Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 129 of 1,110
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I;IWI LWIO II~IllSI TOY OFDLASCUTY 2
venieneo to the citizen for fuel in winter as
well as protection to stock from tlIe cold
blasts of the northern winds, commonly
called the "Texas Norther." This timber
consists of oak, sycamore, pecan, hackberry,
walnut, cottonwood, red and white elm, blackjack,
box.elder, red haw, locust, hickory, wild
china, cedar, gumn-elastic, ash and "bois
d'are" (osage orange); and a peculiarity about
it is, it does not grow to a great height. It
is mostly stumpy, except immediately on
tlhe ban)lk of tlie Trinity river. Here you
findt occasionally a large cottonwood, elm
or thckberry. This timber hlas also an undergrowtlh
called "1underbrlsh," which makes it
~ometillcs very difficult to pass through.
At an early date, tile farmers enclosed their
farmlls will rails and brush, hauled for niles
from these cross timbers, bult as the populatiotl
iIereaseld, and tlie timber became more
scarce, and dear in price, bois-d'arc lledges
were salbstitutted, atrd afterward tlle barbed
AO(;R l I. 'TU tA L.
At tlhe present period of development,
talmot every farmer in tlhe county lhas his
iudo:otre fenced witll) barbod wire. Tie
ittr(litetion of tllis wire was a great blessing
to) the people. In fiact, it would have been
anlnobt impossible for the people il tile
IuityIt to have gotten along witliout it.
Cotton, crn. wheat, cand oats, raised per
aw. in l)alils county, canllnot be surpassed
it W IN cou)ity in t}th State. Truly 1 Iiilt it
!W dti tjat tihe (qualitity per acre on some
of tle clhice lands of this county, approximates
that of the richest soil in the Mississippi
valley. The cotton stalk is known to
grow so high in places that a man can
scarcely reach to the top, and the limbs so
heavy with bolls that they sometimes break
from the main stem. Corn and wheat are
raised in great quantities. All vegetables
are grown with ease. Sweet and Irish potatoes,
sorghum,-in fact almost all produce
raised in a southern climate are produced
on this soil. The largest, sweetest, finest
quality of fruit, of almost every kind, such
as peaches, apricots, apples, grapes, cherries
pears, plums, etc., are produced. Watermelons
are a marvel in size, in their season.
The average yield of wheat per acre is from
fifteen to thirty bushels; cotton from one-half
bale to a bale, corn, from thirty to seventy
bushels; oats, fiomn thirty-five to eighty
bushels; and hay, both native and cultivated,
cannot be surpassed. The Johnson and Bermuda
grasses, and millet, are raised in
abundance. All of the above produce always
brings the very highest prices in the markets
of tlhe country.
WATER COURSES, WELLS, ETC.
Dallas county is one of tlhe best-watered
counties in the State. Besides the Trinity
river, tllhere is the Five-Mile creek, and
the Ten-Mile creek,--so denomninated because
of tile distance froln Dallas, tlhe largest and
central city in its borders.
Almost all these sinaller streams merge
into tihe Trinity river. Beside tlese, there
are many everflowinlg springs.
The people are supplied with water by
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/129/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.