Texas and the Massachusetts Resolutions Page: 38 of 54
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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we for a moment be brought to assent to the validity of the
reasoning by which it is pressed, we are not sure that we
should be afraid of running the risk of its happening by this
means. But, were the scheme practicable,-were the State
of louisiana or of Arkansas willing to sink its present organization,
for the purpose of embracing Texas within its limits,
no one knows better than Mr. Walker, that the main object
of the whole undertaking would thereby be defeated. The
purpose of annexing Texas, is to create out of it several new
States, each of which shall have the benefit of the rule of
federal representation, as well in the Senate as in the House
of Representatives. And through this division into States,
the object is to gain just so many more electoral votes for
President and Vice-President, with which to defend the representation
of property in man, as there would be new members
of the Senate thus obtained. Now, were Texas incorporated
into Louisiana or Arkansas, no more Senators could
be made than now exist; and the struggle against Wisconsin
and Iowa, and all the rest of the Western Territory would
remain to be made as now. The Senate is, after all, the
stronghold of property representation in this government, because
there, the inequality between the increase of the free
and the slave States does not operate to restore the balance
in favor of the former, as it does in the popular branch, and
in the electoral colleges. Nothing can shake that power in
the Senate, if it be once fortified by the addition of Texas as
a territory. But its union with one of the existing States
would not strengthen it in that body materially. We caninot,
therefore, avoid the conviction, that this tIhird mode of annexing
Texas to the Union is not intended to be seriously recommended,
and that it ias rather been tlrown out as a possibility,
in case of the failure of the other two, than with any
serious belief that it could be made acceptable, either to the
State which would be swallowed up in the operation, or to
the interest ostensibly to be promoted by it.
But, even were it othervise--were the whole of the party
in favor of annexation to press it as a proper measure, we
must maintain that the sclteme is directly and palpably at war
with existing provisions of the constitution, which absolutely
forbid every attempt of the kind. Mr. Walker, in his zeal
for annexation, appears to have looked "only at tte last clause
of the tenth section, under whicill he derives his power, and
to have neglected the first. Yet, wIat are the words of the
first ? Are they not these ?
<" No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation."
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Adams, Charles Francis. Texas and the Massachusetts Resolutions, book, January 1, 1844; Boston, Massachusetts. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2355/m1/38/: accessed May 28, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .