The Alto Herald (Alto, Tex.), Vol. 27, No. 50, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 12, 1928 Page: 3 of 10
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THE ALTO HERALD, ALTO, TEXAS.
More Drastic Policy to
Be Enforced by Board
The federal radio commission plans
to Insist on a closer adherence by
broadcasting stations to their assigned
In a letter to station owners and
operators of ids district. Harold A.
Lafount of Utah, representative of the
Par West, reveals the intention of the
commission to keep a stricter check on
"It is probable that every station
will be required to purchase such
equipment as will, in the opinion of
tiie commission, enable it to operate
on Its assigned frequency," Mr. La-
fount declares. "Licenses will be Im
mediately revoked if General Order
No. 7, which prohibits a deviation of
more than one-half kilocycle, Is vio-
Although the commission has re-
ceived many complaints of interfer-
ence caused by stations wandering
from their assigned channels, it has
been disposed to treat the offenders
with leniency because of the mechani-
cal difficulty of maintaining frequency.
With the recent development of de-
vices for transmitter control and the
increased necessity of maximum utili-
sation of the available wave lengths,
a more drastic policy will be adopted.
Declaring that he sees no possibility
of broadcasters obtaining licenses for
a longer period than 00 days during
the next year, Commissioner Lafount
says lie appreciates that in all ordi-
nary businesses merit is usually re-
warded and the possibilities for
growth and development are virtually
"Unfortunately, that Is not the case
in the broadcasting Held because of
the limited number of ether channels
most of which are overcrowded now,"
Mr. Lafount said.
"Under the circumstances, despite
the fine work broadcasters may do or
ambitious plans they may have for ex-
pansion, the commission will be un-
able to show its appreciation of the
public by offering them more power
and better wave lengths. While some
of the old stations have been given
coi\sldernble latitude In the past, the
time has come when they cannot ex-
pand further and sotue of them may
"I favor a more equitable distribu-
tion of stations among states, but It
is a hard problem, owing to the lack
<if program talent and station facili-
ties in a number of states. For that
reason chain programs are available
in sparsely settled states."
Defective Phone Cords
May Be Cause of Static
Much of the so-called "static" in a
set is due to defective phone cords.
Speaker cords are made of many
strands of tinsel, each strand of tin-
sel being composed of a very fine
copper wire twisted with a piece of
cotton thread. The whole assembly
of tinsel wires Is covered by woven
cotton or silk braid. Sometimes the
strands become broken in places and
any movement of thfe cord will cause
a scratching sound in the speaker.
Such a noise will be located when the
cord Is shaken. As a protection
against such trouble, a loud speaker
cord with rubber-covered tinsel should
be used. The rubber covering pre-
vents any such saturation as occurs
In cotton-covered tinsel. Externally
the rubber-covered tinsel appears the
same as the cotton tinsel, both being
incloscd with a silk or cotton outer
Crycta! and Tube Set
f^ay Use Same Aerial
The Loomis Itadio college says that
I j It Is pos®hle to book a crystal set to
II the sume aerial as a tube set and
have both sets bring in signals satis-
factorily. The best way to do this Is
to hook the tube set up as usual, and
then take the antenna wire from the
antenna binding post of the crystal set
and wind It tightly around the anten-
na wire above the point at which it Is
connected to the tube set. The wires
should, of course, he electrically In-
sulated from each other. Make a tight
twist of as many turns us you can get
Into a space about three Inches long.
This conveys the signals to the crystal
set by induction. Each set should use
a separate ground wire, but the final
earth connection may lie the same.
Railroad Uses Radio on
Trains One Mile Long
The Chesapeake & Ohio railroad is
conducting experiments with radio as
a means of communication n mile-
long freight trains.
An engine and caboose on the
James Itlvcr branch, between Rich-
mond and Clifton Forge, In Virginia,
have been equipped with broadcasting
and receiving seta. The train some-
times has as many as 115 curs, and
without radio it Is necessary to sta
tlon a man midway between the en-
gine and rear car to relay signals.
New Speaker Developed
A cone speaker, small in size and
nslng a driving system similar to that
In larger types, has been developed.
The speaker, described as having a
natural tone. Is lfl'/4 Inches In dluin-
eter and Is designed to overcome
mnny of the obstacles In the wily of
"v.v - '
'1 N' f' « ' •'\ ' v' "
ESS- * ' "" ii *
fi 'I i in uWL'Huijwc
Ms." ~ '
A.VOID LOUD TALK
AT MILKING TIME
Drifting icebergs Mark Out the Labrador Coast.
(Prepared by the National Geographic
Society, Washington, D. C.)
ALTHOUGH it may be true that
the principal ship lanes of the
ocean are almost as definitely
traveled and marked as a Lin-
coln highway or a Long It-land boule-
vard, our knowledge of the bounding
main Is only fragmentary.
To begin with, the area of the sea
Is about three times as large as that
of the land. Although as long ago as
1904 the governments of the civilized
world had got together some 25,000,000
observations of every kind and sort
from the logs of merchantmen, war-
ships, and government vessels, and al-
though the results of a single expedi-
tion have filled over 50 massive quarto
volumes, what we know about the sen
Is but the primer of the things it has
The most Impressive thing about the
sea Is Its shallowness as compared
with the size of the earth, and Its
depth as compared with the height of
the land. If you were to take a globe
six feet in diameter and excavate the
deepest trench of the ocean thereon,
It would be a bare pin scratch deep—
about one-twentieth of an Inch. And
yet so profound are the depths of the
sea that the bulk of the water In It is
15 times as great as the bulk of the
land that rises above Its waves. In
Its deepest trench the tallest moun-
tain on the face of the globe could be
burled and ships could still pass over
the spot with u half mile of water
The average depth of the ocean Is
more than two miles—about 12,480
feet, the oceanographers estimate. On
the other hand, the average height of
the land Is less than half a mile-r
about 2,250 feet. How much further
beneath the waves the sea bottom lies
than the land crest above them Is
shown by the fact that while only 1
per cent of the land rises to an alti-
tude of 12,000 feet, 46 per cent of the
ocean's floor lies under more than 12,-
000 feet of water.
The relative height of the land sur-
face and the sea bottom Is about in
keeping with their relative areas,
there being 71 acres occupied by the
sea for every 2!) held by the land. If
It were possible to drain off the upper
10,000 feet of the waters of tile sea
and to lay bare the floor that lies un-
der it, the territory thus recovered,
added to the land now above the sea,
would give only a fifty-fifty division
between land and water.
Broad Continental Shelf.
The oceans as we know them are
larger than the true ocean basis. As
a monument Is always planted on a
base, so the continents have broad
under-sea bases upon which to rest.
To the oceanographers there Is a line
known as the 100-fathom line, which
largely parallels the shore line, but
which Is sometimes as much as several
hundred miles out to sea. When thut
line Is reached the bottom suddenly
begins to slope down toward the
The floor lying landward from this
line is known ns the continental shelf,
and It is upon this broad shelf, with
an aggregate area three times as large
as that of the United States, that the
continents are planted. By overflow-
ing this vast area of slightly t sub-
merged territory, the oceans gather
unto themselves 10,000,000 square
miles of territory jfint In elevation be-
longs more to the land than to the
As a matter of fact, the continental
shelf lies In part under water and In
part above, the part above being the
alluvial plains of the continents.
Where these plains are broad the
shelf usually is broad, and where they
are narrow the shelf Is usually nar-
row. For Instance, the plnln on our
Atluntlc coast Is broad, und there Is
a corresponding breadtji to the con-
tinental shelf. On the Pacific coast
the alluvial plain Is very narrow, and
the 100*futhom line is correspondingly
close to shore.
Frqm a practical standpoint, the
part of the sea of most Immediate In-
terest to man Is that which rests upon
the continental shelf. Here are situ-
ated nil the seaboard cities. Wher-
ever the ocean lanes may meander up
and down the briny deep, they begin
on the continental shelf and end
there. Hut for that fhelf there would
be no bays or gulfs, no harbors and
no liny ens, for the boundaries of the
true ocean basins are Infinitely more
regular and less Indented than the
shorelines. Ocean-bound commerce
would be vastly Inconvenienced If It
had to dispense with all the ad-
vantages that the continental shelf
brings to it.
Sea Food an Important Question.
A matter that seems destined to
occupy a larger place In oceanogrnphle
research Is the question of sea food.
The World war demonstrated how
close Is the margin between food pro-
duction and food consumption, and
how much more pressing the food
question is destined to grow In the
years op peace and racial expansion
that lie ahead.
The oceans literally teem with food.
The man who declared that humanity
Is a race of herring-catchers might
have overstated the case, but that the
sea abounds lu food fishes and fishes
fit for food is well known. As soon
as we begin to study the subject of
ocean fisheries, however, we come up
short against the fact that what we
really know about the Inhabitants of
the sea is startllngly limited.
Another phase of oceanography that
will demand and receive close atten-
tion in the years to come Is the ocean
currents. The effect of these great
rivers of the sea upon the welfare of
the human race is past Imagination.
It Is said that the Gulf stream carries
enough heat toward Europe every 2-1
hours to melt n mass of iron as large
ns Mount Washington.
Rear Admiral I'lllsbury, describing
this remarkable river of the sen, says
that every hour there passes through
the straits of Florida the enormous
total of 90,000,000,000 tons of water,
carrying enough salt to load many
times over every ship that sails the
main. Through these straits the
stream Is 40 miles wide. It carries
more water than all the streams of
the world bring down from the land
to the sea.
In each of the four quarters of the
globe there is a wonderful circulatory
system—the heavy, cold waters of the
polar sens rushing equatorward, and
the light, warm waters of tropic
oceans sweeping back, giving a huge
swirl not unlike the motion of water
driven around the bottom of a basin
by tiie hand.
Puzzle of the Ocean Currents.
Vessels and debris caught in these
currents often play uncanny tricks. In
1905 the Stanley Dollar, an American
freighter, went upon the rocks at tin
entrance to Yokohama bay. Her life
preservers were washed out as she lay
upon the beach upon which she was
run to prevent her sinking.
In 11)11 two of her life-preservers
were picked up on the shores of the
Shetland Islands, nortli of Scotland.
How they reached there is one of tiie
puzzling questions that so often arise
anent the sea. Did they sweep up the
Asiatic coast, through Behrlng strait,
and then through the Northwest Pas-
sage and Baffin bay, and thence by
Iceland to the Shetland Islands? Or
did they, after floating through tiie
Northwest Passage, get Into the Polar
current and sweep down the Atlantic
to the point where that ocean river
dives under the Gulf stream, to he
picked up there by the latter cur-
rent and carried to the Shetland is-
It has often been urged that the
American Indian came to the shores
of the New world nn unwilling voy-
ager on the bosom of the Japan cur-
rent. Certain it Is that nil of these
vast rivers of the oceiui have played
an incalculably important role in the
nffulrs of the human race, and that a
more exhaustive-study of them than
has been made holds many revelations
In store. i
One of the questions that Is often
asked Is whether a ship, sinking in
deep water, goes to the bottom, or
whether she finds her level In some
vertical depth zone and drifts on for
ever. Tills question sprang Into great
prominence when the Titanic went
down, and was asked frequently dur-
ing the World war. The answer Is
she goes directly to the bottom, else
how could u dredge or a trawl be
sent down five miles.
One of the strange tilings that bap
peu when ships sink is that implosions
occur. These are inward burstings,
often with a force as tremendous us
the outward bursting caused by ex-
plosions of gunpowder. As the ship
sinks into deep water, air chambers
thut do not fill up are burst inward
with a force proportionate to their
resistance. If there be corked bottles
In the stores that are not entirely full,
the corks are driven lu or the bottles
With what force these Implosions
occur may be gathered from an expe-
dience of a scientific fttspeditloti. A
thermometer was let'ilown into very
deep water, wrapped In protecting
cloth. When the line was drawn up
the cloth contained no thermometer.
Instead it contained a lot of Im-
palpable white stuff resembling snow.
The Implosion had not shivered the
thermometer Into the proverbial thou-
sand pieces; • it had simply trans-
formed it Into dust. Wood sent to
the bottom of the deep places of the
ocean has Its very cells invaded und
crushed and loses Its buoyancy.
By !"«'l talk or other unnecessary
reasons the cow is blamed for not
giving down her milk, as we call it,
while iho milker ami not the cow Is
at fault, gays Wallace's Farmer.
Thi' process of giving down the
milk is governed largely by the nerv-
ous system of the cow. Anything
that iifli'i'ts tiie nervous system of the
cow affects her production. For this
| reason the milker has much to do
I with the amount of milk the cow
gives, it is a recognized fact that the
I milk Is manufactured during the few
J minutes occupied by the actual proc-
ess of milking. This Is the reason
I why tli.' art Of milking Is of so much
Importance, and also the reason why
| the manner in which the cow gives
down li.'r milk is so largely influenced
by the milker. It is also a reason
i why a cow should he prepared for
| milkln? before the actual process of
milking begins, and also a reason why
a cow properly milked three times a
day will give more and richer mill;
than when milked only twice. It is
also a reason why an excited cow
fails to give down her milk freely and
If tin' cow Is approached quietly at
milking time and is free from fear
that sin' will lie harmed the milk man-
ufacturing organs work normally and
at their best. The best method Is to
approach the cow In a quiet, friendly
manner, wash the udder, teats and
flank with a damp cloth. This rub-
bing ot the udder before actually be-
ginning milking stimulates the glands
before the milking is commenced,
therefora saving time to the milker.
Best, Says Floridan
The dairyman who gets the best
financial returns from his cows is tiie
man who plans ahead far enough to
have the majority of his cows freshen
from September 15 to November 1
each year. This statement Is backed
up by John M. Scott, animal indus-
trialist of the Florida experiment
The cmvs which freshen during this
period are tiie cows that produce most
milk when It Is In most demand, and
naturally brings a better price. The
cow that freshens in the fall will like-
wise gire the least amount of milk
during ilie summer months when it Is
'fti'Mtyf-ymnn who does not plan
aheiiT nna breed his cows from De-
ceit iier 15 to February 1 each year
wlli lind himself faced with the facts
Unit more of his cows will freshen In
March nnd April than during the fall.
In this case he will have ills heaviest
milk production at the season of the
year when the demand Is least. Now
is a good time to make a start. Ev-
ery dairyman who does not have a
g.iod hull should get busy and get one
Good Grain Ration With
Clover Hay for the Cows
Where clover hay only is available,
the following mixture will make a
balanced ration: Ground corn 000
pounds, wheat bran 300 pounds, Un-
seed meal 100 pounds. Mix and feed
one pound of t lie mixture for each
three to four pounds of milk produced
by each cow.
Cows producing milk, testing from
3 to ".5 per cent fat should get, about
one pound of tiie mixture for each
four pounds of mill; produced by each
cow while those producing milk test-
ing about 5 per cent should get one
pound of the grain mixture for each
three pounds of milk produced.
When silage Is not available It Is
not advisable to feed cottonseed meal
to dairy cows since the cottonseed
meal has a binding effect on the
bowels which niny cause trouble.
M ###### *- ## # X-* ## * * # * ## # '.V-
# X * ### #### * *■ A'- *- ## * ## *
Hired help Is the costliest Item In
• • •
Calf scours is caused principally by
infection that calves may receive from
many sources if they are not given
• • •
"Scoop shovel" feeding of dairy
cows Is unprofitable. A good prac-
tice Is to feed each cow one pound of
grain mixture for every three or four
pounds of milk produced.
# • •
Test your separator once In awhile
by taking a sample of the skim in
to the cream buyer, or hv sending
some to your stute agricultural col-
* • •
The best time to separate Is Just
after milking when the temperature
Is right. If the milk does gel cold It
wiy pay to set the vessel in warm
water and get It up to 1)0 degrees at
least, before running It through the
• * •
On one experiment with llolsteln
heifers, heavily-fed animals came In-
to their first lieaf nearly four months
earlier than light-fed ones, nnd with
Jerseys heavy feeding hastened ihelr
sexual maturity about two and one
Photoplay Director, writes:
"To a moving picture director there is no comfort
or luxury like a good cigarette. Such a cigarette
I have found in 'The Lucky Strike'—and during
the filming of big pictures like 'Ben Hur' 1 smoked
'Luckies' even while directing in the open air
thousands of supernumeraries, and never once
did I ever suffer from <£2^
No Throat Irritation-No Cough.,
©1928, The American Tobacco Co., Inc.
Veil, Vat of It?
"The wholesale meat business,"
snys a New York paper editorial, "has
Its politics like every other Industry."
Veals within veals, perhaps.—Farm
Wo Such Luck
.Tones—Don't you hate to play with
a poor loser?
Smith—I never do.
12 Days' Free Trial
To got relief when pain tortured
Joints and muscles keep you In con-
stant misery rub on Joint-Ease.
It is quickly absorbed and you can
rub It In often nnd expect results
more speedily. Get It at any drug-
gist In America.
Use Joint-Ease for sciatica, lum-
bago, sore, lame muscles, lame back,
chest colds, sore nostrils and burn-
ing, aching feet. Only GO cents. It
CI?rrS(nd name and Address for 12
r trial tube to Pope Labora-
tories, Desk 3, Hallowell, Maine.
EVERY MORNING and NIGHT TAKE
Barrister (to an excited English
witness)—Is It true that—
Some hunt love only to kill It
It You Suffer
with Htadacbc, Conitipation. Indiges-
tion, Bad Brrath. Pimples and that
tirtd feeling, TAKE—
Wtuin and your§ girh will find it a grtst help
in flitting painful minturalion.
FOR SALE AT ALL DRUG STORES.
Declining Yearn Made Comfortable nnd Prof-
itable. 1*0 will give you Interest In a Mor-
Ida poultry farm. Write Orange Blossom
Poultry Farms, Inc., Winter Haven. Fla.
A. II. WICKER COTTON SCHOOL
Opening date April lGth. Complete cotton
Course. Write for full partlc. Box 5)57. Dallas.
rhysleal Efficiency Course. It teaches the Sci-
ence of Health and youth. 20c brings It to
you, never cost nijother cent. F. G. Hodgea,
ft. 1, Box *R5, Houston. Tex.
Who Wants a Beautiful
Piano at a Bargain?
We have in this vicinity a beautiful new
upright piano with duet bench to match,
a high grh'de baby grand •piano and a
high grade player with bench and nico
selection of music rolls. Rather than re-
ship will'Sell'any bf these at a bargain.
Terms. iS desired. Address at once
BROOK MAYS & CO.
The Reliable Piano Houit
Sick People! You don't have to be sick. There
Ih a wonderful- discovery whleh lu bringing
relief to fllousamls. If you nre weak, ex-
hAU^ted, "nr ***fcrlng from Bad Blood. Rheu-
matism. Nervousness. Kidney and Liver Trou-
bles. Stomach Disorders. Malarls, Constipa-
tion. Headaches, send name and address o«
postal card. Particulars free. Dr J. D.
Bdone,, 405 Clark Blilg., Jacksonville, Fla.
Ride the Interurban
Houston to Galveston
Every Hour on the Hour
Express Service— Non-Stop Trains
9:00 a. m. and 3:00 p. m.
W. N. U., HOUSTON, NO. 15-1928.
r a Delicious
the Great American Syrup
— ' ' ■"
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Weimar, F. L. The Alto Herald (Alto, Tex.), Vol. 27, No. 50, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 12, 1928, newspaper, April 12, 1928; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth214464/m1/3/: accessed December 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Stella Hill Memorial Library.