Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 127 of 1,110
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F the large number of counties in this
great State of Texas, it is universally concedeId,
not only by tile citizens of the
State, but also by all passing immigrants, tllat
fur riclllhess of soil, congeniality of climate,
cihrlming and1 delightful scenery, a cultivated
and hospital people, Dallas county can not be
surpassed. Truly has it been said that she is
the -tbanner county of tile State."
Situated in tile center of tile northern portion
of tlie State, on what might be called a
thiiht rolling plateau, it is bounded on the north
by tile county of l)lcton, east bt Collin and
(Kaufinan, south by Ellis and west by Tar(;
'lle geological formation of tlie soil of
lailas ctlnty and of tile strata beneath betugs
i1n geology to tllat period classed as Mesoz4,ic
tillt al1ndi in tlhe Cretaceous period, thle
lower division of this being ulcrystaline
or of aqueo, s origin. Tllere is a stratum
of white lituestone rock beneath tlie deep.
ricl, loatinv black soil, w\lich appears i ivnersal
tlroltlh the entire county. Sometimes it
10 ~ ~ ~ ~~eimsi
crops out and extends for miles, scattering
here and there, giving a mixed soil of black
with small white and greyish lime rocks.
Especially is this frequently seen in the west
ern portion of the county. This soil is very
superiorly adapted to the growing of small
grains of almost every kind.
Beneath this limestone is sometimes found
beds of gravel, which is most conveniently
utilized in improving roads and streets.
These beds are found to be of remarkable variation
of depth and dimensions, and must
have been formed here when the waters covered
the surface, having been drifted hither
and thither by thle surging waters. This
gravel is lasting, as it consists chiefly of
quartz, and of course is never ground into
powder when used, while the white and grayisli
limestone found immediately beneath the
soil crumbles on being exposed to the eleinents,
and of course is not only worthless for
paving roads and avenues but also for all
building purposes of any kind.
The very best of lime has been manufactured
out of this stratum of limestone, and,
owing to this formation, nearly all the springs
and streams are of hard water. There are
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/127/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.