Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 104 of 1,110
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102 PRESIDENTS OF THE UNI TED STA TES.
,-~ UTHERFORD BIRCHARD
HAYES, the nineteenth
the United States,
I877-'8I, was born in
Delaware, Ohio, October
4, 1822. His
ancestry can be traced as far
back as 1280, when Hayes and
m ~ Rutherford were two Scottish
chieftains fighting side by side
with Baliol, William Wallace
and Robert Bruce. Both fami4t
f lies belonged to the nobility,
owned extensive estates and had
a large following. The Hayes
family had, for a coat-of-arms, a
shield, barred and surmounted by a flying
eagle. There was a circle of stars about
the eagle and above the shield, while on a
scroll underneath the shield was inscribed
the motto, "Recte." Misfortune overtaking
the family, George Hayes left Scotland in
I680, and settled in Windsor, Connecticut.
He was an industrious worker in wood and
iron, having a mechanical genius and a cultivated
mind. His son George was born
in Windsor and remained there during his
Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, married
Sarah Lee, and lived in Simsbury, Connecticut.
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born
in 1724, and was a manufacturer of scythes
at Bradford, Connecticut. Rutherford
Hayes, son of Ezekiel and grandfather of
President Hayes, was born in New Haven,
in August, 1756. He was a famous blacksmith
and tavern-keeper. He immigrated to
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in
Brattleboro where he established a hotel.
Here his son Rutherford, father of President
Hayes, was born. In September, 1813,
he married Sophia Birchard, of Wilmington,
Vermont, whose ancestry on the male
side is traced back to 1635, to John Birchard,
one of the principal founders of Norwich.
Both of her grandfathers were
soldiers in the Revolutionary war.
The father of President Hayes was of a
mechanical turn, and could mend a plow,
knit a stocking, or do almost anything that
he might undertake. He was prosperous
in business, a member of the church and
active in all the benevolent enterprises of
the town. After the close of the war of I812
he immigrated to Ohio, and purchased a
farm near the present town of Delaware.
His family then consisted of his wife and
two children, and an orphan girl whom he
It was in 1817 that the family arrived at
Delaware. Instead of settling upon his
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/104/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.