The Alto Herald (Alto, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 16, 1948 Page: 2 of 12
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WffKLY NfWS ^N^LVS/S
U. S.-Russia Events Reach Ctiniax;
Moscow Partey Continues Uneasity;
Soviets Sever Consu!ar Reiations
-By BiH Schoent^en, WNU Staff Writer-
Man /s R/cf/np L^e Cyde
THH AX MAS TUKKH
Virtually every avetmc of public
thuun)'t in the U. S. was teeming
wit)) Russians, shadows of Russians
and a few R<-d convertibles.
There was a feeling. however,
that the tnternationai commotion
had reached its climax and was
ready to start subsiding, partly be-
cause public interest, ItageHated
into a state of high excitement,
couldn't stand the stress and strain
of it all much longer.
Nevertheless, events having to do
with Russia remained for the time
being, at lr;ist,]t;'--otiabiy climac-
tic: The Moscow tatks were ready
either to pay off or break down:
Russia had broken off consular re-
lations with the U. S.; Mrs. Oksana
Kasenkina. tin window-jumping
Russian schoolteacher. had toid the
story of how she had been strong-
In the Kremlin. where the three
western ambassadors were trying
to pound out some kind of tentative
basis for negotiations with the So-
viet Union, the Hussians were play-
ing their famitiar game of hit-and-
U. S. Ambassador Walter Bedell
Smith. British Heprestntative Frank
Roberts and French Ambassador
Yves Chataigneau had been drudg-
ing through a series of meetings
with the implacable V. M. Molotov,
Soviet foreign minister.
Molotov. as usual, was hard,
tough, adamant in his adherence to
current Sovtet policy on the Berlin
and German problems. No prog-
ress was made; the three western
representatives were dispirited, al-
though they kept to their chore. The
word was whispered about that thts
conference might break up in total
Then came a break, or so it ap-
peared. Premier Stalin would meet
again with the three envoys. In the
ensuing discussions with Stalin
hopes again were raised that the
western powers minht succeed in at
least partially lifting the Berlin
blockade and perhaps effect an area
of agreement that could be used for
a subsequent top-level meeting to
iron out some of the major East-
But there were some who still
could see the ax on the peace table
St)mehow, there was a ftmiliar pat-
tern behind these negotiations that
went something like this:
After Molotox had subjected his
fellow conferees to hour after hour
of his case-hardened refusals to
come to terms, attempting by those
tactics to wear his diplomatic op-
ponents down, the scene was stt for
Stalin came on with his air of
geniality and good will, apparently
not only wilting but eager to reach
common ground. His attitude was
so manifestly different from Molo
tov'stliat hopes again soared.
There was the danger. Lulled into
optimism, the western envoys might
be trapped into making concessions
kindof Molotuv-to Stalin play had
Jacob H Lomakin. Siviet con
sul genera) iti New York, had con
ducted himM'lfmij ]"prrty and dis-
creditably in the allair of the Rus
sinn schoolteacher. Mrs. Oksana
Watch That Credit
Prospective home buyers who
might plunge beyond their means
simplv because down payments are
lower under the new housing [aw
have been warned by government
housing experts to avoid that trap.
"Our only worry." one expert
said, "is that the lower down pay
ments will encourage people to buy
homes they can't afford. When you
reducc the down payment, the
monthly payments are more."
Kasenkina, the U. S. state depart-
ment pointed out as it ordered him
out of the country.
It was a sensational turn of
events. In a note to the Soviet em-
I bassy the state department asserted
that Lomakin had, in effect, misled
his own government with regard to
the Kasenkina case so that the pro-
tests which the Soviets made to the
U. S. were "based on misinforma-
In addition, the note charged that
the consui general had "hindered
the investigation of the competent
police officials by refusing to al-
low them to interview Mrs. Kasen-
kina" while she was under control
of the Soviet consul.
Then, even as Lomakin was pack-
ing his bags and preparing to leave
the country, Russia countered
sharply by formally severing con-
sular relations with the U. S. and
repeating is accusations of bad
That seemed to prove that Loma-
kin's actions in the Kasenkina af-
fair were not so much the expres-
sion of his individual initiative as
they were a direct reflection of
However, no one was worrying
too ntuch about the breaking oil of
consular relations. The move did
not mean that diplomatic relations
Soviet consular activities in the
U. S. were limited to arranging for
mutual trade and travel between !
the two nations. Since there is prac-
tically no trade or travel exchange
taking place, the presence or ab-
sence of a consul wouldn't make too
Lying weak and ashen-faced in
her hospital bed in New York, Mrs. j
Oksana Kasenkina finally got
around to telling the story of why [
she leaped from the third-story win-
dow of the Soviet consulate.
"I jumped to escape, not to kill [
myself," she said.
She said that her "rescue" from!
the Tolstoy foundation's Reed farm
was not a "rescue but an arrest," t
engineered by the Russian consul- '
She did not want to go back to j
Russia. Although she loves her!
people, she stated that "I don't
agree with the policies of Josef
Stalin. I cannot agree with the
regime in the Soviet."
It couldn't be called schismatic:
It was thoroughly democratic.
In such a way delegates to the
first assembly of the World Council
of Churches might have assessed
the first two addresses which of-
ficially opened the historic sessions
JohnFosterDulles, U.S. lay lead-
er in many religious activities and
and Czechoslovakia's Joseph L.
Hromadka of the Evangelical
Church of C?ech Brethren, speak-
ing in a section discussion on "The
Church and International Disor-
der." between them managed to
strip much of the camouflage from
the growing philosophical and spir-
itual rift separating the East and
Total result of Dulles' and Hro-
madka's addresses, taken together,
was not to presage a religious split
between the two blocs of nations
but rather to define the problems
at the root of current international
disorders for those who are cou-
rageous enough to attack them with
spiritual weapons instead of guns.
DULLES "Peace can never
be stabilized except by institutions
that seek to reflect moral law and
that respect the dignity of the indi-
vidual. And the present methods of
communism are incompatible with
"Collective action may at times
be required, pursuant to the United
Nations chatter, to protect metn-
ber states or individual human be
ings in their charter rights.
"Those who beiieve in moral law
and human dignity must be con
cerned to make sociai institutions
reflect those ideals."
HROMADKA . . . The world is
seeing "the end of western suprem-
acy within the realm of internation
"Now, three years after Wortd
War II. the western man hasn't
yet recovered and is losing more
and tiiore the last remnants of his
He "hasn't much to ofTcr along
the tines of moral, philosophical or
(U Ti't T:
Tota) national output of goods and
services, stimulated by inflationary
fotces which have been growing
stronger since early summer, hit a
record-breaking rate of 248.2 bil-
lion dollars in the second quarter
of the fiscal year, the commerce
department has reported.
That figure is 4.4 billion dollars
above the peak reached in the first
three months of this year, accord
inn to the department.
My HA! KHA(H1
WASHINGTON.—Today we h.'\'c two visitors "]i°^
cently at the Smithsonian institution^ Mrs. Neandcrttmier (i
husband wasn't availabte) and -^ono
They have come a long way. 'I . Neanderthalers 1. ed about -5.000
years ago-but what's a few thousand years among fnends-or re atives.
I doubt that the Neanderthalers are relatives of ours—and I m not sorry.
They lived early in the Old Stor.c
age. and died without leaving any
known heirs, assigns or descendent-
—which may be just as well for the
rest of us who might have inherited
some of their characteristics. They
were sub-humans—stocky folks—
but they couldn't take it. They died
Now Mr. Cro-Magnon was a dif-
ferent proposition. He was a su-
and I wish he
were a relative
because ho was
really superior to
better brain. If
he'd only lasted,
'what a career he
would have had
and what he
might have done
for us! He might
have saved us
He may still.
I've been read-
in g two new
books—"Our Plundered Planet," by
Fairfield Osborne and "Road to
Survival," by William Vogt.
Our friend Neanderthaler probn
bly managed to stick around 200,000
years or so before his environment
or his neighbors finished him off.
Today we are rapidly chang-
ing our environment, and un-
less we cease destroying our
sources of food and shelter, we
shall soon destroy ourselves, as
our sub human friend was de-
We know that there are two things
which chiefly distinguish man from
the animal: The way he has de-
veloped the use of his hands and the
way his brain works. But our hands,
at the levers of machines, conceived
by our brains, have so disturbed
the cycle of nature, have done such
terrible things to all forms of life,
that they may prove our undoing—
if they don't blow us into atomic
Forgetting atomic destruction,
let's look at some others.
We are very good at repro-
ducing. tn three centuries the
population of the earth has in-
creased almost five times, ta
the seventeenth century thete
were 400 million people. There
are 2,000 million today. Five
times as many mouths to feed.
Osborne says: "If one takes four
billion acres, representing an area
of land estimated as now avaitable
for cultivation, it means that there
arc less than two acres per capita.
Contrasted with this is a generally
accepted computation that two and
one-half acres of land of average
productivity are required to provide
even a minimum adequate diet for
Think of that: It takes two and
one-half acres to feed you properly.
There are now only two acres avail-
age depth of the tnpsoil on the earth
! is" about one foot. It is estimated that
it takes nature, under favorable con-
ditions, from 300 to 1,000 years to
build one inch of that vital source
of our food, clothing and shelter.
"Yet," he says, "what may ttave
taken a thousand years to build can
be, and in some places has been,
removed by erosion in a year, or
even in a single day."
Erosion. That comes from over-
use, wrong use or removal of pro-
tecting grasses and trees. We over-
grazed the plains to get quick money
for beef, mutton and wool. We
ptowed fields of grass, left them ex-
posed, and you remember what hap-
pened—the dust bowl. We staugh-
tcred the forests and reaped the
yearly devastating floods. Today our
food and shelter runs down the mud-
died rivers to be lost in the ocean.
And animal Me? We killed
oft millions of wild animals on
this continent. We replaced
them, to some extent, hy domes-
tic animals. Cut we are break-
ing the magic cycle of life there,
too, far the life-giving proper-
ties of most of our domestic
animals do not return to the soil
as did the hones and bodies of
wild life that lived their course,
died and were enveloped in their
Sheep and cattle are shipped today
to slaughter houses where what lit-
M!tS. NRAX!)! MTMH.MR
. . . ctw/f/M'/ /7 . . .
able. So you ran see why there are
such food shortages around the
Osborne goes on: "The relation
between land health and health <,)
human beings is actually no m.,re
thanadcticate aspect of the delicate
contplex aspect of all life "
The cycle of life—the tiff),,
the soil that feeds and clothes
our own life—is a part of the
single whole which contribute
I haven't space bote to guttuonnh
the whote list of crimes that man
has committed in the race to break
that cycle- to destroy the fruitful
ness of the earth- that fruitful,,,^
upon which his own existence <ir
pends. Take the most striking ex
ample- the topsiel.
Topstiil. When that goes, we
go with it.
Osborne, as I mentioned in this
spn. cb)"t week, est mates thea.et
MM ( M() MA(;KOX
. . . 5^ a/ f/jf , , ,
tie is left disappears in disposal
plants or gets back to the ocean.
Wc are killing the soil. Gradually
removing it and the tiny animat and
p)ant cclis it contains, and thus de-
stroying ftte potential for reproduc-
ing the tiny living organisms in the
top soil which are a part of the re-
lationship of al) living things.
I haven't space to go on, but I
dun t want to leave on a too-de-
pressing note. It's true that our
ft tends, Mr and Mrs. Neanderthal-
er, the sub-human folk with the lit-
tle brain, couldn't take it. But we
can hope that his successor, Mr.
Cro-Magnon, who had a better brain
than we have, passed sotne of it on
to us with the spark of something
e se that made tun, i,ft his chin a
tittle trom the clod.
"We have been taught to lift ours
higher, to the tteavctis. There's hope
"Ptbere-and inspiration—and with-
in ourselves the power, too, if we
know how to use it.
* * *
On f/te Hay
American iarmers will have more
t'ecs to pi.,„t next year than ever
before tn our history.
97H ssf *" Hmw 368.-
970,551 ,n l!)47-48. according to a
national survey just completed bv
the American Forest Products hi-
dustnch, !nu., of Washington, D C
Most of tl.ese trees Will be ^Olti
o farmers and other landowners at
cost. wh,!c „,any wil) be given to
farmers free of charge by frnes"
industries wtai purchase them front
ho\Ac\ wit) be increased substan-
ialty by fedeiat and private mdus-
tn nurseries over the United States
4u'o ",ii ;'i''""*in,atety
*M() n)il!ion seedlings.
Yet these [inures, representing the
Panting of three trees for^,.,.v
-nan. n"'".<nand child m the eou f
ry. indicate statist., aily that .see".
And while they still do not ,neet
ttcmendous demand if .. tt„
seedlings .ere planted'l.^O ^
" ttiey would fornt a verdant
fe feral government. ^ "
Lawn Furniture Can Be
Made at Very Low Cost
\KE your porch, terrace or
^ * lawn an outdoor living room
. . . turn your backyard into a
pionic ground. You'll be agreeably
surprised to sec what fun dining
out can be. Food takes on an
added 7,cst when flavored with the
thrill of a picnic.
You can build wonderful pieces
of lawn furniture at very low cost.
The set illustrated above <vas
built from patterns. These pat-
terns take all the mystery out of
woodworking Each shows the full
size, shape and length for cutting
each part. Wherever two parts
are fastened together, the exact
location is indicated on the pat-
tern. Step by step directions ex-
plain every part of construction in
easy to understand language.
Send 35 cents for Lawn Table
Pattern No. 75 to Easi-Bild Pat-
tern company, Dept W.. Plcasant-
ville, N. Y.
that t vrr, f
found out ti
by lack o))
ticket! 1 ,
what 1 J';,]- j.,,.""'* *SI
vet. . '
th,y., , , , . '
"y ' - ]
OASM §M HATMtRS
OR SPHEAD OM ROOSTS
X't harsh fhpniirn^or rrj
! Try ycnf/i* Yodnra-^ th(yJ
ARE YOU A HEAVY
Change fo SAMO—fAe
dMfMMt/ve tigareffe tv/fA
Nof o Not M*dtrnf*d
Sana's scientific process cuts nico-
tine content to half that of ordinary
cigarettes. Yet skillful blending
< makes every puff a pleasure.
t rt.i:M! XO-][Ai.t. TOtiACCO CO . tNC.. N T.
^ As* yow oocrow ytaour Mwo acxwrrrB
STIFF / TOM MP
MUST BP. LOST
SW THE WOODS.
THAT'S TOMMy'S SOS S'GMAi....
THREE SHORT, THREE tDMO, THREE
SHORT ON HIS FLASHUGHT.'
YEP. PUT OUT V son, wuVE GOT THE
THE f!RE-TWATS'.MAKINM Of A CKACX
"loMM?.') SEE WU
- ^ 'i'/y
f THE WOOPS ^ '' '
^ . U6HT-- ' A*-" t J
[ BAnWES IM ''' "J; .; . . ^9
* !n Cenerat-Purpose 4-0hm tntermittent Test!
THIS -EVEREADY" BttnERY
OUTtOSTS Att OTHER BRAWBS!
^ ho (houKht up (his test that take! the %ucM
out of buying Ma;h!inht batteries? The
Amtritan Standards Association, no !ess! ...And
t!'i* is the test that
batteries in ?o«r ^
"ash!i^ht. Be bright tonight! Buy "Eveready !
. Th* "Mvyrndy" product# of
\ MATtOMAL CAMHOM COMPAMY, !MC.
M hMt 42nd 8tr<*t. New Yurh !7. N. Y.
UH" e/ FTP <*d
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F. L. Weimar & Son. The Alto Herald (Alto, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 16, 1948, newspaper, September 16, 1948; Alto, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth215100/m1/2/: accessed May 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Stella Hill Memorial Library.