The Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 22, No. 8, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 7, 1856 Page: 1 of 4

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XXII—NO. 8.
HOUSTON, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 7,1856.
WHOLE NO. 1160*
?5r8S
ALLEN Sc BROCKET,
— KTBM8HZB1 and propriitors.
^/ttsm—toUfrmfk Bwildingt, FrmmkUn Street.
TERMS:
mm year la advance
— "* i In advance
as so
ISO
Bate* af Adrertlilnr.
Cm Miare, fint intertlon $1 oO
do as each nbMqaent ln ertion— • so
A do oneyear 1
light Une* or leia to constitute a iquare.
All transientadvertUenientj to be paid for when
handed tn. Tkb rule win not: bo deviated from In
A liberal deduction made to thooe who advertise
two or More tqnaret per year. -
" ■toflacet and Deatha p«bllrted *• news. Obitna-
rlw charged for as advertlaementi.
Advertisements not marked when handed In, will
to Insertedontll forbld^nd charged for accordingly.
Candidates' announcements for county oOces^S;
Hats, District and Congressional. 110.
Advertisements not within the legitimate business
«• Taarty Advertisers charged ertra.
All communications for the office should be ad'
I to Aura fc Biocnt.
FRIDAY, HAT 2. 1856.
FACTS FOR THE PEOPLE t
In order that Southern men may knew the
opinions of Millard Fillmore, the Know-
Jfothing candidate for President, we propose
to keep the following letter, as well as Mr.
Oonelaon's opinion of Fillmore, standing in
our column* doting the present campaign:
Buffalo, October 17,1838.
Your caamranicatioD of the 15th
ii.ftant, as Chairmia of a Committee appcint-
ed by the'"Anti Slavery Society of the coun-
ty m Erie," has justcome to hand. You *so-
licH my answer to the following interroga-
tories:
lit. Do you. believe that petitions to Con-
greea bn the subject of ulaverr or the slave
trade ought to be received, read, and respect-
folly considered by the representatives of the
people 1
2d. Are you opposed to the annexation of
Texas to this Union, under any circumstan-
ces, so long as slaves are held therein?
3d Are you in favor of Congress exercising
- all the constitutional power it possesses to
■Wish the internal slave trade between the
8tateaT
4th. Are you in favor of immediate legis-
lation for the abolition of slavery in the Di-
strict «f .Columbia t
I am much engaged, and have no time to
teta into ftn argument, or to explain at length
iny reason* for mv opinion. I shall there-
far* content myself for the present by answer-
iag-AU your interrogatories in the umi-
Ativ^, and leave for some future occasion a
store extenjded discussion of the subject.
• :• • • ' • so
.{ am respectfully,
Your most obedient servant,
MILLARD FILLMORE.
W. Mius, Esq., Chairman.
1851, when Andrew Jackson. Donelson
. was editor of the Washington Union, he held
Ht-faUowing opinion of Millard Fillmore:
rttirai be in vain hereafter that the spec-
ial ecgan (the Republic) may. flatter itself
tUt than is a substantia difference between
%fefikr*. Sumner and Ran tout, and the Presi-
dent aifd the members of his cabinet. If the
head of the great 'Whig party (Fillmore) is
is wedded to the infected abolition feeling
of a portion of New York as to be obliged to
'denounce all the great men who have sanc-
tioned the acquisition of territory from
France, Spain, and Mexico—if the revolted
sentiment of Massachusetts is to be appeased
By the assurance that it was a misfortune
that Southern obstinacy would not agree for
abolition juries to try their right of property
—if the Anti-slavery fanaticism, not only of
this country, but of all Europe, is to be pro-
pitiated by die assurance that the admission
nf alave territory in otir Union is unconstitu-
tional—the time ha* cotne when the people
of this country will not be amused by the
Idea mat Mr.^auwu*^ i$ a monstef be-
cause he declares' that the fugitive in Boston
shall not be surrendered bHatfe trial there,
and Mr. Fillmore is s patriot snd hero becaqse
he thinks the negro jught to haye that trial,
~kat ytt declares that he will execute the laws
refusing it."
tOT The New1 Orleans mail had failed to
arrive at Galveston when the Neptune left.
It is supposed the'steamer wss detained by
the storm.
iL/" The Grand Jury for Refugio county
recently, met and adjourned without making
• single presentment. That must be a moral
IT Land near Bastrop is now held at $30
per acre.
O* The Steamer San Aptonio arrived at
our wharf daf before yesterday with another
cargo of iron fur the Galveston and Red
River railroad.
' ty The office of the Texas and Red River
Telegraph company has been removed to the
Bomrm Haute baildings, tip stairs.
If We i earn from the Brenhsm Enquirer
that a difficulty oeeured near the residence
of Mr. MeFaddin, between two young men
bj the natbe. of Cook and two Irishmen, one
■aaeed Gallagher and the other Watson, in
*fhish both of the .Cooks lost their lives. A
reward of $900 has been offered for the arrest
of Watsoo who killed them.
House for Sue.—See the advertisement
of Theo. Bearing, whooffers a house for sale
It is situated in the healthiest part of the
city, and is a desirable place for a small
family. "
Hox. W. B. Ochiltree.-—Judge Ochiltree,
in a recent speech at Palestine, boldly de-
clared his adhesion to the Democratic party
and his determination to support its nomi
nees in the coming Presidential canvass.
D" We have been presented by Gen. J
Besser with a copy of the report of the State
Penitentiary for 1854-5. Under the super-
intendence of Col. Gillaspie this institution
is in a flourishing condition and promises to
continue so.
Another Mc&dxr.—We are informed by a
gentleman from Hill county, says the Fair-
field Pioneer," that a man by the name of
Truitt was killed a few miles from Hillsboro,
on the 10th ult., while plowing in his field
with a fellow laborer, by a Mr. McOaleb,
who fired from the bushes near the field.
The ball took effect between the shoulders,
causing instant death. McCaleb immediately
mounted his horse and rode off at a brisk
rate. He had not been arrested at last ac-
counts. Trait, it is said, was an unoffend-
ing, honest and industrious man, and there
was no cause known to justify the bloody
deed.
Tap Road.—A hand car, together with a
large quantity of spikes, Ac., for the tap
road, were discharged at our wharf yester-
day morning from the steamer Magnolia.
Loss or the Schooner Skimmer..—The
Columbia Democrat of the 20th ult, says the
three masted schooner Skimmer, of and for
Galveston, having on board 54 hogsheads of
sugar, from the plantation of Col. M. L.
Smith, struck upon a snag and sunk at Bra-
zoria, on Friday last. The loss amounts to
something more than $5000, so far as we
can learn, and we presume the cargo was
insured. A quantity of molasses on board
was saved. The schooner will be raised and
repaired.
Senator Gwnr.—Letters have been received
in Washington City from California, stating
that the Democratic delegates to the Cincin-
nati Convention, in addition to supporting
Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency, have been
instructed to urge the nomination of Senator
Gwin for the Yice Presidency.
The Prrsidesct.—Quite a contest is going
on between the friends of Mr. Buchanan and
Mr. Pierce, in regard to the next Presidency.
pamphlet is in circulation among the
members of Congress, advooating the claims
of Mr. Pierce, in which the writer says:
Let us select no timid time server, no sculk-
ing coward,but a man who has never swerved
from his support of the South, nor abated a
jot or tittle of heart in our service. Is this
the man whom the South will betray for some
easy person tcho has been reposing in inglorious
neutrality, while Franklin Pierce was endur-
ing the sweat and agony of the strife." So
say we. 1
Indian News.—The San Antonio Texan
contains two letters, one from Fort Mason,
dated March 20th, and the other from Fort
Clark, dated April 16lh, giving accounts of
mishta M.J mgiigummto with the In-
dians at those places. The 2d Cavalry of
Fort Mason, under Capt.Brackett, followed
and surprised on the upper Guadalupe; a
party of 25 Indians who were returning to
their homes at or beyond the Indian re-
serve, after having attacked and partially
destroyed the residence of J(r. Hill, on the
Cibolo on the 2d ult. At.the beginning of
the attack, the Indians (supposed to be
Lipans) left in confusion, leaving all their
plunder, consisting of horses and mules
sundry land papers of great importanc e|
draft for £1000, and many articles of
clothing. It was not ascertained how many
Inians were killed.
The Mounted Rifles, of Fort Clark, under
Capt. Granger, surprised a paaty of Lipans
on the morning of the 13th inst., on the
South-Fork of the Nueces, and succeeded in
capturing over 40 snimals and 3 squaws.
D" Capt. Wallace, commonly known as
Big foot Wallace,"recently captured a Co-
manche Indian, about 15 miles from San
Antonio.
Galveston, April 25th, 1856.
Messrs. Editors:—The Democratic party
of Galveston met at the Market house ^on
Saturday evening last, and nominated for
Representative, to fill Sherwood's place.
Judge Tompson, without opposition.
Sherwood played, or rather attempted to
play, a strong game by nominating the
J udge against whom he knew there would
be no opposition in the meeting; a race,
which if successful, would have placed Lo-
renzo on his feet again and went lorth to the
country as prima facie, evidence that he was
in full brotherhood with the Democracy. It
was a ruse worthy of a New York politician
but signally failed—for Mr. Stuart of the
Civilian immediately raised the question as
to whether he (Sherwood) was acknowl-
edged as a Democrat, and upon a vote being
taken as to the fact, he was unanimously de-
clared not to be in fellowship with the Democratic
party in Galveston.
We had quite a storm Saturday night—
thunder, lightning and rain—four houses
were struck with lightning, no damage done
worth mentioning.
Notes of a Sojourner.
Messrs. Editors:—I am a' recent immi-
grant. Entering your beautiful and grow-
ing State at its great gateway, Galveston.
I spent a few days pleasantly at that Island
city. I found it a delightful place, possess-
ing many attractions to those who like my-
self design locating a plantatioh within a
convenient distance of some one of your
most pleasant cities. I was quite inclined
to make that city my home, but hearing of
your increasing Railroad facilities, and
learning that one wealthy Brazos planter.
Col. Waters, had made the experiment of
living in Galveston, and had recently ex-
changed his residence here for one in Hous-
ton, I was determined to visit your city and
examine into its claims before making a pur-
chase of a family residence. Thus far, I
am pleased with what I have seen of your
city and its inhabitants. With your permis-
sion, I will give you what impressions may
be made upoa my mind by the sojourn of a
few more days. Meanwhile, I am
A SOJOURNER.
D" Fielder G. Waring, Sheriff of Liberty
county, has resigned his office.
17 Horace Mann has proved that through-
OOt all England more than one half the pop-
«hHn are net able to write their own
Tmejmm m Kansas —From the Squatter
Sovereign w learn that the Free-soilers and
Abslitioriiate of Kansas have a regular or-
gatoiae^. band for the purpose of carrying
oat their nefarious designs. At the first
District Court for Jefferson county, the
flread Jure found sixty indictments, mostly
gainst Abolitionists for bog-stealing, higher
law elections, treason and other crimes.
During the sitting of the court, they elicited
tout Dr. A. J. Francis, a Free State man,
the fact i hat au organisation of armed men,
embracing the Freesoil party, existed in the
Territory, of which J. H. Lane was the pre-
aiding chief -that during the silting of the
bo^os Topeka Legislature, three companies
•famed aien were parading daily, with the
swurn object of resisting the execution of the
lav. Hutchinson, the late Grand-General of
. the rebels peijured himself before the court.
The badge worn by the organization is a
amall black ribbon tied in the bosom. The
pare word ia "Are jou in favor of Kansas
being a free State f" Answer: "Yes, if
Missouri ia willing."
ET From a letter from Galveston, which
we publish to-day, it will be seen that the
Deraocraey of that city have, by a unanimous
vote, declared that Lorenzo Sherwood, lately
a representative from that city, is not recog.
niaed by the party. Thia action of the Dem-
ocracy at once sets to rest the slander of the
K. Vs. and most triumphantly endorses the
truthful and bold representations heretofore
made by Senator Potter and Representative
John Henry Brown. Judge Thompson, the
tfiominee of the party, is s gentleman of in-
telligence and enlarged experience, and will,
we doubt not, prove an influential and use-
fnl Member of the Legislature.
IT The overseer of Judge Dyer, near
Btchaond, recently found $1500 secreted in
the ground. We would like to recover about
twice this amount from our delinquent cus-
0*We learn from the Central Texian that
a severe hail storm visited Anderson on
the 23d of April, making perfect havoe in
the gardens and fields in that vicinity.
A GrowingTowx.—Tbe Home (Ga.)
Advertiser states that that town now
numbers about five thousand inhabi-
tants, and that by the census of 1848 it
had then only five fiondred and eighty.
Her railroad and the navigation of the
Upper Coosa river have contributed
Tery largely to this great increase and
prosperity of Rome.
117 It rains and has rained for near a week
past. From all accounts the rain has been
general all over the State. The roads lead,
ing from this city are getting veiy muddy.
If the rains continue we may soon expect to
hear of a rise in the Brazos and Trinity
rivers.
Cocrting a Widow.—A contcmpo
rary, who appears to write knowingly
says : "Courting a girl is like eating
fruit, all very nice as far as it extends,
but doing the amiable to a blue-eyed,
bereaved one, in black crape, comes un-
der the head of preserves—rich, pun-
gent, syrupy. For delicious courting,
we repeat, give u3 a live "widder."
IgU On Saturday last, the light-
ning struck several houses in this city.
Mr. L. M. Hitchcock's large dwelling
honse was very badly damaged, the
chimney being broken, much of the roof
torn off and the walls and ceiling con-
siderably injured. Hie cost of repairs
we hear estimated at $500; bnt, for
tunatelv, no person in the family was
hurt. Mr. Daniel's gun store, on Tre
mont street, was also struck, several
places in tl e roof being torn up. The
gun used as a sign was shattered to
pieces; the r how windows broken, and
more or less of the glass in all the win-
dows also broken. Two or three rifles
and shot guns were also much i jured.
Some of the steel implements were
slightly melted, and the paper covering
to several packages, was burned. Mr
Daniels was sleeping in a part of the
building, and the sheet near his head
was caught on fire, but luckily he es-
caped unhurt. The flag staff ou the
store of Messrs. Wrn. Hendtey <fc Co
was shattered to pieces, but no damage
was done to the building, so far as we
can learn. — Gal. yews
Houston*, April 29, 1656.
Misses. Editors,
Scores of wagons heavily laden with
the rich products of our great and growing
State are daily pouring into our city. For
the last three or four weeks all our streets
in tbe business part of the city have been
so blocked up with wagons and teams
that it is almost impossible to pass between
them, even on foot, in any direction. It
has indeed been a glorious time for the far-
mer and interior merchant to lay in their
summer supplies, as well as a rich and
abundant harvest for our city merchants.
Why, Sirs, the merchants and farmers could
not-live without Houston, or just such a
city as it is; for it- is here that they find the
best market in the State for every article of
produce that they can raise, and in return
can purchase their goods and groceries, and
have them transported home cheaper than
they can from any other part of the State.
We know from the amount and character
•«' produce brought to, Houston, and the
goods sold in return, that we have a fixed
and permanent trade with the wealthiest
and most densely populated part of Texas.
This in connection with the completion of
the two railroads which we have now under
rapid course of construction towards the
centre of the two richest and most interest-
ing sections of the State, is destined to make
Houston one of the most prosperous, flourish-
ing, mercantile and commercial cities in
Texa3.
The merchants and capitalists of this
city have it perfectly in their power to
make this the most active business place in
the State, for they can readily make their
arrangements to buy all the cotton that is
brought here, if the farmer and interior
merchant will make their arrangements to
purchase all of their goods and groceries
in this city. This then would certainly be
a great saving to both parties, and I will
guarrantee that they can buy their goods
as cheap here as they can be bought in
Galveston, and we will give them as much
for their cotton as they can get for it iu the
"Island City" alter all their trouble, ex
pense and delay in getting it there.
FLORENCE.
Time's Changes.
The more we live, more brief appear
Oar life's succeeding stages:
A day to childhood seems a year,
And years like passing ages.
The gladsome enrrent of our youth.
Ere passions yet disorders,
Steals, lingering, like a riyer smooth
Along its grassy borders.
Bnt as the care-worn cheek grows wan,
And sorrow's shafts fly thicker,
Ye stars that measure life to man,
Why seem your courses quicker.
When joys have lost their bloom and breath
And life itself is vapid,
Why. as we reach the fails of death.
Feel we its tide more rapid?
It may be strange; yet who would change
Time's coarse to slower speeding,
When, one by one, our friends have gone.
And left our bosoms bleeding?
Heaven gives our years of fading strength
Indemnifyihg fleetness;
And those of youth a seeming length,
Proportioned to their sweetness.
A Country Home.
Oh! give me a home in the country wide,
And a seat by the farmer's wood fireside,
Where the fire barns bright,
On a frosty night.
Where the jest, and the song, and the laugh are free,
Oh! the farmer's home is the home for me.
Oh! give me a home in the country wide.
When the earth comes out as a blushing bride,
With her buds and Sowers,
In the bright spring hours.
Her bridal song ringing, from fresh leaved trees,
And melody floats on the perfumed breexe.
In summer, a seat in the shady nook,
And close by the side of the cooling brook.
Where the violet grows.
Or the pale swamp rose,
Fainting and sick, 'neath the sun's scorching beam,
Dips her petals in the cooling stream.
Oh! give me a home in the country wide,
In the glowing days of the farmers bright.
When the barns are filled
From the fields'he's tilled.
And he feels that his yearly task i3 done,
Smiling at winter he beckons him on.
* ;JP* Oq[ TT. S. Senator, That J Kusk -rill
*npt«nr thanks fat Me fevers
Hail.—On Wednesday evening last quite
a shower of bail fell in our city. Tfte hail
in some instance was the size of a marble.
It was of short duration, however, and as
far as we learn, did no damage.
What a Newspaper does without Re-
ward.
The result of my observations enables me
to state as a fact that publishers of news-
papers are more poorly rewarded than any
other class of men in the" United States
who invest an equal amount of labor, cap-
ital and thought. They are expected to do
more service for less pay, to stand more
sponging and "dead-heading," to puff and
defend more people, and sorts of people,with-
out fee or hope of reward, than any other
class. They credit wider, and louger; get
oftener cheated, suffer tpore pecuniary loss;
and are ofteuer the victim of misplaced con-
fidence, than any other calling in the com-
munity. People pay a printer's bill more
reluctantly than any other. It goes harder
with them to spend a dollar on a valuable
newspaper than ten on a useless gew-giw ;
yet every body avails himself of the ser-
vices of the editor's and printer's ink.
How many professional and political repu-
tations and fortunes have been created and
sustained by the friendly, though unrequit-
ed pen of the editor? How many embryo
towns and cities have been brought into no-
tice and puffed into prosperity by the press?
How many railroads now ia successful ope-
ration, would have foundered but for the as-
sistance of the lever that moves the world;
in short , what branch of American industry
or activity has not been promoted, stimu-
lated and defended by the press ?
And who has tendered it more than
a miserable pittance for its mighty ser-
vices ? The bazards of fashion and folly,
the haunts of appetite and dissipation, are
thronged with an eager crowd, bearing gold
iu their palms, and the commodities there
vended are sold at enormous profits, though
instrinsically worthless, and paid for with
scrupulous punctuality; while the counting
room of the newspaper is the seat of jewing,
cheapening, trade, ordeTS, and pennies. It
is made a point of honor to liquidate a grog
bill, but not of dishonor to repudiate a prin-
ter's bill.—Cleaeland Leader.
ei^Ws
Pesssylvaxia Grajs asd Fecit Chop.—
The Ledger says : The prospect was never
fairer than at the present time, for an abun-
dant yield the ensuing summer. The ice
and snow have protected the winter grains.
The fruit trees have not suffered, except in a
few exposed localities. The peach and cherry
trees are swelling their buds, and if they
are not blasted, will give an abundant
yield.
ID* The Washington American of the 26th
instant, says, that Captaiu J. H. Wood,
and the boys, will start on next Thursday
for the gold region, in the El Fasso country.
The company is equipped and well provided
with munition and provisions. They ex-
pect to remain at least one yeqr. May their
every desire be gratified, for a braver set of
lads never trod shoe leather or Jit ingins.
D" We learn from the Washington Ameri-
can that the Brazos rose at least twelve feet
within the last few days, and is still rising.
New Mexico.—Advices from Santa
Fe to March 1st., state that 200 dra-
goons and infantry, nndcr Col. Chand-
ler, were about to invade the Gila
Apache country to demand of the sav-
ages satisfaction for numerous robber
ies aud murders. Dr. Byrne, of the
arinv, had been relieved, and left Fort
Union for the States. Dr. Irwin suc-
ceeded him. Major Kendrick had left
Fort Defiance with Indian Agent
Dodge, to meet the Navajo Indians
near Bear Spring.
The Santa Fe Gazette of March 1st
says : "The Mexican traders and Buf
faio hunters are returning in a deplora-
ble condition; some six or seven of the
party were frozen to death, anrl many
others badly frostbitten. But for their
wagons and carls, which they used for
fuel, the whole party would doublle-s
have perished. - The animals were
nearly all either frozen or driven off by
the Indians, anil all that returned are
on foot. The Indian" have a's) lost
large quantities of stock from the cold
weather. The winter has indeed been
a severe one."
Nicaragua.
Schlessinger's Defeat Confirmed.
Tbe steamship Cbas. Morgan, from San
Juan de Nicaragua, April 17th, had arrived
in New Orleans.
The Chas. Morgan brought the partial
confirmation of the previous news of Schles-
siuger't defeat.
Owing to Schlessinger's carelessness in
not posting pickets in advance, he was sur-
prised suddenly by the enemy, 1,000 strong,
500 being engaged immediately in the at-
tack, the rest at some mile or half-mile dis-
tance.
They were up within fifty yards before
they were discovered, armed wi h Minie and
Mississippi rifles. Schlessinger's were about
280, but only r.bout 175 came into action ;
the French aud French and Dutch compa-
nies under Legree and Prange not forming at
all.
Capt. Thorpe's and Creighton's companies
made a stand, but being deserted by the
others and by Schlessinger, were obliged to
retreat. From forty to sixty men are sup-
posed to be killed and about eight are miss-
ing. The enemy pursued some of the de-
tached parties, but did not follow the main
body which retired to Virgin's Bay.
Schlessinger was undergoing couit-mar-
tial for cowardice and negligence.
When Capt. Thrope left, Rivas was the
headquarters of the Government, and a com-
pany was left in Grenada to protect the com-
munication. Walker was in commaud of
about 800 men, marching agaiust Costo Rica
and he was supposed to be iu Buena Costa,
at the sailing of the steamer.
His communication is safe aud onen on
Lake Nicaragua and down the river to San
Juan. Twelve steamers in all are plying
and under the control of the Government.
Congressional.
In the Senate, on the 16;h inst., a message
was received from the President of United
States communicating information with re-
gard to the establishment of the boundary
between this country and Mexico, and the
payment of the three million indemnity to
that government. Mr. Rusk reported a bill
to encourage ocean steam navigation, to pro-
vide for the transportation of the m ils liy
sea,-and for other purpose.
Washington, April 22.—We have no Con-
gressional news of importance to communi-
cate.
The House has rejected nearly all of the
Senate Amendments to the Deficiency Bill.
The Crops.
From what we are able to learc by con-
versation with planters and from our ex-
changes,the prospects for good crops through-
out our State are flattering. Although most
of the corn was planted late, yet there is, in
almost every instance, a good stand on the
ground, a thing uncommon for a number of
years, when the winters, unlike the past,
were more variable. The past winter was
one of unusual severity and length. The
backwardness of the Spring preveuted far-
mers from planting until the lateness of the
season precluded the possibility of the young
crop being cut off by the cold weather; and
although it was thought by some to be a dis-
advantage at the time it has been found to
have been an advantage. The long spel
of pleasant dry weather which succeeded
the breaking up of winter,gave sufficient time
to plant nearly all the corn required. Some
complaints were made just previous to the
late rain of the dryness of the ground, but we
opine that it come in sufficient time to bene-
fit the majority of agriculturists all over the
State. At present the prospects for a large
yield of corn are as good, if not better, than
last year at the same time.
Cotton planting, is going on vigorously
and will soon be finished. Proportionably
speaking, less cotton will bejplanted this sea-
son than corn and small grain, especially on
the uplands, where nearly all are farmers of
limited force, and where the difficulty and
cost of getting the staple to market has de-
terred many from producing only what they
can consume and find a market for at home.
A large emigration, too, has settled in the
north and northwest portion of our State,
who have never engaged in raising cotton,
and who are turning their attention mostly
to the raising of wheat, oats, corn, <fcc., and
the stock raising business. Thus, while
cotton, the Great Ruler of the commercial
world, is being produced abundantly and
profitably in one part of our State, Indian
corn, wheat, oats, rye, buckwheat, <tc., <tc.,
the indispensables—the component parts of
the great staff of life—are being brought
forth in the other section. While the plan-
ter clothes, the farmer feeds.
The resources of neither section ate yet
scarcely developed, nor will they be until
intercommunication is established between
them. This is now being accomplished in
the construction of railroads, but as yet to
only a limited extent. Considering the dis-
advantages under which the people of our
State have labored, they have done well, and
are now in a fair way to step in front ranks
in advance of older States. Should that aid
and encouragement be extended which is
due alike to the people and to the best inter-
ests of our State Government, Texas will
speedily win the laurals from her sisters
both South and North.
Penitentiary Statistics.
The Civilian has received from the Super-
inlendant, General Besser, the following
statement of tbe expense account of the Pen-
itentiary for six months, frem October 1st,
1855, to March 31st, 1S56:
Receipts and Proceeds.
State appropriations $10,898 70
Sales, <tc 2,365 65
titles, Ac 4,555 71
Total
Expenses.
Erection of Peniten-
tiary
Factory
Contingent-, &e
Provisions
Clothing
Medical
Tranisp*.of convicts...
Cash to discharged
convicts..... . .
Escapes .*....,
Salaries, <tc
Wagon Shop
Cabinet Shop
Purchase of ground.
$17,811 06
$1,471 53
353 44
617 07
3,760 75
1,179 39
222 64
1,614 37
242 05
13 25
2,909 08
700 91
307 30
600 00
On factory 2,462 49—16,463 25
Tylertfts written to a gentleman in Texas in
which he claims all the credit of having an-
nexed Texas to the Union. "'My successor,"
he says, "did nothing but confirm what I
had dene Nor is this all—Texas dreiv af-
ter it California, so that I may claim that,
is regard to the whole subject, Mr. Pelk
was oif administrator de bonis nen.*'
Miscellaneous.
The U. S. sloop-of-war Portsmouth, now
at the Gosport (Ya.) navy-yard, will sail for
East Indies about the 25th inst.
The first private execution in Virginia
took place in Bedford county last Friday,
when a slave was hung for killing Captain
Robinson.
Last week Col. Browne, of King George
county, Ya., caught 50,000 herriugs and as
many shad, at a single haul, on the 1'otoinac
Jos. Roach has been convicted at St. Louis
of mail roobbery, and scuteuced to the peu-
iteuliary for leu years.
At a meeting in Abbcrville, S. C., ou Mon-
day last $2 ,4U0 were subscribed to the cause
of Kansas emigration.
American silver half and quarter dollars,
by edict, are henceforth to be worth only 40
aud 20 cents oil the island of Cuba.
The ship Ceylon cleared at Boston last
Friday for Honolulu, with an assorted cargn,
valued at $121,278.
The first raft of lumber down the Susque-
hanna this season passed llarrisburjj on
Monday.
A man named Win. S. Brown aud his son
have been convicted at Providence, R. I ,
for manslaughter, in killing Juni Smith.
Dr J W Fetcalf, a distinguished home-
died at
Later from New Orleans.
ARRIVAL OF TME PERSEVERANCE
The steamship Perseverance, H. Shep
pard. Commander, arrived at Galveston from
N. Orleans on Tuesday evening, about half-
past 4 o'clock, with dates to the 27th ult.
A memorandum attaehed to the mauifest,
reads as follows : "Perseverance off Ship
Island Shoal, passed a mast in a perpend!
cular position; also ten miles east of Ship
Island Shoal, a vessel bottom upwards."
ONE WEEK
Later From Europe.
By the arrival of the steamers, Arago,
from Southampton, and' Arabia, from Liver-
pool, we have advices from Europe to the
ult.
liverpool cotton market.
The circulars of the Liverpool cotton mar
ket, brought by the Arabia, generally report
an advance of l-16d. per pound in prices
since last accounts. It is stated, however,
to be chiefly based on the speculation.
The sales of the week, since the depar-
ture of the Africa, are reported to have
amounted to 70,000 bales.
'BRKADSTCrrrS.
The circulars brought by the Arabia re-
port the Liverpool flour market slightly ea-
' it.
provisions.
The Liverpool provision market is repor-
ted to have experienced a movement of ac-
tivity since previous advices.
manchester trade.
More activity has been evinced in trade at
Manchester, and iu the manufacturing dis-
tricts generally, than prevailed at last ac-
counts.
monet, consols, AC.
The London money market is reported as
continuing easy, and without chauge in any
respect.
Consols are quoted at an advance of
per cent, since last reports; the rate at the
close on Saturday, the 12th inst. being
given as 731^.
GENERAL NEWS.
Balance $1,347 81
With a heavy stock ou hand of all mate-
rial, provision and clothing.
The machinery for the manufacture of Cot
ton and Woolon goods is all set up in fine
running order, with shafts and pullies. The
Eugine aud fixtures have all been sent up
the Trinity river and landed at Tucaloosa,
about half of which has been delivered at
the penitentiary, and the balance will be du-
ring the next two weeks. The Engine
builder is on the ground setting up the En-
gine Fixtures, aud without some unforseen
event, they will be ready to finish Osna-
bergs and Plains of a superior quality within
three or four months, superior from the fact
that they will use tne best articles, of cotton
aud wool in her fabrics, whereas the North
only uses waste and refuse materials in such
fabrics.
Should this experiment fail to quit cost,
yet will the State be benefitted by a home in-
stitution furnishing a better article at a less
price. The Factory will consume about 600
bales of cotton of 5'JO fi>s each, aud uear 37,-
000 lbs of wool per annum, manufacturing,
when iu full operation with the present
amount of machineiy, 450,000 yds of osna-
berg auil 150,000 yds of plains or linseys,
with ample steam power to drive four times
the amount of machinery, cotton gins, <tc.
Houston, May 2nd, 1856.
Messrs. Editors:—As I did not see you at
the May party I must tell you about it.
It was to have been held in the woods,
but oh ! the happy disposition of childhood,
if one place won't do another will, so it was
celebrated in the Court House. The little
procession moved from the residence of J udge
Gray, preceded by the genius of merriment,
Henry the fiddler. Twelve Flora's walked be-
fore the Queen elect,and strcwd flowers iu her
pathway. The coronation and presentation
of the sceptre took place on a platform, aud
was well done. The speeches of. the Queen
and Maids of Honor were spoken very dis-
tinctly, the little bashfulness which prevent-
ed some of the seasons speaking quite as
clearly was supplied by their gracefulness
of manner, bpring was distinguished by
the way she resigned her place to summer;
Summer by her warm appeal to the Queen;
Autumn quite distingue by peculiar dress,
looked too happy at present to 6igh at over
joys that were past. And winter, alack ! a
merry heart beamed from those laughing
eyes. One of the young gentlemen was
elected King, and waited on her Majesty
with all the dignity of Prince Albert. An-
other, a courtier I suppose, waited on the
retinue generally.
Great credit is duo to those who superin-
tended the affair. Take the tout ensemble it
was one of those lovely dramas the remem-
brance of which memory preserves as a bright
jewel, whose radiance may cheer in after
years the darkness of pntne lonely hour.
UNOBSERVED OBSERVER.
opathic writer and practitioner,
Westfield, Mass., ou the lJ.li inst.
March's plow factory at Norfolk,sustained
a damage of $1001) by tire on Sat uiday ni^lit.
About seven and a half millions of hats
are sold in New York aunually.
Dr. F Mallory has been re-elected Presi
dent of the Norfolk and Petersburg railroad.
On Tuesday evening, says t!ie
Am'in Timps, the Waco stage was From the Plains.—Advices from the Plains
overtaken by 11 storm of wind, hail and state that Gen. Haruey had met the repre
rain,when about five miles from Austin. > seutatives of all the Indian tribes in the
The wiud blew down fences and he sup-1 Sioux country except two, and that definite
poses did much damage. ( of pca^e htd been agreed upon,
Fiilmobu and his Nomination"—The cor-
respondent of the Philadelphia Ledger writ-
inc from Rome 011 the 20th of March, says
that the news of Mr. Fillmore's nomination
was received with great rejoicings. It was
the paris congress.
The Paris Congress is reported to have
entirely concluded the conference in which
it had been engaged since the conclusion of
peace, and to be separatiug.
The Plenipotentiaries," it is said, were
aboutto leave Paris immediately.
the imperial russian manifesto
The Russian Imperial manifesttolo the
country in refereuce to the conclusion of
peace, throws the whole onps of the com-
mencement of war upon the' Western" Pow-
ers. The Allies are declared to have been
repulsed, both ou the north side and on the
south side, in the prolonged defence of Se-
vastopol; aud. the fall of Kars is spoken of
as au event adding 11ft a;little to the renown
of Russian arms. The manifesto finally
states that, as the Sultan has granted to his
Christian subjects those rights for whieh
Russia had contended iu their behalf, 4p.uk-
nia to hasten the conclusion of peace, has
consented to the adoptton of certain mea-
sures of precaution, destined to prevent
collision between vessels of the two powers
in the Blac& Sea, and also to the establish-
ment of a new line of demarcation between
the two countries in the southern part of
Bessarabia.
the italian question.
The Paris correspondent of the London
Times says that the t-degraph lines are con-
stantly employed on the Italian question, be-
tween Naples aud Vienna. The Paris Court
favors a proposition which l:as been referred
to the courts of France and Englmd, to
make a final decision in the affairs.
GENERAL NEWS.
A commission of Austrian and Russian
officers, for the rectification of affairs on the
Moldavian frontiers, is in Paris awaiting or
ders.
Austria has agreed to evacuate the Princi-
palities.
Turkey shows great-anxiety to be relieved
of the presence of ihe Allies.
It is said that Napoleon will visit Algiers.
The question of the Sound Dues make no
progress, probably awaiting the action of
the United Slates.
The energies of the Russian Government
are said to be now deveted to the formation
of an alliance with France and the comple-
tion of the jrreat Railway.
There is a diffusion of Russian feeling on
the Continent especially in Germany.
FURTHER BY THE ARABIA.
Spain refuses to make any indemnification
for firing into the Eldorado.
The two English steam frigates which
were sent in search of the Pacific have re-
turned to Galway after nine days fruitless
search.
It is 6aid that Austrian makes trouble by
persistently refusing to fix upon a time for
the evacuation of the Dauubiau Principali-
ties.
Her pretext is the necessity of protecting
that country against disorder until some reg-
ular admistratiou is established, though she
is bound by the treaty to quit the O'lomau
Empire as soon as peace was concluded.
Russia is strongly opposed to ihe position
which Austria has assumed iu regard to the
evacuation of the Principalities.
Later intelligence however, states that the
Austrian troops are leaving tiie Principali-
ties. Ergo, the difficulty is probably ar-
ranged.
T.ie French army is to be reduced from
600,000 to 400,000.
Advices from St. Petersburg state that the
prohibition against the export of products
has beeu repealed. «
The Czar in his proclamation says that
the Russian fleet* in the Black Sea aud Sea
of Azoff are not to be reinstated.
Many graiu vessels have received orders
to proceed to Marseilles, which fact has
caused a decline iu the Marseilles market.
The English Cabinet reject a proposition
recapitulating the Sound Dues on the terms
proposed, but would make a proposition it-
A des 'atcli from Paris states that the Al-
lies have ordered the raising of the blockade
of all neutral ports.
The French Government denies the con-
templation of an expedition agaiust Mada
gascar.
TIIE RECEPTION OF MR. BUCHANAN.
Nlw York, April 24.—Mr. Buciianau,
wlio caine a passenger iu the Arago, was re
ceived as the guest of the ciiy, and escorted
to the Everett House. He ltavcs for Phila-
delphia on Friday, decliniug a public dinner
The Fi okida Indian's.—The S.ivan
uah Journal of Monday last, says :
We hove reliable intelligence from
Washington, that the Administration
intend pursuing a thoroughly encrgetic
policy with reference to tlic Florida
Indians. Not only does the War De-
partment accept the services of such
volunteer force a-? is necessary to the
protection of the settlers ou the fron
tier; it will ulso take as many coaipa
■ties as the conitnandiNg officer, Col
Monroe, shall certify can be profitably
ami advantageously employed in
gressivc operations against the savage*.
We learn that the I) purtmiut is
about bringing into requisition a t'ul.
I supply ol boats w itii which to pursui
the enemy to their retreats atnsd tin
swamps anrl everglades. Itis intended
to search out their c.v ps, and 1 optnre
ivo nen an I children, w herever they are
to be found. Successive for.iys of thif
kind, it is to be hoped, will be follower
by an early surrender of the wariors—
convinced of the hopelessness of a pro-
1 >iiged fctru jfflo.
COTTON.
In the Cincinnati Railroad Record we find
the following interesting article upon the
cultivation of Cotton. The object of the ar-
ticle is to show lhat the reveuue from the
Cotton trade might be vastly increased. To
prove this he considers—
First—The amount of the refuse of the
Cotton crop. As near as can be ascertained,
about 5,000,000 acres of land are planteu
with Cotton; the average product of this
land is a little over 300 pounds to the acre
baled Cotton, making according to the au
thor of "Cotton is King," in 1653, a total
production of 1,600,000,000 pounds of baled
Cotton. Now, one ponnd only of baled :i<
obtained from three aud one-third pound:
of the rough product. We have, then, the
following statement of the Cottoii product
i-f the country in 1653—
Total product of the field... .6,333,000,000
Total baled Cotton 1,600,000,000
Refuse, thrown to waste 3,733,000.000
This then developes the remarkable fact,
that the rt-f use of the cotton crop is, in weight
two and oue-third times as great a?^ie pre
sent available product of the cotton cuTiC>-
If Cotton is King now, when only thirty per
cent of the fruit of the cotton plant is made
available, what will be the importance of
this great staple when the plantation shall
yield one hundred per cent of valuable and
available product Y
Second—The uses to which the refuse.of
the Cotton crop may be applied.
The refuse of the Cotton crop consists of the
seed and a residue of fibre still adhering to
it, in the ratio of about 40 per cent of fibre
and 60 per cent of seed. "
The Fibre.—The fibre immediately cov-
ering the seed is worthless to the spinner, but
may, nevertheless, be made ava lable iu the
arts, for just such purposes as the worn oat
fabrics of the manufacturer are now employ-,
ed, and will supply a commercial want that
has long been felt, and for which ingenuitv,
misdirected, lias long sought. This worth-
less fibre subjected to proper preparation,
will furnish a valuable 6 up ply - of material
for paper making. Assuming the value of
this to be the same as the cheapest rags iu
in the market and we have—
Total refuse.. 2>s 3,733,000.000
Fibre 40 33cent 1,493,200,000
Value at one cent $44,932,000
Now, allowing 20 ccnt for wastage in
manufacture, the usual allowance of paper
makers, and the quanti'y of paper inacla an-
nually from this refuse would be as follows-^-.
Fibre. - lb... .1,493,200,000
Waste, 20 $ cent ••••••• .233,640,000
Paper........ lbs... .1,194,560
Estimating this as common wrapping pa-
per, at the averageprice of wrapping paper
per pound, and we nave—
1,194,560,000 fibs, paper 5 cents $59,758,000
And when it is' con; idercd that a least
two-thirds of this material is suitable for the
manufacture of fine printing paper, worth
from 11 to 14 cents ^ B>, this will be fuiud
to be a low e tima'e.
A large poition of tbe profit of this niftn-
ufacture would accrue to the cottou growing
States, as the labor neccssary to be bestowed
on paper-making is comparatively little.
-To paper makers and those connected with
the press, who kuow the eommereial **anti
of such a material, we need say nothing of
the value of such a supply at the present
moment. The most careless observer can-
not fail to perceive the important bearing
which such a saving annually wonld have
on this portion of our agricultural, ^.manu-
facturing and publishing interests.
The Seed—The seed of the cotton plant
is in itself by no means a worthless material.
Like flax and other seeds, it contaius a large
per centage ot oily maitef, which can be-ex-
tracted and applied to useful purposes. Re
ceut experiments have shown that cotton-
seed oil is one of the most valuable for both
illuminating and imbricating purposes. I11
these respect# it ranks eq al to the best
sperm oil, but in our calculations of its value
we shall put it as equal only to the cheapest
grease in the -New York market.
Cotton seed when compressed, yields 30
per cent of oil aud 70 per cent of oil cake.
Assuming the same data as before, the yield
of oil would then be follows—
Total refuse of crop 3,733,000,000
Clean seed 60 percent 2,239.800,000
Oil, 30 percent of last amount. .671,940,000
Oil cake, 70 per cent 1,567,860,000
The writer then introduces some calcu-
lations, showing the use of the oil, cotton
seed as material for candles, or oil cake, aud
the article concludes as follows—
Conclusions—It would seem, then, from
the considerations already mentioned, that
we anuually waste 3,733.000,000 pounds of
valuable vegetable products, the value
of which may be briefly summed up
as follows—
Paper $39,628,000
Oil 69,728,000
Oil cake 6,839,300
$i34,761,300
Allowing one-half for manufacturing, and
there would still remain a clear gain to the
country as profits and for cost of material,
$67,380,650, over 50 per cent of the present
value of the Cutton crop.
COMMERCIAL.
TELEGRAPH OFFICE,
SAriaDAr, May 3d, 1856.
ITT Jt should be understood thai our quota-
tions generally represent tcholesale prices.
Trade—Since our last report there has
been no slack in the business of our city.
The accustomed activity in receiving cottou
from wagons and merchandize from boats
has in uowise abated. The demand for all
articles of merchandize, with which our mar-,
ket is well supplied, continues good. Dur-
ing the past week heavy rains have fallen
here, and although they have been of much
advantage to the growing crops and garden
vegetables, have rendered the roads to our
city bad. Country produce of all kinds
still demands a fair price, sufficient to remu-
nerate the producer well for his trouble iu
raising and getting it to market. This
branch of trade has beeu steadily increasing
for the past year, and demands the consider-
ation both of our merchants and those who
have availed themselves of the advantages
which our market afford .
Cotto*—Owing to t'ae non-arrival of the mail
from Sew OrleaDs -e are without ny Inter aJvlces
from Europe thiiu those per "Persi.-i*' previously
reported. The receipts at the Atlantic ports aiid
Mcivile shoir a considerable falling off within the
l.ist month, yet opinions entitled to credit sti.l
place the crop at 3juo,'jo0 hales as the itiuimun
yield.
The activc demand and fall prices noticed in our
last continue unabated and though the latest *d vices
from the other side do not justify the outside figures
paid for the staple in this, yet whea we consider the
'-stent of the consumption of the la*t year, the res-
toration of peace, the abundance of luouey, *:-*tth-
gencrat prosperity existing throughout tke cuinaier-
cial world, we need not he surprised if cottoi.
should go still higher, as onler these influences 11
is likely si>ecutaiion wili control the market for
sometime to coine.
The numher of wagons arriving here <tail.r with
cotton averages from forty to fifty, bringing in the
aggregate 3SO 1*1 js of cotton. L<>:s as they are of
fered inert with reudy sales at ou." iiotations which
e amend to conform to th- transaction" of the past
week:
Inferior 7^ ; Ordinary 814 ; Goo I Ord.
nary Low Middling 91* ; Middling
it 10 , Uoud Middling H>'j, O>10\.
STATEMENT Of COTT >X.
Stock on hind Scfl- 1st lH.w ... -• ...hales 1,451
deceived past week at
T. S. I.u >bocV« Warehoas*
Alien.Uagl yAcCo'a "*
. j.j. cam (v co's **
11. D Taylor's "
deceived previously
Shipped past week ..
5hipi>t;d previously
Pore—The aappty it feir and d4taftnd'actti e at
1« MOi *< . ."'"id t
Scoaa—The receipts coptlsnM about equal to
the demand, which isjrttty lively atyrevious rate*.
We quote Ordinary T ,f*ir8V> Prime
Choice 9\'@iu; Clarified 9® 10.
Motisses—No change to note*; the receipts eoa -
tinuing to go off readily at 35237 f .^al.
Kice—Is In g- ••♦ensaacf ate,'V®7X for Carolina.
Spices—Pepper h313, Pimento 18SI8; Ginger,
race 8® 18; Nutmegs «1 SVS SI 35. "4' '
Tan—so C0®7.00 according to size and order af
package.
CaKDLKs—Star plenty at ?68?8;. Adamantine 30;
Sperm 4a®>0. , ^ v
Coiteb—The enquiry is aqtiv<e, with a Uir supplv
in market at a range of li2^®13^; the-ruling rate
being 13 for Fair. "i " '
LaBD—Is in. ample supply at ll}f^l2 for bbls
and tierces: 12>f®13!t fcr good to choice in keg*.
Cils—Lard oil is lover. Ye quote at |1 00.
Linseed $1 Sli l 25. # -, • , .
Shot—Drop 32 SO. Buck 92 73.
Oats—Are plenty at 9Uc.®31 00.
At*—vorthern 810 50®11 00 per barrel.
eiDza—Apple eider W 50®9 0G per barrel.
Butticx and Cueksk—The market is nearly or qu° •
bare of Goshen butter, which is wanted at 30®3v;
Western dull at SWSS. Goshen and Western
cheese searce at 14910c.
Featuces—rrime U vf geese Are _e',d at Cue.
Salt—Is plenty at $S 00 for coarse and SO for
fine.
I'owdeb—Active atSS so—s 00
Ccxeet—In moderate supply at S3 7533 0#
Lsaa—Bar H®M. ,-1 j ,
Maczeeel—Kits Mo i, s3 7i®i SO. New quar
er bhls. do.7 00; half do. 12 50®13 DO; half do
Xo«,8 «a®8 SO; bills No 2, 12 00. J
. Bale Rote—Kentucky )9;i®12f or .good tofancy
Manilla If@19. "" .V
Baqoiko.—We quote Keutucty at l--2c; stock as>
pit; India, 17@THc. '• ' - -
faciT—Dried Apples are plenty at lojt® 12 lta
sins. Bosea brings uo, halves 3 00, quarters l-so -
staecn—Pearl !2®12>j
Nau—Cut, 4 to 40d., S 50 The market well
supplied.
Cork—Terasin tack and .ear retai ing at 41 4--
perbushel. From wagons75®80. .^ . . ... ,
Iron—American BarSji@!i<^c; Sweedes 0>f®7c;
Slab •- f:
Soap—Northern ciTexas -12*SC.
Medicines.—Castor Oil <1 25®1 itLper gallon
Stock fair. English Calomel SI Tf 9^ 25 ~pef lb.
and scarce. American do., 25®1,75 jier lb^~
Stock fair Quinine, IL k li. $4'0t> por do.-.
Stock fair. •-^ watJl ' v j
SiRDixxa—Halres, per do*. $1 HO 9*utteib xea J
do a 50 L A:
Hay—Prim* Northern 90 -par 100 lbs. £teck-
fair.*
Lhmbkr—IcnoffTine, none Tn martet; Tezu
tiff 00330 0®; Cypres^ W 00$ 1*40 ? Stfagfei
Pine, none iq-aarket; Crpifesi4o^44 00. , 7
Gia**4 a&h 10*13, per KgUtr ^c.; de. 10s
14, 22ow T?ie .stock job. hand if very heacy, with .
limited palea.' ,
Biiicks—Domestic, at itrn. ss'ott * ' il"
I/imk—ThomaJton. nss'.aeked
CoLnmtPEt>wcE.-^HIdwB«ertoer** green Be" ;**
Dry sal tel. 13d %' {i tbe ear .
per bbl. 1 00c Stock fair. Fo.Mfer, in good demaiMt
at $1 50 9 100 Jt- Mom, dried, 9 100 4b, 75c
Wool, ® 20. Deer. Skins, Good are worth
12c.; Inferior, 8c. — wax, 16&30e. 2*eca&e
none in market. Corn meal, _ Sack
corp. 95c. ? bushel. f
+ 7 t. III".'. *
Kates *r Wa;Qii freifliH to Vari-
ous Point* fiu the Anterior-
PCR 100 LBS. rat nt LB*
Montgomery....50§— (Cameron...... &dU£^.25
fluntsville...-. 75H&L 00 Caldwell....- 1 V5gsJ 50
Anderson.. .*^'75^1 iOfWaco..; -.... 2
San JTelipe.... 5U£ lUhevUwk 1 *Js£l 25
Taos 2 50@— |Centreville... 1 50®'
Urimesville... 5ft@— {Crockett -I 50^
Rock Islaijd. 0 50^ . 2Springfield.... I 50^2 03
Belleville..... KB 75jNavirro....?. 2 50®3 00
Rrenham .... ,T3$l OOjDallas-tf 3'
Washington.-0 75 | Marl in 1 *5^
ChappeU Hi 11,0 731* {Richmond... i* —® —
Columbus-..*. 75®I Oil Kgjrpt.. ,
La Grange-..^ "5^1 00 Cor'sicanV.. "
Bastrop..X 25®1 50.Fort Graham.. 3 SU&3 10
Austin........2j25,Port Sullivan. —@—
Belton. Oft® lFort Worth.*.. (fiirOO-
Round Top...0 75j&l C04Fayetville.... 0 75^100 .
Fairfield......1 5t>-®2 0-i;Covin£ton.•.. 5 50^3 00
Georgetown . .2 Ottf^ 1 Palestine. .— .4 ifc.t
Webberville..1 "5-^ 'Sterling r5^;
Alton % @3 5G'WaxuhatcMe..'2 00oj2^5'
Lexington... 1 50®! 75! Danville 0 *5^. . .
Wharton 1 25i Industry 0 75.^
IndependenceO 7>^
Hilisboro.... 2 00# —
Goshen 1 5'.^ —]
Spring Creek 0 . 0gj
Frelsburg.... 0 75®
Birdsville • 2 50 * 3 00
Cotton Gin--
New Clm .... ——
Hound Rock. .2
Pleasaut Bun3 50®* 00
Larissa 8 50^l 75
Grand view. .2 51® 75
Preston. 3 00
Boonvitle.
G^esville 1 75A2 00
Sandy Creek...! 50® —
Long Point....! 50® —
Cat ^prin^s*. @1 00
Shelby —
00|Uo'4bins' Ferry. 1 5«*
Francis* Mill...2 00£
Dresden —2 50
Magnolia.*2 UO
(SanGabriel.. 2 DO?
Madisonrille 1 75£2 00
Ban bam 3 00^3 £11
Houston Money market.
- ^kxchakok; ^ ^ *
New Orleans, sight X per cent pres.
" ** 00 days 8 ' per cent die.
New Tork, 60 days ...2£8S -
s ight..... ••• • • -24,4 M r*em.
BASK NOTES.
Virginia tf^r.osnt dfp.
South Car*.Una..—Sja 44
... . oi" il
ueorgia v........ s
Tennesrti -........ 3 u **
North Carloina J "
Kentucky i}£ "
Bank of Mobile--- I- •
Mills' circulation, Northern Bank, Miss
Commercial and Agricultural Bank, Texas psr
Louisiana — "ar
SILVER AND GOLD.
BilFer Mexican dollars.. 2 per ct. pr*m.
AmT. hf. dol., old coin 1 *" '•
Americas Gold ...
California Cold
Sovereigns.--.
20 Franc ps
10Gnilders .........
Ill Thaiers -
Mexican Doobloons
Spanish **
• par
830 ps. 549 3n
19 SO
10 •• « TO
" 4 7
$4 en
3 80
— .-.4.3
7 III
is s*
announced to liim b_v a numerous bo<ly of
friends, hut l.a I not Hip least influcncc upou j j^TllC "Wiscoiisiif Mirror" is prill-
him. Ho was in fin... health and spirits, and j t .,j „ ,),,, wrt0 ^ Tiler.- i.« not a chvi l-
pxppcted to return to the United S'alosearly i ,s -f.pt, tint, of 1 lie editor, within
this summer. ha'f a mile. The wild f liago of^tb-
I'orest looks over the office, and wild
Never take a paper more than ten year
without paying fur it. If, at the end often
years, the printer insists on having his pay,
be sure to stop the paper iu disgust.
game shy around it. Still, the editor
is in fine spirits, and expects a Itrge
Tillage to spring up.
601
fvii
••
4i
« •
464
2.13J
3J.4V6
31.30 .

>;,<n;
. 2.33S
••
- 33.31?

-a.-.vji
New Orleans Xarlnt.
SittrdYt Moamss, April 83,1858.
Cotto.v.'—We stated in our-last revietr
that the accounts bv the steamer Baltic had
given an additional impulse both to the de-
mand and tbe previous upward tendency
of prices, and that the market closed at %c
advance on previous rates. There Tra- u<>
material change on Saturday, but owing to
llie hifrh pretentions of factors and the ex-
pectation of later foreign news tJio bu.sines*
was confined to 35'JO bales. On Monday,
the accounts by the Afric harii g com#
through on S;ilurd y night, the market
opened with au increased demand from buy-
ers, and still higher preteu iou« on the part
of factors, who succeeding in e*tabli.- hiug a
further advance of J^e. the sales comprising
9;l0 > bales on the basis of lJl^@l;t>-8'c for
Middling. Y estorday the dctinud tell off,
parties showing a general disposition to
await the steamer's news nearlv
d'lp, and the sales "were confined to 3500
bales, at figures fully Kustaining the previ-
ous advance. This makes an aggregate for
ihe three days i f 1?,000 bales.
The receipts since the 15:h inst., eompri o
13,914 bales against 2.*),41" during the cor-
ro>.po'iding period la~t year, an.I the expo'ts
29,522 (2-l,!il6 to foreign port® and t?G36
coastwise.) embracing 11.C52 to Liverpool,
4554 to F.ilmouth and a niaiket, 294J to
Havre, 2l<i9 to Trieste, 102.1 to Elsinore,
2413 to Bremen 275 (551! half bale-) to Tam-
pico, 2919 to Boston, 379 ro New York and
317 to Philadelphia leaving o.i hand a slock
of 243,N75 bales, aga nst liS.^10 same timo
last year. The i- ceipts proper since this
1st of"Sept. are 5i3,9S2 bales more ban
during the same time La-t year (l,5G2,6t'0
against 1,043,708) and the increase at nil
the por>. up t« the latest date# is 917,t6J
(H.l 15.G1 J against 24126,277.) Kefernng
to our remarks above we advance our quo-
ta';ons as folio* s :
Nn nsMnuftiwni'iin.
Assimilating to tli.it of Liverpool.
Inferior | G-ioft Jti id ii-.g 11 V"a I
Ordi ar>- S*
L'IW 1 'i', r t
t1id«kling I JE 1.1
Mid'll tig Fair I ' —
' fiir no ai....
I Uooil Or tlnniy
Cnttic Market.
.Itrricfcpo* CITT. Arrll 22.1*36.
Tbe nmrlcct is supplied with btoek
and our quotations coiitiiiue veil main-
Stock on haul April 30...
Flod*—With a larger snpjtiv, i jus pr c« for
Superfiue t'l *ur hare not bee i auitMneJ, nl!h- ngfc •
thedemin l h.\a coutinuc 1 active. We ju te Super-
fine $3 QJ^S 5'J; Extra a'3.
Wiihit-II« e.vitinusl in rc]« .*t. with
afairiitoc* in mirket at 32%34c. for Rectified an*!
3 2s.45 c. for Kxtra.
Bacoh—The market !s now pretty well supplied
with Kib aidea at 10>*—Clear 18—18^; Shoal-
derB9>*®10; Plain Iiaxni 11)£$12X; Sugar cured
n.sais.
r * tr « 9:
rat!1". Wr«ter .
KeefCnttle***'-™ rou^h k. fair, per plb net 47 ill
B«Hjt C-ittle.Tex.il*. ► !• net —
frlf net
j i! eep. in 1r if. f? f;.-aJ
S «eep. chof-e •••
j Cnw. ? ..
j Mil it Co **. ch« c«
I C<ilres ami VrnrlHifi,......®..
00*7 50
.. 5 5ft*—
.. C0fJcC5t
Otf —
ft
• U0£1S to
yy 1ckkkiiaii%8 iron
WORK .—Farm Fen eat
Wire Uaiiic;rs, Iron BeiUteada. Jbc. Tht
most exteosi /e assortment of Oral iwiilri w?rk
in the United State*. JOHN B. WICKHU1,
Warehouse, 313 Br*od**y.
Worki, 5*, 59, and 61 Uriiftnci Hew T«rk.

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Allen & Brocket. The Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 22, No. 8, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 7, 1856, newspaper, May 7, 1856; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth235893/m1/1/ocr/: accessed May 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

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