Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 131 of 1,110
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LJ TORY OF DALLA COUNTY 129
lIex4.-Stands of bees 120; pounds of honey 9,168,
Wool.-Nunmber of sheep sheared 4,135; pounds of
wool clipped 16,540, value $2,481.
Lire S6tok.--Number of horses and mules 19,210,
value $76^4,00; cattle :33,779, value $257,175; jacks
and jennets $.5, value $12,070; sheep 4,139 value
#4,420; goats 960, value $390; hogs 12,364, value
As tile preceding sketch is a mere preliminary
bird's-eye view of the section of which
we are writing, we now present a fuller view
of the geological character of the district in
which Dallas county is situated.
A tllorough geological survey of northern
Texas has never yet been made, but we give
thec substance of the surveys that have been
made and publislled in the First Annual Report
of tile Geological Survey of the State.
Dalltas county lies in tile Cretaceous system,
characterized by clialk formations. The two
series ot' rocks comlprising this system occupy
the area known as the Black Prairie, the
(;ranTd Prairie and the two Cross Tilmbers,
bitides unstudied areas in the eastern and
tnrmis.Pecos regions of tie State.
To tthee strata tie State owes a large part
of her agricultural land general prosperity,
ftr they are the foundation of tile ricll, black
waxy and otler calcareous soils of this region,
aHld in addition to their agricultural features
they a"r the most productive source of buildiMg
material, while adjacent to the parting
1ttweex tlhn, extendlillg tlhe entire length of
theI Stat andl I(Idependlinll 111)po tllir stratigraphy,
is s reultarkallle areo of natural and
artWsiiatn wells. That these formations are of
great economic value is also shown by the
fact that they are the site of our principal
cities and the rich agricultural soils which
This is in general a chalky country, and
uniquely Texan, so far as the United States
are concerned, constituting a distinct geographic
region in every topographic, economic
and cultural aspect, and one which
should not be confused with other portions
of the country. It covers an area of over
73,512 square miles, or over one-fourth (28.27
per cent.) the total area of Texas, forming a
broad belt of fertile territory across the heart
of the State, from the Ouachita mountains of
the Indian Territory and Arkansas to the
mountains of northern Mexico,-an area
larger than the average American State, and
equal to the combined area of all the New
England States. One-third of this region
lies north of the Colorado river, and the
remainder to the southwest.
This region, with its many different prairies,
each covered by its peculiar vegetation,
its sweeping plains and diverse valleys, its
undulating slopes clad with "rnotts" of liveoak,
its narrow strips of cross timbers, its
ragged buttes and mesas, presents a landscape
varied, yet possessing a a whole an individuality
peculiarly its own. All of these features,
with their different tints and tones of
soil and vegetation, with their varied conditions
for human habitation, are but the surface
aspects of the system of chalky rocks
(chalky sands, cllalky clays and cllalky limestones)
upon whicl it is founded, and to
which is primarily due every physical quality
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/131/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.