Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845 Page: 21 of 56
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries Special Collections.
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whra! government shall e find ourselves ? Imagine the map of
the United States as it will then appear to all who inspect
it, - to the schoolboy studying his atlas, or the traveller
tracing out his route. Let the Slave States be exhibited in
the color which represents their peculiar population, and
what a black spot will overspread the larger portion of the
broad surface ! Trace upon it as you may the bold outlines
of natural grandeur, how will they be obscured by the sable
drapery which covers or overshadows them all ! Descry
along its edges the light-colored space included within the
contracted boundaries of the old Free States, - Massachusetts
scarcely discernible as a point upon the bay within the
capes, -the whole of New England dwindled into comparative
insignificance, -the Middle States far distant from the
centre, arid just skirting a portion of the circumference, see
also the new Free States lying along the line which marks
the fatal compromise of 1820, - and learn, as you may thus
read the lesson literally " in black and white," the sad effect
of the increase of the country in the disproportionate extension
of free and slave-holding territory. Yes, see the
country, stretching, as it does already in its breadth, from
ocean to ocean, with scarcely any fixed boundary where
there is land beyond it, - the Indian, French, Spanish, Mexican,
and British titles successively extinguished in its insatiable
lust of territory, and yet in the magnificence of its
growth exhibiting to the view of the world no other emblem
of its condition and destiny than the gloomy and lengthening
pall with which the map is shrouded ! Alas, that it
must be so ! The new world, discovered by Columbus, in
its virgin freshness, despoiled of its charms by the most loathsome
corruption, - the Garden of the West, with its fertility
proving a curse, as the allurement and support of slave labor,
- and the " Land of the Free," the country of Washington,
known and described as the principal slave-holding and
slave-breeding region of the earth !
In such a country, if it can be kept together under slaveholding
control, what of necessity mutst be the nature and ffect
of its government ? Call it by what name you will, - when,
under the circumstances, there can be no alternative between
anarchy and despotism, - when it has become the main object
of the government to establish the power of oppressors over
the oppressed, - when every influence of freedom, direct or
remote, can only prove adverse to the design of the government,
and must be guarded against accordingly, - what vestige
can remain of the republic of which we have fancied
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Phillips, Stephen C. Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845, book, January 1, 1845; Boston. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2361/m1/21/: accessed March 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Special Collections.