Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 56 of 119
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C 341 ] 56
Fe,'nade by the commissioners, places Santa Fe further west, assunming the
longitude of Fort Osage as known.'
Pike's expedition, the next in order of reference, made large and valuable
additions to our general knowledge of the statistics and natural history
of this region, and also of the valley of the Rio del Norte, but nothing to
its accurate geography.
The-random lines rutn to divide the possessions of the different Indian
tribes settled west of the Mississippi, though they have been used, cannot
be classed under the head of accurate information.
The next rich and accurate contrilbutions to the geography of the map
contained in this sheet, are the astronomical observations and surveys for
the determination of the boundary between the United States and Texas.
This line extends from the mouth of the Sabine, along its west bank, to the
32d parallel of latitude : thence due north-to the Red liver. The first portion
was surveyed by Major Graham, of the corps of topographical engineers,
in 1840, and the last by Colonel Kearny, of the same corps, in 1841.
The Gulf coast, from the Sabine to the Rio del Norte, is taken from a sur.
vey made by Commodore Moore, of the Texan navy, and just published
by the Blunts, of New York. Mr. Blunt mentioned several facts to me,
calculated to give confidence in tile latitudes and longitudes laid down by
The astronomical position of the mouth of the Rio del Norte is taken
from Humboldt. The Rio del Norte itself and the territory of Mexico are
taken chiefly from Humboldt's great work, ' La Nouvelle Espagne." The
country immediately about the Santa Fe is an exception. This is laid
down from actual surveys in the bureau of the corps of Topographical
Humboldt wrote in 1803, and published in 1807; yet, in the statistics
and topography of Mexico, it is considered unsafe to depart from him. I
have therefore, except in cases of actual survey, adhered to him for all the
country west of the Rio del Norte.
Before going into a particular account of Texas, it may be as well to
state that the boundary of New Mexico is laid down by Humboldt; and
although the boundary of Texas, as declared by an act of her Congress,
intersects it, I have not felt at liberty to curtail its limits. But, starting
from the Gulf, the Mexicans have no actual possession or fixed habitation,
east of the Rio del Norte, until we reach the mountainous barriers
Fat the Pass.
I now subjoin a brief statistical and topographical view of Texas and
the countries contiguous to it,those on the United States side excepted.
The present boundaries of Texas are-defined by an act of the Texan
Congress, approved December 19, 1836, to be as follows: "Beginning at
the mouth of the Rio Grande, thence up the principal stream of said river
to its source; thence due north to the 42d degree of north latitude; thence
along the boundary line, as defined in the treaty between the United States
-and Spain, to the beginning."
* See Long's Expedition.
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/56/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .