Anti-Texass Legion: Protest of some free men, states and presses against the Texass rebellion, against the laws of nature and of nations Page: 25 of 72
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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There is one question connected with this controversy, of a defin-
ite character, upon which it may be proper that you should express
an opinion. You are, doubtless, aware that the people of Texas
by an almost unanimous vote, have expressed their desire to be ad-
mitted into our Confederacy, and application will probably be made
to Congress for that purpose. In my opinion, Congress ought not
even to entertain such a proposition in the present state of the con-
troversy.-Extract from the Mlessage of Gov. M'Duffie. to the Leg-
islature of South Carolina, 1836.
At the present crisis, no subject can be presented to the public eye
more deserving of their serious attention than slavery; our pros-
perity, nay, our very existence as a nation depends upon the question
before us, viz: Whether new slave-holding states, particularly Texas,
shall be annexed to the American republic, till the planters of the
South gain the sole sovereignty, as they ever have held the balance
of power by a preponderating influence in congress, or not ? For
instance, every cargo of slaves transported by the citizens of the
South, and every additional slave state, not only enhances their
riches, but increases their political influence; for, according to the
constitution, five slaves in the South are equal to two citizens in the
North, with respect to the rights of suffrage.
Slavery depends on the consumption of the produce of its labor for
support. Refuse this produce, and slavery MUST cease. Say not
that individual influence is small. Every aggregate must be com-
posed of a collection of individuals. Though individual influence be
small, the influence of collected numbers is irresistible.
The number of representatives of slaves, alias southern property,
has already increased to twenty-five, and they are urging the annexa-
tion of new slave states. These considerations alone should cause
our representatives to be on the alert, even laying aside the princi.
ples of natural justice, moral rectitude, and the super-excellent pre-
cepts of revelation, which inculcate, " that we should do to all men
whatever we would that they should do unto us, and that we should
love our neighbors (or all mankind) as ourselves."
We certainly have increased in luxury, avarice, and systematical
cruelty, since the epoch of our independence, more than any other
nation ever did in the same number of years; for what Rome was in
her decline, America is in her infancy. We look with a supercilious
glance upon personal virtue and national honor, while we are ena-
moured with riches. We suffer ambition to monopolize the rewards
that should be conferred on virtue ; nay, we supinely behold our fel.
low citizens, not only enslave and murder thousands of their inno.
cent, unoffending fellow creatures periodically, but we permit them,
by this unjust and unwarrantable medium, to gain not only riches to
fill their coffers, but also political influence in our national councils,
the permanent right of suffrage and sovereignty. For it is a lamen
table fact, that for every two slaves the dealers in human flesh smug
gle from Africa, or breed, they gain the same influence at elections,
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Anti-Texass Legion. Anti-Texass Legion: Protest of some free men, states and presses against the Texass rebellion, against the laws of nature and of nations, book, January 1, 1845; Albany. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2356/m1/25/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .