The Daily Democrat. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 69, Ed. 1 Friday, February 2, 1883 Page: 1 of 4
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FORT WORTH, TEXAS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 2,1883.
FIRST NATIONAL BANE,
CORNER OF HOUSTON AND SECOND STREETS,
FORT WORTH, - - - TEXAS.
Ofvicrbs— M. B. Loyd, President; D. c. Bennett, Vice President; George Jack-
Dirbctokh—Godwin, Jas Watklns, Geo Jackson, M B Loyd, Jus D Reed, K> C Ben-
nett, J Q Sandidge.
TRANSACT A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS.
A. H. Britton, President, .John Nichols, Vice President, S. W. Lomax, Cashier.
THE CITY NATIONAL BANK
FORT WORTH, - - TEXAS,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS
A Regular Banking Business in All Its Branches Carefully Transacted.
Exchange bought and sold and collections made on all accessible points. Draw
slglit exchange on England, Ireland, France, Germany, Austria, Italy, Denmark, Swe-
den and Norway.
Cobrvspoxokkts—Donnell, Lawson & Simpson, New York; Valley National Bank,
St. Louts, Ho ; Importers' and Traders' National Bank, New York; First National
Bank, Galveston, Texas; Citizens Bank of Louisiana, New Orleans.
CK T77". ISE XT 2HEO T77"E IS,
DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF
-ALL GOODS PROMPTLY DELIVERED-
iVo. S2 Houston Street,
Fort Worth, Texas.
KNEELAND, UTTLEJOHN & MARTIN,
Insurance and Land Agents,
21 MAIN STREET, FORT WORTH, TEXAS-
ECLIPSE LUMBEE YARD
CORNER OF NINTH AND THROCKMORTON STEEETS,
R. M. PAGE, PROPRIETOR,
lias the Largest Stock and Best Assortment of
LUMBEE IN THE STATE.
It Defies Competition. Call and See TTa.
J. W. ALDERMAN,
BLACKSMITHING. FORGING, HORSE SHOEING.
ftps, Sffiig Ms, Garriagn ui Sups Rspaired or Fainted.
CORNER OF HOUSTON AND FOURTEENTH STREETS,
FORT WORTH, ♦ .... . TExA3
Dashwood & King
' WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IK
* JJ' Q-* jQ X
IMPORTED Ai DOMESTIC CIGABS!
' Fancy and Toilet Articles, Etc.
KO. 48 MAltf STREET, ....
25 CENT COLUMN
This column will be appropriated to
"Wants," "For Sale," "To Rent,"
••Found." "Lost," "Personal." and such
other, advertisements as can be con-
densed Into Ave lines or less, for which
25 cents only will be charged for one in-
sertion and'Ml cents for three insertions.
For each additional line above live lines,
WANTED by the Daily Democrat 500
additional city subscribers at 20 cents a
week, or 7o cents a month.
WANTED—-Every one to bring their
job work to the Dkmocuat office.
FOR SALE—Old papers at this office,
50 cents per hundred. tf
FOR SALE—Stock of groceries for sale
cheap. Also store house for rent; doing
a first-class cash business. Inquire or
Chas. Baggett, 20 Weatherford street.
FOR RENT—A large comfortable office
in front part of bulluing. Apply at this
Gulp, Colorado & Santa Fe bonds
sold readily on the 81st at 111.
Houston & Texas Central's firsts stood
at 108)£. Texas Rios, 85*4 •
Treasurer Luhiiock has invited
the legislature to examine his books
and count the stato's money. He evi-
dently wants a certiiicate of honesty
to tide him over the present period of
suspicion. ^ ^
Polk and Vincent are a good pair to
draw to. Wall street drew to them and
fot a full hand. Tennessee and Ala-
ama held a Hush and were squarely
beaten.. If was no bluff*.—Gazette.
Which reminds us that Texas, hold-
ing the age, and calmly sitting behind
a flush royal—a "safe" hand—keeps
her paw on the "pot," and "calls"—
for a decision of the referees.
The bill fixing the number of days
for road working is liberal enough to
the people. The man who objects to
putting in five days in the year to the
building and repairing of public high-
ways, Would object to being hanged.
Fh'e days, however, will not keep up
th« roads in Texas, and the work
should "he supplemented by a property
^ • mm
CoTTOn fell four points in New
York on Monday. The reason as-
signed being the default and flight of
the Alabama treasurer. How ridicu-
lous. What the deuce does Vincent's
robberies or Wolff's complicity have
to do with the price of cotton? Polk
of Tennessee defaulted for double the
amount alleged to have been embez-
zled by Vincent and yet it was not
supposed to be a circumstancc to put
down the price or cotton, or to nft'ect
the general prosperity of the country
to any perceptible extent.
The News's New York special of
the 31st says: "The recent sale of Fort
Worth city sevens in this (New York)
market was at about 98. St. Louis
bid 9G for the bonds*" That's so. 99
is close "about 98." It has not been
claimed that the bonds netted 99. It
was a good sale at either figure, and
Fort Worth is content.
The new Florentine odor "Fleur de
Alba" was used in a steam atomizer
to perfume the Tremont Opera House
in Galveston last Saturday night. If
this style oi luxury is to become pop-
ular, the perfume to be used should
be|advertiscd on the bills. Many of
the most exquisite perfumes would
draw some c.nd drive away many.
The vote of the audience would not be
uniform if "Attar of Roses" were pro-
The report of the senate debate on
the land question,published elsewhere,
is taken from the Galveston News,
and thcreforo may be relied on as cor-
rectly representing the speakers. It
will bo seen ,th#t Senator Shannon,
our immediate representative in that
Body, takes sides with the syndicates
and insists that the law be not so
interfered with as to retard the pre-
sent system of disposing of the school
lands. He stands with senators Gooch,
Matlock and the obstructing minority,
whose main purpose seems to be to
delay action till (he remnant of the
public domain can be surveyed, filed
and gobbled. Senator Gibbs, of Dal-
las, comes more nearly representing
the sentiment of the people of North
Texas, and though he and his able
coadjutors in debate, senators Pfeuffer
and Peacock, were unable to rally a
two-thirds Vote to suspend the rules,
they made a damaging fight, and their
voices will continue to ring out on the
prairies till the people all shall hear
and strike for their inheritance.
THE CREAM OF THE NEWS.
Donegal, Ireland, couti&uet to be the
scene of great distress froui fauitne.
Sherman had another tire last night,
frame dwolltug-houses partially insured.
The city council ofTprrel have estab-
lished (Ire limits—Just what should ha
done In all cities,that build compactly.
'The senatorial elections in Minne-
sota, Michigan and Nebraska still hang
ffre. There i6 some family unpleasant-
ness, so to speak.
Burglars are busy In Terrell, but
haite not much skill in safe-breaking;
The cheap jewelry may yet be valuable
—as a clue to the house-breakers.
Mrs. Sarah Forrest was burled frpm
the Episcopal church in Sherman yes-
terday evening. She was the vflfe of
Col, John N. Forrest, a brother of Gen.
Forrest of the confederate army,
Henrietta has a panto over two new
cases pronounced small-pox. The
schools closed, but nothing was done by
city authorities to arrest the spread of
the disease. N
.Oscar Garelsson has been appointed
postmaster at Galveston, to succeed
Judge Sabin. who declined reappoint-
ment. Mr. Gareisson is a good man and
will doubtless give general satisfaction.
The committee of the whole in the
house on Wednesday struck from the
tariff bill the item placing a duty of ten
per cent, on sulphates, salts, quinia and
The editor and proprietor of the
Jacksonville (Florida)' Union had sold
his paper on Saturday and died last
Tuesday, January 30. Mr. McCollum
had been in delicate health several
The U. S. senate has passed the bill
providing for holding a centennial cot-
ton and industrial exposition in 1884,
and Inviting foreign nations to partici-
Colonel Payne Is aguln on his way to
Oklohoma to reassert his right to the
forbidden paradise. The governuient
ought to give Payne a fair judicial trial
to test his claim or it should squelch
him with its strong arm of power.
The British army in Egypt has so fur
overmastered and pacified the Egyptian
trod^i as to regard them as safe senti-
nels on guard duty, and in u spirit of
liberality this delightful service is as-
signed to them, while the Britishers
sleep quietly In their tents.
Fred Wolffe denies having loans from
or joint transactions with the default-
ing state treasurer of Alabama. The
books are open for Inspection in Mont-
gomery, Ala., and his agent there has
instructions to give the committee all
information desired. Vincent break-
fasted in Nashville on Tuesday morning
en route to New York.
Attorney General Marshal, of Cali-
fornia, has commenced suit against the
Central Pacific railway to recover
$2,000,000, with interest and costs, on
the ground that the road has refused to
carry public messengers, lunatics, pris-
oners, etc., free of charge, in accordance
with the terms by which the state
granted aid to the company by. guaran-
teeingj interest on bonds, in conformity
with the act of the legislature of 1804.
The authorities in Dallas apprehend
serious trouble at Sunset. United States
Marshall McKee's son was sent as a
deputy to serve attachment papers on
the firm ofYoungerBros. The Yougers,
with a large crowd of their friends, re-
sisted, served notice on Duputy McKee
to leave town, took his papers
and destroyed them. Unable to
perform the duty, McKee star-
ted to Fort Worth, telegraphing
the status to his father in Dallas. The
Marshall left with a posse for Sunset
yesterday evening to enforce the serv-
ing of the writs and arrest the mob. It
1b said that more than a score of men
have been lynched about Sunset in the
past three years, and that they have I
hard lot of citizens to deal with.
A chaptef of curious mistakes is re
corded from Denison. First the mis-
take of throwing John 8. Day's letter
in, John F. Day's box. John F. Day
makes a mistake in opening John S.
Day's letter and mistakes a $10 money
order out of it. Going to the money or-
der window he mistakes the money for
it, mistakes and destroys the letter.
But John S. Day, whose money was
mistaken, finds it out, and soon they
have a strange Day quartered in Sher-
man. The probability is that the peni-
tentiary will have Day two years with-
out a break. Day has a partner, Green,
but not so very green, but not any
brighter than Day. His business was to
write to distant real estate owners that
a penalty of $50 was the price for not
numbering Denison houses in a certain
way. This was well enough on the men
but it tookis woman to catch 'em, and
when Mrs. Ketchum of Coldwater,
Michigan, was notified that*, her house
had to be so numbered she threw, cold
water on the plan, by discovering some-
thing green, and thought it looked as
clear as day. fhe wrote to a denizen of
the town of Denison and the. house
numberer's day was numbered, and the
green nipped by the dash of Michigan
cold water. So the day ceased, and the
house numbering ended.
The Land Problem in the Sonata.
As the question of disposing of the
school lands of Texas Is just now the ab-
sorbing topic, it is deemed Ijuiportknt
to let the people know what their legis-
lators are saying on the subject.. In
senate, Wednesday, the following dis-
cussion tqok place ; , , , .
Mr. Chesiey moved, tt suspension.. Of
the rules to take up and refer the house
substitute for the senate bill suspending
the sales of school and university lands.
Mr. Pfeuffer thought it could be con-
sidered without suon action,
Mr. Unrris moved to suspend the rules
and take it up for action.
Mr. Matlock opposed immediate ao-
tion, because lie believed the committee
could perfect the bill.. The bill takes
the land out of the market and repeals
all laws providing for sales. The object
Is to prevent sales at a loss. Taking the
lands out of market enhances the vulue
of other lands and prevents the state's
lands from advancing in value; until
the state offered the lands for sale they
had no value; until the state has sold
them they never will enhance In value.
It Is the history of the public
lands of every state and countrv
that has owned lunds. The law may
he imperfect, aud the lands, in a lew
cases, sell at a sacrifice, but the stute
had better bear the loss than withdraw
them for an indefinite period from mar-
ket. It is a good idea, as the senate
first proposed, to withdraw the lands
for ninety days after adjournment, but
If that be not done, and the laws gov-
erning the sale of lands be repealed, the
legislature will be met iu efforts to per-
fect a better land system by the large
Interests which will be better served by
an Indefinite enjoyment of free pastu-
rage and monopoly of the land market
for thirty or forty years. The state has
men attempting to sell those laud*) and
now, when the time has come that they
can he sold, when thlg policy Is briug-
ing money to buy them ami people to
occupy tkein, you will suspend the pol-
icy and reject the fruits of all your past
efforts. 1 ou will drive back from this
state the tide of emigration and eaa-
pend the development of the aoonlry.
If you say Texas Iiub no longer for sale
any of these cheap lauds, you drive Im-
migration to the northwest. You have
sought immigration by publishing to
the world that you have ilfty million
acres of fertile lands for sale and
occupation. You have encouraged
railroad building at a large expense
from your landed domain, and now when
the poople of other lands are proposing
to come, you throw away the profits of
policy and the cost of your advertise-
ment. Under this bill an emigrant can
not purchase a little home of 100 ucres
out of your fifty million acres. Pass the
bill to operate for the itinety day* and
then enact a bill to meet tho wishes of
the people whether It be to sell or lease.
Mr. Pfeuffer said the bill is Intended
to have only a temporary effect, or un-
til a better law is passed. He hud relia-
ble information there was a. combina-
tion to-day that purposes to returd leg-
islation until they make the returns
upon 300 sections of these lands they
propose to gobble.
Mr. Matlock—Docs the bill repeal all
the laws on the subJcct?
Mr. Pfeuffer—Yes; but only until bet-
ter laws can be made. If you amend it
and send it back to the house the house
does not agree, and It goes back and
forth; will do no good to pass it at all.
Mr. Shannon—will you not be willing
to limit its operation to the ninety days?
Mr. Pfeuffer—It should pass now a* it
is, because the lands are being dally
sacrificed. If the senate Is ready and
able to adopt a lease or sale policy that
will protect the lands from being pirated,
that measure will take the place of this
enactment. I am perfectly willing to
pledge myself to go to work at once and
perfect a measure that will protect the
public interests, and until that measure
Is perfected I am satisfied to keep the
lands for an Indefinite period out of
market and secure from spoliation.
Mr. Shannon said he would like to
know If the senator and others bo fever-
ish and nervous upon the Biibject of
squandering the school lands hiid ever
examined tne laws. Under these laws
these lands can not be sold at less
than $1 an ncrc. The surveyor Is
required to report, under oath, his
classification and valuation of the
lands. The county commissioners'
court must approve the valuation, and
these reports must be approved by the
commissioner of the general land office.
These requirements, it would appear,
would go far to protect the state from
loss, unless it be concluded that all our
officers,surveyors, county commissioners
and commissioner of tne land office are
frauds. Notliingls perfect that Is huinar,
and there are Imperfections, no doubt,
in this law. He had endeavored to cure
them in the Seventeenth legislature, but
failed. lie was satisfied, however, it
was now easier to cure imperfections of
the existing law than It would be after
repealing all the laws arid creating a
combination of Influential Interests
against any legislation to go to work and
enact a new and better svstem. He
knew the difficulties of so great a task.
If the lands are Indefinitely with-
drawn from sale the result Is that there
will be oo taxes from them, and
no revenue for schools; they wlli
be used without pafr by those who re-
sist' the sale, the school fund getting
nothing, general revenue nothing and
the development of the country brought
to a stand. Now, If sold at the lowt-st
possible price it would place $50,000,000
in securities in the treasury, which
would in the twenty years sales bring
in an annual interest of 8 per cent.,
solving the Investment problem, giving
the school $1,000,000 for the annual sup-
port of so much condemned. >Ve would
have a permanent end available school
fund in excess of any country, republi-
can or monarchlal, for the use of the
children of this generation and future
generations. Bad men ioav have taken
advantage ofthis law,, bdt'this can be
prevented. Under Its provisions single
individuals may have purchased more
than the seven sections that are ap-
Solnted to purchase by the law. It Is
esired to prevent that.
Mr. Fleming—Suppose thoy barf;
what hftriu ?
Mr. shannon—They have violated the
letter.and spirit of the law. It should
not bo permitted; but If yoit suspend
the laws now you are legislating to en-
hance the verv lands so fraudulently ob-
tained. The remainder of Mr. Shan-
non's speech was to Indicate other de-
feets In the law that might be remedied
and to show if the lands were with-
drawn that the value of the property
would decline, ami, neither state nor
school fund would be benefited. In re-
gard to leasing, he argued a law for that
purpose would only contirta cattlemen
In permanent poesesston and free use
without leasing from the state. They
would simply Tease the. railroad alter-
nate Sections and so tlreVent 'any one
from leasing the school sections.
Mr. Peacock thought It would be time
to talk of selling or leasing when the
legislature had provided against the
sacrifice of the lands. There waa
no question before the senate except
whether to withdraw the lands tndeff'
ntrely tar sale for- ninety days. Under
this proposition the nervousness seems
to be on the part of the senators who
oppose indefinite suspension. It is a
little singular that those who appear
nervous represent that section of the
country where the cattlemen live who
are, under indefinite suspension of salesj
to have free pasture for stocks. They
say the sale of the lands has advertised
the conntry and brought emigration; so
it has advertised the lands. Money has
come Into the country and .the lends are
beliursold at a sacrifice. 'So strong la ...
the AnViction that siich Is the fact, that
senators frout that section have permit-*
ted bilta to Increasi* the minimum to $2
per acre. If they are right, Bales taking
placfe now at $1 are rulnoufely low, and
the lande are being sacrificed. In one
breath they tell us the laws are good,
and only require some one or
two amendments, end in the next
breatli.thut they are being sold at less
than half their, value. What's the rem-
emy? Suspend sales'being made at a
sacrifice until the good law. is made beti
ter, and thus save the people from loss.
They tell lis surveyors—Sworh ofllcdre—•
vulue the lands, and I am informed tho
surveyor* belong to the land rings, des-
poil Irtg the school fund, and that some
of them have already made princely for-
tunes in the ute of their power over
tiiese lands. It Is Bald if you indefinitely
suspend sales.cattlemen and land syndi-
cates will combine to prevent further
legislation, so as to perpetuate free grass
to stojk and give a monopoly of land to
those who have purchnsed, but if you
suspend/or ninety days, will n t there
be a stronger incentive of these parties
to defeat legislation, so they may go on
gobbling these valuable lands at Inade-
^Gooch opposed suspension of the rules
to take up tne bill, because he oppotel
the repeal of the existing la<vs. lie
oppoBeSithlB repeal until the legislature
has perfected a better measure. He
was not wedded to the doctrine of sell-
ing exclusively tp actual settlers. < For
many years that was the.law, apd ifor
five years up to thetlme the existing
lawB came into f«rc#%nly M;0dQ acres
were sold. >If the lands are ever to bo
sold this policy will not sell them. If
they are to be sold at all there must be
some discretion exerclned by state offi-
cers. The law now gives the commis^
sioner of the land officeAthe power to
take them out of market. If the sales
have In some few cases been at less than
the value of the lands, it does not fol-
low that the public domain will be
squandered unless this bill passes. At
the rate of sale of the last year^
under an extraordinary and un-
usual demand for lands elsewhere:
only 400,000,000 acres of the school
land were sold> and it would take eight
years of continuous squandering at that
rate to take up the public domain. . Are
we in flavor or educating the children of
this generation, or of fifty years hehee?
I favor the policy that gives the present
generation some benefit from tb pfCM
per! y, and therefore I advocate the salo
of the lands at fair prlcea for long terns,
with alow but adequate rate of interest,
such, ss Would lend purchasers to prefer
paying It, rather than to par the pur-
chase mohey at once In full. This would
give us a permanent and good Invest-
ment which, we now do not have, but to
those who would suspend and then build
up a new system, I warn them they are
on dangerous ground. 1 have been hese
live sessions, and of all legislation this
upon lands is the most difficult and the
hurdest-to perfect and pass. .Opposed
by influential interests, lit becomes
well-nigh impossible. My opinion
Is i that the best thing to do is to
amendjthe laws in most, needed points*
and especially to enlarge the discretion-
ary power or the commissioner of the
general land office. ,■
Mr. Gooch indicated points requiring
Mr. Gibbs said that Texas bad run1 af-
ter land specula ors to give away this
property with indecent haste. Heandhls
people prefer to go down in their pock-
ets to support public schools for the
present rather, than deprlyethe children
of future generations of their rightB by
selling the ladds ai ruins prices. Now,
the people are tired of the present law,
and rather, than sell to speculators at
less than their value, would permit tho
cattle to feed upon free grass a thousand
years. \ . , ,
Mr. Matlock—Why not let the people
of the future go down in their pockets
for schools, too ? • . •
Mr. Gibbs—I prefer, that the chil-
dren of this day and generation should
lose $1 rather than those of a future dif
to lose $5. As to the. argument that
railway lands are held by owners who
will combine to prevent the lands from
being leased, he neld that the state had
the power to bankrupt the railroad com-
panies if, In this land matter, they
thwarted the will of the people.
Mr. Davis warned the legislature that
they were as liable to mistakes in tho
land legislation as their predecessors
had been, and that it wasextromely
doubtful ir the programme .to indefinite^
ly suspend sales In order afterwards to
produce perfect measures would pan
out as expected. A great deal of .time
and eff'ort had been expended on tho
present laws, and it was only common-
sense to ask i thst something better bo
produced before wiping ojit all that had
ever been done. The motion to suspend
the rules failed of a two-thirds' rot*.
The First Baptist ohnrch in Baa Ai*
tonlo has drawn a line. < The congrega-
tion resolved to exclude all membera
who engage in. the sale, or use, of strong
drinks for a beverage, or for social pur-
poses - ., j ■
m a m
Mrs. Ann Casejr, of Morgan county,,
Tennessee, la 1M jreats old. She waa,
born In Newark* New' Jersey, and re-
members having had 1 con versationfc
with Washington, Burr and Hamilton.
V* ' ***']
TTO. 48 "
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Styles, Carey W. The Daily Democrat. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 69, Ed. 1 Friday, February 2, 1883, newspaper, February 2, 1883; Fort Worth, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth233572/m1/1/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.