Texas and the Massachusetts Resolutions Page: 35 of 54
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on the 24th of July, with powers to report a constitution in
form. At the same time, however, the independent propositions
that had then been offered by Mr. Charles Pinckney
and Mr. Patterson, were referred to the same committee,
probably with a view to give that committee full powers to
make such modifications in the language of the new instrument
as might appear advisable and best, after a fulI comparison
of all the plans with eacli other. It must be noted, that
Mlr. Pinckney's article 14th, runs in the following words :The
Legislature shall have power to admit new States into the Union,
on the saxme terms with the original States; provided two-thirds of the
members present in both Houses agree.
Mr. Patterson's was still more concise.
Resolved, That provision be made for the admission of new States into
Now, by a comparison of these two propositions with that
of M1r. Randolph, it will imrnediately be perceived that the
former intends to provide for the sane contingency with the
latter, and tlhat the difference is only in the shorter form of
expressixng the same idea. Mr. IRandolph proposed, that
" provision ought to be made for the adiission of States laofilljy
arising ithin e li th the United States." The
other two gentlemen describe te same commtunitiess "asm new
States," and cut off the circunmlocution. Had not this been
their motive, how much easier would it have been to have
said other States, orforeign States, as Mr. Sherman actually
did in a proposition we shall presently notice. This woulld
indeed have expressed the idea now advanced by Mr. Walker,
but it was not the one wlich they intended to express.
They were looking to the Western Territory with as single
an eye as Mr. Iandolph.
We have stated these facts, to show how the word "new"
came to be incorporated into the present article of the constitution.
This and the provision requiring a two-thirds vote
were borrowed by the committee of detail, from the propositions
of Messrs. Pinckney and Patterson, in order filly to
carry out the idea presented by Mr. Rlandolph. The seventeenth
article, as reported by them on the sixth of August, is
in the following words:New
States lawfully constituted or established within the limits of the
United States may be admitted, by the Legiislature, into this governerent;
but to such admission tlhe consent of two thirds of the mnembers
present in each house slall be necessary. If a new State shall arise
within the limits of any of the present States, the consent of the Le gislatures
of such States Sthall be alo necessary to its admission. if the aldnission
be consented to, the new State shall be admitted on the same
terms with the original States. But the Legislature may make conditions
with tIe new States, concerning the public debt whlichl shlall then
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Adams, Charles Francis. Texas and the Massachusetts Resolutions, book, January 1, 1844; Boston, Massachusetts. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2355/m1/35/: accessed April 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .