Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 116 of 1,110
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PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES.
mon, of Virginia, to recover the negroes,
but he lost the suit. In this case, however,
Mr. Arthur was assisted by William M.
Evarts, now United States Senator. Soon
afterward, in 1856, a respectable colored
woman was ejected from a street car in
New York City. Mr. Arthur sued the car
company in her behalf and recovered $500
damages. Immediately afterward all the
car companies in the city issued orders to
their employes to admit colored persons
upon their cars.
Mr. Arthur's political doctrines, as well
as his practice as a lawyer, raised him to
prominence in the party of freedom; and
accordingly he was sent as a delegate to
the first National Republican Convention.
Soon afterward he was appointed Judge
Advocate for the Second Brigade of the
State of New York, and then Engineer-inChief
on Governor Morgan's staff. In I86I,
the first year of the war, he was made Inspector-General,
and next, QuartermasterGeneral,
in both which offices he rendered
great service to the Government.' After
the close of Governor Morgan's term he
resumed the practice of law, forming first a
partnership with Mr. Ransom, and subsequently
adding Mr. Phelps to the firm.
Each of these gentlemen were able lawyers.
November 21, I872, General Arthur was
appointed Collector of the Port of New
York by President Grant, and he held the
office until July 20, I878.
The next event of prominence in General
Arthur's career was his nomination to the
V ice-Presidency of the United States, under
the influence of Roscoe Conkling, at the
National Republican Convention held at
Chicago in June, T880, when James A. Garfield
was placed at the head of the ticket.
Both the convention and the campaign that
followed were noisy and exciting. The
friends of Grant, constituting nearly half
the convention, were exceedingly persistent,
and were sorely disappointed over
their defeat. At the head of the Democratic
ticket was placed a very strong and
popular man; yet Garfield and Arthur were
elected by a respectable plurality of the
popular vote. The 4th of March following,
these gentlemen were accordingly inaugurated;
but within four months the assassin's
bullet made a fatal wound in the person of
General Garfield, whose life terminated
September I9, I88I, when General Arthur,
ex officio, was obliged to take the chief
reins of government. Some misgivings
were entertained by many in this event, as
Mr. Arthur was thought to represent espe
cially the Grant and Conkling wing of the
Republican party; but President Arthur
had both the ability and the good sense to
allay all fears, and he gave the restless,
critical American people as good an administration
as they had ever been blessed
with. Neither selfishness nor low partisanism
ever characterized any feature of
his public service. He ever maintained a
high sense of every individual right as well
as of the Nation's honor. Indeed, he stood
so high that his successor, President Cleveland,
though of opposing politics, expressed
a wish in his inaugural address that he
could only satisfy the people with as good
But the day of civil service reform had
come in so far, and the corresponding reaction
against "third-termism" had encroached
so far even upon "second-term"
service, that the Republican party saw fit
in 1884 to nominate another man for President.
Only by this means was General
Arthur's tenure of office closed at Washington.
On his retirement from the Presidency,
March, 1885, he engaged in the
practice of law at New York City, where he
died November 18, 1886.
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/116/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.