Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 45 of 119
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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45 [ 341 ]
every injury which may, upon proper investigation, apeiar to have been
done by our people will be fully and perfectly repaired.
I have reason to suppose that the silence of the President of the United
States, in his annual message, on the subject of annexation, has created an
impression in Texas, either that he is indifferent to tlat measure, or that
he despairs of its success. Such an impression does him great injustice.
The subject was not alluded to in the message, because it was thought best
not to submit the question, except in all its aspects and bearings; and for
that reason the President reserved it until he could present the actual treaty
of annexation. That was undoubtedly the proper course, and the course
best calculated to effect the object so ardently desired by him and by a
very decided majority of our people.
It is already well known in Texas that the President has used every
means in his power to mitigate the horrors of the war waged by Mexico
against that country. In his last message he uses the most emphatic language
on that subject. He declares that it is time that the war had ceased,
and thus, in effect, announces his own purpose to put an end to it by any
means which he can constitutionally command. He has no means, except
such as he derives from the treaty-making power. These h}e now offers
to exert, and has thus given to Texas a pledge of his friendly interest,
which it is impossible for herlto doubt. This conduct on the part of this
Government is far more worthy of confidence thani any professions, however
I put you in possession of these facts, in order that you nmax be able to
offer the proper explanations, if the subjects should arise in the course of
your conversations with President Houston. I wish you to see that functionary
without loss of time, and to urge upon him the absolute necessity
of annexation, with reference to the interests (and possibly to the safety) of
As it is of great importance that the messenger who bears this despatch
should leave the United States immediately, I have not time to discuss the
subject in all its important bearings. My views are, in fact, disclosed in a
despatch addressed to Mr. Everett, at London, of which a copy is enclosed.
To these may be added the following considerations:
What motive can England have for a disinterested friendship towards
Texas ? Friendship between nations is never disinterested, but in this case
even the common feeling of national kindness cannot be presumed to exist.
The policy of England is purely commercial. Her object is to engross the
commerce of the world-by diplomacy, if she can; and by force, if she
must. On this subject, she will expect, and ultimately compel, concessions
from Texas, which Texas, once surrendered to her influence and protection,
will not have the power to refuse. The consequence will be, to disgust
and irritate other nations, and particularly the United States. We are
even now the great rivals of England in commerce and manufactures. It
is a favorite object with her to cripple us in both these branches of our industry,
and for that reason she is pushing her influence in every commercial
mart of the world. For a few years Texas might be benefited by this,
because it would throw into her pprts an immense amount of English
manufactures, designed not merely for the supply of Texas, but also for
that of the United States, by means of smuggling across the Red river and
the Sabine. The effect of this upon the interests of the United States is
pointed out in the despatch to Mr. Everett,.now enclosed.
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/45/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .