Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845 Page: 55 of 56
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries Special Collections.
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more than enough, for our manufactures and commerce for
generations to come, Texas were not doomed, because of
slavery, to become for the most part only a cotton-growing
region, - if a body of enterprising free inhabitants could be
encouraged to apply their intelligence and skill, as well as
their more economical and effective labor, to the multiplication
of the productions of her soil, the apprehended evil
might be obviated, and a result of great general advantage
might be secured. But, because of slavery, this may not
be ; and the only result which is practicable is, to increase
the exports of cotton, to strengthen the foreign interest and
the foreign influence which proceed from this source, and to
reinforce, until it shall become unconquerable, the political
party which is pledged to an anti-tariff policy. Already, in
advance of the annexation, we have decisive evidence of the
design of its advocates to commence a new and formidable
attack upon the existing tariff. The President, who was
nominated and chosen to secure the annexation, is seen to
be directing his second movement against the tariff. The
Secretary of the Treasury, elevated to his post as the most
undaunted and unscrupulous friend of annexation, is about
to prove himself also the most unyielding enemy of a protective
policy. The party leaders and the party presses are
already arraying themselves in support of the administration
upon both these issues; and since it is demonstrable that
the same power which shall bring Texas into the Union will
be able and sure to reduce the tariff, our manufacturers, if
they once more look towards Texas, may be able to discover
in wvhat quarter their danger lies. May others see
that they discern at once their danger and their duty !
I have thus explained the views which I entertain in relation
to the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery
in the United States in connection therewith ; and I have
referred to what seem to me very manifest misconceptions of
the nature and bearings of this great question. I have no
time for recapitulation, nor is it necessary. It is enough if
I have brought you to the conclusion, that opposition to the
extension of slavery is a most imperative and solemn duty at
the present moment; and my whole purpose will have been
accomplished, if I have also induced you to see and feel,
that, in the event of the annexation of Texas, our political
and moral welfare and safety will require that we should at
once resolve, and deliberately prepare ourselves to act upon
the resolution, to make every possible effort, and to exert all
our influence in our various relations, -public and private,
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Phillips, Stephen C. Address on the annexation of Texas, and the aspect of slavery in the United States, in connection therewith: delivered in Boston November 14 and 18, 1845, book, January 1, 1845; Boston. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2361/m1/55/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Special Collections.