Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 141 of 1,110
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HISTORY OF DALLAS COUNTY.
It was once almost the general belief among
all writers that a race called "c Mound-builders"
originally populated this country; that
they preceded the red men in right of possession;
but of late it is being conceded that the
Indian, tle creature such as was fonnd here
in Dallas county by tle original settlers, was
"one of the Almighty's earliest pieces of
THEI INDIAN CHARACTER.
Tile Indian originally was utterly ignorant.
of tlhe arts andl stratagem of warfare, and even
until this (day and time they are less learned
and skilled in tle art of military tactics or
modern warfare. When he first entered into
battle with the white man fortifications of
any kind were unknown to him. Rocks,
trees, bluffs or anything by chance he might
come across to ward off danger, was sought
out by hliml in tine of battle.
It is supposed that when he cane in battle
with tle " Mou-nd-luilders" his only weapon
was a club; but sufiic it to say that he soon,
by that keen perception characteristic of his
race. learned from his more intelligent adversary
how to make and use tle bow and arrow.
Sllne writers have contended that tlhe Indian
by nature is not disposed to be warlike
and cruel; that lie originally lived in absolute
pea3c with all about hilm; that he occupied
IlitlIIef cliienly i1n hl i uting wild game, roaningl
over mn1ountains and hills, through tile
valley and t1h forests, or seated by the fire
in winter or lying beneathi tle shades of some
lovely bowers clustering on the banks of some
silvery stream. Whether this theory be true
or not, it has been found that the Indian is
by nature more kind and sympathetic than
has ever been attributed to him.
The writer has ever had a feeling of sympathy
for the red man, and in many respects
the characteristics of this people are to be
admired. In delineating the character of the
Indian in a general manner, and as if he now
populated this country, the eminent and most
eloquent writer, Washington Irving, wrote
the following, which we give that the reader
may better appreciate the red man as he was
originally,-yes, as he was by nature and
before he was driven hither and thither and
forced to fight for his life and possession:
"'There is a peculiarity in the character
and habits of the Indian, taken in connection
with the scenery over which he is accustomed
to range,-its vast lakes, boundless forest~,
majestic rivers and trackless plains,-that is
to ny mind wonderfully striking and sublime.
I-le is formed for the wilderness as the Arab
is for the desert. His nature is stern, simple
and endearing; fitted to grapple with difficulties
and to support privations. There
seems but little soil in his heart for the
growth of the kindly virtues; and yet if we
would but take trouble to penetrate through
that proud stoicism and habitual taciturnity
tllat look upon his character front casual
observation, we should find him linked to
his fellow man of civilized life by more of
tlose sympathies and affections than are usually
ascribed to him."
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/141/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.