Annexation of Texas. By Junius no. IX Page: 11
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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acknowledge the independence of Holland till seventy years after her revolt, and she still
claims her rights over Colonies which have been independent for a quarter of a century,
more or less. Unable to take care of herself, she lets them alone, and other nations, by common
consent, have virtually settled the question for her, as in the case of Holland. Nevertheless,
neither Mr. Adams nor General Jackson, so far as appears, would have taken Texas
without the consent-of Spain. 3. Our relations with Mexico are widely different from our
relations with Spain. Spain was beyond sea. and the Treaty of Cordova had acknowledged
her power in Mexico to be extinct, as in fact it was. She could not take care of herself, but
was under the protection and in the hands of European powers. Whereas, Mexico is a border
Republic: we have treaty engagements with her for amity and intercourse. corresponding
with our relative position and mutual necessities; in 1831, we made a special treaty of
bountlary with her, based on our treaty with Spain, in 1819, thereby recognizing the rights of
Mexico over Texas. which is a treaty still, with aH its obligations unimpaired, so that, as between
us and Mexico, Texas is a province of Mexico, notwithstanding that we acknowledge
Texas as the Government de facto, so long- as she maintains her ground. This is our doc.
trine and our practice. 4. Mexico has kept uninterrupted possession of 2000 miles of the
Republic of Texas, in one direction, extending so far into the heart of it. as to embrace the
whole of some and parts of other of her departments, some large and important towns, and a
population but little short of that which acknowledges the jurisdictiq of Texas. As a neutral
power on terms of amity with both, we are not entitled to decide their relative rights and
claims, nor can we lawfully interfere in their disputes. We have as good a right to negotiate
with Mexico alone for Texas, as with Texas alone, and are equally bound to respect the
claims of both.
8. The Weakness of M3exico.
Mr. Senator Walker says-" If Mexico should make war on us, it would excite nothing but
pity and derision. as well among women and children, as among men." We say---" Let not
him that putteth his harness on, boast himself as he that putteth it off.'
"He's doubly arm'd who hath his quarrel just."
Let us consider this imputed weakness of Mexico. The Florida Indians were weak,
but it took us some half dozen years. and it is said to have cost us forty millions, to subdue
them. These Indians were comparatively accessible, and begirt by impassable seas. Between
us and Mexico, in case of war. lies a waste of a thousand miles, to be marched over,
the almost undisputed domain of wild and fierce aboriginal tribes, if they choose 'o make it
to. and for which they might have strong inducements. Ten to one they would be in the
melee. With the numerous tribes of those vast regions against us, a civilized army would
chance to perish before them, as did the legions of Napoleon on the plains of Russia. Aid
they would not be without. while we have enemies. But. it may be said, we would move
quick, and strike a sudden blow. And would Mexico be asleep ? " Forewarned, forearmed."
In such a cause. she would be united to a man and ready for the fight. Such, we understand,
are her feelings now. She would- await us on her own ground. can at any moment
bring ten, probably twenty times more force into her own fields than we can move towards
them; and they would fight by their fire sides, for their fire sides-for their altars and their
sacred home. Do we count on raising a large force? Armies require money, and money
must be roted. In a republic, war, to be vigorous, must have the heart of the people enlisted
in it. They must know and feel, that they are in the right. Will it be so in this case? 'If
not, you are beaten, before you begin. In such a case you cannot march an army one inch
touwards Mexico. You will hare no army. Your half dozen regiments-what are they? Do
-you talk of volunteers ? How will you coax them at the end of a seven days' march and sore
feet ? Where is your commissariat. without an appropriation adequate to the enterprise ?
If you could raise troops, you are without clothing and food. You have to ask the people for
supplies, and the people. peradventure, don't like the war. You did not consult them. By
this time, Mexico has filled her chests with millions of gold, for commissions sold to countiess
privateers, which, in six months, will have destroyed fifty millions,more or less, of your
commerce; and with that gold, armies will come quick, move briskly, and fight well. By
this time, too. Mexico may have formed her alliances, offensive and defensive, with Great
Britain, or France, or both. M. Guizot, prime minister of Louis Philippe, it is said by .a
Paris Journal, the Constitutionnel, has already recorded his protest, in behalf of France, against
the annexation of Texas to us; and Mr. Everett tells us, that, on the 17th of May, Lord
Aberdeen said in the lHouse of Lords, that this affair "raised a question unexampled in -the
history of public law, which woula demand and receive the early attention of I-Her Majesty's
government." It appears to be morally certain that in our breach of faith with Mexico, for
purposes of conqutest, or for such objects as will be attributed to us in this case, Mexico will
have much sympathy, and not unlikely will be able to form any alliances required to make
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Colton, Calvin. Annexation of Texas. By Junius no. IX, book, January 1, 1844; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2358/m1/11/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .