Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 130 of 1,110
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HISTORY OF DALLAS COUN7TY.
wells, in which any quantity can be secured
by digging to only a shallow depth. Very
frequently, at the depth of from fifteen to
twenty feet, an abundance is secured. The
wealthier citizens have flowing artesian wells,
which are at present becoming quite common
in this county. After boring down a few
hundred feet, the artesian water, as clear as
a crystal, will burst forth, sometimes as high
as twenty feet above the surface. The water
from the ordinary wells, springs and creeks
is principally from magnesian limestone,
and of course very healthful. That of the
artesian wells is pure, a little warm, but
delightful, after remaining exposed to the
air a short while. Rain-water in cisterns is
used by many, and more especially in pools,
called "tanks," which are denominated in the
East as ponds. These tanks are commonly
used by farmers for stock. They dam up a
ravine or dig a place in some low spot on the
prairie, so the water sometimes can bank up
for the distance of a half mile. This is a
very common means of securing water for
cattle, and it was, indeed, more common with
earlier settlers than now, when long droughts
visited the county and lasted for several
months. During the periods of droughts,
the people would drive their cattle for miles,
to a neighbor's tank. No such droughts now
visit the county.
Almost the entire time, during the summer
season, a cool and delightful breeze is
blowing: so the temperature in mid-summer
ranges from about 75 to 90 degrees. The
nights are generally very pleasant, as a cool
and delightful gulf breeze prevails almost
constantly. A sunstroke here is very uncommon.
This county is superior in splendid facilities
for traveling by private conveyance, in
addition to the numerous railroads. The
county roads, bridges, and all avenues, are in
The population of Dallas county in 1890
was 67,003, showing the largest of all counties
in the State. It contains an area of 900
square miles, and an assessed valuation of its
property, in 1890, of $35,849,000. The lands
are valued at from $10 to $50 per acre,-the
lands most valuable, near the city of Dallas,
at from $100 to $200 per acre.
The following table, taken from the State
Report of the Agricultural Bureau for 1890,
shows the value of field crops:
Cotton, bales ............... 64,350
Corn, bushels ...............89,423
Wheat, bushels: .............46,924
Oats, bushels ................ 47,763
Barley, bushels ............ 175
Rye, bushels ............... 376
Potatoes, sweet, bushels...... 732
Potatoes, Irish, bushels...... 535
Peas, bushels................ 25
Beans, bushels .............. 27
Hay, cultivated, tons ........ 2,816
Hay, prairie, tons ............ 6,470
Millet, tons ................. 3,127
Sorghum cane, bbls. molasses.. 1,022
Sorghum cane, tons ......... 327
Tons cotton seed produced........
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/130/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.