Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845 Page: 43 of 56
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries Special Collections.
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and difficult as must be that process, the only way to abolish
slavery in a State is to confine it there; to compel its citizens
to submit to the necessity of its natural increase beyond
their ability to sustain it; to deprive them of the privilege of
getting rid of the refractory and mutinous, and of the mischief
of their example, by selling and sending them abroad;
to afford no opportunity to the enterprising planter to remove
his slaves to a more fertile region, when his paternal acres
have been exhausted; and to cut off the last resource from
those who remain at home, of breeding slaves to supply a
foreign demand. I cannot allow myself the time to dwell
upon this topic ; but the hints I have given will, I trust,
enable you to attain some very obvious and important practical
conclusions ; and when you have done so, I shall desire
you to consider whether you can deem it wise or safe to
anticipate in the future from the same causes any other effect
than what you now see they have produced in the past. As
it is, with the light that must have pierced the blindness of
all but those who will not see, how can you fail to perceive,
that, in the project for the annexation of Texas, there are
singularly combined, as if culled for the purpose, all the
worst peculiarities of all the preceding annexations ? Does
not the parallel commence by its being regarded in the same
light with the first annexation of Georgia and South Carolina,
as determining the question whether at this moment slavery
is to be arrested and the Slave States are to be thus notified
of the decision of the country as well as of the age against
them, or whether, by the decision of the country against the
age, it is to be sustained, extended, and, if possible by human
means, perpetuated ? In the provisions of the joint resolution,
and in the formal legislation by which they are to be
carried into effect, do you not discern the obnoxious design,
all the evils and all the dangers, differing only so far as they
are indefinitely magnified, of the Missouri compromise ?
And furthermore, shocked as you have been by the atrocities
of the Florida war,-estimating, as you are but just able to
begin to do, its enormous cost, - do you not see, that, with the
annexation of Texas, there may commence, and in all human
probability there must commence, a series of wars alike with
civilized and savage foes, which, in carnage and devastation,
and in the expenditure as well of treasure as of blood, and in
all disastrous and disgraceful consequences, will so far exceed
the Florida war, as to cause it scarcely to be remembered ?
Let me once more employ the aid of figures. Consider
Texas as embracing within its last claimed limits a territory
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Phillips, Stephen C. Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845, book, January 1, 1845; Boston. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2361/m1/43/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Special Collections.