Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 26 of 119
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people of Texas. We have every motive, of interest as well as of feeling,
to cherish that people, to encourage and aid them in all honorable courses,
and to rejoice in their prosperity. It is very important that this should be
understood in Texas. You will learn, from my last public despatch, forwarded
by MIr. Abell, the apprehensions felt by this Government, in regard
to the policy and measures of England in the Gulf of Mexico. She claims
to have, at this moment, a controlling influence there, and her statesmen
in Parliament speak openly of the necessity of "maintaining her ascendency."
It is not possible to misunderstand her. So far as this Government
is concerned, it has every desire to come to the aid of Texas, in the
most prompt and effectual manner. How far we shall be supported by the
people, I regret to say, is somewhat doubtful. There is no reason,to fear
that there will be any difference of opinion among the people of the slaveholding
States, and there is a large number in the non-slaveholding States
with views sufficiently liberal to embrace a policy absolutely necessary to
the salvation of the South, although in some respects objectionable to
themselves. The more the subjet is reflected on, the more will the truth
appear, that the North have a much deeper interest in it than the South,
The policy which the South would pursue would simply give them securily,
and no other advantage whatever. On the contrary, it would iljure
their chief agricultural interest, by raising up a powerful competitor. The
North, on the contrary, would find in it a new or at least an enlarged market
for their manufactures, a cheapening of cotton, (the principal raw material,)
a new field for their commerce, and a considerable extension of their
navigating interests. Of this, I have every reason to hope that they will
soon be convinced; no effort will be spared to lay the truth before them.
If it should be successful, the destinies of Texas will be bright indeed; if
it should fail, she will at least be no worse off than she is at present.
Hence, she has every motive to hold an to her present position, and to
yield nothing to British counsels or British influence. She may rest assured
that the very moment that she shall commit herself to British protection,
she will be the lamb in the embrace of the wolf.
I cannot, of course, authorize you to say these things in an official form,
because I do not know how far Congress will be disposed to- sustain the
measures of the Executive. My object is merely to enable you to understand
our views and feelings, and to estimate the chances of success in the
policy which we wish to pursue. You can make them known in an unofficial
way, to any extent to which you may think it prudent to go. At
all events, Texas must not be permitted to throw herself into the arms of
England, under any impression that this Government, or this people, is
either hostile or even cold towards her.
Permit me earnestly to urge upon you, the most untiring vigilance of
the movements of the British Government. She is pushing on her policy
more rapidly than she herself intended, and its results threaten to endanger
the peace of the world. Our country has an interest in it, which involves
her destinies. I hope, therefore, that you will not fail to communicate
with this department as frequently as possible, omitting nothing which may
have even a remote bearing on the important concerns to which your attention
has been called.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
A. P. UPSHUR.
W. S. MrRPHY, Esq., 4-c.
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/26/?rotate=270: accessed July 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .