Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 10 of 119
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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Congress to permit other additions. This addition of new States has served
to strengthen rather than to weaken the Union. New interests have
sprung up, which require the united power of all, through the action of
the common Government, to protect and defend upon the high seas and in
foreign parts. Each State commits, with perfect security, to that common
Government those great interests growing out of our relations with other
nations of the world, and which equally involve the good of all the States.
Its domestic concerns are left to its own exclusive management. But if
there were any force in the objection, it would seem to require an immediate
abandonment of territorial possessions which lie in the distance, and
stretch to a far-off sea; and yet no one would be found, it is believed,
ready to recommend such an abandonment. Texas lies at our very doors,
and in our immediate vicinity.
Under every view which I have been able to take of the sllbject, I think
that the interests of our common constituents, the people of all the States,
and a love of the Union, left the Executive no other alternative than to
negotiate the treaty. The high and solemn duty of ratifying or of rejecting
it is wisely devolved on the Senate by the Constitution of the United
WASHINGTON, .Ipril 22, 1844.
.J treaty of annexation, concluded between the United States of .merica
and the tRepublic of Texas, at Washington, the 12th (lay of c.pril, 1844.
The people of Texas having, at the time of adopting their Constitution,
expressed, by an almost unanimous vote, their desire to be incorporated
into the Union of the United States, and being still desirous of the same
with equal unanimity, in order to provide more effectually for their security
and prosperity; and the Utlited States, actuated solely by the desire to add
to their own security and prosperity, and to meet the wishes of the Government
and people of Texas, have determined to accomplish, by treaty, objects
so important to their mutual and permanent welfare.
For that purpose, the President of the United States has given full
powers to John C. Calhoun, Secretary of State of the said United States,
and the President of the Republic of Texas has appointed, with like powers,
Isaac Van Zandt and J. Pinckney Henderson, citizens of the said Republic;
and the said plenipoteintiaries, after exchanging their full powers, have
agreed on and concluded the following articles:
The Republic of Texas, acting in conformity with the wishes of the
people and every department of its Government, cedes to the United States
all its territories, to be held by them in full property and sovereignty, and to
be annexed to the said United States as one of their Territories, subject to
the same constitutional provisions with their other Territories. This cession
includes all public lots and squares, vacant lands, mines, minerals, salt
lakes and springs, public edifices, fortifications, barracks, ports and harbors,
navy and navy yards, docks, magazines, arms, armaments, and accoutre
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/10/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .