The Encyclopedia of Texas Page: 47 of 970
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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF TEXAS
tional highways passing through Austin, these are
the Meridian Highway, The International Paved
Way, the King of Trails and the Southern Highway.
The business men and other citizens of Austin
have organized a number of clubs which are working
for the upbuilding and beautification of Austin and
its surrounding territory. The principal one of these
clubs is the Chamber of Commerce which has been
working for Austin for nearly forty years. The organization
has a permanent building on Congress
Avenue in which center every activity of the city
and surrounding country. This organization is
backed financially by every leading business concern
of any importance in the city. The farmers
and stockmen in the country are joining the organization
as a business proposition and are receiving
many benefits. The Rotary Club, Lions Club, and
Kiwanis Club are strong allies of the Chamber of
Commerce in the work which it is doing. There is
never any fraction between these organizations and
the value of progressive spirit which these clubs in
inculcating in the minds of the citizens of this city
cannot be estimated. The Retail Merchants Association
and the Credit Men's Association are two of
the most valuable assets the retailers and wholesalers
have. Among the citizens of Austin of national
and international repute are Col. E. M. House,
A. S. Burleson, T. W. Gregory, D. F. Houston, R. E.
Vinson and Mrs. Percy V. Pennybecker.
Throughout the city are located many beautiful
parks whose grassy slopes are dotted with live oak
trees and mountain laurel in great profusion.
Among these parks are; Woolridge Park, Pease Park,
the City Park at Lake Austin. One of the striking
beauties of Austin is the wide paved streets whose
parked centers are carefully kept.
The public schools in Austin, numbering sixteen in
all have the highest scholarship classification of any
schools in Texas. There is also located in Austin
the Texas State University which has an enrollment
of 3,500. The Texas school of the Blind, Deaf and
Dumb Institute, Wesleyan College, Ffresbyterian
Theological Seminary and a number of private
schools are located here.
Austin was one of the first cities in Texas to adopt
the Commission form of government. The wealth of
the city is estimated at seventy-five million dollars
and the wealth of the country outside of the city is
estimated at sixty-seven million dollars. The Post
Office receipts for 1918 were $268,579.83. Austin
has four banks and two trust companies. The clearings
for 1918 were $185,372,224.38.
The State Capital of Texas located at Austin is
the largest building of its kind in the United States.
This building is constructed of Texas Granite and is
surrounded by beautifully parked grounds. A number
of modern office buildings notably the Scarbrough
building, Littlefield building anl the Austin National
Bank Building provide offices for all types of
businesses. Accomodations are found in the hotels for
all the travelers and strangers who visit the city.
In the country surrounding Austin, the prospective
home seeker will find any type of soil he desires.
There is the rich alluvial bottom land which costs
from $200 to $250 per acre. There is the rich fertile
black prairie land which is worth from $125 to $200
per acre. In the western part of the county the hilly
land which has some farming land on it can be purchased
from $5 to $10 per acre. At the present time
there are 5,697 homes in Travis county. The average
rainfall in this county is 35 inches per year. This
is sufficient rainfall to produce any of the staple
crops which are grown in Texas. The principal
crops raised in Travis county are, cotton, corn, cane
and a variety of hay crops. Peaches, plums and
grapes produce abundant crops when properly cared
for. One of the vegetable crops produced in winter
is spinich. Austin ships annually from 200 to 500
cars of spinich. This is the largest producing point
for spinich in the south. The climate and soil are
especially adapted to the production of this vegetable
which does not do so well at many other points
where the winter is too severe or where the soil does
not contain such essential elements as iron. There
are many other vegetable crops as well as farm
crops which pay well in Travis and surrounding
The temperature of this section is maintained at
a comfortable degree throughout the summer by gulf
breezes which blow principally from the south or
The normal cotton crop of Travis county is seventy
thousand bales, while there are approximately
four hundred thousand bales produced in the trade
territory of Austin.
The dairy industry is becoming an important factor
each year. The eradication of ticks is bringing
into this county full blooded registered stock from
the best herds of the nation.
There is marketed at Austin each year around
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars worth of
turkeys. These are killed, picked and shipped to
market in refrigerator cars. The field for raising
chickens and turkeys is unlimited.
Among the industries of Austin are the following
factories: Canning plant for chili; factory for gas
engines; brick; candy; bottling; cigars; flour; cotton
seed oil; mattresses, cots, beds; mill work; doors;
soap; ice; trunk; monuments; also creameries and
One of the factories hardly needed to utilize the
spare labor in Austin is a cotton mill.
The transportation lines with railroads to Austin
are the International Missouri,
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The Encyclopedia of Texas (Book)
This book provides a biographical view of Texas and its history. The book uses many narratives of the individuals who helped shape Texas history. The book also includes profiles of: the public school system in Texas; banking; the public school system; the State Fair; the Cotton Industry; oil history; and histories of select towns, such as Dallas, Fort Worth, Wichita Falls, Burkburnett, Ellis County, Waco, San Antonio, Galveston, and many others.
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Davis, Ellis Arthur & Grobe, Edwin H. The Encyclopedia of Texas, book, [1921..1922]; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth21069/m1/47/: accessed April 18, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .