Annexation of Texas. By Junius no. IX Page: 3
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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ofVattel, that ori treaty cannot vitiate the obligations of a former treaty. This sword of
Tyler, Calhoun, Walker nd on every other sea and
ocean 1 What commerce on the other hand, does Mexico offer as an itidemnity for ourlosses, to the gallantry
and enterprise of our countryme.n I This view of the subject supposes, that the war would be confined to
the United States and Mexico, asthe only belligerents. But have we any guaranty, that Mexico would obtain
no allies among the great European powers ? Suppose any such powers, jtalous of our increasing greatness'
and disposed to check our growth and cripple us, were to take part in behalfof Mexico in the war, how would
the different betligerents present themselves to the world ? We have been seriously charged with an inot.
dina.e' spirit.of territorial aggrandizement, and without admitting this portion of the charge, it must be owned
that we have made vast acquisitions of territory within the last forty years. Suppose that Great Britain and
France, or one of them, were to ta' e part with Mexico, and by a manifesto, were to proclaim, that their ob.
jevts were to assist a weak and helpless ally, to check the spirit of encroachment and anbition of an already
overgrown republic, seeking still farther acquisitions of territory; to maintain the Independence of Texos,
disconnected with the United States, and to prevent the farther propagation of slavery from the United States;
what would be the effect of such allegations upon the judgment of an impartial and enlightened world". ,
This, as cannot be denied, is a tremendous hypothesis, and a tremendous question, not
less instructive in view of the jealous disposition of European powers towards the United
States. It is ProraEcY, which needs no other inspiration than the sagacity of the great
statesman who uttered, it. We are at this moment on the verge of the most momentous war
of all history, the responsibility of which will be charged at our door.
6. The domestic aspects of the question, in dependent of foreign. Admitting that Mexico
would give her consent,
I' do not think," say s Mr. Clay, "that Texas ought to be received into the Union, as an integral portion Of
It, in decided opposition to the wishes of a considerable and respectable portion of the confederacy... Mr.
Jefferson expressed the opinion, and others believed, that it never was in the contemplation of the framers
of the Constitution, to add foreign territory to the confederacy, out of which new states were to be formed."
Mr. Jefferson felt the importance of acquiring Louisiana, and fore-shadowed in a letter to
Levi Lincoln, Aug. 30, 1803, an ex-post facto amendment of the Constitution, to sanction the
deed, at the end of which he says"
I quote this for your consideration, observing, that the less that is said about any Constitutional dictculty
the better, and that it will be desirable for Cun.ress ti do what is necessary, in silence.."
In a letter to Mr. Brackenridge, Aug. 12. 1803. he says:"The
Con,stitution has made n,i privision for our holding foreign territory, still less for incorporating foreign
mnatins into imr Uni-n. l.is the case of a guardian, investi,g the money of his ward in purchasing an im.
pma-i,t adjacent territlry, and saying to him wheam of age, I did this fir your good; I ptetend tI no night to
bindyou; you may,disav w me, and I must get out of the scrape as I can. I thought it my duty;"
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