tex.
were appointed to look after our
wheat selling and the erection of an
elevator and flouring mill. Resolu-
tions were adopted to strike out Sec.
80-31-32 of the Fort Worth constitu-
tion, and Sec. 29 of the old constitu-
tion. The old constitution is not quite
right In the matter of the Referendum,
ns under It one-fourth the contles con-
stitute a quorum, and only counties
reported by delegates have a right to
discuss these proceedings In the local
unions and pass on them. W. I. Scud-
der was elected State delegate and in-
structed to use his Influence to have
delegates paid by their respective
counties In case the Fort Worth consti-
tution Is defeated. Our county meet-
ings alternate from one local to an-
other by vote and Invitation. In this
way we become better acquainted with
each other and have pleasant gather-
ings. Many farmers' wives and daugh-
ters are joining and their presence is
decidedly profitable and pleasant. Our
next quarterly meeting will be held at
Richland. We are growing In numbers
and influence. A. F. Claflln, Shady, Tex.
Caddo County Union will be organ-
ized at Anadarko, Okla., on Monday,
July 10. All Local* send delegates.
F. B. Eddy, organizer.
"The Union men in this section liave
reduced the acreage in cotton consid-
erably. Most of the cotton planted
Is doing well, barring the wet weath-
er. Corn and other stuff doing well,
though too much rain has fallen. We
aie determined to keej) the derby hat
fellows from getting our cotton this
year for their own price. If our farm-
ers will stand together, we will win
out all along the line.'' J. R. AS'hlse-
nant, Oakinan, I, T.
"We are unanimous for the old, or
Mlneola constitution, and opposed to
the Fort Worth document, where It
differs from the Mlneola.'' J. W. Frame,
Secretary Local No. 300, Medina, Tex.
"The Wise County Union met at
Pleasant Valley, May 5, with a good
representation. AH present were wide
awake and in fine spirits. We reject-
ed Sec. 30 in the Fort Worth amend-
ment to the constitution, and recom-
mend that Sec. 2'J of the Mineola con-
stitution be inserted in its stead. With
this change, we accept the said Fort
Worth amended constitution. The next
County Union will be held at Prairie
Point, July 27, 28 and 29." J. J. Gaut.
H. T. Fuchs, writing from Marble
Falls, Tex., says that wolves and other
"varn intC'^we killing the smaU ii^e-
stocK in thaf section, ami fflisft !t tt'.+a
ranchmen could get a real good trapper
to go there he could make some
money. The county pays a bounty of
$5 for the scalps of the timber wolves,
and some of the stockmen would pay
an additional reward.
The Mercury-Password has always
held that it Is In duty bound to expose
and condemn wrong and injustice
wherever fcund, and to defend the prin-
ciples of the Farmers' Union from en-
emies without and enemies within, no
matter whom it hits or hurts.
"I am much pleased with the com-
bined paper, and all Union men speak
in the highest terms of Its work. The
Hill county Union meets at the court-
house in Hlllsboro at 10 a. m., Satur-
day, June 3d. We would be glad to
have some of our best speakers pres-
ent. Come down and canvass for your
paper." R. Potts, Fort Worth, Texas.
"Our people are holding their cotton
and selling their potatoes through the
Union Exchange and staying out of
debt, living at home and boarding at
our own kitchen. B. F. Huggins, Sec.,
"The locals of Milam county met at
Milano May 27 and organized a Dis-
trict Union. Tom Hurt was made pres-
ident, C. B. Bankston, secretary, and
Dr. W. R. Dennis business agent. Those
present were enthusiastic for the Union
work and -contemplate much good will
result from the combined efforts of
the membership throughout the coun-
ty. The next meeting will be held June
16, to which every Union In the count/
is Invited to send representatives. C
B. Bankston, secretary." Milano, Texas.
"I want to say that I find the Mer-
cury-Password quite popular down
here. We are all pleased with It. Every
Farmers' Union man should be a sub-
scriber to it. Hurrah for the F. E. and
C. U. of A.! There are two cotton
buyers here who say It must be busted
at all hazzards. If money can do it, be-
cause the members don't know when to
put their cotton on the market. They
say that cotton will go up too high if
the farmeis don't turn It loose. They
are trying to prevent banks loaning
money on cotton held by Union men.
Here's success to the Union and the
Mercury-Password!" M. E. Mitchell,
"Liberty Local at Lillian, Texas. In
regular meeting May 29, rejected sec-
tions 30 asd 31 of article 1. Also arti-
cle , and also section 13. ,T. H. Bentley,
president," Lillian, Tex.
Baylor County Union met at Hevll-
view Friday, May 12. The Local Un-
ions were well represented and report-
ed a healthy condition. Friday nlgiit
an open meeting was held. The house
was overflowing and all pronounced It
a success. Music was furnished by the
Union. The speech of the occasion was
made by Bro. Evans of Fort Worth.
There was a good attendance of busi-
ness men, and they heartily endorsed
his remarks. The best farmers of the
county are with us. Their Influence Is
being felt. We have arranged for a
supply of twine and coal for harvest,
and at a large reduction. Committees
CROP CONDITIONS IN
Bro. C. J. Felrnet, secretary of 790,
writes: "Since the beginning of the
big sleets about the 10th of January
last, the ground has not at any time
been sufficiently dry to do effective
plowing, as it has rained almost con-
"Those who planted corn on the up-
lands got a very good stand, but the
rains have almost drowned it, giving
It a 'sickly' appearance.
"Many who planted cotton on flat
uplands or bottom land, have had It
completely drowned or washed away.
The members of our Local had inten-
tionally rcduced their cotton acreage
about 25 per cent, and about half a
crop has been planted. A very good
stand of cotton, was secured generally,
but the rains have hindered the growth,
until it is now barely large enough to
chop. The fields of both corn and
cotton look like a wilderness, the
weeds, grass and bushes being taller
than the crop. Almost every farmer
in this locality has some land still
lying out. There are many fields that
have never been touched—Jsat year's
cotton fitalks still standing, and wesds
knee high. We had only three days'
sunshine last week. Nothing can he
done for four or five days, If the
rains stop. It is safe to say that last
year'* cotton acreage will be reduced,
at left-: .n this station, 40 patweent.
"Wheat Is considerably damaged by
rust. Hay was looking fine, but many
cut their alfalfa during last week, and
it is now lying in a deluge of water.
We would like to hear reports from
Local Union secretaries should make
postofliee orders payable to me at Rose
Hud, Ark., arid mall same to me at
Turnip, Ark. Send name and number
of Union. W. .T. WALLS,
Sec.-Tres., White I'd. Union.
"We have reduced our cotton a.-re-
.tge this year about 25 per cent, nnd
will endeavor to raise everything i:ted-
ful that we can. We believe the Farm-
ers' Union Is destined to do great rfbod
for the 'man with the hoe.' Every
farmer ought to line up in the Un'on,
and a!d In carrying out Its princi-
ples. Our Union, No. 507, at Heaid-
ton, lias thirty members, and Is ccn-
BUantly gtrowing. Our* last, meet ng
changed the time for meeting from
Thursday night to Saturdays, 4 p. m."
W. F. Hawkins, Secreliuy, Healdtou,
Polk County Union met May 20 with
good attendance and harmorrious ses-
sion. Resolutions were adopted that
the constitution be changed so that
appeals may be taken from the Locals
to the State Union; that nil laws shall
be referred to the Locals for ratifica-
tion; that dues begin flist quarter
after initiation. Our next meeting will
be hei-J July 21 with Jones Prairie
Local. Success to The Mercury Pass-
word." C. A. Deatherldgc, Leggett,
TOO MUCH DOCTORING.
"We have a good Local at New Hope,
forty-two members. We don't like the
idea of the men at the head of our
affairs doctoring our constitution to
suit their own views without consult-
ing us. If they take the Referendum
out of It, we may as well quit and
start over. This is the result of hav-
ing men in the lead who are not bona
fide farmers. Let's go slow, and keep
our eyes wide open." R. V. Ford, Sec-
retary, Boyd, Tex.
IT FILLS THE BILL,
"Our Local Is growing in numbers
and the knowledge of the benefits of
co-operation. When we get this year's
cotton ready for market we are going
to surprise somebody. 'Nuff sed.' Ev-
ery farmer should get Inside the Union,
for we will surely do him good. We
have reduced our cotton acreage con-
siderably, and what we have planted
looks like it will be a failure. Rust
Is injuiing our wheat and oats consid-
erably. The Mercury-Password fills
the bill as a paper for our use." O.
R. Ethcridge, Secretary, Sadlers Bend,
AGAINST THE NEW CONSTITU-
Union Springs Union met May 22d.
The constitutional amendments were
rejected by unanimous vote! First,
because they give too much power to
the State Executive Committee. Sec-
ond, because they deprive Locals of
privilege which Justly belongs to thin.
Third, because the Mlneola constitu-
tion Is good enough. Our Union is
strong and thrifty. Many of our in ui-
bers have moved away and placed
their membership with otln r Locals.
We regret the dissatisfaction which
has arisen from the doctrines of our i
constitution. Hoping the wrong will
yet be righted. We are yours for Union
principles. W| A. Green, President; M.
W. Carroll, Secretary; Grand Saline,
"Our country is alive with good, old,
honest, hard-working Virion farmers.
We have accomplished a great deal in
this country by uniting In purchasing
our supplies, and we know when we
find a good thing. We call the Farm-
er's Union the best organization to aid
us In getting even with the speculat-
ors. The Farmers' Union lias accom-
plished more than any other organiza-
tion for the benefit of the farmers, but
it has not done anything to compare
with what we can do. Let each and
every one use the ttmost of Ills abil-
ity to show our power. When we throw
all of our strength together, we will
show the specula to* what the 'hity seed
really is?, iyid wlia't Je can do. We have
201 members who will stand by the
Union Let me say that The Mercury-
Password is the paper for the plain,
honest Union man. We are glad to
see It probing for the weak places In
our organization." E. L. Fletcher, Sec-
retary, Atoka, I. T.
choose (and It would bo wise) estab-
lish a co-operative business after the
following plan, for the purposes of
buying and selling their produce, nnd
also to build and operate cotton gins,
cotton oil mills, ami cotton yards and
scales, after the Rochdale plan, which
has been successfully tested through-
out Europe and America for the past
66 years. To Illustrate, "we'll say you
organize a company to buy and sell
grain and produce, allow each member
of the said district union to subscribe
not to exceed $.">0 worth of stock, al-
low a dividend of 8 or 10 per cent per
annum on this capital subscribed,
which Is virtually hiring the money at
said rates of Interest after this rate
of Interest and expenses are paid, then
divide tho remaining profits among
the members of the said district union
in proportion to the profits that each
member has paid Into the company."
To make this more clear I give the fol-
lowing illustration, "say we. fix the
percentage on goods at 10 per cent.
John Smith buys $100 worth of goods,
and Bill Jones buys $:I00 worth of
goods; after the expenses are paid and
tho Interest on the capital. John Smith
receives back the remainder of tho
profits of the $10 that he he has paid
into the company, and Hill Jones the
remainder of the $30 of tho profits he
has paid into the company; provided,
that the profits of those who do not
subscribe to the limit of the stock shall
be appropriated to purchase the limit
of stock for them. Through this plan
we buy our goods at tin' actual expense
on the money Invested, with absolute-
ly no speculation or profit-taking one
After these trading district milo.is
have been established at a majority of
the trading points In the two territor-
ies, then we can establish a Slate
Agency through which the local com-
panies can all buy nnd sell their goods.
This is the only plan In my judgment,
through which we can build a State
agency that will accomplish anything
from a financial stand point, of any
benefit, to our membership. We must
commence at the bottom nnd build up,
but wo cannot begin at the top nnd
build down. J. S. Moore, Secretary-
nnd the secretary wns ordered to havo
the White County News print constitu-
tion und by-laws In pamphlet form
and that each local union be furnished
The following resolution was unani-
"Resolved, That this body adopt the
White County News ns Its otticlnl organ
and request members throughout the
county to subscribe and otherwise pat-
ronize the News in preference to any
other county paper."
EDUCATE AND DIVERSIFY
"The time 1h at hand when we farm-
ers must exercise our brains as well
as our muscles. We must diversify
our crops, raise everything we can for
home consumption, nnd then raise all
the cotton we can. If we will do this.
I believe we can get 20 cents per
pound for our cotton. Another Im-
portant thing Js this; We must avoid
going in debt. Let's do without every-
thing we can before we buy on credit.
Let's build our warehouses where we
can tnlte enre of our stuff till we nre
ready to sell |t, and not have to pay
some one else to care for It for us.
As I understand, the Farmers' Union
was organized to educate ourselves
as to what Is best for us to raise, nnd
the quantity of It, and to secure the
best results for our labor." J. W.
Brown, Reiny, I. T.
The Federation of Labor of Okla-
homa and Indian Territory have ex-
tended a cordial invitation to tlie mem-
bers of the Farmers' Union to meet
with them In delegate convention to be
held June G at. South*McAlester, I. T.,
to consider plans looking to the wel-
fare and benefit of both organizations.
Blank certificates for credentials for
delegates can be secured by addressing
J. Harvie Lynch, secretary-treasurer,
at Lawton, 1. T. Every delegate who
attends should be duly accredited by
the body sending him.
WANT8 ONLY FARMERS FOR DEL-
"Ashland Local has a membership of
fifty, and a we have now received a
copy of our new constitution, would
like to call th" attention of other Lo-
cal Unions to Sections 30 and 31, which
take the power completely out of the
hands of the Local Unions. Brothers,
you must watch this constitution, and
be very careful who you el -ct as dele-
gates to our next State meeting. Be-
cause some member who Is not a farm-
er can make a fine speech, don't be de-
luded and peisuaded that he will make
a good delegate to the State Union!
We want actual farmers for delegates
to our State I nlon meetings If a
farmer Is not capable of running our
own business at our own Stale conven-
tions, we had far better go out of busi-
ness. It is very well to have doctors,
school teachers and some others as ad-
visory members, but for officers and
delegates, w< need actual farmers. Do
not. fall to instruct your delegates to
have Section 29 of the Mlneola consti-
tution adopted In place of Sections
30 and 31, which will give you the pow-
er to vote on any amendments you
may want to have made to the consti-
tution. We especially urg" other Lo-
cals to heed "iir warning." H. S Car-
ter, Ashland. I T,
A FARMER AT THE MANUFAC-
The Manufacturers' National Asso-
ciation met Iri Atlanta, On., on tho
10th of this month. My District Union
sent me to meet with them, looking to
a plan by which we may be. able to
sell our next crop of tolton dlrv . to
I talked with many of them, and
made them a speech f think they will
not forget. I told them of the Farmers'
Union, Its origin, purposes and hopes.
They henrd me with marked attention.
Some of them would not talk about
buying cotton from the farmers;
while others, the. larger spinners gave
me great encouragement, by saying
tlicy would buy direct from the farmer,
If wo could do business on business
principles. I found most of them were
bears In tho market. I wns greatly
disappointed when I met none of the
Union brethren in Atlanta from other
This was a very Important meeting
to all cotton growers. I must say,
"Hurrah" for Texas. She started her
man, Bro. W. T. Loudcrinllk, but lie
was caught In a wreck nnd was not
ablo to get to the convention. I met
him in Memphis, Tcnn.,—as I was re-
turning. Many of these manufactur-
ers had never heard of the Farmers'
Educational and Co-Operative Union
of America. They know of It now.
This tri|i put. ine In touch with many
spinners, and I feel like we will be able
to land our cotton right into tlielr laps,
by another crop. They, the factory
men, claimed to be the "Moses," to
lead the farmers out of their trouble.
But I told them I had rather see them
doing, than hear them talking. The
farmers will have to do their own
work. Yet these manufacturers claim
they nre the strongest organization In
America. They are ten years old, and
have n membership of ,1,000. They lire
small compared to us. They pay $50.00
annual dues, per member per year.
Many of them had their wives with
tliem in Atlanta, and I was told that
It co.it a man and wife $:!0 per day
to stay there. | staid for a little over
one-1 till tleth of that amount. I ex-
pect to keep sllriing up their pure |
minds by way of remembrance, in
writing, often to them. We must sell I
direct to the factories. We must not 1
fail. J. M. I'lives, III Judcpelld' lit 1
Roff, I T.
LOUISIANA STATE MEETING—
From a letter from Bro. L. N.
Holmes of Bernlee, La., President of
the T/oulsinnu Farmers' Slate Union,
we extract the following:
"Our 'Irst session of State Union
will meet in the town of Winlield, July
4, 190r>, nt 10 o'clock a. in. Brethren
coming from Texas should come by
the way of Shreveport, change cars
there and run out on the morning train
to Sibley. The L. and A. train leaves
Sibley at 12 a. m., and arrives at Win-
lield 3, p. m. Wo extend to our Texas
brethren a cordial invitation to be
present; also to the membership In
Indlahoma and Arkansas. We stand
with stretched arms and open hearts
to receive Union brethren from
everywhere. "l,ct him who heareth,
say come." ond we will have a glori-
ous meeting. All railroads leading Into
j Winfield will givo one and onc-fou'iti
rate, round trip,"
HURRAH FOR THE FARMER*
A song written for the Farmers' Union
Department of the Progress by a
member of Cottonwood Farmer*
Come, now, nnd join our Union,
You farmers, one and all.
Come, bring your wives and daughter*
i here s room for great and small.
Don't be afraid to venture.
A welcome hand we'll give
To those who will unite with us
And In our order live.
Hurrah for the Farmers' Union.
Let all our sounds prolong.
And sing for all Its merits'
In glad and happy song,
Well gladly swell the chorus
With voices full of glee,
And sing of the Farmeis' Union,
The band of equity.
You'll not regret your money;
Your time you'll never miss.
For time thus spent Is loyal
in such a work ns this.
Our aim In life In upward;
Our motive pure and true.
Farmers, this Invitation
We're offering now to you.
Then come, he up and doing.
For time flies swiftly by,
Much good can you be doing
If yo;i but only try;
Unfurl the farmers' banner.
Shake out its fleecy folds
That in Its stainless beauty
All nations may behold.
^ our wealth consists of meadows green,
And fields of waving grain.
Your homes are pindo with labor swm^
Prove not you've lived in vain.
Then l.nll to tho farmers' banner
■ ■ Kroni war and bloodstain free.
May peace, good will and equity
Its motto ever be.
"Union No, 105, nt Looney, Okla.,
suggests that Unions everywhere select
good men to class and weigh their
cotton, and agree to hold their cotton
for no! less than 10 cents per pound."
Win. Hamilton, Secretniy, Looney, Ark.
Pro. W. W. Shesbnn of Olustee. Okla.,
writes: "We find that the Shawnee
convention has left the Referendum
principal out of our constitution. This
does not suit us a little hit. We want,
and arc determined to have, a say on
what laws shall be effective In our
organization. I wish you would give
us an article on the Referendum In
n near Issue of The Mercury Password.
We know the M — P. Is for the light,
and we stand by it."
HOPES THE FARMERS UNION
Ex-United States Senator Wm. V.
Allen of Nebraska, in a private letter
to our editor, speaks encouragingly of
the Farmers' Union as follows:
"1 beg to acknowledge myself
your debtor for weekly visits of
the Mercury-Password. By this
means 1 am able to keep track
of reform sentiment In Texas, In
particular, and the South In general,
and I nm glad to note that the Mer-
cury-Password Is replete In news and
stio.tg editorials along reform lines, I
observe that an attempt Is to be mad*
to organize a National Farmers' Union,
which I sincerely hope will succeed,
and that It will not be permitted to
die as the Formers' Alliance did. That
was a mistake. While It Is true that a
reform In political methods and princi-
ples must In a large measure come
from the farmers, because of thel
united interest and Immense numerical
strength, they should not discriminate
against, other occupations, but against
Individuals, If necessary. There are
many men not active farmers, who feel
the necessity of reform as strongly as
uny other class of our people and are
willing to take hold of any such move-
ment In good faith and help It to vic-
HOW TO GET 20 CENTS PER POUND
FOR COTTON. |
The Farmers' Union should build ;
cotton warehouses In every county in,
the cotton belt, und put every bale of
cotton they make In them. They ran |
Insuie their cotton themselves cheaper;
It Is charged, with much show of
reason, that the Chicago strike was
precipitated (at a most Inopportune
time for orgunlzcd labor) at the In-
stance of capitalists who wished to
embarrass the administration of Judge
Dunne and set back the municipal
ownership movement. Editor Post of
the Public takes this position.
President Murray has been cam-
paigning In Coleman. Baylor and ad-
joining counties the past few days. See
his East Texas dates In this Issue.
in ibis way. Then they should have
DON'T WANT THE AMENDMENTS. I
"Jasper County Union, at the me t-|
Ing held May 13, adopted the Hunt ^
county resolutions relative to the pro- ;
posed amendments and reaffirmed Its j
approval of the old Mlneola constltu- j
tlon. The organization Is growing, nnd .
we already realize the great benefit that i
will result from carrying Its principles [
Into active operation. We fee| that
'every farmer ought to line up In the
Union ranks and brttle for his rights."
A Practical Plan Suggested by Slate
Secretary Moore of Indiahoma.
Brethren: As I have been ncelvlng
a great many Inquiries regarding some i
business plan or method that will ena-j
ble the members of the Union to d<— ;
rive some direct financial benefit, I j
herewith submit the following plan lor
consideration, and I have seen it tested
and know It to he a huccchk—that Is:
To have district unions purely for tint
business purpoe«s, at every trading
point in the two territories, and let the
said district union be composed of the
members of ev< ry local union that
trades at the Iradlng point where sal.i
district union is organized, and let
each one oi these district unions epct
a committee, a* it business committee,
rornpo.'i d of :t to 5 members, w ho will
have charge of the trade and financial
Interests of the members of their re.
spectlvr dWtilet unions. Each one of
the snld district unions can, If tho
THE ARKANSAS DEM-
At a meeting of White County Ar-
kansas Fanners' Union tlw following
resolutions w< re adopt" d unanimously:
"Whereas the Arkansas democrat
has grossly and maliciously slandered
and misrepresented the State conven-
tion of the Farmers' I'nlon held at
Hot Springs, o.i April _'7 and and
"Whereas such false nnd mallcleus
reports ure unwarranted, misleading
and uncalled for tin i' fore, be It
"Resolved. That we condemn such
false and malicious reports and mis-
representations a:id that we ask the
Arkansas tin get lc and all other papers
fi lendly If* our cause to publish tills
resolution. Furthermore, we a«k that
the membership of this Union with-
draw their patronage from the said
Arkansas Democrat and to the end
that the dignity and goo I name of our
delegates be re pected. We refer said
nrtble to the state executive commit-
tee for action."
Committer on constitution and by-
laws reported and same was adopted
samples sent to their sales room. There j
should be only one sales room In the(
country, nnd that should be In New
Orients. \Vo could then force the
world to come to that point to buy their
supply of cotton. We could have our
cotton graded, and samples placed nt
our selling point. New Orleans, but
the cotton would he stored all over the
country In our own wai'houses, nnd
could be shipped out on orders from
one man in New Orleans. Pay In a
sale lit 1(10,000 bales of middlings, (>0,000
bales might le sent from Texas, 20 000
from Oeorgln. and 30 000 from Missis-
sippi points. When returns were made,
each p' InI would receive Its share of
the proceeds. It Is evident that det ills
should not be given Just here. Intel-
ligent methods would solve the piopo-
This plan will work, nnd work sue-
cessfully, and will bring satisfactory
We have a good country.
We have an Industrious people.
We make nearly nil the cotton the
world uses. We should have the
top of the maiket for our produce.
Now. If we haven't sense enough,
and nerve enough, to fix the price on
what we produce, we should not com-
plain when the speculators skin us..
As to farmers who do not belong to
the Union, or who will not put his
cotton In our warehouses, vt should
arrange to buy It of them, and thus
keep up prices in our own control. D. E.
Nell, .Tones. Tenn.
How do you like to have the other
fellow do the pricing—on what you buy-
as well as what you sell? If you are
satisfied with present conditions, don't
Join tlie Farmers' Union; we don't need
j our sort. Slave, step aside!
President S. O. Dawes of Indlahoma
1h doing a great work In the Held. His
last dates have been In Indian Ter-
Don't forget that the best plnce to
store your cotton Is right on your farm.
Stored In the seed improves the qua)
Ity und weight. .
COUNTY UNION MEETING8.
Bell—July 5, Temple.
Coke July 14, 1!5, Pnlnt Creek S. II.
Brown—June 16, 17, Blanket.
Kills—June 3rd, Waxaharhle.
Rockwall—June 9, 10, Happy Home.
Robertson—June 10. Englewood two
miles southeast of Franklin.
Hill July 13, 14, Peoria.
Gillespie—July 7, 8, Fredericksburg.
Rockwnll—June 9. 10, Happy Home.
Oreer. June 30; July 1. Mangum Okla.
Snn Saba—June 9, 10, Algerttas.
('ass—July 6. (ialoway Union.
Kaufman—June 23, 24, Cottonwood
Kaufman District—June 9, 10, Lib-
Twenty-fifth District, I. T.—July •,
Natchitoches, La.—Robertsvllle S. H.
Lee Co., Miss.—May 27, Tupelo.
Ada, I. T.—June 29, 2 p. m.
Fannin—July 5, Bonham.
Bandera—July 7-8, Tarpley.
Erath—July 6, Llnglevllle.
Hood—June 18, Pall Creek.
Kaufman—Jurje 23-24, Cottonwool
Delta—June 23-24, Lake Creek.
Tyler—June 23, Enon.
Stephens—July 7-8, Lcassa.
Polk—July' 24. Jones Prairie.
Wise—July |7, Prairie Point.
Palo pinto—July 8-4, Mineral Wells
Dallas—July 6, Lisbon, Tex.
Smith—July 7-8, near BuUar^>
? • I
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Southern Mercury United with the Farmers Union Password. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 25, No. 22, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 1, 1905, newspaper, June 1, 1905; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth186193/m1/1/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .