Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 103 of 1,110
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UL YSSES S. GRANT.
energy, only stopping to strike fresh blows,
and Lee at last found himself not only outfougllt
but also out-marched and out-generaled.
Being completely surrounded, he
surrendered on the 9th of April, I865, at
Ap\lpomattox Court-House, in the open field,
with 27o,00 men, all that remained of his
armyr. This act virtually ended the war.
'I'lls, in ten days Grant had captured
'cetersburg and Richmond, fought, by his
subordinates, the battles of Five Forks and
Saiilor's Creek, besides numerous smaller
onres, captured 2o,000 men in actual battle,
Iand received the surrender of 27,000 more
at Appollmattox, absolutely annihilating an
ar tny of 70,000 soldiers.
(Genclral Grant returned at once to Washinlton
to superintend the disbandment of
thce arlics, lbut this pleasurable work was
scarcely )bcgulll when President Lincoln was
assassintted. It had doubtless been intendcd
to inflict the same fate upon Grant;
but lie, fortunately, on account of leaving
\\ashiinlton early in the evening, declined
anI invitation to accompany the President
to lic theater where the murder was committed.
IThis event mniade Andrew Johnson
Presidlcnt, but left Grant by far the most
conspictuous figure in the public life of the
country. I-le became the object of an entlhusi;asm
greater than had ever been known
in ,\merica. Every possible honor was
Il.heaplted tponl himi; the grade of General
was( created for himn by Congress; houses
were p)resente(l to himl by citizens; towns
we're illtuinated on hisentrance into them;
andl,( to Cap thc climax, when he made his
tour arounil tihe world, ' all nations did him
honor " as they had never before honored
l'he G(eneral, ;ls Comrnander-in-Chicf,
was p)lac:ce( in :an embarrassing position by
the opposition of President Johnson to the
measures o(f Conlgress: but he directly manif
sted his characteristic loyalty by obeying
Congress rather than the disaffected President,
although for a short time he had
served in his cabinet as Secretary of War.
Of course, everybody thought of General
Grant as the next President of the United
States, and he was accordingly elected as
such in I868 "by a large majority," and
four years later re-elected by a much larger
majority--the most overwhelming ever
given by the people of this country. His first
administration was distinguished by a cessation
of the strifes which sprang from the
war, by a large reduction of the National
debt, and by a settlement of the difficulties
with England which had grown out of the
depredations committed by privateers fitted
out in England during the war. This
last settlement was made by the famous
"Geneva arbitration," which saved to this
Government $i 5,ooo,ooo, but, more than all,
prevented a war with England. "Let us
have peace," was Grant's motto. And this
is the most appropriate place to remark
that above all Presidents whom this G6vernment
has ever had, General Grant was
the most non-partisan. He regarded the
Executive office as purely and exclusively
executive of the laws of Congress, irrespective
of "politics." But every great man
has jealous, bitter enemies, a fact Grant
was well aware of.
After the close of his Presidency, our
General made his famous tour around the
world, already referred to, and soon afterward,
in company with Ferdinand Ward,
of New York City, he engaged in banking
and stock brokerage, which business was
made disastrous to Grant, as well as to himself,
by his rascality. By this time an incurable
cancer of the tongue developed
itself in the person of the afflicted exPresident,
which ended his unrequited life
July 23, I885. Thus passed away from
earth's turmoils the man, the General, who
was as truly the " father of this regenerated
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/103/: accessed January 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.