Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 54 of 119
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[ 341 ] 54
Government. And, in the next place, that the step was forced on theGovernment
of the United States, in self-defence, in consequence of the
policy adopted by Great Britain in reference to the abolition of slavery in
Texas. It was impossible for the United States to witness with indifference
the efforts of Great Britain to abolish slavery there. They could not
but see that she had the means in her power, in the actual condition of
Texas, to accomplish the objects of her policy, unless prevented by the
most efficient measures; and that, if accomplished, it would lead to a state
of things dangerous in the extreme to the adjacent States, and the Union
'itself. Seeing this, this Government has been compelled, by the necessity
of the case, and a regard to its constitutional obligatiois, to take the step it
has, as the only certain and effectual means of preventing it. It has taken
it in fullviewof all possible consequences, but not without a desire and
hope that a full and fair disclosure of the causes which induced it to do so
-would prevent the disturbance of the harmony subsisting between the two
countries, which the United States is anxious to preserve.
In order that the Mexican Government should have a just and full conception
of the motives which have compelled this Government to take the
course it has, I enclose, by the direction of the President, a copy of the
declaration of Lord Aberdeen, which Mr. Pakenham, the British minister,
was instructed to read to the Secretary of State of the United States,
and to leave a copy, should he,desire it; and the answer to it on the part
of our Government. The President authorizes you to read them to the
Mexican Secretary of State, and to permit him to take memoranda of their
contents as you read, should he desire it; but not to leave copies, as they
constitute a part of the documents which will be transmitted with the treaty
to the Senate.
You are enjoined also, by the President, to assure the Mexican Government
that it is his desire to settle all questions between the two countries
which may grow out of this treaty, or any other cause, on the most liberal
and satisfactory terms, including that of boundary; and with that view
the minister who has been recently appointed will be shortly sent with adequate
You will finally assure the Government of Mexico that the Government
of the United States would have been happy, if circumstances-had permitted
it, to act in concurrence with that of Mexico in taking the step it has;
but with all its respect for Mexico, and anxious desire that the two countries
should continue on friendly terms, it could not make what it believed
might involve the safety of the Union itself depend on the contingency of
obtaining the previous consent of Mexico. But while it could not with a
due regard to the safety of the Union do that, it has taken every precaution
to make the terms of the treaty as little objectionable to Mexico as
possible; and, among others. has left the boundary of Texas without specification,
so that what the line of boundary should be might be an open
question, to be fairly and fully discussed and settled according to the rights
of each, and the mutual interest and security of the two countries.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant.
BENJAMIN E. GREEN, Esq., 4'c.
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/54/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .