Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas. Page: 92 of 1,110
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PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES.
session of Congress for July 4, from which
he asked and obtained 400,000 men and
$400,000,000 for the war; placed McClellan
at the head of the Federal army on General
Scott's resignation, October 3I; appointed
Edwin M. Stanton Secretary of War, January
14, 1862, and September 22, 1862,
issued a proclamation declaring the freedom
of all slaves in the States and parts of
States then in rebellion from and after
January i, 1863. This was the crowning
act of Lincoln's career-the act by which
he will be chiefly known through all future
time-and it decided the war.
October i6, I863, President Lincoln called
for 300,000 volunteers to replace those
whose term of enlistment had expired;
made a celebrated and touching, though
brief, address at the dedication of the
Gettysburg military cemetery, November
19, I863; commissioned Ulysses S. Grant
Lieutenant-General and Commander-inChief
of the armies of the United States,
March 9, 1864; was re-elected President in
November of the same year, by a large
majority over 'General McClellan, with
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, as VicePresident;
delivered a very remarkable address
at his second inauguration, March 4,
I865; visited the army before Richmond the
same month; entered the capital of the Confederacy
the day after its fall, and upon the
surrender of General Robert E. Lee's army,
April 9, was actively engaged in devising
generous plans for the reconstruction of the
Union, when, on the evening of Good Friday,
April 14, he was shot in his box at
Ford's Theatre, Washington, byJohnWilkes
Booth, a fanatical actor, and expired early
on the following morning, April 15. Almost
simultaneously a murderous attack
was made upon William H. Seward, Secretary
At noon on the 15th of April Andrew
Johnson assumed the Presidency, and active
measures were taken which resulted in the
death of Booth and the execution of his
The funeral of President Lincoln was
conducted with unexampled solemnity and
magnificence. Impressive services were
held in Washington, after which the sad
procession proceeded over the same route
he had traveled four years before, from
Springfield to Washington. In Philadelphia
his body lay in state in Independence
Hall, in which he had declared before his
first inauguration "that I would sooner be
assassinated than to give up the principles
of the Declaration of Independence." He
was buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery, near
Springfield, Illinois, on May 4, where a
monument emblematic of the emancipation
of the slaves and the restoration of the
Union mark his resting place.
The leaders and citizens of the expiring
Confederacy expressed genuine indignation
at the murder of a generous political adversary.
Foreign nations took part in mourning
the death of a statesman who had proved
himself a true representative of American
nationality. The freedmen of the South
almost worshiped the memory of their deliverer;
and the general sentiment of the
great Nation he had saved awarded him a
place in its affections, second only to that
held by Washington.
The characteristics of Abraham Lincoln
have been familiarly known throughout the
civilized world. His tall, gaunt, ungainly
figure, homely countenance, and his shrewd
mother-wit, shown in his celebrated conversations
overflowing in humorous and
pointed anecdote, combined with an accurate,
intuitive appreciation of the questions
of the time, are recognized as forming the
best type of a period of American history
now rapidly passing away.
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Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas., book, 1892; Chicago, Illinois. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/m1/92/?rotate=90: accessed February 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Public Library.