The Texas Miner, Volume 1, Number 8, March 10, 1894 Page: 2
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THE TEXAS MINER
THE TEXAS MINER.
W. B. McADAMS, EDITOR.
Advertising Rates made known on application to the Business Office.
Entered at the Post-Office in Thurber, Texas, as Second-Class Mail Matter.
Thurber, Texas, Saturday, March 10, 1894.
THE REASONS WHY WE ARE WHAT WE ARE.
Our friend of the Stephenville Empire, has the following
say, which we copy in full:
The Texas Miner, published at Thurber, seems to be a Re-
publican paper. It favors Protection very strongly. Will it
jilease point out one single advantage Protection has been to
any class in this country except the manufacturer and millionaire.
Protection is a delusion and a snare, so far as the laborer is con-
cerned. Protection has been increasing in this country for thirty
vears, and as Protection has increased, strikes and poverty
among the laborers have increased, and millionaires have in-
creased and multiplied. Yet, the otherwise intelligent laborers
of the North have kissed the hand that smote them, and cried
"give us more Protection." What the laborers and poorer
classes of this country need is protection agains* the millionaire
manufacturer who, under present laws, create trusts and the like
to prevent competition, and enable them to control the markets,
and in that wTay control prices. Thus, he soon becomes owner
of the laboring man as the African slaves were owned. The
Miner should be spending its bright youth and blooming op-
portunities in a more friendly way to the laboring classes.
The easiest writing we know of is to write an assertive article,
destitute of facts, without reason or thought.
First, Mr. Empire, as to our being a Republican. If advo-
cating the cause of the wage earners, whether tillers of the soil,
artisans, miners, or that of labor in any and every department of
daily life, for a higher return for their labor, to enable them to
educate their children, to live as Americans should live, to have
a roof to cover them, good, nourishing food—and plenty of it—
to be clothed well, if that is to be Republican, then we must be
called by that name. If, on the other hand, to vote as we
please for measures, not men, at times the Democratic and at
times the Republican ticket, why then we must be what is called
Well, our good, worthy contemporary, we will try and point
out more than any "single advantage that Protection has been
to any class except the manufacturer. Our manufacturers,
those who own and operate mills, are a very small class in num-
bers, how many we do not know, but within a very few thousand.
Of wage earners out of our population of nearly, if not quite,
70,000,000 people of this active, working nation there are prob-
ably at least 40,000,000 people that might properly be termed
wage earners—those who in some calling or other in life work
for their daily suoport, and those who work to accumulate prop-
erty. Now, in this country, those who we denominate wage-earn-
ers, and that is generally understood to be those working for-
others for wages, have accumulated as profits of labor that is de-
posited in our savings banks and with trust companies a huge
sum of money, nearing three thousand millions of dollars. Be-
sides that, we have a large class who have invested their earn-
ings in farms and homes amounting to many more billions of
dollars. Mr. Empire, all of these classes have been benefited by
our Protective policy. Our average rate of wages paid over
those of England is fully 50 per cent., and over France and Ger-
many fully 60 per cent. The large accumulations of capital by
our working people is the profit of labor. Now compare the
profits of labor in this country and the profits of labor in
free trade England, and you then must acknowledge that it is
attributable to the different conditions of the two countries. In
free trade England wages are low as compared with this coun-
try. In the United States at all times when we have had the
highest Protective duties, wages have ranged the highest. Why ?
Because we then employed our own labor to manutacture for
ourselves, and we had a duty that equalized the cheap labor ot
Europe. In fact, and in short, duties upon manufactured goods
are necessary to protect the price of labor in this country trom
going to the same level as in Europe. In your own county, un-
der your own eye, the repealing of the duty of 75 cents a ton on
coal, as has been done by Cleveland's House of Representatives,
has necessitated the reduction of labor in this county. Such
loose talk as you indulge in in the latter part of your editorial
about "African slaves," etc., is not honest, "sober, second
thought," and is not worthy of your intelligence and ability. We
insist, as a prima facie fact, that a duty on manufactured goods
is more protection to labor than to capitalists and manufactur-
ers, for competition soon regulates manufacturing profits. You
can see to what a pass your free-trade, gold-standard Cleveland s
Congress has brought us—if you do not teel it in your pocket,
we do. If you are not homeless and foodless in consequence, at
least 500,000 of our people are at this time—and this because
it is the pronounced policy of the present Administration to re-
duce duties, and to let our labor compete with European pauper
REACTION "SET IN."
The United States Senate is having a hard time with the Wil-
son bill. The news from the North. South, East and West in
opposition to it is so general that, we believe, when it goes back
to the house "it's own father" will not know it. Wilson is sick,
down in the City of Mexico—and it is no wonder, for the "born-
ing" of such a mass of incongruities as is compiled in that tariff
bill, which has made the whole country so very, very sick, ought
to react on its parent.
IT LOWERS EVERYTHING.
The New York Recorder says: "The Cleveland Administra-
tion began operations by lowering the flag at Honolulu. I hat
was nearly a year ago. Since then it has been lowering every-
thing all along the line, so that it must get credit for consistency
if nothing else. As a "lowerer" its record is unapproached and
unapproachable in our history.
"Look at what it has lowered. The price of wheat never was
so low. Wages are lower than they have been at any period in
thirtv years. Day by day they are sinking in the great industrial
barometer, and in many departments of business they have
sunk below zero—that is, they have been lowered out of sight.
Silver has been lowered, and with the funds in the Treasury to
meet the current expenses of the Government. Customs receipts
have been lowered. The value ot railroad stocks and securities
of all kinds is getting lower every month. The commercial credit
of every man is lower than it has been in half a generation, and
the Democratic majorities in every election that comes of! are
also on the lowering grade. Even the poor old Kearsarge has
been lowered forever into the depths of the ocean, and heaven
only knows what is to follow.1
President Cleveland has gone down to the "Lake of the
Dismal Swamp," shooting. Nero fiddled while Rome was burn-
Right Honorable William E. Gladstone, one of the
greatest and best men England ever produced, has resigned the
premiership. His great age (84 years) will preclude his ever
again guiding the affairs of the most important nation in the
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McAdams, Walter B. The Texas Miner, Volume 1, Number 8, March 10, 1894, newspaper, January 27, 1894; Thurber, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth200455/m1/2/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Tarleton State University.