Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 15 of 119
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This report includes the interest then accrued, and a number of unaudited
claims, supposed to be valid, which were not computed in the report
of the Secretary of the Treasury to the same Congress, which report
shows the public debt as less than five millions of dollars.
Since the date above referred to, no further general estinate has been
made at the Treasury Department. It is known, however, that the revenues
of the Government have nearly equalled its expenditures; so that
the debt has not been materially increased, except from the interest which
has since accrued.
The undersigned avail themselves of this occasion to offer to Mr. Calhoun
assurances of their distinguished consideration.
ISAAC VAN ZANDT.
J. PINCKNEY HENDERSON.
Hon. JOHN C. CALHOUN,
Secretary of State.
Mlr. Van Zandt to Mr. Webster.-[EXTRACTS.]
LEGATION OF TEXAS,
Washington City, December 14, 1842.
SIR: The undersigned, charge d'affaires of the Republic of Texas,
(under the instructions of his Government,) begs leave to submit for your
consideration a subject of general concern to civilized nations, but of peculiar
interest to Texas, viz: the character of tar at present waged against
Texas by Mexico. From the nature of the facts involved, it is believed
that this step will be deemed not only admissible, but entirely proper.
The civilized and Christian world are interested in the unimpaired preservation
of those rules of international intercourse, both in peace and war,
which have received the impress of wisdom and humanity, and been
strengthened through a long course of time by the practice and approval of
the most enlightened of modern States. To these rules, in their application
to the pending difficulties between Texas and Mexico, your attention
is respectfully invited.
Whenever a people separate and sovereign are admitted into the great
community of nations, they incur responsibilities and contract obligations
which are reciprocal in their character, and mutually binding upon all the
members of that community, the extent and force of which depend upon
that code of ethics which prescribes the reciprocal duties and obligations of
each sovereign member. Hence arises the right to supervise the mode
and manner of warfare pursued by one nation towards another, and the
corresponding duty of inhibiting the perpetration of acts at variance with
the laws of humanity and the settled usages of civilized nations.
In view of the character of hot-i!ities at present waged by Mexico and
Texas, and of those principles which it is believed have been so frequently
and flagrantly violated by Mexico, the hope is confidently indulged by
my Government that the direct interference of nations mutually friendly
will be exerted to arrest a species of warfare unbecoming the age in which
we live, and disgraceful to any people professing to be civilized.
The course of conduct uniformly observed by the Government and people
of Texas towards Mexico stands in palpable contrast with the manifold
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/15/: accessed November 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .