Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed Page: 63 of 119
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63 [ 341 ]
also apply themselves to the mechanical arts. Their number is stated to
be about twenty-seven thousand, yet it is said that about twenty different
languages are spoken by thenm. The whites live separated from .them, in
villages, or pueblos, and cultivate the ground, and rear cattle; their number
is rapidly increasing. The principal articles of exportation are hides,
the cattle being so numerous on the pastures of the hills and mountains
that sixty thousand head are annually killed. There are also many sheep,
but their wool does not yet form an article of export. WVheat is produced
in abundance, and shipped to the ports of exico; and also some wine,
especially that of the valley of San GabrieW
"San Diego, the most southern of the missions, has a good harbor, and
exports a great quantity of salted hides.
" Monterey, a small town, but the only one in the country, is the seat of
Government. It is situated in an extensive bay, which affords good anchorage
in several parts.
" San Francisco contains several missions around the bay of San Francisco;
and as the country for a great distance from the bay is nearly level, and
of considerable fertility, this district is rapidly increasing in population.
"In 1812, the Russians formed an establishment within the boundary of
Upper California, at a harbor called Bodega (38 30' north latitude,) about
forty miles from San Francisco, where they cultivate a fertile tract which
extends several miles inland. This settlement is called Ross."
By reference to Balbi's "Apeg6 de Geographie," it will be seen that
"Mr. Morineau and many other intelligent navigators consider the port of
San Francisco the finest on the continent."
W. H. EMORY,
First Lieuztenant Corps Topographical Engineers.
APRIL 13, 1844.
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
APRIL 29, 1844.
Read, and ordered to be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, and printed in confidence
for the use of the Senate.
To the Senate of the UZaited States:
I herewith transmit to the Senate, with reference to my message of the
22d instant, the copy of a recent correspondence between the Department
of State and the Minister of Her Britannic Majesty in this country.
WASHINGTON, april 29, 1844.
WASHINGTON, Jipril 19, 1844.
The undersigned, Her Britannic Majesty's envoy extraordinary and
.minister plenipotentiary, has had the honor to receive the note which the
honotable AMr. Calhoun, Secretary of State of the 'United States, was
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United States. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of the Senate and Documents Relative to Texas, from which the Injunction of Secrecy Has Been Removed, book, 1844; [Washington]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2363/m1/63/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .