History of the regulators and moderators and the Shelby County war in 1841 and 1842, in the republic of Texas, with facts and incidents in the early history of the republic and state, from 1837 to the annexation, together with incidents of frontier life and Indian troubles, and the war on the reserve in Young County in 1857 Page: 8 of 42
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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age has fallen upon me and many others who upheld law and order in those
dangerous days, and with no little consolation we remember that all our efforts
were devoted to the good of this, then, new country and to the advancement of
its moral condition.
It is fitting, before I enter upon my narrative, that I give a brief
biography of myself, with some mention of my ancestry. John Middleton, a
grandfather, was an American soldier in the war of the Revolution, and was
present at the battles of the Cowpens and Guilford Court House; served under
Gates until his defeat and then under Green until the close of the war. He
was the officer sent to arrest Champ, who was sent after Arnold, the traitor,
who deserted to the British, and pursued him so closely that he got his cloak,
as Champ got too far into the deep water of the sea for him to be followed.
Champ acting as a deserter to promote success. After the Revolution he
belonged to a company to sustain law and order, and assisted to maintain
it by constant efforts to arrest and bring to justice violators of the law.
Among these felons were the Big and Little Arp, whose misdeeds were
notorious throughout the country. Big Arp was killed by Elisha Green, in
South Carolina, near his cave in the wilderness. His death resulted from
maltreatment of the wife of a man named Leeper by Little Arp. Little
Arp continued his criminal conduct and operated on the "old road" from
Natchez, Mississippi, to Nashville, Tennessee. A notorious rover who
conducted his villanies alone and for whose body a reward of one
thousand dollars was offered in Natchez, remained very near the "Lower
Natchez road" and the Choctaw line. Little Arp and his partner knowing his
whereabouts and anxious for the reward, went to his camp, killed him, cut off his
head and carried his body to Natchez, believing the head not wanted as the
reward was only offered for the body. They were immediately arrested by the
people and executed, as they were as obnoxious as the man they had killed.
This ended the criminals of that section.
My mother was Martha Tubb, and my great-grandfather, George Tubb,
Sr., was under Washington at Braddock's defeat and at the battle of Bunker
Hill. He, his two brothers and all their sons, over the age of fourteen years,
were in the Colonial Army, under the immediate command of Gen. Washington
during the entire Revolutionary war, and all survived but one.
When the Creek war broke out in 1812, my father was working out a
saltpetre cave in what is now Lawrence county, Tennessee, on Crosson's fork
of Shoal creek. All who had been working with him, except his sixteen year old
brother had gone to Nashville with saltpetre. At the time of the outbreak of
the Indians my father was burning wood to make ashes to procure lye, and
finding Indian signs too thick to remain, it became necessary to return sixty
miles home to procure aid. He left John and the brother sixteen years old, in
the cave, where they remained four days concealed from the Indians, until his
return with six men. He attempted to carry back with him a cow and calf
and being the only mounted man in the party on the return, he rode in advance
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Middleton, John W. History of the regulators and moderators and the Shelby County war in 1841 and 1842, in the republic of Texas, with facts and incidents in the early history of the republic and state, from 1837 to the annexation, together with incidents of frontier life and Indian troubles, and the war on the reserve in Young County in 1857, book, January 1, 1883; Fort Worth, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2362/m1/8/?rotate=90: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .