The Home Advocate. (Jefferson, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 50, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 15, 1870 Page: 1 of 4
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-A. Weekly Journal Devoted to Christianity, JWd\icf*tion Home Enterprise, and General Intelligence.
«. A. KELL1. Proprietor
F. J. PAYILLO, Editor and Publisher.
JEFFERSON, TEXAS. JAN. 15, 1870.
TEXAS BEEF PACKING.
From tiie ditk-rqnt receivers of
Texas beef we have collected some
information with regard to t|ie prop-
jjects for packing during the coming
winter. Not only are all the old es
tablishments to continue to run, but
weveral more will go into operation.
Regard will be had to the character
of the cutting, packing, etc., and
none but fine, fat beeves will be
slaughtered. Much has been done
during the past year to render Texas
packed beef a favorite in every mar-
ket, and the most convincing proof
of the success of the enterprise is
shown by the fact that Chicago has
been unable to compete with it, that
city having, in 1864-5 put up 92,459
beeves, whereas last year the num-
ber fell to 50,950. There were ship-
ments from this port last year of
4815 bbla. and tierces to Great Bri-
tain, and 30,895 to New York. The
shipments to New York were highly
satisfactory, and nearly every pack-
age passed inspection, while those to
Ore at Britain, though not quite so
successful, were yet encouraging.
For that market, beef must be pack-
ed in tierces of from 304 to 332 lbs.,
eatefuliy cut and the joints sawed.
A small lot was sent to Hayre for
trial, a part of which was sent to the
Mediterranean Sea for experiment,
after which it was brought back to
.Havre, and found to be perfectly
sound, and we are informed that
large orders will be sent here this
season for that market. Every en-
couragement is offered to English
buyers, and packers are ready to
make any changes in the mode of
. packing, should it be desired. We
are also informed that the cattle over
all parts of Texas are remarkably
-fat. tliis season, which will, of course,
improve the quality of the beef. So
far, it has not been deemed necessary
to adopt the refrigerating process,
only one packery having done so,
but as a matter of public economy
this will be the rule ere long, instead
of the exception, for though it is'
found that vvintef packed beef, with-
out this, will keep just as well; yet
large numbers of cattle are now be-
ing slaughtered merely for their
bides and tallow, the meat being
thrown away or fed to- hogs. The
climate of a large portion of that
State is so mild that the cold spells
arc very short, and it is only during
these that [tacking can be carried
on.—jV. O. Picayune,.
—. p — i
Newspapers, says Niles' Register,
are things that can be dispensed
with, as costing money that might
be saved. So is the schooling of our
children, so indeed, are nine-tenths of
what it costs us to live. Almost any
man might lay up money every year
if he would live on bread and water,
and clothe himself in the cheapest
manner he could. But what of that?
Who would live like a brute and dio
like a begger for the mere pleasure
of saving money, which lie cannot
carry hence with him, though like a
dead-weight, it may bang upon his
moiiI at tho last moment of his mortal i
existence? There are few such—five
or ten in a million, and what wretch-
ed creatures are they? Most men
sensible that they must die, are dis
posed to enjoy a little of the fruits
of their toils; and nothing is perhaps
more necessary to the enjoyment of
society, or self-satisfaction it: retire-
ment than a well informed and virtu
ous mind; it gives a zest to all things
in prosperity, and is the best re-
source in adversity. Newspapers,
though not always conducted with
talents and respectability, are the
best possible channels for obtaining
an acquaintance with the affairs of
the world, and to implant desires in
the hearts of the youth for more
jtolid reading, as lie goes on to ma-
In truth they are the great engine
that moves the moral and political
world, and are infinitely powerful to
establish the character of a people
as well as to preserve their liberties.
It is no difficult matter to raise two
good crops of Irish potatoes in Texas.
The writer of this lias been digging
from his garden, for sis weeks past,
as good, new potatoes as can be had
in May, and as for the spring crop
that should come in in succession,
for at least three months.
The time to plant potatoes for the
spring crop, is from the 20th of De-
cember to the 1st of March. As a
general thing, potatoes are planted
too shallow. At this season they
should be placed on top of the
ground and covered not less than
four inches, and some even contend
for six inches. Before planting, it
will be well to cut the tubers and
roll them in ashes, to absorb some of
the moisture. This is particularly
necessary for December and for Au-
The best potatoes are undoubtedly
the early ones. Heretofore these
have been sold at too high a price to
justify their use. Last year they
commanded a dollar a pound in ITous
ton. This year they are advertised
at $10 per barrel. Next to them are
the Early Goodrich; while for late
potatoes, the Harrisons have no
It is believed that the potato crop
may be made profitable for exporta-
tion. We can harvest 300 to 400
bushels to the acre by the first of
May, of the early sorts, and these
shipped to New York, ought to com
mand a good five dollars per barrel.
In planting, some urge that only
whole tubers should be used: others
that only large ones should be select-
ed. The best opinion, however, is
that it makes no material difference,
and that potatoes cut to one or two
eyes make as good a yield as any.
The soil should be loose and ma-
nured, if not very rich. The ground
should be thoroughly worked, and
the crop will be as sure as almost any
we can plant.
There aro 25,000 " street A rabs"
in tho city of London. " Street
Arabs," be it knovrn, are vagabond
hoys—children utterly homeless, and
without any one to guide or control
them. Tho London papers thinks
something should be doue to rid the
community of so great and growing
a pest, and are 'endeavoring to excite
public indignation and Interest in tho
matter by declaring that of all these
wretched urchins the one half are
A BRAIN ATMOSPHERE.
A new theory is propounded to
exphiiu why one happens to think of
persons he has not seen for years
just before meeting them. A simi-
lar .phenomenon often happens when;
one has impressions of the death of
friends who may be thousands of
miles away, and subsequently learns
that they died at that particular
moment. A writer in tho London
Spectator thinks thatS(hero is a braia
atmosphere extending through space
more subtle than tho air, or even
than tho electric fluid. As the un-
dulations of the air occasion sound,
and the undulatious of the ether give
the impression of.Jight, so the un-
dulations of this brain-atmosphere
may convey impressions between
sympathetic minds. Tho theory is a
very ingenious one, and there are
certainly many facts which it will
explain very satisfactorily, but these
different atmospheres must bo curi-
ously constituted, if so many differ
eut vibrations, moving from so many
different directions, do not interfere
with one another. The theory ot
light, with its hundreds of millions
of ethereal vibrations every second,
through the vast space between the
earth and sun, or between the earth
and a distant nebulae, has always
been a tough morsel for our mental
digestion. The masters of science
lay down the law, and we submit,
but our faith is weak. And now
comes a new atmosphere/ with a new
sense of motions. It is a little too
much for us, we confess, and looks
"aw' a muddle," as the world did to
poor Stephen Blaekwell. With
vibrations of air, vibrations of ether,
vibrations of brain atmosphere, and
vibrations of electricity, (we suppose
that must vibrate too,) things will
git mixed up badly. 'Tis no wonder
insanity is increasing, for so many
sorts of vibrations are enough to
addle any weak brain, and make it
impossible to distinguish one from
t'other. We must beg our scientific
friends to hold up, and keep their
discoveries of any more atmospheres
to themselves. We shall be crushed
under the load if the number is in
creased. There is a limit to human
What Becomes of Old Shoes?—
They are cut up in small pieces, and
these are put for a couple of days
into chloride of sulphur, which makes
the leather very hard and brittle.
After this is effected the material is
washed with water, dried, ground to !
powder, and mixed with some eub- j
stance which makes the particles ad- j
here together, as shellac, good glue J
or good solution of gum. It is then \
pressed into moulds, and shaped into I
combs, buttons, knife-handles and
many other useful articles.
A WOMAN'S KISS.
A ballet dancer who turn d the
heads of tho ai.iorons gentlemen of
the Russian capital, last winter, is a
native of Cracow, and reputed to be
the illegitimate daughter of a Polish-
count. She received preseuts by tljo
score from her admirers, among
whom was a very wealthy nobleman'.
He made her acquaintance, and was
charmed with her. lie offered her a
diamond he wore upon his finger for
a kiss. She accepted, aud he gladly
gave her the jewel, believing, per-
haps, with Ovjd :
" Who gains a kiss and gains no more
Deserves to lose the bliss he got before."
His suit did not prosper, however,
as ho had hoped. At the ehd of
a month, he presented her with
a second, and received a second
salute, but beyond that lie did not
At tho'end of the year he had
parted with nearly all of his dia-
monds, and was as far from success
as ever. Irritated by her stub-
borness, he sought an interview, and
upbraided her for her resistance.
" I have no more diamonds to give
you," he said.
"Then," she replied, "I have no
" What am I to do? Your heart
is made of ice. Give me some word
" I can't do that, but I'll give you
a word of counsel."
" What is it ?"
" Never buy your first kiss of a
woman. If you do, though you were
the Czar himself, you would be bank-
rupt before you reached her heart."
, ROBINSON CRUSOE'S ISLAND.
Robinson Crusoe's famous isle has
been colonized by a well organised
company of German emigrants. It
was cd*ied,iu 1868,to Rob't Wehrdan,
an engineer from Saxony, who, after
serving the United States as a ma-
jor, during tho war of the rebellion,
engaged in explorations for railroad
companies in South America, He
has induced a company of Germma,
sixty or seventy in number, to mi-
grate to this island, aud they are
quite delighted with their prospects.
They find it a lovely and fertile spot,
stocked already with herds of wild
goats, and with a lew wild horses
and donkeys. They liavo brought
with them cattle, swine, and fowls,
agricultural and lishing implements,
and all needful equipments for a
strong colony. The grotto, so famous
as Robinson's house, still remains.
It is situated in a laige valley,
covered with an exuberant growth
of turnips. A Chilian youngster,
who has charge of the swine, is as-
signed to this valley, as tho turnips
afi'ord good feeding for the swinn,
and he may revive memories of Rob
in*Ott by taking possession of the
grotto. As Juan Fernandez is now
a regular stopping place, where
whalers take in food and water, we
shall have frequent reports of the
fortunes of the new colonists.
Common sense is not the operation
of a single mind, but the effect of the
collision of many.
The newspapers are redolent wfih
the stench of the Richard son-MuFar-
lahd tragedy. They denounce
Beecher and Frothiogliam for marry-
ing the dying adulterer, and especi-
ally the latter fpr the nuptial prayer:
"Wo thank thee,- Father, for what
theme twq ljave been to each other,
for what they may be yet. May lie
take her Image with him to
spiritual life, aud may she, heating
his name and vindicating bis honor,
carry him about with her through all
tho fcil&Mrhrf^e ftflfft is yet behftV^H
to strengthen her courage aud giv*
her patience nmier her burden,
help her through-all cart*." He
is free-love with a vengeance. McFar-
fand killed hia fViend for Bedut^
his■jrife, and hero is the end of At.
Our paper is tabooed to the disgjitft-
ing details. Let tho Yankee infidtjfcs
and their apologists go on sow
the wind, we can guarantee that t
will reap the whirlwind in a tr«jme
ous harvest.—Nashvtlla Advocate.
—- Hi — ~
Indigestion- tiik caCsk op Cokk
There is something curiously in
estiug m this extract:
The pleasant wayB in which a well
regulated diet affects physical as well
as moral man are infinite.
Walker found that when ho ate
moderately, and had brought li
self luto sound health, the sa
shoes were easy which hud btfc'fc
tight. Ho studied a pair of sho^ijl
Ho had a pair rather smaller that#
usual, which afforded him the oppnp
tuiiity of making his observation!
with great accuracy Having piflr-
posely tried excess of diet, he fotiiitf
them so painful as to be unbearable
on the feet. But they were perfect-
ly easy and comfortable when he atir
<<iily that happy quantity, enough,'
,Otjr philosopher truces even corns U*
i indigestion. M$j|j
A recent medical writer states that,
the vices of the Ao|eric«u char aft tag^a
may be briefly summed up as follows^
1st. An inordinate passion fqijC"^.
2nd. Overwork of mind and body
iu pursuit of business.
3rd Undue < xeitemcut and hurr**
in all the affairs of life.
4th. Intemperance in eating, drinit^faF
ing and smoking.
5th. A general disregard of tftjLyi
true laws of life and health.
# * '
No use for it.—"Buy a trunk**
Pat?" said a dealer to an Irishman/
"Ami what for should I buy a
trunk?" asked Pat.
" To put your clothes in," was th«
go naked! Never a bit*
Naugusv Boy.—A schoolmistress,*
pointing , to tho, first letter of th<*
alphabet, said to a young scholar: t:
" Come, now, what is that?"
" I shan't tell you." *
" You wout? But you must; conx ,
now, what is it?" ,
" I shan't tell you. I don't com*
to teach you, but for you to teach <
me," the bad boy said.
This youngster's wit was fM «
be admired than his manners.
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Patillo, F. J. The Home Advocate. (Jefferson, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 50, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 15, 1870, newspaper, January 15, 1870; Jefferson, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth235575/m1/1/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.