The Dallas Journal, Volume 46, 2000 Page: 67
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Historical List of Justices of the Peace, Dallas County, Texas 1846-2000
shall be divided into not less than four and not more
than eight precincts. ... in each such precinct there shall
be elected one Justice of the Peace and one Constable,
each of whom shall hold his office for four years and until his successor shall be elected and
in a county with a population of 150, 000 or more,
according to the most recent federal census, each precinct
may contain more than one Justice of the Peace Court.
c) When the boundaries of Justice of the Peace and Constable
precincts are changed, each Justice and Constable in office
on the effective date of the change, or elected to a term of
office beginning on or after the effective date of the change,
shall serve in the precinct in which the person resides
for the term to which each was elected or appointed,
even though the change in boundaries places the person's
residence outside the precinct for which he was elected
or appointed, abolishes the precinct for which he was
elected or appointed, or temporarily results in extra
Justices or Constables serving in a Precinct. When, as
a result of a change ofprecinct boundaries, a vacancy
occurs in the office of Justice of the Peace or Constable,
the Commissioners Court shall fill the vacancy by appoint-
ment until the next general election.
[Note: Sec 18 of Art V has been amended five times:]
To change the term of office for Justices of the Peace
and Constables from two to four years.[Submitted by
53rd Legislature,1953, and adopted in election Nov 2, 1954.]
To provide that certain justice precincts may contain more
than one justice of the peace court. [Submitted by 70t" Legislature,
1987, and adopted in election Nov 3, 1987.]
Article V, Section 19 ... Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace:
"Justice of the peace courts shall have original jurisdiction in
criminal matters of misdemeanor cases punishable by fine only,
exclusive jurisdiction in civil matters where the amount in
controversy is two hundred dollars or less [later increased to five
thousand dollars] and such other jurisdiction as may be provided by law.
Justices of the peace shall be ex officio notaries public. "
Article V, Section 28, Vacancies in Offices...
" Vacancies in the office of County Judge and Justices of the Peace
shall be filled by the Commissioners' Court until the next succeeding
general election. " [Note: not to the full elected term]
1887 Mesquite incorporated as a town.
1890 Oak Cliff incorporated as a city in 1890: Dissolved and reincorporated as a
smaller entity in June 1891.
1891 Garland incorporated (had been called Embree), near Duck Creek.
1892 Precinct 1 consisted of the City of Dallas and suburbs and Calhoun.
Precinct 3 consisted of Rose Hill, Pleasant Valley, Garland, New Hope
Precinct 4 consisted of Scyene, Mesquite, Haught's Store, Seagoville and Kleburg.
Precinct 5 consisted of DeSoto, Hutchins, Wilmer, Lancaster and Rylie.
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Dallas Genealogical Society. The Dallas Journal, Volume 46, 2000, periodical, June 2000; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth186859/m1/73/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Genealogical Society.