The Alto Herald (Alto, Tex.), Vol. 27, No. 58, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 7, 1928 Page: 4 of 16
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TEXAS BRIE-F NEWS
SHERIFFS TO MEET AT MINERAL
Mineral Wells has been selected as the
city for the next quarterly convention
of the West Texas Sheriff's Association.
TEMPLE HOTEL OPENED.
The Doering hotel at Temple has been
opened to the public. The new hotel is
nine stories high and was erected at a
cost of nearly $500,000.
PRISON POPULATION GROWS.
A new high mark in prison popula-
tion, 4,474, was reached last month. The
number of convicts at Huntsville is 716
and practically all the other convicts are
on the State farms.
TAYLOR VOTES BONDS TO SECURE
Taylor will soon have a municipally-
owned water system. The $250,000
bond issue which "provided for the pro-
curing of a waterworks system passed
by a large majority recently.
WORK ON CISCO HOTEL.
Announcement has been made by the
president of the Cisco Chamber of Com-
merce that work on Cisco's new hotel
will begin in June. The work has been
delayed by some legal proceedings. The
hotel will cost $400,000.
CHARTER GIVEN IN 1861.
One of the oldest "living" charters on
file in the Department of State came to
light recently while a card index system
was being made. The charter was filed
sixty-one years ago for the Gymnastic
Association of San Antonio and its name
was changed to San Antonio Turn Ver-
ein in an amendment recorded in 1890.
The annual franchise tax has been paid
every year and the corporate life
LARGE BALANCES IN STATE
At the close of business April 30,
gross balances in the State Treasury to
the credit of the fifty-seven different
funds amounted to $23,029,479, with
outstanding unpaid warrants totaling
approximately $1,991,314, State Treas-
urer W. Gregory Hatcher reported.
General revenue had a balance of $6,-
085,432, with $1,074,590 outstanding
To the credit of the State Highway
fund there was $11,745,575, with out-
standing warrants estimated at $282,-
The available school fund had a bal-
ance of $2,009,500, outstanding war-
rants, $182,068; Confederate pension,
$745,095, warrants outstanding $31,-
NEW BRYAN HOTEL OPENED.
The LaSalle hotel at Bryan has been
opened. The building is seven stories
high and modern throughout. The new
hostelry boasts baths, electric fans and
circulating ice water in every room and
was built by R. W. Howell, Bryan cap-
HEAVY ONION SHIPMENTS FROM
During the month of May more than
12,000 cars of Bermuda onions were
shipped out of Laredo. The shipments
have now ceased. Prices were fairly
good this season.
PLAINS LINES TO BE OPENED IN
Fort Worth & Denver railway offi-
cials have made announcement that
their new lines into the South Plains
from Estelline to Lubbock and Plain-
view will be opened not later than July.
It is now assured that these lines will
be opened in time for business from the
DRESS 69 YEARS OLD.
Part of a blue silk dress trimmed with
silver, worn by Mrs. Samuel G. Norvel
at Sam Houston's inauguration Dec. 21,
1859, has been sent to Mrs. Tommie
Montgomery as part of a collection for
a State museum fostered by Secretary
of State Jane Y. McCallum and other
Austin women. Mrs. Norvel is now Mrs.
M. J. Shuttles of Georgetown, and is 95
years old. Governor Hubbard's chair
and the program of an American party
ball at Austin are other donations re-
WALKER COUNTY CONCRETE
Walker county has completed its first
concrete road, extending from the city
limits of Huntsville south to the Mont-
gomery county line.
This is a part of State Highway No.
19, known as the Central East Texas or
James Hogg Highway, which extends
from Houston into Central East Texas
by way of Huntsville, Trinity, Crockett
and Palestine. The paving project in
Walker county is 15.359 miles in
The total cost of this road, from the
beginning to its completion, including
cost of right of way, grubbing, draining
structures, legal services, engineering
costs, cost of grading and hard surfacing
is $434,209.63, making a total cost per
mile of $28,270.70.
TEXAS GULF COAST PRODUCING
Texas Gulf Coast soils and climate
will produce a finer hemp than Italy,
Kentucky or Wisconsin, according to
George G. Munzlinger, vice-president
and manager, South Hemp Company, re-
cently incorporated for $30,000.
Over a period of three years' experi-
ments, Mr. Munzlinger, assisted by W.
O. Hinds, has found that hemp can be
not only profitably grown here, but the
best grade of hemp can be grown.
"There are three factors which make
the Texas Gulf Coast hemp the best in
the world," said Mr. Munzlinger, "the
soil, the average temperature, which is
about 75 degrees, and the heavy dew.
"The chemical elements in the dew
will cure hemp in 21 to 28 days, where-
as it requires five or six months in the
"Two crops can be grown. Planting
seasons are February to May and Au-
gust to October. The hemp seed are
drilled in like wheat, checked four
inches. It requires no tillage, and grows
seven to eight feet tall.
According to Mr. Munzlinger, there
will be planted this year 1,000 acres in
Harris, Brazoria and Fort Bend coun-
ties. The Sugarland Industries have
planted 500 acres.
PRESIDENT OF MEXICO BUYS
President Elias Calles, of Mexico, has
| purchased 20 head of registered Jersey
cows from the herd owned by Ed C.
Lasater at Falfurrias. The animals
have already been shipped from Lasa-
ter's ranch and they crossed the border
The cows were selected by Gen. Oc-
tavio de la Pena, who came in person to
see the Lasater herd. General de la Pena
flew by airplane from the City of Mex-
ico to Brownsville and came to Falfur-
rias by automobile.
President Calles will place the Jerseys
on his farm near the City of Mexico.
They will be ysed in building up a dairy
herd he hopes to develop in the interest
of Mexico's agricultural rejuvenation.
DENVER W|LL GET TEXAS GAS IN
Gas from the Amarillo-Panhandle
fields will be turned into the mains at
Denver, Colo., in June, according to
Christy Payne, of New York, president
of the Colorado Interstate Gas Com-
It was first planped to begin supply-
ing Texas gas to Denver on October 1,
but construction of the line was com-
pleted ahead of time.
The Amarillo-Denver gas line is more
than 400 miles long and will supply, in
addition to Denver, Trinidad, Pueblo,
Colorado Springs and many smaller
cities. ; l i
CHURCH CELEBRATES NINETIETH
The Old North Baptist church, four
miles north of Nacogdoches, last month
celebrated its ninetieth anniversary and
also the fact that it is the oldest church
of the Baptist denomination in Texas.
It was established the first Sunday in
May of 1837, by Isaac Reid, a wander-
ing preacher from the "States." Some
of the charter members of the church
have grandchildren who today affiliate
with the membership of the church. The
Rev. L. G. Whitehorn is the present pas-
tor of the church. Dr. J. M. Carroll of
San Antonio, historian, was the princi-
pal speaker for the anniversary pro-
STATE SPENT $360,059 ON WARDS
Maintenance and support of eleemosy-
nary institutions cost the State of Texas
$360,059 in March, the State Board of
Control figured. The average per cap-
ita cost for the last seven months was
$27.83. Rusk State Hospital had the
lowest per capita cost in March, $15.78;
Terrel State Hospital, $16.44; and Aus-
tin State School, $21.56. The School for
the Deaf had the highest, $53.83.
Number of inmates on the Maroh rolls
was 14,533, with 12,943 average at-
Expenses for construction in March at
the various institutions totaled $104.-
WEST TEXAS COW .SETS PRODUC-
A new high record for Texas has been
established in the senior three-year-old
class by the purebred Jersey cow, Gam-
boge's Fox's Little Agatha, an outstand-
ing producer owned and tested by the
West Texas Tcachers' College at Can-
yon, Texas. In her latest test which
started when she was 3 years and 6
months of age, Little Agatha produced
736.86 pounds of butterfat and 13,215
pounds of milk in 365 days. Her milk
averaged 4.48% butterfat for the year.
For three successive months of this test
her yield was above 71 pounds of butter-
fat per month.
With this splendid record Agatha su-
persedes Majesty's Oxford Madame, a
cow which held this age class champion-
ship with her record of 719.40 pounds of
butterfat and 11,823 pounds of milk.
The new champion was also tested as
a junior two-year-old and in that test
she made a very creditable record when
she produced 602.80 pounds of butterfat
and 10,761 pounds of milk in 365 days.
TABLET DEDICATED TO TEXAS'
Overlooking Buffalo Bayou, with the
steamers of foreign nations passing a
scant quarter of a mile away on the man-
cut Ship Channel, a little group of men,
women and children gathered one day
last month and dedicated the spot on
which the capitol of the Republic of
Texas once stood.
After a speech by a citizen of Harris-
burg, recalling events surrounding es-
tablishment of the capitol there, a boul-
der bearing a bronze tablet was unveil-
ed on the spot once occupied by the
home of Mrs. Jane Harris, widow of
John R. Harris, founder of Harrisburg.
The stone and tablet were unveiled by
Louis de Zavala, great-great-grandson
of Lorenzo de Zavala, the republic's first
The tablet bears the name of the offi-
cers of the republic at the time.
Salute to the Texas flag, which waved
from a small platform, was given by
members of the San Jacinto Chapter,
Daughters of the Republic of Texas, who
conducted the ceremonies.
* ..... .-f t
Interior View of Houston's new Democratic National Convention Coliseum. Seating Capacity 20,000 persons.
TEXAS SHOWS GAIN IN INCOME
Despite a slump approximately of
$50,000,000 in the c'lcction of internal
revenues throughout the nation for the
first nine months of the current fiscal
year, compared with the corresponding
period last year, Texas showed a gain
This increase came from collections on
income taxes amounting to $36,318,017,
showing a gain of $4,408,539, while
there was a loss of $172,620 in miscel-
laneous taxes, aggregating $1,295,252.
It was the North Texas division show-
ing the gain, collections for that district
from income taxes alone being $18,832,-
363, an increase of $5,104,358. The
First Texas, or Austin district, from
this source, with $17,485,654, showed a
loss of $695,818.
TIMBER CROPS IN EAST TEXAS.
Timber should be a regular crop on
practically every farm in East Texas,
says C. B. Webster, farm forester of
Texas A. & M. College.
Considerable interest in this new crop
has been aroused among the boys and
girls and adults as well, of many towns
of Gregg and adjoining counties.
The Kilgore Chamber of Commerce
has offered $50 in cash prizes for those
who score the highest on forestry and
who write the best story at the end of
the year concerning their work.
According to the 1925 agricultural
census the average East Texas farm has
46 per cent of its area in timber on land
that is in most cases not well suited for
other farm crops. The timber in many
cases is now marketable or will be with-
in a few years, and is growing rapidly
and making a fine quality of timber
that will sell for a good profit. The
many local saw mills, basket factories
and tie and pole buyers offer convenient
local markets a condition that is desir-
able for every farm crop.
According to Mr. Webster, timber is
the easiest of all farm crops to grow,
as it is not necessary to plant, cultivate,
terrace, fertilize, or market at any given
time; that the best time to work the
woods is in the winter time when other
farm work is slack and hands and work
animals are idle.
TEXAS LED IN OIL IN tyARCH.
With total production of 121,237,000
barrels to its credit during March,
Texas again became the leading oil
producing State. The State main-
tained a daily average of 685,100
barrels, compared with 626,000 dur-
ing February, the major portion
of the increase being recorded in the
West Texas field. The Gulf Coast
brought in 3,202,000 barrels, a daily av-
erage of 103,300 com p.'i red with 2,846,-
000 barrels and a daily average of 98,-
100 in February.
Figures on the March production
gathered by the United States Bureau
of Mines shows the yield to have been
74,465,000 barrels, with a daily average
of 2,402,000 barrels or an increase over
February of 55,000 barrels. Taken as a
whole, the March showing is much more
encouraging for the industry than was
POTASH MINING AT ODESSA.
Potash development In the Odessa
field on a scale much larger than had
hitherto been planned i* assured
through the announcement by the presi-
dent of the newly organized American
Potash Company of TexaE
The organization's plans are virtually
completed for the sinking of a well-
equipped shaft in their holdings ten
miles south of Odessa, where the com-
pany has already competed several ex-
plorary tests. Plans al6o call for the
construction of a fir.< t-class refinery
with a capacity of 2,000 tons daily. The
work already contempt ted calls for the
expenditure of approximately $2,000,-
000 within the next tv olve months.
In anticipation of the projected de-
velopment, interest in potash develop-
ment in West Texas lias been greatly
revived. The movement to bring about
this development of this natural re-
source, which, according to government
reports, will be found in this area in al-
most limitless quantities was Initiated
six years ago.
Experts now predict that the develop-
ment will result in th(l formation of one
of the largest industries jn this country.
$100,000 CREAMERY PLANT FOR
Plans to build a $100,000 plant for
the Snowhite Creameries Company in
San Angelo have been made. A site has
been purchased and plans for the build-
ing will be made soon, though it prob-
ably will be another year before it is
completed. The company operates
plants at Sweetwater, Midland, Big
Spring, Stamford and Mineral Wells,
and a small one will be built soon at Mc-
Camey, which point is now being given
daily service out of San Angelo by the
operation of motor truck delivery.
CLARKSVILLE CLAIMS LEAD IN
Clarksville claims more paving than
any Texas town of its size. The last
census figures give the city a few less
than four thousand people, but the city
has almost 287 blocks of paving, and
at this time 30 blocks are under con-
struction, giving the city 317 blocks of
POWER LINE WILL LIGHT FOUR
Material has been unloaded and con-
struction commenced on a high power
line out of Graham, to serve the towns
of Bryson, Jermyn, Loving and Jean.
The line is being constructed by R. B.
Bryant, of Dallas. Power for the line is
being furnished by the Texas Power and
Light Company. Completion of this
line will be rushed so the towns can have
electric service soon.
FIRST GAS IN TEXAS WAS MADE
The first gas made in Texas was man-
ufactured by negro slaves at Galveston,
with coal brought from Germany.
The Galveston Gas Company was
chartered in 1854 by a special grant
from the Legislature. Recently the
charter was changed by the company
after operating under it for three-quar-
ters of a century.
Slaves stoking furnaces with coal
bought from Germany in sailing ves-
sels give a picture of the State's first gas
venture. The product sold at $12 a thou-
sand cubic feet and was used exclusively
The old Galveston company owned its
own slaves, paying as high as $1,000
for a good strong negro man. And on
the days when sailing vessels came in
from Germany to the Galveston harbor,
these husky black boys, naked to the
waist, would heave great pipes off the
ships, pipes to be laid for gas mains.
Four years after Galveston started in
the gas business for illumination, San
Antonio followed suit, organizing the
first company in the city in 1858, when
the city council made provision for gas
to be manufactured, to be sold at not
more than $7 a 1,000 cubic feet. The
price in Galveston had dropped from $12
to $7 about this time, too.
This was long before trains came into
San Antonio, and resin to make gas for
illumination was brought down by ship
to the port of Indianola, a place that was
wiped out by a storm many years ago.
From the port it was brought overland
in ox wagons to San Antonio to provide
what was considered the best illuminant
that could be had. Later on the works
was changed into a coal gas plant, and
coal from Pennsylvania was brought
down by ship to Indianola and then over-
land to San Antonio. But the first gas
was made by a set of retorts heated by
a furnace which^distilled resin and thus
made gas for illumination only.
At the Sound of the Rattler
(Continued from Page 2)
Small rubber suction pump to suck
Small vial of potassium permanganate
or other antiseptic.
The various articles should be used in
the order listed. They can be packed in
a compact little kit, some four inches
long and two inches wide.
The all important thing in case of
snake bite is not to get unduly excited.
For the person who is prepared and
keeps a cool head there is little real
BY J. W. KIDGWAY.
(Any Question on dairying will be answered in these
columns free of coat by Mr. J. W. Kidgway, formerly
director of dairy department at A. A M. College. Ad-
dress nil letters to P. O. Uox 1012, Fort Worth, Texas.
No letters answered outside these columns. Letters must
be mailed on or before 20th of each month to insure
publication the following month.)
There has never before been such a profound
interest in dairying throughout the Southwest
as exists at the present time. This interest
may be traced to the following reasons:
A recognition on the part of business men,
particularly bankers, together with public
service organizations, of the value of dairying'
as a means of insuring or stabilizing agricul-
The successful experience of th3 farmer dur-
ing the past four or five years who has "kept
a few cows," and who as a result has become
thoroughly Bold on the dairy cow.
The activities of county agents, whoso re-
sponsibility is to promote a diversified and
safe farming program.
And last, but not least, the rather wide pub-
licity now being given through the press by
both agricultural and general newspapers to
the value of dairying and its part in a bal-
This industry should continue to grow and
expand in the Southwest, because it is funda-
mentally sound, and no phase of agricultural
production is more necessary to the general
prosperity of a community than is dairying.
To begin with, it supplies the ona indispensa-
ble food product which is so necessary for the
growth of children and the building of strength
and health. In addition, it has an economical
value in that cash returns aro constant and
regular, and the dairy cow produces hu-
man food more economically than does any
other farm animal. Compared with tho beef
steer as an illustration, she will take a dollar's
worth of hay or grain and convert it into b!x
times as much digestible human food. Also
dairying has been responsible for the rebuild-
ing of worn out soil, and as time goes on and
the natural fertility of the soil becomes ex-
hausted, the dairy cow is a big factor in re-
building this soil fertility.
It is therefore reasonable to assume that
the present growing interest in dairying is
not a mere bubble, but is a practical, perma-
nent movement that will materially add to
tho wealth of Texas, build better rural com-
munities, and provide those essentials of home
life that make for a more prospex'ous and
happy rural people. There are many prob-
lems with which the industry wiil meet, and
thoughtful and well directed leadership is need-
ed to insure its permanent stabilization.
It is in conformity with these thoughts that
this newspaper has undertaken to establish a
question and answer page for its readers. You
are requested to make use of this service, and
your questions will at all times be given the
most careful consideration.
Question No. 1—b It advisable to feed whole milk to
calves, and if no bow long ?
Answer -In order that a calf can get a good start
it is advisable to feed whole milk for a period of six
to eight weeks, then gradually substituting the whole
milk with skim milk. This substitution should be on
the basis of about a half a pound of milk at a feeding,
requiring Home four or five days to complete the change
from whole milk to skim milk. Some make a prac-
tice of cutting the whole milk feeding period even
shorter than six weeks, but it has been the writer's
experience and observation that six werks is about the
minimum thai a cait an<fuia receive whole milk.
Question No. 2—How soon after freshening ahould a
cows milk be used for human consumption?
Answer--This will depend quite largely on the condi-
tion of the uddeT as well as the general recovery from
parturition. Ordinarily in a week's time the milk is as
good as in a month. The old stove test of heating the
milk to boiling foint and if it curdles it is not ready
for human consumption is about as good a test as can
be applied. On the other hand, if it utands the heat
test and does not curdle it is ready to be used for human
Question No. 3—What are the recognised standard
breeds of dairy cattle ?
Answer Jerseys, Holstein, Aycrshire. Guernsey and
Brown 8*'is* the f|v® breeds recognited at tho Na-
tional Dairy Show as representing the Standard dairy
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Weimar, F. L. The Alto Herald (Alto, Tex.), Vol. 27, No. 58, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 7, 1928, newspaper, June 7, 1928; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth214470/m1/4/: accessed October 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Stella Hill Memorial Library.