Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845 Page: 19 of 56
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries Special Collections.
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that, with such a precedent, there will be practically no longer
any reserved rights of the States or people ; and that the
general government, acting only through the President and
a bare majority of the two Houses of Congress, - acting, in
effect, through the President alone, - will be absolute and
Texas annexed, and the Constitution thus violated, -what
shall be the cement of the Union? The Union, - well may
we stand aghast in dread of its dissolution ! When we recollect
the purpose of the firamers of the Constitution, - when we
call to mind the valedictory counsels of Washington, - when
we contemplate the progress, and, in many of its aspects,
the present prosperity, of the country, - when we see in its
physical features, in its varied and combined resources, what
God fitted the country to become, - when we remember how
much our fathers endured and sacrificed to serve and save
and unite the country,- and when we reflect what we ourselves,
with all the advantages of our times, may be enabled
to do for it, the thought is appalling, that at this moment the
sword is perhaps suspended by a single hair, which, at one
stroke, may dissever the Union ! Yet so it may be, if the
fatal blow now aimed at the Constitution shall not be arrested
; - nay, so it must be, if the spirit of mutual confidence
and of attachment to a common object, which is the life of
union, shall be extinguished. If, by the annexation of Texas,
the Free States are to be made to feel that their rights have
been disregarded, and that the sole object of annexation is to
make the general government the instrument of the Slaveholding
States for the perpetuation of slavery, by what tie of
feeling or interest, for what valuable common object, for what
truly national purpose, can it be supposed that the Union is
to be preserved ? How can a slave-holding policy be sustained
or tolerated by Free States ? and how long can Free
States consent to be deprived of the power of legislating for
their own welfare ? To bring the case home to Massachusetts,
-what can she see in union with Texas for the sake of
slavery, which can reconcile her to the connection ? Massachusetts
and Texas, - forced together as they will be,all
the peculiarities of their character and condition tending
only to mutual repulsion, - how can they become, in any
proper view of the relation, for any purpose of cordial or
useful union, sister States ? Much, then, as union is to be
valued while it exists, how plain is it, that, unless it can be
maintained in perfect good faith, upon a practical basis of
equal rights and common interests, it must cease to exist !
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Phillips, Stephen C. Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845, book, January 1, 1845; Boston. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2361/m1/19/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Special Collections.