Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 47 of 119
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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47 [ 341
which awaits her. The lamb can make no contract with the wolf, which
will protect him from being devoured. On the other hand, a nation now
scarcely second to any in the world, rapidly advancing in population, in
wealth, and in the arts, and daily developing all the sources of national
power-a nation that adjoins her in territory, and whose power she can
scarcely hope to resist, if it shall become her enemy-offers to receive her
as a part of its own domain, and to admit her people to a full participation
in its government and a full share in its promising destinies. As a part
of the United States, Texas would be beyond all contingencies; but as an
independent nation, she can have no better reliance than the precarious
protection of a Power not bound to her by any sympathies, acting only
with a view to its own interest, and ready to desert her whenever that interest
shall require it.
Surely, if the Government of Texas could believe that there is even a
reasonable prospect of the annexation of that country to the United States,
it would not hesitate to authorize the trial. On this point, I cannot of
course speak with absolute certainty; but I feel a degree of confidence ill
regard to it, -which is little short of absolute certainty. The more the subject
is discussed among our statesmen, the more clearly does it appear that
the interest of both countries absolutely requires that they should be united.
When the measure was first suggested, although the entire South was in
favor of it, as they still are, it found few friends among the statesmen of
the other States. Now, the North, to a great extent, are not only favorable
to, but anxious for it, and every day increases the popularity of the measure
among those who originally opposed it. Measures have been taken to
ascertain the opinions and views of Senators upon the subject, and it is
found that a clear cot.stitutional majority of two-thirds are in favor of
the measure. This I learn from sources which do not leave the matter
doubtful; and I lave reason to know that President Houston himself has
received the same information from sources which will command his respect.
There is not, in my opinion, the slightest doubt of the ratification
of a treaty of annexation, should Texas agree to make one.
I am very anxious, sir, to impress you with the importance of this measure,
as strongly as it is felt by myself. I feel a deep and solemn conviction
that it involves, to a fearful extent, the destinies both of Texas and of
our own country. For this reason, I would have you urge upon President
Houston the necessity of taling his measures decisively and promptly.
Press upon him the high considerations of common interest and common
safety, whicli require the union of the two countries under the same Government.
A great responsibility rests upon him; and for the sake of his
country, as well as our own, and for the sake of the harmony of the world,
remotely if not immediately connected with his decision, I hope that he
will not reject tlhe offer we make, in the hope of any contingent and precarious
advantage to be derived from a different source.
The pending negotiation with Mexico ought not to present any ditficulty,
unless Texas is prepared to go back again under the dominion of that
Power. As it is certain that she will not consent to this, under any possible
circumstances, the result of that negotiation cannot affect unfavorably
the proposition of annexation to this country. If Mexico should acknowledge
the independence of Texas, then Texas will have an undisputed right
to dispose of herself as she pleases; and if Mexico shall refuse that acknowledgment,
Texas will the more need the protection which the United States
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/47/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .